From The Constitution, Wednesday, July 30, 1862 (volume 25, number 1283)
Gen. Pope has issued a general order forbidding guards to be placed over private houses or private property of any description.
The President has agreed to accept the nine and twelve months volunteers which have been raised in Pennsylvania under the recent proclamation of Gov. Curtin. The same privilege has been accorded to Kentucky and Maryland.
The Richmond Examiner thinks that the exchange of prisoners now in progress will leave the rebels between 8,000 and 10,000 surplus, to be immediately paroled.
At Vicksburgh the great canal has been completed, but the water will not be let into it until the river rises.
An arrangement has been made between the Post-office and the Treasury Departments by which the former will furnish stamps for currency to be redeemed by the latter.
The official reports now make our loss before Richmond 16,000.
Advices from the headquarters of the Army of the Potomac to Saturday state that a flag of truce boat conveying Col. Wright and Lieut. Col. Sweitzer proceeded on Friday to a point 21 miles above City Point to meet the rebel commissioner for the purpose of carrying out the new arrangement for the exchange of prisoners. A schooner laden with condemned corn had been burned by the rebels on James river and her captain taken prisoner.
The President has issued a proclamation warning all persons within the contemplation of the sixth section of the confiscation act to cease participation in the rebellion and to return to their allegiance under pain of forfeiture and seizure.
It is stated that a rebel force of 50,000 to 70,000, under Stonewall Jackson, is being concentrated on the James river above the junction of the Appotomax and James. They came down from Richmond by the Richmond and Petersburg railroad. It is thought that Suffolk will soon be attacked.
Gen. Halleck’s Appointment
As was intimated last week, Gen. Halleck has been made General in Chief of all the land forces of the United States, his headquarters to be in Washington. It had become absolutely essential that some man of military genius and ability should occupy this position. McClellan performed the responsible duties of the General in Chief for several months, but since he has been engaged in active service in the field, the President and Secretary Stanton have done the best they could in the general direction of affairs. Results have shown that the President and his Secretary, with the very best intentions, cannot do what their education and habits of life have never qualified them for. General Halleck has the confidence of the whole country. He has been successful in conducting a great campaign at the West. May he be as successful in his new career at the East ! In all his efforts and plans he will find a united country ever ready to stand by him and give him aid.
The President and the Border State Men
The interview of President Lincoln with the members of Congress from the border states just previous to the adjournment of Congress shows the inflexible purpose of the President not to spare the institution of slavery in the further prosecution of the war. He was anxious that they should avail themselves of his plan of compensated emancipation, and he warned them that unless they did avail themselves of it, and that speedily, both their slaves and the value of them would be entirely lost to them. He seemed to say to these border state Congressmen : The fabric of slavery is being shaken to its foundations. It must soon come to the dust. You have a pecuniary and a social interest in it. The government generously offers to compensate you for the sacrifices you may make. It asks you to wisely anticipate the coming ruin, and prepare yourselves and your constituents for the inevitable change. Such was the spirit of his address. And there can be no doubt that he was deeply in earnest, and meant all that he said. In the transparent honesty of his motives he could not suffer these representatives of a slave-holding constituency to go away without revealing to them his full purpose and giving them a fair warning. When the institution shall have met its doom, not one of those men will ever accuse Mr. Lincoln of having deceived them.
We regard this interview of the President with these gentlemen as one of the clearest evidences that a complete revolution is to take place, perhaps we may say it has already taken place, in the manner of conducting the war. The aim of the government has been to conciliate the rebels, to guard against exasperating them, and especially to protect the cherished institution of the South. For a year we have been fighting them with gloved hands and expressions of profound regret that we were compelled to resort to the disagreeable necessity of opposing them in their endeavors to overthrow the government. The President has decided to change all this. Gloves hereafter are to be dispensed with. No more apologies are to be made. Rebel property is not to be left untouched ; and the peculiar institution is to be made such use of as the exigencies of war may require. At the south there are eight million white rebels and four million black slaves of rebels whose labor furnishes the means for their masters to carry on the war. The armies of the Union need the assistance of these black men who are themselves loyal. Why should the powerful aid which they can render be longer refused ? Why should they be forced to serve the cause of treason, when they would gladly flock to the national standard?
The President has hitherto advanced slowly to this point. He undoubtedly believed he had good reasons for delay. But he sees, as every one must see, that the time for temporizing and delay is past. The country demands action of the most vigorous kind, and President Lincoln is not the man to hesitate under such circumstances.
Death of Martin Van Buren—Ex-President Van Buren died at his residence at Lindenwold on Thursday, in the 79th year of his age.
