From The Constitution, Wednesday, October 15, 1862 (volume 25, number 1294)
The great events of the past week are the success of General Buell in Kentucky, and the raid of Stuart’s cavalry into Pennsylvania. With a force of from 2000 to 3000 Stuart crossed the Potomac below Hancock and reached Chambersburgh on Friday evening. During the night they helped themselves to boots, shoes and clothing which they said they needed. On Saturday morning they set fire to all the buildings of the Cumberland Valley Railroad Company, which they entirely consumed. They then started on the road towards Gettysburgh. When within three miles of that place they turned to the westward, and proceeded toward the Potomac at Edward’s Ferry. They succeeded in escaping across the river, near the mouth of the Monocacy. Gen. Pleasanton’s forces were in pursuit, but arrived at the crossing just as the enemy had got over. The rebels had with them about 1000 horses, besides great quantities of boots, shoes and other articles. It is believed the rebels intended to make a descent on Frederick, where is an immense quantity of army stores. Gen. McClellan anticipated this movement, and sent forward a sufficient force for the protection of the public property. They probably heard of this in season to make their escape.
Gen. Buell’s army became engaged with the rebels near Perryville, Ky., on Wednesday. The fighting was desperate. On two occasions they fought hand to hand. The confederates were greatly superior in numbers at first, but reinforcements were sent forward to the nationals. The action continued until dark. The enemy were every where repulsed. In the morning the national troops advanced to the attack, and some skirmishing took place, but the main body of the enemy had fallen back in the direction of Harrodsburgh. Among the prominent national officers killed were Gens. Jackson and Terrill. The loss on both sides was heavy. Ours is estimated at 1,500.
Nashville is said to be completely surrounded by rebel guerillas, who are committing all sorts of depredations.
The expedition to St. Johns River, Florida, has been entirely successful. It arrived in the vicinity of the rebel batteries on the 1st inst., when an exchange of shots took place. The land forces were then put ashore, and gained the rear of the rebel position, when the enemy ingloriously fled leaving behind a battery of eight heavy guns, quantities of ammunition, many small arms, and a fair supply of stores and camp equipage.
The rebel forces under the guerilla Morgan, were attacked by Gen. Dumont near Frankfort, on Thursday morning, and completely routed.
News received from Harrisburg last evening leads to the belief that the rebel cavalry have not crossed the Potomac, but that they have been driven back from the river and are trying to escape. Every effort is being made to cut them off.
It is reported that Generals Bragg and Cheatham were killed in the action of Wednesday near Perryville.
General M’Clellan’s Order
General M’Clellan has issued an important order to the army under his command. In view of the difference of opinion which may be supposed to exist with regard to the President’s proclamation, the General has thought fit to remind officers and men, that it is the duty of the army to submit implicitly and without cavilling to the orders of the Commander-in-Chief. He says : “the constitution confides to the civil authorities, legislative, judicial and executive, the power and duty of making, expounding and enforcing the federal laws. Armed forces are raised and supported simply to sustain the civil authorities, and are to be held in strict subordination thereto in all respects.” This is correct doctrine, and must meet the approbation of military men every where. The military is subordinate to the civil power. It is the President’s duty to enforce the laws, and when ordinary means are insufficient for this purpose, the President calls in the aid of the military force. It is his duty to declare what plans or policy shall be pursued. It is the soldier’s duty to obey orders.
This from General McClellan will set at rest some doubts which may have been harbored whether the policy of the Government will be fully enforced by our military leaders. On this subject there is no longer any ground for apprehension. It is well understood that Gen. Halleck agrees perfectly with the sentiments of Gen. McClellan’s order. In the best informed circles the opinion is unhesitatingly expressed that the army will give a united and vigorous support to the policy of the President.
Eli Thayer’s plan is to colonize Florida with free blacks, and give up that state principally to the use of the colored race in this country. Mr. Thayer is not an enthusiast or a dreamer. He did more than any other man towards colonizing Kansas with a free population. He is distinguished for his plain, practical, common sense view of things, and for remarkable energy in carrying out his designs. Florida is a state of magnificent proportions, and fully capable of sustaining a population of five millions, or more than the whole colored race on this continent. It is of remarkable fertility and has a delicious climate. There are now but a few thousand white people in Florida.
