From The Constitution, February 27, 1861 (volume 24, number 1209)
For The Constitution
The anniversary of the father of our country was never more generally commemorated in the city of Middletown than the one just passed. When disunion threatens and has already put forth her hand to destroy the past and future glory of our beloved country, for which Washington and our forefathers fought and pledged their “lives and sacred honor” to defend, it is a gratification to know that the citizens of Middletown, without distinction of party, met in several places to do honor to the memory of the immortal Washington. …
The 22d in Middletown
Salutes were fired morning, noon and evening near the college through the enterprise of the Freshman class, they having determined to be patriotic on the occasion. The freshmen deserve the consideration of the community. They have begun well, and we hope their enterprise and patriotism will never be any less.
In the evening there was a gathering at the Farmers’ and Mechanics’ Hotel. … The Hon. Benjamin Douglas was called out; and made a short and patriotic speech. He eulogized the memory of Washington, and spoke eloquently of the proud position which our country had gained in the family of nations. Col. Mansfield, U.S.A., was present and in response to a sentiment which was offered made a few pertinent remarks. Short speeches were also made by several other gentlemen present. The occasion was an exceedingly pleasant one, and one to be remembered.
The democratic Congressional Convention which met in this city [Middletown] last Wednesday, nominated James E. English of New Haven. Mr. English was nominated because they thought he was the most available candidate. Colin M. Ingersoll would have received the nomination if he had not been too well known in the district. But Mr. English has succeeded in keeping dark for some time past on political subjects. He even managed to be absent from the country last fall–a very fortunate thing–and his friends believe that on the strength of his non-committalism he can be elected. But it won’t do. Mr. English is known sufficiently well in this district to ensure his defeat. If a man is known by nothing else, he is known by the company he keeps.
Will those who say that the Government should relinquish the southern forts to the seceding states, please tell us how it can be done? These forts do not belong to the President, they do not belong to Congress. They belong to the people of the United States. The President cannot give up Sumter to South Carolina any more than Benedict Arnold could give up West Point to the British. He doesn’t own Sumter. Neither does Congress own it. There is no authority in Washington for making a transfer of this or any other fortress. Will those who have talked pretty loud in condemning the Administration because the forts have not been surrendered enlighten the public on this subject?
It is the policy of the democratic press to recognize the southern so-called confederacy as a separate and independent nation. They tell us that secession is complete, the new government is settled, and that there is a southern as well as a northern United States. One paper spoke of the two “rival Presidents!” If the seceded states have settled a government of their own, and if they are independent of the United States, what business have they with the United States mails? Why don’t they get up a postal system of their own. The United State treasury supports their post offices at an enormous cost. …
Abstract of Report of Registrar, Town of Middletown, for the year 1860
|Total number of Marriages,||123|
|Both parties American,||75|
|Both parties foreign,||40|
|American male and foreign female,||8|
|Foreign male and American female,||5||= 123|
|Total number of Births,||236|
|Sex not stated,||1||= 236|
|Total number of Deaths,||168|
|Sex not returned,||1||= 168|
Diseases or cause of Death — Accident, 8 ; Apoplexy, 4 ; Asthma, 2 ; Brain affection, 0 ; Bowel inflammation, 2 ; Consumption, 27 ; Cancer, 8 ; Croup, 4 ; Convulsions, 8 ; Cholera Infantum, 6 ; Dropsy, 4 ; Dysentery, 3 ; Fever Typhoid, 6 ; Scarlet, 2 ; Billious, 1 ; Puerperal, 2 ; Hydrocephdius, 2 ; Heart disease, 7 ; Intemperance, 6 ; Liver disease, 2 ; Marasmus, 8 ; Measles, 3 ; old age, 9 ; Pneumonia, 6 ; Paralysis, 8 ; Premature birth, 4 ; Suicide, 2 ; Stillborn, 8 ; and sundry other causes from one to two cases.
Whole number of burials, 229; of this number 84 were of persons who died out of town.
Attest, E. W. N. Starr, Registrar Middletown, Feb. 21, 1861.