From The Constitution, Wednesday, September 25, 1861 (volume 24, number 1239)
A despatch from Cincinnati says that Tuesday night, at 8 1/2 o’clock, a train on the Ohio and Mississippi railroad, containing a portion of Col. Torchin’s 19th Illinois regiment, while passing over the bridge at Huron, Indiana, fourteen miles west of Cincinnati, fell through, killing and wounding over one hundred soldiers.
A special train went from Cincinnati late at night to assist the wounded.
The following dispatch from the operator at Huron is dated 12:50 Wednesday morning: “Bridge No. 48 is broken in two. It let four cars down into the bed of the creek, and one on top of them. The engine and one car passed over safely. There are about 100 wounded and 10 or 15 killed. The colonel of the regiment says about that number are killed, although nearly the whole company is missing. It is thought that the bridge was weakened by malicious scoundrels.”
The accident on the railroad proved worse than first reported. Four passenger cars went into the creek, one box and one baggage car on top of them. These cars contained 250 men, companies E, F, G, and I. The two latter are the principal sufferers.
Capt. Howard, Company I, was killed. Up to Wednesday forenoon thirty dead had been taken out, and more are under the wreck. The train is now on the way here with 92 wounded. It is believed at the wreck that 40 or 50 are killed.
Indications are strong that the bridge had been tampered with by traitors. The bridge was sixty feet span, ten feet high, and had lately been inspected.
Important from Kentucky—Proclamation of Gen. Anderson—Active Preparations for the War
Louisville, Ky., Sept. 21, 1861.—The following proclamation has just been issued.
Kentuckians: Called by the Legislature of this my native State, I hereby assume command of this department. I come to enforce, not to make, laws, and, God willing, to protect your property and your lives. The enemies of the country have dared to invade our soil. Kentucky is in danger. She has vainly striven to keep peace with her neighbors. Our State is now invaded by those who professed to be her friends, but who now seek to conquer her. No true son of Kentucky can longer hesitate as to his duty to his State and country. The invaders must, and God willing, will be expelled. The leader of the hostile forces who now approaches, is, I regret to say, a Kentuckian, making war on Kentucky and Kentuckians. Let all past differences of opinion be overlooked. Every one who now rallies to the support of our Union and our State is a friend. Rally, then, my countrymen, around the flag our fathers loved and which has shielded us so long. I call you to arms for self-defense, and for the protection of all that is dear to freemen. Let us trust in God, and do our duty as did our fathers. Robert Anderson, Brigadier-General United States Army.
Governor Magoffin has also issued his proclamation, ordering Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden to execute the purposes contemplated by the recent resolutions of the Kentucky Legislature in reference to the expulsion of the invaders.
Gen. Crittenden has ordered the military to muster forthwith into service.
Hamilton Pope, Brigadier-General of the Home Guard, (Union), also calls on the people of each ward in Louisville to meet this afternoon and organize into companies for the protection of the city.
The Evening Bulletin says that from seven to eight thousand rebel troops, with twenty-one cannon, arrived at Bowling Green on Wednesday, taking a cannon and one hundred and twenty stand of arms from the Bowling Green Home Guard. Six cannon and two thousand men were then sent to Gen. Roger W. Hanson, the rebel commander on Green river.
As was anticipated, the Cherokees have at last joined the secessionists, and all the tribes of the Indian territory are now numbered among the rebels. In the territory they number all told about 140,000. They are not very formidable in numbers, and cannot be expected to do very much in aid of the rebellion. But for their sakes it is to be regretted that they have been drawn into this giant conspiracy of Jeff. Davis. These tribes have received annuities from the U. S. treasury, and they hold their lands by treaty with the Government. Of course these annuities will be cut off, their lands confiscated, and the career of these red men who now take up arms against us will be likely to be a short and doleful one.
Washington, Sept. 20.
A recent order of Gen. McClellan declared that firing on the enemy’s pickets is contrary to the usage of civilized warfare.—He therefore orders that there shall be no firing on pickets, unless it becomes necessary to resist their advance or return a fire commenced by them.
The Navy Department has received dispatches from flag-officer Stribbling, of the East India Squadron, who says Cochin China is at war with the French who have possession of a considerable portion of the country, and preparing for a vigorous campaign. Com. Stribbling remarks that Commander Schenck fully vindicated the insult of firing at the “Saginaw” by the Chinese, and no further action is required on his part.
A company of infantry has been tendered to the government from the Hawaian [sic] Islands, and been accepted, consisting of American emigrants and native Hawaians—It is expected to come on as soon as the acceptance reaches the islands.
To-day is fixed upon by the Richmond papers for the advance of Beauregard on Washington, but the position of the two armies remains unchanged.