It is not doubted that a well conducted plan of colonization would induce multitudes of free negroes to go to Florida. They would of course much prefer a southern state, with a climate to which they are accustomed rather than come north. Nothing has driven the negro to seek a home in the northern states but slavery in the southern. Let that be removed, and those who are now at the South will prefer to remain there, and those at the north will gradually gravitate to a region more suited to their nature. It is a grand mistake to suppose that emancipation will inundate the north with negro laborers. It will have precisely the contrary effect of gradually depriving the northern states of its negro population.
The state of Florida has been left in a remarkable manner untenanted by the whites. Although in the date of its settlement it has the priority over every other section on the coast, yet its vast area still remains for the most part in its original condition. We say this is remarkable for Florida [land of flowers] is one of the most beautiful, healthy and fruitful sections of the American Union. May it not be that it has been thus providentially left that it may become the future home of the liberated bondmen of the southern states?
DRIED APPLES FOR SOLDIERS.
Central Office, Sanitary Commission.
Washington, October 2, 1862.
The inquiry being frequently made whether the Commission wishes to receive apples for the use of the wounded, it should immediately be published, as widely as possible, that dried apples cannot be sent to its depots in too large quantities. Town and village relief societies are requested to make arrangements for paring, cutting, and drying by their members and such volunteer assistance as they can enlist, and to notify farmers that they will receive such good fruit as they may be disposed to offer and are unable themselves to properly prepare. Dried apples may be sent in barrels or boxes, or in strong bags marked “To be kept dry.” Dried fruits of other kinds, and all good canned fruits, will be very acceptable. Fred. Law Olmsted.
Proclamation of the Governor.
Gov. Buckingham has issued a proclamation stating that six skeleton regiments are now in this state, and that eight hundred more men are needed in order to fill them. He appeals to the patriotism of the people of Connecticut to supply these men at once. Those towns which have not made up their full number, should make vigorous efforts to supply the deficiency, and avoid any further necessity for resorting to a draft.
Accident.—A singular accident happened at Pameacha a few days ago, which came near being a very serious affair. In using the large crane for lifting and moving heavy blocks of stone, a man was standing by with a rope which passed through a pulley, one end being fastened to the stone and the other he happened to wind tight around his hand. When the stone went down and drew the rope taut, he found it impossible to get his hand clear, and he was drawn up in a most painful manner to the top of the crane. It chanced that the stone lodged just as he reached the block. If it had gone further, it must have torn his hand and arm in a dreadful manner. He was released from his elevated position, and sustained no serious injury.
Wife Beating.—Martin Mahoney, an Irishman, who has for some time been employed at the McDonough House, gave his wife a severe beating last Saturday with an axe. He was under the inspiration of bad whiskey at the time, but that was no excuse for such uncivil conduct. The woman was a good deal bruised, and some thought she would die ; but she didn’t, and will soon be as well as ever. Martin was shut up in the watch house on Saturday night, and on Monday afternoon was tried before Justices Augustus Putnam and Horace Clark. Mrs. Mahoney appeared for Martin, and hoped they would not be hard on him. He was fined $5, and put under bonds of $100 to keep the peace.
A Rebel Ruse—Female Decoys.—Bolivar Heights, Oct. 5th, 1862.—Of late the rebel residents of this vicinity have instituted a new dodge for capturing our troops. The modus operandi is novel, and under the guise of friendship.
It seems that some time during the afternoon of yesterday, a couple of young ladies approached a portion of our pickets, and after entering into conversation with them, and implying in that conversation that they were heartily Union, at the same time invited a portion of the said pickets to accompany them to their home, where they should be pleased to furnish them with eatables, in the way of bread, milk, pies, &c.
To those who had for so long been luxuriating in ‘Hard Tack’ and ‘Salt Horse,’ the opportunity was too good to be lost ; so, some twenty or more—some from General Howard’s, and others from General Hancock’s divisions—availed themselves of the opportunity thus offered to so freely regale themselves upon these luxuries.
The house was some three-quarters of a mile from the picket station ; but the boys, nothing daunted, followed the lead of their fair advance courriers, and soon found themselves seated at a table, indulging in all the delicacies promised.
It is more than likely that at this time signals were given from this same house, for no sooner were the guests fairly under way with their eating than they discovered that the house was surrounded by Rebel cavalry and they prisoners of war, and that they were on their way further into Virginia than they had anticipated going at present. One, however, managed to escape and gave the particulars of their capture. We have failed to discover, up to this time, whether any efforts have been made to capture these fair enticers, or to ‘confiscate’ the property from whence the boys were taken.—[Cor. Phila. Inq.