From The Constitution, Wednesday, October 8, 1862 (volume 25, number 1293)

War News

We have the pleasure of announcing this week another great victory won at Corinth, Miss. Official intelligence has reached Washington that the combined rebel forces under Van Dorn, Price and Lovell attacked our forces on Saturday, and were repulsed with great slaughter, leaving their dead and wounded on the field. The enemy’s troops numbered 40,000 men. At the latest accounts our forces were in full pursuit. Our troops were led by Major General Rosecrans.

A battle was expected at Bardstown, Ky. The rebels had over 30,000 men near that place, and our central advance was only four miles off. About 600 rebel prisoners had been captured. Kirby Smith was said to have arrived at Frankfort with an additional rebel force of 10,000 men.

Nothing new from the army of the Potomac. It is believed the rebels are leaving Winchester, and falling back towards Staunton.

Gen. George W. Morgan evacuated Cumberland Gap on the night of the 17th ult. with Gen. Stevenson’s army in front, Bragg and Marshall on his flanks and Kirby Smith in his rear. He succeeded in reaching Greensburg on the Ohio with his entire force, and with all his artillery and trains. His retreat is considered a brilliant success.


Gen. Sherman is at Carrolton, six miles from New Orleans, in command of all of the troops of Phelps and Williams, and of others besides. The defences are strong, and with the gunboats impregnable. Nearly two full regiments have been raised among the creoles, and the regiments brought there have been recruited, and this is proof that we have friends here, notwithstanding the denial of Union men South. There would be more of them if the Government could make their rights more secure.

The President With the Army.

President Lincoln arrived at Harper’s Ferry, on a special train from Washington, Wednesday afternoon. He was met by Major Kip, and Capt. Sumner, and escorted to Gen. Sumner’s headquarters. The President was accompanied by Major-General McClernand, of the army of the West, and members of his staff, the marshal of the district of Columbia, the president of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad and several other gentlemen. At Gen. Sumner’s headquarters he was met by Gen. McClellan. After a cordial interview the President, accompanied by Gen. McClellan, Gen. Sumner and a brilliant cavalcade composed of division and brigade generals, with members of their staffs, proceeded to review Gen. Sumner’s splendid army corps on Bolivar Heights. The troops presented a fine appearance and greeted the President and Gen. McClellan with great enthusiasm. The President also visited the ruins of the railroad bridge and government buildings at Harper’s Ferry, when he returned to Bolivar and passed the night with Gen. Sumner. Thursday morning the President, accompanied by Gen. Sumner and other generals, visited the troops on Loudon and on Maryland Heights, and rode over the ground where our troops surrendered. At noon he left Harper’s Ferry and rode over to Gen. McClellan’s headquarters, and during the afternoon Gen. McClellan conducted the President over the Antietam battle-field accompanied by a brilliant array of officers, including Gen. McClellan’s staff. The President manifested the greatest interest in everything connected with our recent victory. In the evening he returned to Gen. McClellan’s headquarters where he passed the night in camp. He was serenaded by the band of the 2d cavalry. Thursday he reviewed the other troops of the army of the Potomac. On Saturday he returned to Washington on a special train via Frederick. The President is in excellent health and spirits, and is highly pleased with the good condition of the troops.

Not Too Soon.

The President’s emancipation proclamation was issued none too soon. It is believed the rebels themselves were about to declare a new line of policy with regard to slavery. They have seen that it is impossible to secure their independence by force of arms, and some things have transpired which show that they meant to enter upon a new plan of operations. The system of slavery was to be no longer the corner stone of the new republic, emancipation was to be proclaimed, and an appeal was to be made to the anti-slavery sentiment of the north. By such a plan it was believed the back bone of the National power would be broken, and the Federal Government would be compelled by public sentiment to acknowledge the independence of the South. They also believed that by such a course foreign intervention would be readily secured. Parson Brownlow, in one of his addresses lately, declared that the rebels were contemplating a proclamation of emancipation, and to secure the aid of England. General Cass has signified that such was his opinion.

