From The Constitution, Wednesday, July 16, 1862 (volume 25, number 1281)
Dispatches from Fortress Monroe announce that the rebels had disappeared from before the army of the Potomac, none of them being within miles of his position.
A private letter from a gentleman at Newport News, dated Thursday, says—Last night we were surprised by the sudden appearance and landing of several thousands of General Burnside’s troops.
A dispatch announces the defeat of a party of rebel cavalry at Culpepper Court House by Gen. Hatch’s command, which entered that place on Saturday. The inference is that Gen. Pope has made his first movement towards Richmond.
We have startling news from Tennessee. Murfreesborough has been attacked and taken by 3000 or 4000 guerillas, under Col. Forrest. The Ninth Michigan regiment was captured. Gen. T. T. Crittenden, of Indiana, and Gen. Duffield were made prisoners. There was great excitement in Nashville, but confidence is maintained in the ability of the government to protect the city and restore tranquility.
A dispatch from Louisville on Sunday states that rumors had reached there that Morgan’s troops, 2800 strong, were at Harrisonburg and Bainville destroying property. The state archives had been removed from Frankfort, which was believed to be in danger.
There was a fight at New Hope, Ky., between a part of an Ohio regiment, and 450 guerillas. These guerillas burned the town of Lebanon and robbed the Commercial Bank there.
It is understood that the President will issue a proclamation offering amnesty to all citizens of the Border States who have engaged in the rebellion, but shall lay down their arms and return to their allegiance within a given time. Also, that the President will, in the same proclamation, order all his generals in the field to make use of the slaves of rebels in whatever way shall best conduce to suppress the rebellion.
Congress has agreed to adjourn on Wednesday.
CONNECTICUT AROUSED !
The determination of the people of this state to put down the rebellion is stronger now than it has ever been before. War meetings have been held in many of the towns and cities, and the greatest possible enthusiasm has been shown in all these meetings. Enlistments are proceeding rapidly. In New Haven and Hartford efforts are being made which will give two regiments in a very short time. In Meriden forty volunteers were enlisted on Friday. In New London a meeting was held, and many volunteered. In Norwich, on Friday evening, a war meeting was held, presided over by Gov. Buckingham, at the close of which numbers came forward and enrolled their names.
Should we not do what we can in Middletown in response to the call of the President ? This town has not hitherto been behind any of her sister towns in patriotism, and it will not be now. Let us show that there is no less enthusiasm here than has been shown in Hartford and New Haven. Let there be one more grand effort for the Union !
Below will be found a statement of the extraordinary bounty offered to volunteers in Connecticut regiments. Read it.
$2 at the time of enlistment.
$6 per month to the wife of a married man, or to the youngest child if the wife is dead.
$2 per month to each child under 14 years of age, not exceeding two.
$30 per year from the State.
$50 in advance, by the State, at the time of entering the service, to those who enlist before August 20th.
$25 by the United States, in advance, at the time of entering the service.
$75 by the United States, when honorably discharged.
All this in addition to regular pay of $13 per month of privates, with rations, clothing, and arms.
$458 in one year. Should the war close in one year the pay of the soldier, if he has a wife, will be $410 and if he has two or more children his pay will be $458. He has in addition, his clothes and rations.
The soldier without family receives $338, besides clothes and rations.
The New Phase of the War
Senator Fessenden, of Maine, has had the reputation of being one of the most conservative of the republican members of Congress. But he, like many other leading minds in Washington, has been compelled to revise some of his former opinions with regard to the mode of conducting this war. The Senator sees that too great leniency and a too great tenderness have been used towards rebels who have been cruel and unscrupulous in their own mode of warfare. We have hesitated about doing any thing which might “irritate” them, while they have had no compunctions about “irritating” us to the fullest extent of their power. They have used all the means in their hands for weakening and crippling us, while we have been squeamish enough to refuse the most efficient weapons we have for crushing out this rebellion. It is now seen that this weak way of making war on an unrelenting enemy must give way to a more decisive policy. If we can find loyal men at the South, white or black, who will fight for the Union, why should we hesitate a moment to employ them ? What rule of honorable warfare would forbid their enlistment ? On this subject Senator Fessenden speaks forcibly and to the point, and we commend the following extract from his speech to the attention of our readers :
“Sir, why is it so ? why are we so tender toward these traitors ? What makes some gentlemen so sensitive the moment we speak of employing negroes and the slaves of rebels in the service of the country ? Men who profess to feel, and I am willing to believe do feel, the deepest interest in the salvation of the country, why do they jump to their feet the moment the idea is propagated that we are to employ men who are ready and willing and able to perform these services to save the lives of soldiers of their own and other states ? Why should we not weaken the enemy, and attack him in his weakest point ? Do you say we are proposing an abolition or emancipation scheme ? Not at all. We are simply proposing to use those means in the army which are best for us, and to use those best able to perform a particular kind of service.
* * I cannot conceive the slightest reason why the men who come to our camps and tender their services against the enemies of the country, should be repelled and driven out, and our own soldiers sacrificed in performing a duty these other man are so ready to perform.”
