From The Constitution, Wednesday, November 13, 1861 (volume 24, number 1246)
Removal of Gen. Fremont
The order so long predicted and expected has at last gone forth, and Major General Fremont is removed from the command of the Army of the West. Every one who knows the character of President Lincoln will feel well assured that an act of so grave importance would not have been determined on without the best of reasons. The public is but little acquainted with the facts in this case, and a correct popular judgment cannot now be passed upon it.
Chicago, Nov. 8
A special Cairo dispatch to the Tribune gives the following particulars of the fight at Belmont yesterday. Our forces consisted of the following Illinois regiments : The 22d, Col. Dougherty; 27th, Col. Buffard ; 30th, Col. Fouke ; 31st, Col. Logan ; 7th Iowa, Taylor’s Chicago artillery, and Dolen’s and Delano’s cavalry.
They left Cairo in the steamers ‘Alex Scott,’ ‘Chancellor,’ ‘Memphis,’ ‘Keystone State,’ accompanied by the gun boats ‘Lexington’ and ‘Tyler.’ After landing, the troops were formed in line of battle, Gen. McClernand in command of the Cairo troops. Col. Dougherty commanded the Bird’s Point troops. They were encountered by the rebels 7000 strong, and fought every inch of the way to the enemy’s camp, making sad havoc in the rebel ranks.
Col. Buffort was the first to plant the stars and stripes on the enemies [sic] camp.
Col. Dougherty’s regiment captured the rebel battery of 12 pieces, two of which were brought away. Col. Fouke’s men suffered greatly as they were in front of the batteries before they were taken.
After taking possession of the rebel camp it was discovered that the rebels were crossing over from Kentucky for the purpose of attacking us in the rear. The order was given to return to the boats when our men were attacked by the reinforcements of several thousand from Columbus. Another severe engagement ensued, in which our troops suffered severely. Our losses as far as known at a late hour last night are as follows :
The 30th regiment, 160 missing. Major McClernand wounded and taken prisoner. 21st, 140 missing. Col. Bufford’s regiment returned too late to obtain any particulars. Col. Dougherty is reported prisoner. Col. Laman is reported dangerously wounded. Taylor’s battery lost one gun.
We have taken 250 prisoners, a number of whom are wounded. The number of rebels killed is 300. The ground was completely strewn with dead bodies. The rebel Col. Wright of the 13th Tenn. Is killed.
Gen. Cheatham commanded the rebels, Polk being at Columbus. It is stated that General Johnson was wounded. The gun boats rendered efficient service in covering the retreat, mowing down the rebels with grape, but killing some of our own men. A flag of truce left Cairo this morning for Columbus, with 40 or 50 wounded rebels.
Chicago, Nov. 9
Following is a special dispatch to the Times :
Cairo, Nov. 8.—It is impossible as yet to obtain anything like an accurate report of the killed and wounded in the engagement at Belmont, Mo., on the 7th inst. It is estimated that 25 of the 28th Illinois are missing. There are thought to be 360 missing of the 7th Iowa.
Col. Lanman’s wounds are not dangerous. Lt. Col. Windt was killed. The Major and Adjutant are missing. The latter is reported killed.
In Col. Logan’s regiment there are 35 killed and 47 wounded.
All but 24 of Col. Fouke’s regiment answered to roll yesterday.
The loss in Col. Bufford’s regiment is not yet ascertained, but it is supposed that it is not heavy. In Taylor’s artillery only three men were slightly wounded. One hundred and thirty prisoners were taken. All accounts concur in placing the loss of the enemy much heavier than ours.
No reliable news has been received from Col. Ogilvie’s command, but it is rumored that he has encountered Jeff. Thompson, killing 300 and losing 50.
Belmont has been abandoned by the rebels.
They have one hundred and fifty prisoners and acknowledge 350 killed, but would not permit the federal officers who went to Columbus with a flag of truce yesterday, to visit the place to which they conveyed the dead.
St. Louis, Nov. 9
Gen. Grant telegraphs from Cairo to headquarters here that our victory at Belmont was complete. We captured 130 prisoners, and all the rebel artillery, but were obliged to leave part of the guns behind for want of horses to haul them. Some of the prisoners report a large force preparing to start to reinforce Price, but our attack will no doubt prevent it. Our loss was 250, one half killed and mortally wounded.
Enough is known of the success of the great naval expedition, to render it certain that a foot hold has been obtained on one of the most important points of the South Carolina coast. Up to Monday noon it was reported that two forts had been bombarded by the fleet and taken, and also that the stars and stripes floated triumphantly from Beaufort court house !
South Carolina has thus been invaded. The war has been carried to the very doors of the men who originated this wicked conspiracy against the Government. This is as it should be. Let South Carolina and her “institutions” bear the burden and suffer the consequences of a war which she herself commenced.
The latest intelligence received here up to Tuesday forenoon confirms the intelligence that Beaufort is taken. It is also rumored that the railroad above Beaufort has fallen into the possession of our troops. All this intelligence reaches us from rebel sources, but coming as it does through different channels, and the statements all substantially agreeing, it is generally relied upon as correct.