Our Currency

The currency of the country is far from being in a desirable condition. Paper money is about the only circulating medium. There is a plenty of gold and silver in the country. Large quantities are withdrawn from circulation and hoarded up in vaults, safes and various private receptacles. But so far as public use is concerned it might all be in the original depositories of nature in the mines. Whiles the precious metals are lying useless, the people deal in paper. Of the paper we have bank bills, U. States notes, and postage stamps. The bank bills pass for what they are worth, or for what the bank is worth. None of these bills are worth the amount represented on their face, for none of them can command that amount of coin at the counter of the bank which issued them. The United States notes are the best paper money which has been issued. But they are exceedingly scarce, simply because they are good for something, and are consequently kept for the most part out of sight. Postage stamps and the new issue of shin plasters are as plenty as blackberries (in blackberry time) and one finds it difficult to avoid being inundated by them. The stamps have become a complete nuisance. Sticky, dirty, uncomfortable as they are, they have the additional recommendation of being worthless. They were never worth any thing except for letter postage, and now they are good for nothing for postage. By a recent order from the Post Office Department, postmasters are instructed “to treat as unpaid any letter placed in a post office for mailing which may be covered by a stamp at all soiled or defaced.” This of course puts a veto on the use of all postage stamps as currency, for they cannot be so used without becoming soiled. Persons therefore need to be on their guard against taking these things, for somebody must be sure to lose on them.


In the battle of Bull Run, overt treason run up the flag of the Union as a cheat under which to fight its infamous battles.

Sympathetic treason, North and South, runs up the device “save the Union,” as a cheat beneath which to fight its battles.

The flag is glorious, and the Union is glorious ; but to use these sacred symbols as a cheat, is dastardly. We said so the other day, and the Sentinel was made about it. We don’t wonder.

A Discovery

It has been discovered by the anti-war and pro-slavery democrats that there is a wide difference between Mr. Lincoln and the President ! They will support the President, heart and soul, but they detest Mr. Lincoln. They admire the President’s conservatism, but denounce Lincoln for being an abolitionist ! They fully endorse and approve the course of the National Government, but anathematize Mr. Lincoln [not the President] for being a radical !

The emancipation proclamation led to the discovery that the President and Mr. Lincoln were not identical. They wanted to denounce that, did not dare denounce the Government from which it emanated. So they hit upon the novel idea that the President is not responsible for Mr. Lincoln’s acts but Mr. Lincoln is responsible for the President’s ! A happy idea ! Wise men, these democrats !

Local News

Mayor Warner and Dr. Baker have returned from their visit to Sharpsburg and Harper’s Ferry. They saw all the members of Capt. Gibbons’ company. One only was missing of those who went from here, Robert Hubbard, killed in battle, and buried on the field. Those who were wounded were doing well, and in a fair way to recover. They have good care, and everything necessary to make them comfortable. The Surgeon-General said that when sufficiently recovered to be removed, they might be brought home if it was desired, but said they could not have better care at home than they would have where they were. Our men at Harper’s Ferry are in good spirits, and ready to meet the enemy again as soon as they have an opportunity. No set of men behaved better in battle than Co. B of the gallant 14th. Not a man flinched from his duty, but every one stood up boldly to his work and fought bravely. They had to attack the enemy in a field of standing corn, which completely concealed the rebels. As they advanced they cut down the corn, and drove the rebels before them. When Beebe fell wounded, Lieut. Broach took his place in the ranks and with his rifle fought gallantly through the action. Every one spoke highly of Capt. Gibbons who showed great coolness and decision. He has the perfect confidence of his men. The 14th is allowed to be one of the best of the new regiments. They behaved in battle like veterans. When they passed through Baltimore they were complimented by General Wool for their fine soldierly appearance. He predicted that they might be relied on and the result has proved the truth of his prediction.


The body of Capt. Sprung, of the tug boat Monitor, was found on Tuesday. It was close by the wreck, and had not been mutilated by the explosion. He was probably thrown overboard by the shock bewildered and stunned, and sunk immediately. His remains were taken to his home in Troy.

The Monitor has been raised from the bed of the river. Her machinery will be taken out, and if on examination, the vessel is not too much broken up, she will be rebuilt.

National Union Victory

In Middletown !

Over 200 Majority !

The Town Election on Monday resulted in the complete success of the Union ticket, with a majority of more than two hundred. We have room this week only for the figures. Read them ! It is a glorious victory achieved at home !