MIDDLETOWN IN EARNEST !
Grand Mass Meeting .!
We have attended mass meetings before when party enthusiasm ran high, but we never attended a meeting of The People which in all respects was more satisfactory than that of last Thursday evening. McDonough Hall was crammed full, and hundreds went away unable to obtain an entrance. The meeting was organized at a quarter past eight o’clock by the appointment of Mayor Warner, President, with a large staff of Vice Presidents and two Secretaries.
On taking the chair, Mayor Warner made a short and telling address. He stated the objects of the meeting, the pressing need of raising more men in order that the war may be carried on vigorously. The country demanded that there should be more vigor and more decisive action on the part of our government and our generals, and were willing to furnish all the means that were called for. The Mayor’s remarks were received with applause.
He then introduced President Cummings. He first drew a contrast between the last time the people came together in a war meeting for the purpose of rejoicing over the successes, and the present meeting when our armies had met with a seeming reverse and the call was for more men. He defended the Government in the course it had pursued, and maintained that the army had acted nobly under its disadvantages. Our men were accused, he said, of doing more at digging than at fighting. But they had been digging graves for their comrades, and this because they had been compelled to encounter superior numbers of the enemy. The great demand now was for more men to fill up the thinned ranks and for new regiments to carry on this war to a successful issue. The graves of our brave soldiers are scattered over southern fields, and will northern men consent to abandon these ? No. The spirit of our people would never consent to this. Sooner may we look for these graves to open and the spirits of the departed heroes to come forth and rally again around the retreating standards of the Union. The speaker made an eloquent appeal to the young men to come forward in support of the cause of their country. The address was throughout a powerful appeal to the patriotism of all classes of citizens, and the speaker was often interrupted by the cheers of the audience.
The Rev. Mr. Bruce was then introduced. He said he was a southern man, having been born and brought up at the South. He had interests of property, family and blood at the south, but nevertheless he had been from the beginning in favor of this war. The rebellion against the government was a wicked rebellion, and should be met with all the power and resources at our command. He said we had under estimated the power and resolution of southern men, and had attempted to crush the rebellion with insufficient means. They were terribly in earnest at the south, and were exciting every nerve in gaining their objects. We had begun to find out our mistake, and that we are fighting with a powerful and unrelenting foe. If we succeeded it must be by arousing every energy, and making great sacrifices. We must resolve to conquer or die. There can be no submission, no yielding, and if we are pressed to the wall let us die bravely fighting and facing the foe. Mr. Bruce is a very effective speaker and did good service by his speech that night.
Hon. Thomas H. Bond, of New Haven, was next introduced. He alluded to France after the death of Louis XVI and the revolution had been accomplished, when the powers of Europe banded together against her, and spoke of the almost superhuman effort she made to resist her enemies. Such a well and determined effort as France then successfully made, was necessary now for the United States. The young men must go forth to fight. The married men must form a corps of reserve. The old men must preach patriotism in the streets and public places. All, without exception, must engage in this work, for only by united and vigorous action could we gain our cause. Mr. Bond’s speech was characterized by unusual scope of thought and illustration, beauty of language, and impressiveness of manner.
Hon. Benjamin Douglas rose after Mr. Bond had concluded for the purpose of making a direct appeal for enlistment. He held in his hand a paper containing a few names, and hoped others would be ready to fill out the list. Middletown must raise one full company, and would do it. We ought all to enlist in some way, either in filling the treasury of for working the guns. Those who could not do one should to the other. He was ready to do his part, and he hoped others would do theirs.
Mr. Bent here introduced a resolution which he prefaced with some remarks alluding to something he had seen in the Sentinel.
This called up Mr. Charles C. Hubbard, who did not appear to like the proceedings of the meeting. He was permitted to ‘free his mind,’ which he did in saying he would give a hundred dollars if any one of the officers of the meeting would go as a private in the ranks, or he would give a hundred dollars if Gov. Buckingham would do as he agreed and quarter one of the regiments in Middletown ! He made one or two other remarks which showed about equal wisdom and patriotism. This is the same man who, but little more than a year ago, presented some pistols to the Mansfield Guard at New Haven, and made a highly patriotic speech on the occasion ! He has suffered a remarkable conversion since then.
Gaston T. Hubbard, Esq., one of the Vice Presidents at once arose and said he would either go himself or provide a substitute. He also had a little boy at home, sixteen months old, and he would provide a substitute for him !
Samuel C. Hubbard, Esq., said he would give a hundred dollars for the first five who would enlist and another hundred for the last five. These offers were received with loud cheering.
