From The Constitution, Wednesday, October 16, 1861 (volume 24, number 1242)
Cincinnati, Oct. 10.—The Commercial’s Kanawha advices say that Gen. Rosecranz is at Mountain Cave, a strong position 25 miles beyond Gauley.—He has advanced ten miles further to Little Sewell, but the enemy is too well entrenched and too strong at Big Sewell, five miles further on, to be attacked, and Rosecranz fell back as an invitation to the enemy to come out and have fair fight. There was no expectation of an attempt of the enemy to force his position.
Rosecranz’s troops are well clothed, having plenty of overcoats and blankets.
A dispatch from Gen. Reynolds to Gov. Morton, of Ind., dated Huttonsville, Oct. 8th, says the enemy on our front on Huntersville road has been driven to Greenbrier Springs, 30 miles beyond Big Springs, their late rendezvous.
They are about 50 miles from Elkwater, and 150 from Cheat Mountain. The roads towards Huntersville are impassable for wheels.
The enemy destroyed hundreds of muskets, tents, camp equipage, &c. Several wagons fell into our hands.
Baltimore, Oct. 12.—The Norfolk Daybook, received to-day, contains a dispatch from New Orleans, giving an account of a surprise and attack made on Wilson’s Zouaves at Santa Rosa Island on the 8th inst.
Detachments from several of the Mississippi, Louisiana and Alabama regiments landing in the night, drove in the pickets and had a fierce battle. The Zouaves are credited with having fought with great bravery, and the rebels admit the loss of 40 killed and about double that number wounded.
They claim to have spiked the guns of the Zouaves, and destroyed all their camp equipage. They claim to have committed a great slaughter among the Zouaves, but give no numbers of killed. They also carried off several prisoners.
Fortress Monroe, Oct. 13.
Twelve of the 11th New York regiment were yesterday taken by the rebels a short distance above Newport News, and the lieutenant who commanded the party who were in quest of fuel is under arrest for cowardly behavior.
There is a mode provided by act of Congress by which fugitive slaves may be captured and sent back into slavery. By no other legal means than through the operation of this law can a negro be retained in custody and remanded to his master. No citizen as such can legally and rightfully seize a black man and send him into slavery any more than he can a white man. And a U. States soldier or a U. States officer has no right whatever to do it. The commission of an army officer gives him no such authority, and it is not the duty which he was sent to perform. If a slave holder in Virginia loses his slaves, there is a legal remedy. If that remedy fails him during the rebellion it is his misfortune. The Government, through its army, cannot go out of its way for the purpose of protecting his property any more than the property of anyone else against the mischances of war.
Several instances have occurred in which United States army officers have detained fugitive slaves, and then sent them back into slavery. We would like to know if that is what our army has gone into Virginia for ! While northern men by thousands are suffering immense losses from the war and are contributing vast sums to sustain the Government in this struggle, is the peculiar property of southern men to be protected by the army which we raise and maintain ? Is this policy to be pursued by our army in its southward progress ? Are our soldiers going to be turned into slave catchers ? An army may properly protect private property, but it is quite another thing when an army officer turns to chasing a man’s vagrant cattle or heading off his runaway slaves.
The train for New York, which left this city Saturday midnight, ran against a “dumpy car,” which was placed on the bridge near the West Hartford road. Upon reaching New Haven the engineer notified the officers of the Company here of the occurrence. Examination was made at once, when it was discovered that the scoundrel who placed the car upon the track had also drawn the spikes which hold the rails to the ties. It fortunately occurred that two of the spikes refused to come out, and that circumstance saved the train and the lives upon it. The bridge is 30 feet high.
Mr. A. L. Hotchkiss is enlisting men in this city for the 9th Irish regiment. This is an excellent opportunity for Irishmen. Good and prompt pay. Call at rooms over Ward & Rutty’s store.
Mr. Wm. Coite is enlisting men for the 11th. Rooms over Chaffee & Camp.
Mr. J. B. Marthen is enlisting men for land and sea service. Rooms over C. Elliott’s store.
A cavalry company is forming in Portland.
Appeal for Blankets
As the cool weather comes on it is found impossible to obtain blankets enough for the soldiers through the regular channels of supply, and Quartermaster General Meigs has made an appeal to the public, for thick woolen blankets of not less than four pounds weight. Any who may have such blankets to spare, have it in their power to render a substantial service to their country.
Health of the Soldiers
Several members of the fourth regiment, three of four of whom were from this neighborhood, have been sick with the fever. With the exception of Geo. Parmelee, whose death we have before mentioned, the others, we are gratified to learn, are fast getting well. Frost has already appeared in the neighborhood of the Potomac, a fact very favorable to the general health of the army.
A Profitable Garden
The garden of Mr. Duane Barnes, of this city, probably surpasses any garden in this vicinity in the amount raised on it this year. It took the first premium on gardens at the late agricultural society exhibition. It is sixty feet square, and he raised no less than thirteen hundred weight of vegetables, &c., which was the weight after they were prepared for the table. That is what may be called close cultivation, and is about equal to Chinen skill in making a good deal grow on a small space.
Miss Evelina Colbert, a lady about forty years of age, was murdered by one of her female slaves at Waterloo, Va., on the 14th ult. Miss Colbert attempted to correct the slave for some cause, when the girl seized a piece of fence rail, felled her to the ground, and then choaked her to death. The slave confesses the deed.
A party of sixty colored citizens of Providence left their homes Monday night, to seek a new one in Hayti. They go out under the auspices of the Haytian Bureau of emigration. Several families were of the number, ranging in age from five years to sixty.
The number of emigrants landed at New York since January 1st, number 58,561, against 83,198 up to the same period of last year.
On the occasion of a review a few days since, the President and Secretary Cameron had occasion to pass through one of the gates of Fort Runyon. To avoid confusion the rule is to keep to the right ; but the road was so blocked up that the President’s coach tried to go through the left gate. This the guard resisted when he was told it was the President’s carriage ; but he shouted, “That dodge has been tried before, it won’t do this time.” “Old Abe” thought it a good joke, and ordered his coachman to wait and take his turn to the right, like common folks.
“Our Union must and shall be Preserved.”
Able Bodied Men Wanted
For the National Brigade, (Gen. Butler’s Division,) during the War.
Good Chance for Seamen, Boatmen and Landsmen.
Fair Wages, everything found. $100 Cash Bounty, with shares in Prize money.
Office over Clark Elliott’s Store, opposite Central Bank.
J. B. Marthen, Recruiting Officer.
Middletown, Oct. 7, 1861.