From The Constitution, Wednesday, November 19, 1862 (volume 25, number 1299)
General Burnside has made some changes in the organization of his army. He has issued an important general order dividing the army into three grand divisions, under the command of Generals Sumner, Franklin and Hooker, with a corps of reserve under Gen. Sigel. Everything is believed to be now in readiness for the resumption of the forward movement.
President Lincoln has issued a general order enjoining a more strict observance of the Sabbath in the army and navy.
The news from New Orleans is important. The expedition under Gen. Weitzel met the enemy at Lebadierville and defeated them after a brisk fight. More than 200 of the enemy were killed and wounded. The rebels were pursued towards Berwick’s Bay. The 12th and 13th Conn. were engaged. The following are the casualties in Connecticut regiments. Killed—Fred N. Judson, Elisha Ashley and Charles W. Bigelow of the 12th Conn., Jas. Black, John Goyt and Charles Henderson, of the 13th Conn.
The following members of the 12th Conn. were wounded : H. Gibbons, L. Forbes, L. Balman, Sergt. H. Edwards, W. E. Bull, Wm. Monroe, W. Dunning, Geo. Van Horn, Drummer H. Chappel (mortally), M. Nevins, A. P. Gage, C. B. Cadmus, and S. M. Woodward. The following were wounded in the 13th : E. Pruden, Byron Crocker, J. Miller, E. B. Robinson, Jas. Coffece, Henry Berger, Blockman, E. Andrews, J. Farne, John Walter, Walter [?]kiff, E. Prentiss, John Autenhoffer, Frank Sennisand, E. H. Menard.
News from the southwest indicates that a battle will be fought soon between the national forces under Gen. Grant and the rebels lately at Holly Springs. Gen. Grant has a large and formidable army, and is fully prepared to meet the enemy.
General McClellan, at Trenton, has endeavored to avoid all public displays and has received but little company. He wishes to remain as quiet as possible. To such as have visited him he has not uttered a word of complaint, or said anything prejudicial to the Government. Herein he has differed widely from his professed friends, and has shown a wisdom which they will do well to imitate. They are anxious to use his removal for political purposes. He has even been proposed for the vacant Senatorship from New Jersey. But McClellan has shown no sympathy with such proceedings. He is not a politician but a soldier. And so far as his political views are known, they are known to be of a very different stamp from those of Fernando Wood and the disunionists of New York and New Jersey.
Major General Ambrose Everett Burnside assumed command of our Grand Army in Virginia on Monday, in a neat and modest address. Burnside is a man of fine figure, with a sharp, expressive eye, a large forehead, and well-moulded features. He has always been one of General McClellan’s warm friends and ardent admirers, and his faith in the late Commander-in-Chief was never stronger than when he joined him and fought under him in Maryland. He was born in Liberty, a small town in Union Co., Indiana, May 23, 1824 ; entered the Military Academy in 1842 ; graduated No. 18 in a class of thirty-eight, in 1847, taking brevet rank and pay of a second lieutenant in the 2d U. S. Artillery. September 1847, Lt. B. was promoted to a full second lieutenancy in Co. C, 3d Artillery, since rendered famous as “Bragg’s Battery,” Bragg himself being then captain. Lt. Burnside marched, in Patterson’s division, to the city of Mexico, and remained there until the close of the Mexican war. After this he served with his company in New Mexico, where he was distinguished in encounters with the Apache Indians, being complimented in general orders. On the 12th of December, 1851, he was promoted to a first lieutenancy. When the present Lieut. Col. James D. Graham, of the Corps of Topographical Engineers, was appointed U. S. Astronomer in the joint commission to settle the frontier lines of the U. S. and Mexico, Lt. Burnside was chosen to fill the office of quartermaster, and in this capacity he conveyed dispatches from Col. Graham to President Fillmore, travelling 1,200 miles across the plains in seventeen days, with an escort of three men. After serving a short time at Fort Adams, Newport harbor, Lieut. Burnside resigned, in 1853, and turned his attention to the manufacture of a breach-loading rifle of his own invention. General Burnside then sold his establishment to his brother-in-law, who has supplied quite a number of the Burnside rifles to the present Administration. Subsequently he was with General McClellan, connected with the Illinois Central Railroad, holding the position of President of the land office department. While residing at Bristol, Rhode Island, he married Miss Bishop, of Providence, and removed with her to Chicago, upon being appointed to the Illinois Central. At the outbreak of the rebellion, at the request of Gov. Sprague, he assumed the colonelcy of the 1st Rhode Island volunteers. After this he was appointed Brigadier-general of Volunteers, his commission being dated 6th August, 1861. Of the celebrated ‘Burnside Expedition’ to north Carolina, nothing need be said. At the battle of Antietam, in September last, General Burnside’s corps d’armee took the main road to Sharpsburg, on the left, and encountered the most determined opposition in successfully executing its part of the general plan of the battle. General Burnside had to cross the bridge over the Antietam creek, and dislodge the enemy, who were in strong force and position on the opposite side.—Twice his army made an attempt to cross, and twice it was repulsed, with heavy loss, but the third attack, led by the General in person, was successful, and the position was won, though at a great sacrifice of life.