The Retired List
There were fifty-two officers in the United States army who can claim to be placed on the retired list under the recent act of Congress. The most prominent of these are Generals Scott, Wool, Harney, and Mansfield. Each of these has served upward of forty years, and is therefore entitled to be retired if he desires it. It is not probable, however, that any officer will avail himself of his privilege while his services are needed by his country.
Health of the Army
Although the general health of the army about Washington is reported to be unusually good, yet we hear that some of our Connecticut troops are down on the sick list. This is undoubtedly owing to the chilly nights we have had, succeeding intensely hot weather during the day. For the care of the sick, the most complete arrangements have been made. The hospitals around Washington are in the most admirable order ; patients receive the best of medical attendance, and will probably be cared for quite as well as if they were at home.
Company “G.” Capt. Williams, of the 4th Regt. C. V. has lately lost two members, viz : Edward E. Mc Neille, accidentally shot at camp Kennedy, Frederick City, Md., Sept. 4, died in five minutes, aged 19 years. John P. Bowen, died at camp Lyon near Darnestown, Md., of typhoid fever, Sept. 13, aged 20 years. George Parmelee died on the 16th inst. at the same camp, of fever, aged 21 years.
Ralph Hall of Hadlyme, aged 23, died on Wednesday, 18th, from injuries received in a bone mill on the 14th.
Phillip Eddy of Meriden, was shot while getting out of his wagon with a gun which was discharged accidentally Tuesday evening.
The Ellsworth Fire Zouaves, to the number of 500 men, assembled on the Battery on Thursday, for the purpose of being shipped to Fortress Monroe, but only about twenty five expressed a willingness to go, the balance insisting upon being paid first. Col. Loezer, after an ineffectual effort to induce the men to obey orders, dismissed them, when they scattered in all directions.
The grading of Washington Park is progressing. Some 50 men are employed, divided into three gangs, each working two days in the week. Messrs. B. Bent, Jr., C. C. Hubbard, and D. C. Sage are a committee to superintend the work.
The Revival of Business
Throughout this county business has already taken a favorable turn. Many factories which had been closed have commenced work again, and those which had been working on half or quarter time have begun more extensive operations. Throughout the whole business community there is greater confidence felt than has been felt for six months before. From all parts of the State we hear encouraging reports. The great cotton mill at Sprague in this state, which is the largest in the county, is now in full operation. Other cotton mills have started up and are doing a good business.
It is unquestionable that the reason of this reversal of business is that the people throughout the loyal states are beginning to have confidence in the stability of the general government, and in its ability to put down the rebellion in every one of the southern states. What gave a blow to all kinds of business prosperity last spring was not the cutting off of southern trade. Every dollar of this might be cut off and the loss would be comparatively slight. But what prostrated the business country was the fact that the Government was in danger of being overthrown, and the fear lest we were on the verge of a revolution. No man could launch out into any enterprise or venture under such circumstances. But now affairs have changed. Although the rebellion has not been crushed out yet, the Government has shown both a determination that this shall be done and that it has the ability to do it too. Within the last few weeks the confidence of the people in its government has been constantly increasing. At the present moment that confidence is very great. That it is so is proved from the remarkable fact that business is reviving although an army of perhaps a hundred and fifty thousand men are now threatening the national capital. The people believe that Government can maintain itself against the rebels. As late as three months ago, they had strong doubts on this point.
Every man should rejoice at the prosperity of better times. It is probable that the winter before us will not be such a hard one as has been anticipated. If work is not so plenty and wages are not so high as formerly, there will be work enough to keep off actual want through the cold months, and the spring will perhaps witness a greater prosperity than we have seen for many years.
Gen. Butler’s decision that slaves are contraband of war was made within sight of the spot in which the first slave cargo was landed in this country.
Telegraphic communication has recently been established between London and Taganrog, on the sea of Azoff, being twenty-five hundred miles long, the longest telegraph line in the world. The experiment was quite successful, the clerks at each end conversing with each other.
People do a thousand bad things, and because they continue to exist—not to live, in the full sense of the word, they keep on in the bad practices, and laugh at “national” persons who are careful about little things. The housewife who has a fine copper or brass kettle which is so handy to use in all sorts of cooking operations, will, probably, throw down the Agriculturist, when she reads this item, with the remark that “it’s all bock nonsense.” But we wish to tell her, nevertheless, that every item of sauce or food she cooks in a copper or brass vessel, is poisoned. The amount of poison in each case may be small, and a person with a vigorous constitution may eat out of brass or copper for many years without dying ; but from what we know of the chemical nature and affinities of copper, we would just as soon take a small dose of arsenic, as to eat fruit, or other food, cooked in a copper or brass kettle, unless the inner surface be kept perfectly coated with tin.—Agriculturist.