From The Constitution, Wednesday, February 26, 1862 (volume 25, number 1261)
The important intelligence is telegraphed from Louisville that Cumberland Gap and Russellville, Ky., are in possession of the national forces. All of Kentucky, except Columbus, is now free from rebels.
Flag Officer Foote makes the official announcement of the occupation of Clarksville, Tenn., by the Union troops. About two thirds of the people ran away, but Com. Foote issued a proclamation assuring protection to persons and property.
Gen. Grant is now at the head of the new military district of West Tennessee—headquarters at Fort Donelson.
No reliable accounts yet from Savannah though the city is believed to be in possession of our forces.
Gen. Butler has left Boston for Fortress Monroe, where he will at once embark for Ship Island.
The steamer from Port Royal on Saturday brought 553 bales of cotton.
The papers of yesterday are filled with accounts of the celebration of the Birthday of Washington.
Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, the hero of Fort Donelson, is a man of about 40 years of age. He is a native of Ohio, and a graduate of West Point, being the appointee of Wm. L. Homer from that State when a member of Congress, who was subsequently killed in the Mexican war. He was twice brevetted for gallant conduct in the Mexican war, and was in every principal battle in which it was possible for any one man to be. He was in the 4th Infantry, and resigned in 1855, and went into business in St. Louis. He subsequently moved to Galena, Ill., where is now resides, and became interested in a large leather establishment.
At the breaking out of the rebellion he immediately offered his services to the Government, and was put in command of an Illinois regiment. He participated actively in the campaign in Missouri, and obtained great credit. At the extra session his name was brought forward for a Brigadier Generalship by Mr. Washburne, of Illinois, of the House of Representatives, and the entire delegation joined in the recommendation, and he was appointed. He soon after went into command of the military district of Cairo. He has won immortal fame.
For his brave and masterly conduct at the battle of Fort Donelson, and as soon as news of the victory had reached Washington, the Secretary of War sent the name of General Grant to the President for nomination as Major-General.
Death of the President’s Son
President Lincoln’s son William, aged about eleven years, died on Thursday evening of pneumonia.
The injuries sustained by Com. Porter on board the gunboat Essex, in the battle of Fort Henry, are a great deal more serious than at first reported. His condition, by the latest intelligence, is such that he is not expected to recover. In addition to the scalds he received, it appears his lungs were dangerously affected by the inhalation of hot steam at the time of the explosion of the boiler of the Essex. Com. Porter has been conveyed to St. Louis.
Gen. Buckner, lately captured at Fort Donelson, has been indicted for treason.
Wendell Phillips, in his lecture on Thursday evening, said it was impossible to reconstruct the old Union according to the programme of President Lincoln and Secretary Seward. Precisely what Wendell Phillips means by a reconstruction we do not know. If he means the re-establishment of all things, including the political power of slavery, just where they were during Pierce’s and Buchanan’s administrations, then he does not mean by re construction what the President does. If he means the re-union of the thirty four states on the basis of the constitution, then he does mean by re construction what the President and Secretary of State mean by it. The administration, in this war, is aiming at one single object, the overthrow of this rebellion and the re-establishment of the authority of the government over the whole country. This is the sole and undivided object which the administration and the people have in this great contest. When that shall be accomplished it will be found that, while we have the old Union of thirty-four states there will nevertheless be a vast change in some important respects. The power which has ruled the country for twenty-five years, like a despot, will be overthrown and destroyed, and some of the high priests of that slave power will have swung on the gallows. Whatever may become of the institution of slavery itself, its death warrant as a political power is signed, sealed, and delivered, and it will receive a burial at the close of this war which shall know no resurrection. The days of Polk, Pierce and Buchanan have gone forever, and no reconstruction of the Union can ever re-establish the pernicious and wicked political theories which controlled their administrations.
The Honored Dead
The body of Col. Russell, who was killed in the battle of Roanoke, was brought to New Haven on Saturday. It was escorted to Birmingham by the Governor’s Horse Guard and other military companies of New Haven.
The body of Lieut. Stillman, who was killed in the same battle, and who belonged to the same gallant Tenth regiment, reached New Haven on Friday morning, and was taken to Saybrook for burial on Saturday.
It is stated that Col. Russell was struck by a musket ball in the left shoulder, which passed obliquely down into the left breast, lodging in or near the heart. He was reclining, resting his head on his hand, as his regiment had been ordered to lie down to avoid the fire of the enemy.