General Bank’s Expedition.—Some of the journals say that General Bank’s expedition is not going to Texas but to some point nearer home. But the public journals don’t know much about it. Gen. Banks has not communicated his intentions to the newspapers. The opinion is general that the expedition is meant for Texas. Whatever be its destination it will be ably conducted.
Arrival of City of Baltimore.
By the steamer ‘City of Baltimore,’ at New York, and the ‘Nova Scotian,’ off Cape Race, we have European dates to the 31st of October. The rebel pirate “Alabama” had destroyed the bark “Wave Crest,” from New York for Cardiff.
Great Britain.—Mr. Cobden had addressed his constituents at Rochdale. He spoke at length on the prevailing distress at Lancashire. He regarded that distress as a national question, and if public and private aid proved insufficient to relieve it, Parliament would have to make provision for it. He then referred to the American war and said it would be a waste of time for foreigners to attempt to influence the combatants. To interfere in the war or to recognize the South, would do more harm than good, and fail to bring forward cotton. As to how the contest was going to end, he confessed his inability to form any opinion, but if compelled to make a guess, he would not make the same guess that Earl Russell and Mr. Gladstone did. He did not believe that if the war should soon be brought to a termination it would end in the separation of the North and South. He thought those who professed so much for Italian unity, ought to appreciate more the same union in America. Interference by force would do more than anything else to strengthen the federal government, and the cost to England in six months would be more than sufficient to feed the distressed cotton operatives for ten years. Mr. Cobden concluded by reproaching the Palmerston government for its extravagance and advocated retrenchment.
The Times’ city article says Lord Lyons took out full assurance that while England will be eager, in concert with other nations, to adopt any step to promote the permanent return of peace, she will meanwhile individually refuse to depart one hair’s breadth from the course of non-intervention.
Com. Wilkes’ proceedings at Bermuda continue to claim attention. The captain of the “Gladiator” publishes a letter containing charges against him, of regularly blockading Bermuda. The Times argues it is not for England to impeach the belligerent right of search, and the federals have not actually exceeded their privileges. England must make allowances for their temptations, and put herself in their place before pronouncing judgment. The federals have probably done no more than England would have done.
The Daily News remonstrates with Mr. Lincoln upon Wilkes’ appointment, and recommends his removal.
The screw frigates “Galatia” and “Emerald” had sailed to reinforce the West India squadrons.
The British consul at Charleston estimates the whole stock of cotton in America, from careful inquiry, at about 4,000,000 bales, including the present year’s crop.
The Queen has returned to England from Germany.
General News.—The great continental topic is the abdication of the king of Greece. He had arrived at Corfu en route for Venice. The provisional government had assumed a threatening attitude towards Turkey. The English journals counsel the Greeks to a pacific course, and that they be left to choose their own ruler. Among those spoken of for the throne are the Princes Leutchenberg, Alfred of England, and the Count of Flanders, but Alfred is ineligible under treaties. The London Post charges Russia with instigating the revolution.
