From The Constitution, Wednesday, January 15, 1862 (volume 25, number 1255)
Gen. Burnside’s expedition is on the move, and a portion has reached Hampton Roads in safety.
That portion of Gen. Butler’s division in Boston have again embarked on board the Constitution and yesterday sailed for Fortress Monroe.
Gen. McClellan’s health is so much improved that he is able to ride out.
Cincinnati, Jan. 11.
The Gazette learns from one of the proprietors of the Louisville Democrat, who arrived here from Sandy Valley yesterday, that the second rebel invasion of Eastern Kentucky ended in a disgraceful rout. Monday last Colonel Garfield’s forces, including the 42d Ohio, 10th Kentucky, and 1800 cavalry, were ordered up the Big Sandy to Painsville, within 7 miles of the rebel camp, when they were met by a flag of truce, bearing a message from Humphrey Marshall, asking if matters could not be arranged without a fight. Col. Garfield immediately replied that he could offer no arrangement except either to fight or immediately surrender.
Marshall then addressed his men, informing them that they had the alternative to surrender or disband and giving them the choice. They decided to disband and immediately collected and set fire to all their wagons, tents, camp equipage, supplies, &c. Then each man was permitted to take care of himself, the whole force scattering in confusion. No attempt was made to save anything except their cannon, which they hauled off.
Col. Garfield sent his cavalry in pursuit and expects to capture the guns, and perhaps pick up many flying rebels.
The rebels in northeastern Kentucky, from the high estimate in which Marshall’s military abilities were held, had strong hopes of success under his leadership. A sufficient federal force will be left in that region to secure its future safety.
The Impending Trial
It is now perfectly evident that the country is about the pass through a period of financial trial such as it has never experienced before. The expenses of the government have reached the enormous sum of nearly three millions a day. In a few days the national treasury will be depleted, and unless some new measures are speedily adopted for raising money the nation will become bankrupt. General anxiety is felt under this threatening aspect of our public affairs, and the impression is strong in many minds that a greater danger is now impending over us than has yet assailed the country.
The danger is no doubt great and threatening, but we apprehend that its perfect novelty clothes it with unnecessary terrors in the minds of our people. We are totally unaccustomed to such enormous expenses, and know nothing from experience how to meet them. England would think little of the expenses we are now incurring, and bears continually a vastly heavier burden than this war can possibly entail upon us. Are our resources so much less than those of England that we have reason to fear being crushed and ruined under a debt which will not amount to a twentieth part of her national debt ? We think not. We are able to pay every dollar, interest and principal, of the debt which will be incurred. But the question is, and it is really a very serious one, how is the money to be reached ?
The Secretary of the Treasury will probably issue Treasury notes, bearing perhaps a low rate of interest, and convertible at any time into the United States six per cent. stocks. But what will these notes be good for unless government adopts some other measures at the same time ? Taxation must accompany their issue, or they will finally be no better than continental shin plasters. A system of taxation must be devised, and at once put into operation. There is no other honest course. To go on borrowing and spending money without making any attempt to raise means to pay our indebtedness would be downright fraud. Such a course our government would never pursue.
We have the utmost confidence in the administration and believe that the financial crisis now impending will be safely passed. The treasury notes which may be issued will meet with a generous reception throughout the country. The American Exchange Bank of New York has agreed to take such notes in payment of paper held by the bank on condition that the dealers receive similar notes from the bank at their par value. Other banks will probably follow this example, and thus prevent any deprivation in these notes. At the same time a just and equitable system of taxation will be devised such as will fully sustain the credit of the government. And though the burdens may be onerous, we believe, nay, we know, that the people will not refuse them. Every demand thus far has been readily responded to, and this will be met in the same spirit with those which have preceded it.
Gen. Butler was in Hartford on Wednesday, and inspected the 12th regiment. The regiment numbers 900 men, and the General spoke in high terms of their appearance and condition. On the same day, in the afternoon, he went to Meriden to inspect the soldiers in Camp Tyler, at Hanover. The First Conn. Artillery Battery is ordered direct to Fort Columbus, New York, there to wait further orders.
The ladies of Cromwell have sent three barrels of articles to the Fourth Regiment, valued at $110. The articles consisted of quilts, comfortables, socks, &c. A fair and festival was held for the benefit of the soldiers about a fortnight ago which realized not far from $60. In addition to this, three gentlemen of Cromwell have given about $75 to soldiers of the Fourth. The ladies of that town have not yet finished their patriotic labors, but are still at work, and intend to send on further supplies.
Worthy of the Olden Time
The wife of Rev. Hervey Talcott of Portland has sent to G. T. Hubbard, Esq. of this city to be forwarded to the soldiers nineteen pairs of woolen stockings, most of which she knit with her own hands. This gift is worthy of the times of 1776 when Gov. Trumbull’s wife set the example to the women of Connecticut of furnishing, at great personal self-sacrifice, warm clothing to the American soldiers.