Notice was given of the town meeting to be held on Friday afternoon, when the question of granting a bounty to volunteers would be considered. It being half past ten o’clock, the President declared the meeting adjourned.
The following resolutions were unanimously adopted by the meeting.
Whereas, The National Government is engaged in a war waged against it by its enemies for the avowed purpose of its destruction and the subversion of our Republican form of Government, and whereas the President in his desire to crush out this wicked rebellion, has called for an additional force of three hundred thousand men, to make the conflict effective, conclusive and of short duration, therefore
Resolved, That we, the citizens of Middletown, forgetting all party names, all past differences, and remembering only our duty to our country, the blessings she has conferred on us and on mankind, do pledge ourselves to aid with men and money, the immediate formation of the regiment called for by our worthy Governor, believing with him that a prompt and decisive action will be true economy, and that the rebellion, contending with the desperation of a hopeless and wicked cause, must be met with equal energy and determination.
Resolved, That we approve of the administration of the President of the United States, and of the measures recommended and sanctioned by him, for the prosecution of the war, and the welfare of the country, believing that with an enrolled militia of over two million and a willingness to spend their last dollar in defense of Constitutional Government, our people will endure, without complaint, all drafts upon them for men and money, entertaining the firm belief that the eternal law of justice and right shall prevail, that our national flag shall be again respected as heretofore, and our national honor be vindicated throughout our whole land.
Resolved, That we are in favor of a vigorous prosecution of the war, using every available means, known to civilized warfare, until the last rebel shall lay down his arms.
Resolved, That we tender to the brave soldiers of the Union, who are offering their lives for the salvation of their country, our warmest thanks, and hail with joy the fact that in every engagement they have displayed the courage of true patriots in defence of our glorious cause.
Resolved, That we believe the emergency to be such as to justify the offering of a bounty by the Town, to each recruit enlisted within it, who volunteers under the proclamation of the Governor, within the next 30 days, and that we hereby agree to use our influence to obtain the same.
A Bounty of $100 Offered by Middletown
At the town meeting held on Friday afternoon a bounty of One Hundred Dollars was voted to all who would volunteer from this town previous to the 20th of August. It was one of the largest town meetings ever held. Hon. Benjamin Douglas was chairman. Mr. Charles Hubbard objected to the proposed appropriation on account of the indebtedness of the town, and the hardship which the additional tax would cause the poor man. Some one said the “poor man” had not complained yet. Doct. Woodward denied the legality of the meeting, on account of an error of date in the call. Considerable stress was laid upon this point. A protest in advance was made against the doings of the meeting and those opposed to a tax being laid by this meeting were invited to withdraw. From twenty to thirty “seceded.” The meeting then proceeded to business and voted the above bounty.
Young Men ! The country calls upon you to rally in its defence. It is in danger. A powerful enemy threatens to overthrow our constitution and destroy the Union. The armies now in the field are inadequate to the task assigned them. An army of three hundred thousand men must be raised if we would drive back the enemy and rescue the imperiled liberties of our country. The appeal is now to our young men. The hope of the nation rests upon you.
Extraordinary inducements are offered to the young men of Middletown who will volunteer in the company forming here. Besides motives of patriotism which are strong in the breast of every loyal man, the liberal bounty of $100 is offered by the town in addition to the bounties given by the national and state governments. No soldiers in the world have been more generously paid. What say the young men of Middletown ? Will you enlist ? Now is your time.
A Noble Woman—Occasionally a refreshing incident occurs which shows that the spirit of ’76 is not dead yet, and that we have men and women too among us who are not unworthy a place among the heroes of the revolution. A day or two since a woman went into Lieut. Gibbons’ recruiting office with her son and requested that his name might be enrolled in the new company. She said her husband and one son were in the 5th Conn. regiment, that this son with her was just eighteen years old, and she had one other boy at home whom she would send if he was old enough, and then she would go herself if she could do any good. That woman deserves the eternal remembrance of her countrymen. A few such mothers and wives would soon fill up our regiments.
Without Your Leave.—His Honor, Mayor Warner, had been using a horse and carriage from the livery stable of Mr. Arba Hyde on Saturday, and sent them home in the evening. While the horse was being unharnessed a young fellow stepped in and said they were wanted a few minutes longer. As it was supposed Mr. Warner had sent the messenger, no objection was made to letting the horse go. The few minutes indicated meant all night, for nothing more was seen of the establishment till next morning, when it was found in William street and taken in charge by Mr. Samuel Fenn.
Horse Taken.—On Saturday evening a horse hitched to a post in front of the Mansion House block was taken off by somebody unknown, and found afterwards in Higganum. The enterprising fellow who took it probably wanted to save shoe leather in getting home that night.