THE DRAFT which was to have taken place this week on Wednesday has been indefinitely postponed by order of the Governor. Everybody will be glad to hear it.
Trouble at the Camp.—It was announced to the men at Camp Mansfield on Friday that they could not at present be paid by the State for the time they have been in the State service, now about two months. This produced considerable discontent. Yesterday, Monday, an attempt was made to muster the regiment formally into the service of the United States, and every company but one refused until matters were more satisfactorily arranged. There was no rioting or insubordination, but the men said they had spent two months in camp, and were unwilling to leave the State until they had been paid. The time they have been in camp does not count in their term of nine months.
Runaways.—A few of the soldiers have succeeded in escaping from camp and going to parts unknown. Two or three got off in the New York boat one day last week. They had received their bounty, and a suit of clothes, which was perhaps all they enlisted for, and then ‘made themselves scarce.’ Stringent measures have been taken by Col. Mansfield to prevent deserters from getting away. Sentinels are placed at every avenue to the camp, and are posted at several points in the city. They are stationed at the depot and at the steamboat landing, and are on the lookout at various places. Deserters will be likely to fare hard. Most of them will be caught and brought back, and they will have to pay all expenses of their capture. A man who will take his bounty money and then desert deserves no sympathy, and will be likely to receive none.
Catalogue of Wesleyan University.—We have before us the catalogue of Wesleyan University for 1862-3. The number of students is as follows : Seniors 29, Juniors 34, Sophomores 54, Freshmen 33. Total 150. A highly prosperous condition of the college, especially considering the state of the country, is thus indicated. Students are received not only for the usual classical course but also for a scientific course which embraces every brand of study pursued except ancient languages. On the Board of Trustees are three newly elected members from Middletown, viz : Hon. A. B. Calef, Hon. B. Douglas, and Daniel H. Chase.
Economy is always a virtue, and should be commended. In public expenditures it is no doubt often disregarded, and the people should be watchful and place a proper restraint upon extravagance. There are certain measures or standards by which we judge whether a thing is extravagant or not. If an article is needed or necessary and if it is worth the price that is asked for it, and if the purchaser can afford to pay the price, most men would say there was no extravagance in the purchase. This is the usual way of deciding upon the economy or extravagance of any expenditure. But some people, and they are usually old people, decide by another method. If an articles costs more now than it did twenty-five years ago, they conclude there is something wrong somewhere, and it is a criminal extravagance to buy that article. As almost everything does cost a great deal more than it did then, they think these are very degenerate times, and the world is growing extravagant remarkably fast. The Sentinel is one of these old cronies who can’t see why things should cost any more in 1862 than they did in 1842. In an article in the last issue of that paper the town authorities are convicted of great extravagance because expenses now are heavier than when our grandfathers elected selectmen and paid moderate taxes. So they are. And so does flour cost more than it did then, and boots and shoes, and clothes, and almost everything else. Is it wonderful that town expenses should be heavier ? But the Sentinel says the selectmen in old times worked without pay ! Those times must have been very old indeed for selectmen have been paid ever since their public duties became at all heavy. It was one thing to be a selectman when the population of the town was comparatively small and before foreign immigration had set in ; but it is quite another thing to perform the duties of that office now. Our cotemporary must remember that but few men can afford as well as he can to devote their time to the public service without remuneration.
But the Sentinel concludes its article on town extravagance by charging the whole of the extravagance over to the republican party ! This is strange. Why, the republican party have had nothing to do with the management of town affairs. The party has never had a majority here, and never elected a board of selectmen. As for the republican party it has no more responsibility for the administration of the finances of this town than Queen Victoria has. Our neighbor has a curious way with him of charging everything to the republicans or the abolitionists or to President Lincoln. We should not have been greatly surprised to have seen that the destructive earthquake which lately took place in Africa was charged directly to the machinations of the abolitionists in this country.
At a war meeting last week, at Chicago, some one offered a cow to the first married volunteer. The first volunteer was a single man, who stepped forward amidst vociferous applause, some cheering the man and others the cow. ‘Gentlemen,’ said he, ‘I belong to the class that can’t be cowed.’