From The Constitution, Wednesday, June 17, 1863 (volume 26, number 1329)
At daylight on Tuesday morning Gen. Pleasanton crossed the Rappahannock in two columns. The right commanded by Col. Buford, a mile from the river, came upon a brigade of rebel cavalry, when the fight commenced, and continued from 5 A. M. until 3 P. M., when the entire rebel force under Stuart, consisting of 12,000 cavalry and sixteen pieces of artillery had been engaged and driven back three miles on the right and five miles on the left, with heavy loss. The rebels having been strongly reinforced by infantry, the fight was discontinued, and our forces returned almost unmolested to this side the river. Important papers were captured in the camps showing that it was Stuart’s intention to start on his great raid through the loyal states on Wednesday morning, passing up the Shenandoah Valley.
There is trouble between the people of North Carolina and the rebel authorities.—Several thousand armed refugees from the conscription are said to have entrenched themselves in the mountains, defying the confederate authority.
The Government has created two new military Departments—one of East and the other of West Pennsylvania—the first under command of Gen. Couch, and the other under command of Gen. Brooks. Measures are being taken to place the state in a condition of defence, in view of the possibility of a rebel invasion.
There was a severe fight at Milliken’s Bend on Saturday, the 6th. The rebels were 1,800 strong, and our force was less than 1,000, over 600 of whom were colored men. Our forces succeeded in holding the rebels at bay until a gun boat came to their assistance. It is reported that the negroes fought well. They lost 100 out of the 134 who were killed.
Gen Grant has been strongly reinforced at Vicksburgh. The reinforcements sent to him are said to amount to 60,000 men. Upon their arrival many of them were sent to guard all the approaches of the rebel Gen. Johnston, so that it has become impossible for Pemberton to receive aid from him. It is believed the place could be stormed at any time in two hours, but the sacrifice of life which would be incurred renders it prudent to continue the siege. Gen. Logan’s works in the centre are only one hundred and ten to twenty yards from the rebel batteries.
An arrival from New Orleans on Saturday brings us no later news from Gen. Banks.
A fight took place at Triune, Tenn., on Thursday, resulting in the defeat of the rebels. Forrest, with 5,000 rebel cavalry and two batteries, attacked the cavalry division of Gen. Mitchell. The rebel loss was 21 killed, 60 to 70 wounded, and 10 prisoners.
A raid was made into Kansas, on the 6th inst., and the village of Shawneetown, in Johnson county, was burned. Eight of the inhabitants were killed.
The privateer Clarence has made five captures of merchant vessels, three of which were burned and two released on bond. The navy department has sent vessels in search of the pirate.
The Rebel Invasion.
It was announced yesterday, Monday, that information had reached New York that Gen. Lee’s army, 90,000 strong, had crossed the Rappahannock, and was marching northward. It was also stated that Gen. Hooker’s army had left its camping ground, and was hastening north to prevent the rebel advance. All our commissary stores have been embarked from Aquia Creek.
A dispatch dated at half past 10 o’clock on Monday morning reported that our troops are retreating from Hagerstown to Chambersburg. It is also stated that the rebels had appeared near Chambersburg, and it is probable the place is by this time occupied by them. The capital and principal cities and towns of Pennsylvania are in danger.
Gen. Hooker’s entire army is in motion, but its destination is not known. President Lincoln has issued a proclamation calling for 100,000 militia, and a proclamation has also been issued by Gov. Curtin.
The latest news received this morning (Tuesday) is that Gen. Milroy was surrounded by the rebels at Winchester, numbering 18,000, but that he cut his way through them, and united with our forces at Harper’s Ferry. The rebels entered Chambersburg at nine o’clock last night.
Missouri.—The organization of colored regiments is to be prosecuted with vigor in Missouri. Col. Pile of the 33rd Missouri regiment, has been detailed by authority of Adj Gen. Thomas to superintend the organization of colored regiments in that department. He has received permission from the Governor to enroll and remove from the State all negroes, desiring to enlist, except those belonging to loyal owners.
The 24th Regiment.—The losses in the 24th regiment in the battles of May 21st to 27th are not as heavy as at first supposed. Two are reported killed, both of whom are from this town—Selleck Scott of Co. D, and Wm. Bray of Co. A. Three are reported wounded : Samuel S. Wilcox, Co. C, in the neck ; Sergeant H. Woodling, Co. I, severely in the heel ; Sergeant A. Waterman, Co. F, slightly in the head.
The Tribune of yesterday, Monday publishes the following additional names of wounded in the 24th : J. Roch, toe, amputated ; Adj. C. Strong, of East Hampton, left leg ; S. H. Chapman, thigh ; G. Connell, finger, amputated ; L. Williamson, finger. A man named Carroll, of Hartford, is reported killed.
Col. Forney writes from Washington that he has assurance from a gentleman in high position that, in a very short period, more than three hundred thousand colored men will be enrolled in our armies. A white soldier cannot be sent into the fields of the far south under a cost much less than one thousand dollars, while a black soldier on the spot can be instantly and inexpensively enlisted.
Senator Trumbull, of Illinois, made a speech at a meeting held in Chicago last Thursday evening, when he strongly condemned the employment of a military force for the suppression of the freedom of speech and of the press in the loyal state of Illinois. He contended that in a state like Mississippi which was in open rebellion, military law was paramount, but in Illinois where the people were loyal, and the laws were in full force, those laws should afford protection to persons and property.
Late Gunpowder Explosion in New York.—The damages by the late gunpowder explosion in New York (Johnston & Dow’s factory) is greater than at first supposed. An appraisal by some of the principal parties who suffered has made the damages more than $70,000 for which the city is liable. The proprietors of the factory have removed their establishment to the town of Eastchester, Westchester county, at a place which is a considerable distance from any habitation.