A public opinion has been growing up against Secretary Stanton for some time past, and it may be that he will be compelled to give way to it and resign his office. Judging from present appearances the resignation of the Secretary would meet with very little opposition from any quarter. It is apparent that some blunders have been committed, and the people demand that somebody shall bear the responsibility of those blunders. Mr. Stanton has made himself more than usually prominent in conducting military operations. He is not a military man and has no especial knowledge of the science of war, but he has taken upon himself, as every one knows, to conduct military operations on a large scale, and has the reputation of having overruled the plans of the commanding General. It is not believed that Mr. Stanton’s plans have been remarkable for wisdom, or that they have been justified by their successful results. On the contrary the reverses which attended Banks division in the Shenandoah valley and the unfortunate inferiority in numbers of McClellan’s army in the late great battles, are attributed directly to the counsels of the Secretary of War. He may be to blame. We do not claim to be judges in this matter. But it looks as if the tide of public opinion would compel the Secretary of War to give place to another man. If he should resign, the President would undoubtedly select for his successor one who has some practical knowledge of military affairs.
Isaac Doolittle, aged 15 years, son of Rev. Mr. Doolittle, pastor of the Cong. Church in Chester, Conn., was drowned on Monday afternoon, 7th inst., while bathing in Spencer’s Creek, Guilford.
1,137 bales of confiscated cotton sold at auction in New York on Tuesday, 8th, on account of the government, at 31 & 39 cents, bringing about $200,000.
Richard Carrigan of Westport, a track repairer, was run over by the cars on Thursday, 3d inst., and both legs crushed. Dr. Pardee of South Norwalk amputated one leg at the knee, and the other a little above the ankle.
About sixty men in different parts of the state are authorized to enlist recruits.
The rebels have erected some batteries on the James river below M’Clellan’s position. The transport Juniata, conveying supplies up the James river, was fired into from rebel batteries below Harrison’s Landing, on the opposite side of the river. She was obliged to run ashore to save being sunk.
A boy while bathing near Beckwith’s railway, Winthrop Neck, New London, on Saturday, discovered the body of a female infant, apparently only a few days old, in the water, where it had only been for two or three hours.
Accident in East Hampton
Mr. Joel W. Smith, of East Hampton, was severely injured on the 4th of July by the discharge of a cannon. After it was landed, he applied the match and while in the act of doing so he inadvertently remained too near and the burning powder flashed in his face, burning him terribly. His eyes are injured, so that he is perfectly blind, and it is doubtful whether he ever recovers his sight. Mr. Smith is postmaster in East Hampton.
The Good Work
A proposal was made in the meeting of the Common Council last evening to raise $10,000 in this city by private subscription, and to raise at once a hundred recruits and give them a bounty of a hundred dollars each. A paper was drawn up, and Mayor Warner headed the list with a subscription of $100. Several others have subscribed $100 apiece. It is believed that one hundred citizens can be found who will each give the specified sum. Men who cannot go to the war themselves, but have means, will not hesitate to do their part in response to the call of the government. Let us raise one hundred men without delay.
The body of Captain J. O’Donaghue reached this city by the evening train on Tuesday, and was escorted by a body of citizens to the Town Hall. It remained there until the afternoon of Wednesday, under a guard, surrounded by flags and appropriate emblems, and was visited by large numbers during the day. In the afternoon the body was conveyed to the Catholic cemetery under the escort of the Citizen’s Guard with Griffin’s Band, and attended by many of our citizens. Capt. O’Donaghue commanded Company C, 88th N. York regiment. He enlisted as a private among the three months volunteers, and rose to be captain purely on the ground of merit. He was but 22 years old. In one of the late battles before Richmond he was wounded while bravely contending with the enemy. He was subsequently taken on board the steamer John Brooks to be brought home, and died on board after her arrival at Fortress Monroe. He was unmarried. His mother and other family friends are residents of this city. The following incident connected with the captain’s death will be read with interest.
An Affecting Incident.—Capt. J. O’Donaghue Company C, 88th New York died on board the John Brooks after her arrival at Fortress Monroe. It was an affecting sight. At his head stood a drummer boy, of thirteen years : as the life-tide ceased its pulsing, the little fellow gently closed the captain’s eyes, and pressed them together with his fingers. He was a brave boy, standing alone beside his captain, with his own eyes suffused with tears, and his heart big with emotion. Presently, the captain’s escort, a couple of Irishmen, came hurriedly in, for they had run for the Doctor. Rushing up to his stretcher, and casting their eyes upon his cold and pallid face, they began to weep and express their feelings in words of deepest sorrow. ‘Never mind, don’t cry so,’ said little Edward Welch, the drummer boy, ‘he is dead, and we can’t help it—don’t cry!’
Walter Coe, a little boy about four years old, son of Capt. Isaac Coe, met with a serious accident on Thursday of last week. He was running in the street near Douglas’ factory just as a horse in a buggy came along. The horse came against him, knocked him down, and his hoof came upon the child’s leg, breaking the bone near the ancle [sic] He was taken home and the wounded limb cared for. It was a narrow escape for his life.
Nothing was to be found on this portion of the field but killed and wounded Yankees, and their guns and knapsacks. A mute, and to Virginians a most interesting story was told by these knapsacks. Upwards of three hundred of them belonged to the famous New York Seventh regiment, who were once so feasted and fondled in this city. If a remnant of them return to the Empire City, they may say with truth that on Virginia soil they were appropriately welcomed on the occasion of both their visits as friends and as foes.—Richmond Examiner.
Very Sad.—We regret to learn from the Richmond Examiner, that the gallant Seventh (N.Y.) Regiment, were all cut up in the recent battles before Richmond. We are sorry to hear this,–but no other paper has the news. The 7th was not in the Peninsular fight at all, but are now where they have been for many weeks, at Baltimore.—N. Y. Express.