Death of Col. Colt
Colonel Samuel Colt died at his residence in Hartford on Friday morning, of an acute attack upon the brain. He was out and attending to business on the Friday previous. His age was 47. Col. Colt had contributed more than any other man to the pecuniary prosperity of Hartford, which was his native place. His vast works there will be carried on by the present incorporation which is known as the Colt Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company. The widow of Col. Colt is the daughter of Rev. Wm. Jarvis, formerly of this city.
A new cemetery has just been opened in East Hampton (Chatham.) The first interment was made a few days ago when the body of W. A. Skinner was buried there. It is in the south part of the village, and is a very fine location.
A Hard Time in the Gale
The gale of New Year’s night came very near wrecking the schooner Elijah H. Hubbard, Capt. Stockton, of this city. Capt. Stockton left New London on Wednesday, in ballast, bound for New Haven. He was at anchor near Faulkner’s island when the gale came on at night, but finding himself in an unsafe place he got under weigh and stood for the Connecticut coast, hoping to make a harbor. He thought once he had got into safe quarters, and cast his anchor, but the gale compelled him to start out again, and he drove along to the eastward under bare poles and finally brought up at Newport on Thursday. He says that night was the most fearful time he ever experienced on Long Island Sound.
The Public Schools, after a delay of one week on account of the prevailing sickness, commenced their winter term on Monday. The scarlet fever has very much abated in the city, and parents need feel no fear now in sending their children to school.
The War in Middletown
The other day a couple of young farmers who had come into the city with wood were waiting for customers in Main street, where they got into a confab about politics, wood, cattle or some other exciting subject. Words became altogether too tame. Fists flew about with great activity. Farmer No. 1 fell down, and thought he saw stars. Got up again, and hit out right and left. The by-standers had the absurd notion that they might get hurt unless they parted, so they interfered and prevented any further discussion of the question.
It is capital sliding now on Court hill, and last evening the boys improved it.
Clear the Sidewalks
Every one in the city should see that the sidewalks in front of his premises are clear of snow. A city ordinance requires that this should be done. In clearing the walk, the whole breadth of the pavement should be cleared. We observe that some persons make merely a footpath. This is not complying with the law, for the public is entitled to the use of the whole of the sidewalk.
The following letter from the Postmaster Calef would explain itself without a word from us ; but we take this occasion to congratulate our advertisers and readers that for the first time since it was established The Constitution is officially recognized as the leading newspaper in Middletown. Within the past year it has rapidly gained in its subscription list and the number of yearly advertisers has also considerably increased. We do not speak of this boastingly or from any desire to triumph over our cotemporary “in Elliott’s building,” but the public wants to know where advertisements can circulate to the best advantage and our readers are entitled to know something of the status of the journal they patronize. Here is the Postmaster’s letter :
Middletown, Jan. 6, 1862.
A. Newton & Son :
Proprietors of “ The Constitution :”
The evidence presented to me to day shows the circulation of the Constitution within the delivery of this Post Office to be larger than that of the Sentinel & Witness. I am therefore obliged by law to award the advertising of the uncalled for letters in this office to the Constitution. Yours, &c. A. B. Calef.
Loud Call for a Husband
The following loud call appears in the ‘Herald of Progress.’ Miss Marie is evidently a girl of real grit, and it is to be hoped that her fastidious taste and elevated standard in making a selection, will not wholly prevent her from finding a “sympathetic mate.” It would be too bad if her “highest idea of a husband should be found to be too high, and thus keep the poor girl “waiting in maidenhood” for a reply that will never come. “Where is he ?” Don’t all speak at once :
[From the Herald of Progress.]
“A true marriage demands congenialty !” And as I have not yet found a sympathetic mate, I am forced to remain a maid. I love not your members of tobacco-consuming clubs, nor your so-called gentlemen jockeys. I shrink in disgust from those low-minded, sensuous natures who turn their unholy gaze upon me at every step. I recoil from your unclean “owners” of “slaves,” even though they are white ! And hence, as I have not been so fortunate as to meet with any of the remaining few, I am compelled to live alone, when I would so gladly make a loving home for a companion who would claim no rights, either marital or other, who would recognize in me his equal in those free gifts of God alike bestowed on all his creatures.
Where is he who will join me in an endeavor to live up to my highest idea of right—who will aid in the struggle to transform some of the many “wrongs” into “rights,” without affecting an utter disregard for all of the real beauties, refinements and graces of life—who will join me in forming a home of beauty, peace, and affection—who will kindly criticise and aid in those inharmonies of character which I exhibit with the rest of the world—who will bear and forbear—who in himself is just, refined, and truth-loving ? Who is he, and where is he to be found ? I request, waiting in maidenhood, a reply.
December 13, 1861. Marie.