From the Great Expedition
Capture of Beaufort Confirmed !
A Large Portion of the Town Burned.
Fortress Monroe, Nov. 10.
The steamship “S. R. Spaulding” arrived from Hatteras Inlet this morning with the 20th Indiana regiment.
A deserter who reached the Inlet in a small boat stated that news had been received on the main land of the taking of two rebel forts at Port Royal, and the landing of a large federal force. Beaufort had also been taken by our troops. No particulars have arrived, but the main fact corresponds with the news received a few hours since from Norfolk by a flag of truce. Great excitement prevailed on the arrival of the news at Norfolk.
From the same source we have a rumor that the railroad above Beaufort has fallen into the possession of our troops, with an immense quantity of stores.
Five deserters, who reached Newport News this morning, state that the rebels up James River are in consternation, and also bring the improbably rumor that our troops had advanced up the railroad as far as Charleston.
The French frigate “Calabria” was burned to the water’s edge on Friday night, off Hatteras—all hands saved.
The captain of the U. S. gunboat “Albatross” reports that he discovered the “Union” ashore on the 6th inst., about 80 miles to the eastward of Bogue Inlet, but in consequence of heavy weather had no communication with the shore until the following day, when he landed with a flag of truce and learned the following particulars from the captain of a rebel company. The “Union” went ashore, or rather was run ashore in a sinking condition, on the 1st, and soon after broke in two, in front of the smokestack. The crew, 75 in number, and 15 horses, were saved. The men are prisoners at Fort Macon and Raleigh, N. C. Of the cargo, large quantities of stores were seen piled up on the beach. At the time of the disaster the steamer “Winfield Scott” was in company with the “Union” and the captain of the latter expressed the opinion that his consort was lost, she having suddenly disappeared. Nothing is known concerning the rumored loss of the “Ocean Express.” There are rumors of three federal vessels having gone ashore.
A decision of considerable practical importance was given by Judge Dewey of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts, that an enlistment was but a contract between the government and the individual, and that a person so drunk as not to know what he was about could not make such a contract. Under such circumstances he was incapable of giving legal assent, and his enlistment was not binding upon him.
Governor Buckingham has appointed Thursday, the 28th inst., as a day of public thanksgiving and praise.
The annual catalogue of the University reveals a highly prosperous state of affairs for the institution. The Freshmen class numbers 52, a larger number than any class has had since the presidency of Dr. Fisk. Whole number of students 150. The Greek Professorship is filled by Rev. Calvin S. Harrington, who was elected to the place last summer. Rev. Dr. Coleman is teacher of Biblical Literature. The friends of the college will be glad to see the evidences of prosperity furnished by the catalogue of 1861-2. Not only is there a larger number of students than formerly, but the standard of scholarship is much higher than it has been. Under the vigorous and prudent administration of President Cummings the college has made a great advance in the right direction within a few years. We observe that the Professorship of Rhetoric and English Literature is still vacant. The time of Commencement was been changed to the third Thursday of July.
The funeral of Mrs. Huldah C. Newton, which was attended last Tuesday at the residence of her son, Alfred Hubbard, Esq., in Long Hill, was probably the largest funeral attended in this section for many years. There were thirty-eight carriages in the procession, and of these nine were double teams. It was a novel and interesting spectacle to see the procession, near half a mile long, winding over the hills to the burying ground two miles distant. The deceased reached a great age, (92,) and had many connections and friends in this town and in Durham. Rev. Mr. Taylor, pastor of the North Church, attended the funeral.
Next Saturday, Nov. 16, the beautiful “little fairy,” Dollie Dutton, gives two levees, at McDonough Hall, in the afternoon at 3 o’clock, and in the evening at 7 ½ o’clock. No doubt there will be a perfect stampede among the little folks in the afternoon, and as for the ladies they surely will all go to see her. Dollie is now 10 ½ years old, 22 inches high, and weighs only 15 lbs.
There are some post offices in this county which have not yet been supplied with the new postage stamps, and continue to use the old ones. Letters coming from those offices, although postage has been prepaid, are charged full postage at the office in this city. By this arrangement the Department receives double postage on each letter, that is three cents at each end of the route ! If the same system of post office charges is pursued throughout the country, the Department is in a fair way to make something handsome off from the old stamps.
Dog Tax – Assessors Notice
The Town Assessors would call attention of the public to the fact that the last Legislature repealed the 9th Section of the act relating to Dogs, which allowed any town to release itself from the operation of the law by a major vote at a town meeting.
In a second section of the repealing act, it is declared that the remainder of the law shall be in force, any action that has been taken, or that may be taken by any town to the contrary notwithstanding.
This fact has escaped our attention until the present time, but it is hoped that all interested will now examine and understand this law, that the Assessors may not be unjustly censured for the performance of this onerous and unpleasant part of their duty.
Middletown, Nov. 12, 1861