From The Constitution, Wednesday, November 6, 1861 (volume 24, number 1245)
Resignation of Gen. Scott
Washington, Nov. 1.—The following letter from General Scott was received by the President on Thursday afternoon.
Headquarters of the Army,
Washington, Oct. 31, 1861
The Hon. S. Cameron, Secretary of War—Sir : For more than three years I have been unable, from a hurt, to mount a house or to walk more than a few paces at a time, and that with much pain. Other and new infirmities, dropsy and vertigo, admonish me that repose of mind and body, with the appliances of surgery and medicine, are necessary to add a little more to a life already protracted much beyond the usual span of man. It is under such circumstances, made doubly painful by the unnatural and unjust rebellion now raging in the Southern States of our so lately prosperous and happy Union, that I am compelled to request that my name be placed on the list of army officers retired from active service. As this request is founded on an absolute right granted by a recent act of Congress, I am entirely at liberty to say it is with deep regret that I withdraw myself, in these momentous times, from the orders of a President who has treated me with much distinguished kindness and courtesy—whom I know, upon much personal intercourse, to be a patriot, without sectional partialities or prejudices, to be highly conscientious in the performance of every duty, and of unrivaled activity and perseverance.
And to you, Mr. Secretary, whom I now officially address for the last time, I beg to acknowledge my many obligations of the uniform high consideration I have received at your hands. I have the honor to remain,
Sir, with high respect,
Your obd’t servant,
On Friday last the veteran Lieut. General Scott sent in his resignation to the war department. His age and increasing infirmities have compelled him to take this step. His resignation was accepted, and the President with the members of his Cabinet visited the General at his residence and expressed his regret at the necessity which compelled him to retire from his high office. The name of Gen. Scott will be placed on the list of retired army officers.
General McClellan, by appointment of the President, is now General-in-Chief of the armies of the United States.
Messrs. Mason and Slidell were introduced to the Governor General of Cuba at Havana by the British Consul, who is said to have waited upon them in full uniform, and treated them with distinguished favor. The commissioners were to take passage for Europe in the British mail steamer on the 6th of November.
The storm Saturday night was very severe in this vicinity. A large tree, near the corner of College and Broad streets, was blown down. Messrs. Hubbard Brothers had a lot of lumber floated up stream, and several barrels of lime slacked. In another column will be found an account of the storm east and south.
Boston, Sunday, Nov. 3.
A heavy north-east gale commenced at 9 o’clock last night, lasting ten hours. A great quantity of rain fell. The noon tide, today, overflowed several of the wharves, doing considerable damage to goods, &c., stowed in the cellars. So high a tide has not been known for several years. We learn of the following wrecks :
The bark F. Coggswell, of Providence, Hamblin, [from] Malaga, for Boston, struck on Scituate Beach, and will be a total loss. The crew were saved.
The ship Maritana, Williams, of Prov., from Liverpool, for Boston, with a cargo of coal, wool and cotton, struck at midnight on Egg Rocks, near Boston Light, the sea making a clean breach over her. At 3 A.M. cut away the masts and mizzen masts, and stove one boat. Launched the other boat, but she stove alongside. Five of the crew then succeeded in getting on the rocks. At 8 A.M., the ship went to pieces, and seven of the passengers and crew reached the rocks on a piece of the poop. Twenty-five persons, including the captain, were drowned.
At noon to-day the weather cleared up, and the twelve seamen were discovered clinging to Egg Rocks. The life-boat was launched at Hull, and they were taken off. Not a vestige of the ship remained. Several of the bodies, including that of Capt. Williams, have been recovered and brought to this city.
The Storm in New York.—The gale was very severe here last night. The tide overflowed a large number of cellars and the lower streets, doing great damage to merchants of various kinds, including large quantities of flour. The docks in Brooklyn were generally overflowed as well as in this city. The Norwich line boat arrived at 2 P.M. Sunday. The Stonington boat was later, and the Fall River boat had not arrived at midnight. The boats of these lines bound east, were anchored at Four landing, in Huntington Bay. The Providence steamer Pelican came through arriving in New York Sunday morning. It is reported that there is a brig ashore on Riker’s Island.
A coal and brick yard at Staten Island was washed away by the flood.
The Storm in Baltimore.—The storm in the bay was very severe. Several canal boats were blown ashore and wrecked on their way from Havre de Grace to Locust Point. Six or seven laden with grain, coal, &c., are reported ashore at North Point. It is reported that two or three foundered and some lives, it is supposed, were lost ; but particulars have not been received. The water was very high and overflowed the wharves in the lower parts of the city.—Some damage was done by filling cellars.
Later—Eleven barges were wrecked at North Point, eight laden with coal and two with lumber, only one life lost.