Among the killed at the battle of Roanoke is Lieut. Henry M. Stillman, of the Tenth Connecticut regiment. He was originally from Saybrook, and is the brother-in-law of the senior editor of the Sentinel. Some years since he resided in this city, and married here in 1854. Subsequently he moved to the west, and two years since went to New Haven. He leaves a wife and two children. He has been a member of the Methodist church for a number of years. His body together with that of Colonel Russell of the same regiment, reached Baltimore on Thursday, and was immediately sent to his friends.
22d of February
The anniversary of Washington’s birthday was duly observed in this city. Mayor Warner issued his proclamation calling upon the citizens to pay proper regard to the day, and giving notice that the bells would be rung and a national salute fired at noon and at sunset, which was done according to order. Flags were displayed from every available pole and projection, and Main street was all aglow with the national colors of red, white and blue. In the afternoon, the Mansfield Guard, under the command of Gen. Starr, made a parade. Rank and file numbered 35. They were attended by the Griffin Band, with twelve pieces. The Guard appeared remarkably well. They were dressed in a neat grey uniform, and they handled their muskets and moved over the ground as if they were used to it. Along the streets large crowds were collected here and there, and people seemed to have pretty generally turned out of doors. Small boys took a malicious delight in snowballing, and hitting anybody who happened to be a fair target. Fast horses and some very handsome turn-outs improved the good sleighing and the opportunity of being admired. Good humor prevailed everywhere, and we have heard of no accident or any other untoward event to mar the pleasure of the day.
In the evening a large meeting was held at McDonough Hall. The spacious hall would probably have been filled if it had been twice as large, and disappointed crowds went away because they could not gain admittance. Ladies were there, and took as deep an interest in the proceedings as the other sex, as of right they should, for the common cause is theirs and they have proved that they were ready to do as much for it as their husbands, brothers, and sons. A few introductory remarks were made by the Mayor. Washington’s Farewell Address was read by Prof. Hibbard. An able oration was delivered by Mr. Burton, of the Sophomore class, Wesleyan University. President Cummings made an address in which he gave a short review of the present posture of public affairs, and predicted a speedy and brilliant termination of the war. He alluded to the selfish and insulting conduct of England and said that when we had got our difficulties at home all settled, if then England showed a disposition for a quarrel, she would not find Uncle Sam at all backward for a fight. His address was interrupted by repeated cheering. Moses Culver, Esq. made an excellent speech. He referred to the causes of this war, which have been at work for many years, the encroaching and tyrannical spirit of the south which finally demanded that it should have full possession and control of the government as the only condition on which it would stay in the Union. Mr. Culver’s speech commanded the close attention of the large audience, and was now and then greeted with loud testimonials of approbation. The exercises were interspersed with several capital songs by the college glee club. (Why cannot the public have another opportunity of hearing from the glee club?) Griffin’s band was present and played a few pieces. Before ten o’clock, the programme of the evening was through with and the crowd had left the hall.
Through the evening quite a number of stores and some private dwellings were brilliantly illuminated.
Monday afternoon the Messrs. Hurlbert, two young gentlemen, brothers, residing in Broad street, took their seat as usual in their sleigh to go to their place of business. The opening of an umbrella startled the horse out of his propriety, and he went off with the intention of doing all the driving for that trip. He went through Broad, down Court, and then at right angles up Water street, to the foot of Washington street where they succeeded in bringing him to. Nobody hurt.
Artemas Ward will lecture in this city Thursday evening, Feb. 27th, and our citizens may rest assured that a rich feast will be spread out before them by this eloquent wit. His lecture in New York, Boston, Brooklyn, New Haven and other cities, was most enthusiastically received.
It has been found impossible in either of the above named places to procure halls large enough to accommodate the crowds that were anxious to hear him ; at New Haven over 600 were unable to get seats. We advise our readers to buy their tickets early, as those who have tickets do not stop on their way into the hall, and have a much better chance to get good seats. However, the committee will have seats on the stage, and chairs will be furnished as long as there is room for one in the hall. This is probably the only chance our people will ever have to hear “Artemas,” and we advise “everybody and his family” to go. The proceeds of the lectures are for the benefit of Pacific Fire Engine Co., No. 2.
The weather on Sunday and Monday was warm and spring-like. Yesterday the there was a warm rain, thermometer at 44 degrees. Towards night there was a sudden change, and last night was the most inclement of the whole winter. This morning the thermometer stood at 7 degrees.
Old Frank Datcher (colored,) who for two-and-forty years faithfully and truly served as messenger at the War Department, on Sunday last, after distributing the mails and attending to the other Sabbath duties, went home to lie down and die. He leaves, as an inheritance to his children, of which he is justly proud, a parchment on which seventeen successive Secretaries of War testified to his faithful service.