E. W. N. Starr elected Town Clerk and Registrar without opposition.


Nat. Union Democratic
Wm. Southmayd 680 T C Canfield 474
A A Cody 665 D W C Sage 468
J O Smith 688 Geo. W Guy 463
Alva B Coe 684 C Hubbard 463
J H Goodrich 683 D Savage 464


By districts the vote on first Selectman was as follows :

1 2 Westfield Middlefield
Union 222 314 58 86
Dem 145 253 26 50



G W Burke 666 Sam’l S Allison 467
Chester Hentz 688 Egb’t H Atkins 468
Alvin B Coe 686 J R Johnson 467
Asa Boardman 686 Osborn Coe 468


By districts the vote on the first Assessor was as follows :

1 2 Westfield Middlefield
Union 223 301 56 86
Dem 138 258 26 50


Board of Relief

Stephen Brooks 686 H Caswell 467
Elisha S Hubbard 685 A Roberts 467
Alfred O Smith 689 D B Miller 467
L L Kelsey 686 H L Plumb 468


Constable and Collector

W F Burrows 689 Ja’s H Arnold 470



J E Bidwell 689 John L Smith 466


The remainder of the National Union ticket was elected and was as follows :

Grand Jurors,

William T. Elmer, Thomas Atkins,
Horace Clark, Joseph Gleason,
Leonard Burrows, Tho’s B. Woodworth



Asahel H. Brooks, Arba Hyde,
Zadock Morgan, Leverett Dimock,
William S. Hall, Elbert Miller,

Samuel B. Wetmore.


School Visitors,

James O. Smith, Warren Prior,

Isaac Sanford.



John S. Bailey, Walter Hall,
Origen Utley, Leonidas C. Vinal.


Registrars of Election,

1st District Origen Utley.
2d do Marcus E. Lyon.
3d do Bemjamin W. Coe.
4th do Alfred O. Smith.


Measurer of Salt, Samuel T. Camp.

Sealer of Weights, Jason Mildrum.

Sealer of Dry Measures, Flavius J. Chaffee.

Sealer of Liquid Measures, Patrick Dorsey.

Pound Keepers,

Thomas Brownlow, Abisha Doolittle,

Elisha Gilbert.



Leverett Dimock, George S. Screen,
John Wood, Daniel Lee,
Fred. J. Hackman, Edward Sanderson.


Fence Viewers,

Jeremiah W. Hubbard, James Nolan,
Josiah Prior, Chester Sage,

Ichabod Miller.


Weighers of Hay,

Daniel B. Hubbard, Julius Warner,
Frederick O. Fisk, John M. Douglas,
Evan Davis, James Norton,

Henry W. Skinner.



George W. Burke, John N. Camp.


Town Committee.—At the “National Union Caucus,” held on Thursday Evening last, Messrs. B. Bent, Jr., and A. Newton, Jr., were appointed as a Town Committee for the ensuing year.

False Charges.

The democrats in this town have had a great deal to say about extravagance in the management of town finances. Their organ here on the week previous to the election made some false and dastardly charges against the late board of selectmen with regard to the expenses of building Pameacha Bridge. The Sentinel stated that the bridge “will cost $18,000 or $20,000—and some believe its cost will be nearer $30,000.” We have before us the figures of the expenses for each month including the present. They amount to $9,052.33. Driving the spiles for the foundation cost $500 extra, which makes the cost thus far $9,552.33. Any one may see that the expense will come within the original calculation, and will probably be less than $13,000. In this and every other matter our selectmen have acted with good judgment and with economy, and the result of the election yesterday shows that our citizens do not believe the false charges of extravagance which have been made. The democrats got up these charges purely for political effect, and the men who have made them have utterly failed in their purpose.


Sad Accident.—Josiah M. Hubbard met with a sad accident Monday morning as he was coming into the city to attend town meeting. He was thrown from his wagon into the road, and before he could recover himself and get out of the way he was run over by a team with a load of wood, the wheel of the cart passing over and crushing his legs. Mr. Hubbard had just lost a son in the battle of Antietam. He will have the sympathy of the community in this new misfortune.