One of the most remarkable events of the times is the establishment of a telegraphic line to California. This has just been done, and we now have daily news from the Pacific coast. It is a wonderful triumph of energy and of science, and is remarkable as having been effected in a time of fierce civil war. Nothing could be done, which would more effectively than this bind California in indissoluble bonds to the American Union.
The Pacific Telegraph
From thirty to fifty business dispatches are sent from this city to San Francisco daily. Gentlemen who are obliged, and can afford to be voluble, pay large sums, not infrequently $50, for the privilege of communicating with the Pacific. Before the line was completed, and while the Pony Express formed a link in the connection, $150 was often paid for sending a dispatch, partly by telegraph on the Atlantic and Pacific slopes, and by galloping horses the rest of the way. The complete facilities of the line have not yet been tested, as the public have never been officially informed at how many and what intermediate stations messages will be received. There are some important territorial points with which some people would like to communicate, if they could get a dispatch there at a reasonable price. It is understood that the number and names of the way stations, and the rates of way business will be determined by the Directors of the Pacific Company at an early day.
Eight thousand bushels of barley stored at Chicago fell from the upper story to the cellar on Saturday, crushing the intervening floors in its descent. At the time of the occurrence, there were three men in the upper story, handling barley, and when the floor gave way, they rushed to the fall ropes, which they grasped, and thus saved themselves. There was also a man on the first floor, who, being warned by the crash of timbers above, barely had time to make his escape.
From the following account of a review of Gen. Mansfield’s brigade, taken from the Herald, it appears that he is at Camp Hamilton, near Fortress Monroe :
“The review of Brigadier General Mansfield’s brigade, at Camp Hamilton, by Major General Wool and staff, yesterday afternoon, was a brilliant affair, and reflected great credit upon all the regiments concerned therein. A little before three o’clock the Major General, accompanied by his full staff, rode over to Camp Hamilton, when the brigade was drawn up in line, the Twentieth regiment, in command of Colonel Max Weber, occupying the post of honor, being on the right, and the Union Coast Guard, Colonel Wardrop, on the left. The General was accompanied by the following officers :–Brigadier General Mansfield, Col. Cram, chief staff officer ; Colonel John E. Bendix, Tenth regiment ; Adjutant General Wm. D. Whipple, Major Wm. P. Jones, our efficient Provost Marshal ; Captain Carland and Captain Jay. General Mansfield’s staff consisted of Captain Dyer, Dr. Gilbert, brigade surgeon, and Captain Drake DeKay. Numerous evolutions were gone through, and at its close the Major General expressed himself highly satisfactory [sic] at the proficiency of the troops, especially those of Colonel Weber’s command.
Ellen Fairbanks was burned to death on Saturday night. She was left alone by her husband, and on his return he discovered the charred remains of his wife.
A match game of foot ball was played on the College Campus last Saturday, between the Sophmore [sic] class, (29 players,) and the freshman class, (46 players.) Freshmen victorious.
The Sophmores immediately challenged the Freshmen to another game, with equal numbers ; but “65” following the example of “63” refused to accept the challenge.
In this town, Oct. 30th, by Rev. J. H. Newton, brother of the bridegroom, Abner Newton, Jr., junior editor of this paper, and Phoebe A., daughter of Daniel Harris, Esq.
In this town, Long Hill District, Nov. 4th, at the residence of her son, Alfred Hubbard, Esq., Mrs. Huldah Newton, relict of the late Dea. Abner Newton, of Durham, aged 92 years.
A Coming Collapse
Hoops are doomed on the other side of the Atlantic. Queen Victoria has denounced them, and the ladies of her court, in convention assembled, have decreed their abolishment. The Empress Eugenie, under whose patronage they have blossomed to their present “huge circumference,” has also it is said, assented to their downfall, and so they will soon be accounted as among the things lost on earth by the fashionable world of Europe.
How will it be here? Ladies, the American man looks to you tristfully. He asks, in pathetic accents, for more room—room for his lower limbs, and exemption from the entangling alliances now so frequent in the ‘bus and the car. He petitions for an opportunity once more to pursue a straightforward course through the great thoroughfares, instead of describing semi-circles, tangents, and various other unpleasant geometrical figures, in his progress (if progress it may be called) to and from his business. Beautiful balloons, will you not collapse ? or, at least, as retrenchment is the order of the day, may it please you to retrench? Give up half your steel, to be beaten into bayonets, even as you have given all your frayed handkerchiefs to be scraped into lint.
The Queen of England puts her enmity to hooped skirts on the ground of fire. Several English women have been burned to death, like Druids in their sacrificial cages of wicker-work, in consequence of the accidental kindling of their crinoline. For your own sakes, then, ladies, as well as out of compassion for man, become “small by degrees, and beautifully less,” until your parachute proportions shall have been diminished, at least, to the size of an umbrella.—N. Y. Ledger.