From The Constitution, March 13, 1861 (volume 24, number 1211)
Mr. Lincoln’s First Day in Washington
Washington, Feb. 23.—Mr. Lincoln arrived here at six o’clock this morning direct from Harrisburg, and was received at the depot by Senator Seward and Mr. Washburne of Illinois, and proceeded very quietly to Willard’s Hotel. A private letter received here from Mr. Lincoln last night announced this change in his programme.
At seven o’clock Mr. Lincoln left his hotel, and proceeded in a carriage to the residence of Mr. Seward, with whom he dined. At ten minutes before nine o’clock Mr. Lincoln returned to his hotel, and was received by an enthusiastic crowd who greeted him as though he was their father and life.
At nine o’clock, according to previous arrangement, Mr. Lincoln received the Peace Congress. The members formed in procession in the hall where they meet, and proceeded to the reception parlor; ex-President Tyler, and Governor Chase, of Ohio, led the van. The latter introduced Mr. Tyler. Mr. Lincoln received him with all the respect due his position. The several delegates were then presented to Mr. Lincoln by Governor Chase, in the usual manner.
The greatest curiosity was manifested to witness Mr. Lincoln’s first reception in Washington. The most marvelous thing that occurred was the manifestation by Mr. Lincoln of a most wonderful memory. It will be remembered that the Convention is composed of many men who, although distinguished in their time, have until very lately not been very much known. Each member was introduced by his last name, but in nine cases out of ten Mr. Lincoln would promptly recall their entire name, no matter how many initials it contained. In several instances he recited the historical reminiscences of families. In short, he understands the material of the Peace Congress. …
It may be truly said that Mr. Lincoln’s first day in Washington as President elect has been a decided success. Democrats as well as Republicans are with him, and the ladies, who thought he was awkward at first sight, changed their opinion, and now declare him ‘a very pleasant, sociable gentleman, and not bad looking by any means.
Washington, March 10.
The question of reinforcing Fort Sumter has been under consideration in the Cabinet, and it is understood that the question whether or not it is not desirable to withdraw all the troops, except two or three men, rather than incur the bloodshed which will probably occur before troops and supplies are put into it, is now to be decided.
The immediate necessity of settling this question grows out of the fact that there is only a limited supply of bread at Fort Sumter, but plenty of salt meat, and that it must either be re-supplied, or abandoned very soon. The question has been under discussion in high military circles for several days.
Gen. Scott advises that reinforcements cannot now be put in without an enormous sacrifice of life. Of course his views on the subject cannot be known officially to the public, but he is understood to say that we have neither military nor naval force at hand to supply the fort against the threatened opposition, which it would require twenty thousand men to overcome. Besides, if it should initiate civil war, in addition to uniting the South and overwhelming the Union sentiment there in the waves of passion, it would require two hundred and fifty thousand Government soldiers to carry on the struggle, and a hundred millions of money to begin with. In such an event, twenty thousand men would be needed to preserve Washington and the Government archives.
The general impression here on the streets is that the Administration has determined on withdrawing the troops from Fort Sumter, leaving only one Corporal, two men and the Stars and Stripes, compelling the chivalry to capture the Fort after all. They have been threatening to do it for three months, and failed when there were only about seventy men in it. They may have an opportunity to accomplish it against only three.
The New Territories
Three new territories have just been created—Nevada, Dacotah, and Colerado. The territory of Colerado embraces what was commonly known as Pike’s Peak. It contains 100,000 square miles, and has a population of 25,000. It is made from parts of Nebraska, Kansas, and Utah. Its capital is Denver City.
The territory of Nevada extends south as far as New Mexico and north as far as Oregon, taking in Carson’s Valley and Warhoe silver mines. In addition to its mines it is a fine agricultural country. Virginia City is its capital.
Dacotah borders on British America, Iowa , Minnesota, and Nebraska. It is between the parallels of 42 1/2 and 49, has 70,000 square miles, and very few inhabitants.
Republicans Rally! Reception of Hon. John Woodruff
Let every Republican be present at the McDonough Hall on THURSDAY EVENING the 14th inst., and give the man who has so nobly represented us in Congress, a grand reception.
E. S. Cleavland Esq., of Hartford, will address the meeting, and speeches may be expected from other gentlemen.
Come one, come all, there are times when every man is called upon to define his position, either for or against the Union founded by our Fathers.
Republican Head Quarters
Room open every evening (except Sunday,) until after election.
Per order Club.
The New York Boats
The river is now free from all obstructions from ice, and navigation is fairly resumed.—The steamer, City of Hartford, Capt. E. M. Simpson, reached here on her first trip from New York on Sunday morning at half-past four, and returned on Monday afternoon. The Granite State, Capt. King, came up Tuesday morning. …
The Governor has issued his proclamation appointing Friday the 29th inst., the annual fast.
L. W. Joslyn will give a Cotillion Party on Wednesday evening at the Mansion House Hall. Good music and plenty of dancing can be had for 50 cents.