Wesleyan University.—The Christian Advocate and Journal, speaking of the late endowment of a new professorship in Wesleyan University by Oliver Cutts, Esq., says it has every reason to believe that this gift will be followed by others that will place the institution among the best endowed colleges in the country.
The Weather.—Average temperature for the week at 6 A. M., 57 degrees. Monday was the warmest day, the thermometer at 6 in the morning being at 64 degrees, and at 2 P. M. 90 degrees. Considerable rain has fallen during the week, which has been a great help to growing crops.
Cartridge Factory.—The city authorities had declined to renew D. C. Sage’s license for keeping on hand a large amount of powder for the manufacture of cartridges. The factory was in the upper part of Washington street, surrounded by dwellings, and the risk was considered too great. Mr. Sage made arrangements to remove his works to the building formerly occupied as the poor house, on the Pameacha stream, and the question came up in special city meeting on Saturday evening whether the license should be renewed. It was voted to advise the Common Council to grant a license to keep on hand powder not exceeding 500 pounds, and cartridges not exceeding 250,000. A remonstrance was presented by those who live in the neighborhood.
Various Matters.—Rev. Mr. Burton, of Hartford, gave a lecture before the Ladies Loyal League in Portland on Tuesday evening.
Mount Vernon street above High promises to be a desirable place of residence. Col. Starr is erecting a house there, the first dwelling on that street. It was opened but a few years since.
On Sunday evening the Sunday Schools of the North and South churches held their anniversary meetings, the former at their Lecture Room and the latter at the church. At each of these meetings addresses and reports were made, and there was singing by the children. Mr. Copeland, for many years Superintendent of the South church Sunday School resigned, and Mr. J. N. Camp was chosen. Rev. H. M. Colton is Superintendent of the Sunday School of the North Church.
The funeral of Mr. Austin Judd, of the 14th Conn., who died from a wound received at the battle of Chancellorsville, was attended at his late residence in the Farms on Thursday. Rev. Mr. Hubbell, of the Methodist church, officiated. There was a large concourse of people, and the Odd Fellows, of which organization he was a member, were present. The remains were interred on Farms Hill Cemetery.
We had a call the other day from the public’s old acquaintance, Lieut. George Calef, who shared Col. Corcoran’s prison in rebeldom. He has been lecturing on the war since he came back.
A strawberry festival is to be held next week Wednesday at Mrs. Casey’s in Washington street for missionary purposes.
The Middletown Orphan Society will hold its annual meeting at the house of Mr. E. H. Roberts on Wednesday, the 24th.
The Germans had a grand picnic yesterday afternoon at Alsop’s Grove.
For the Constitution.
LADIES LOYAL LEAGUE OF PORTLAND.
The lecture of the Rev. Mr. Burton, delivered at the request of the “Ladies Loyal League,” was a perfect treat to the good people of Portland. To know how gladly we welcomed him, one ought to dwell for a season in our quiet little town, and hear, as we cannot avoid doing, the ravings of the “soi-disant” peace democrats ; ought to know how our soil abounds in copper-ore ; to witness the hideous writhings of the slimy serpents, that are just beginning to crawl out from their noisome dens, in which they were glad to hide themselves about May seventh, for “particular reasons.” Mr. Burton appeared before us like a brilliant meteor, dazzled our pleased mental vision for more than an hour, and retired leaving behind him a train of pleasant thoughts, brighter, and more enduring than the nebula that traces the meteor’s erratic course through the sky. He commended highly the stand which the loyal women are taking all over our land, and while pointing out a wider sphere for woman than the quiet paths of literature and domestic life, which his sex has usually accorded to us, and our own with very few exceptions, has quietly accepted, yet asserted that woman by acting in this new sphere, by discharging the new and peculiar duties devolving upon her in these times, does in no way unsex herself. The lecturer praised in highest terms, the patriotic quaker girl who charmed so many audiences by her matchless eloquence, and whom we are all proud to call our country-woman ; but did not advise every lady to follow her example. Not I presume because he doubted any woman’s ability to use her tongue freely, but because very few, if any, possess abilities equal to Miss Dickinson’s. He suggested the badge should more frequently be worn in public ; and compared the effect of it upon copperheads to that of water in cases of hydrophobia. Many of us can testify to the truth of this from experience. Why ! the bare mention of the Portland League drives the Sentinel and Witness stark mad, scores of that stamp exhibit signs of the distemper whenever they see the “red, white, and blue.” Eight new members were enrolled at our last meeting. Our League, organized only about seven weeks, now numbers eighty-nine members. Does not that argue well for the popularity of our institution and the loyalty of our ladies?
The oldest newspaper in the world is published in Pekin. It is printed on a large sheet of silk, and, it is said, has made a weekly appearance for over a thousand years.
The Troy Times says that enlistments are progressing in that city at the rate of 15 to 20 a day.
The New Haven Soldiers’ Aid Society will open a “Reception and Bazaar” in the State House in that city, on the 17th, for the benefit of the soldiers.
Several nice young men in Plymouth, Mass., who were skedaddling to Canada, halted just before they crossed the line, and sorrowfully returned with the assistant provost marshal of that town.
A battery of Dahlgrens of large calibre is being mounted so as to command the inner harbor at Boston.
It is stated that over one hundred of the colored men of Chatham, Canada West, have come to the United States during the past few months, to enlist in the black regiments being organized. Most of them have old scores to settle with the rebels.
It is discovered that the aggregate yield of the California gold mines, since the discovery of gold in 1849, is twelve hundred and fifty millions of dollars.
In the vicinity of Milford, fishermen are having unprecedented luck in catching blackfish. Some of the fish weigh from seven to eight pounds each.
Several young men were arrested in Baltimore on Friday, charged with treasonable practices in organizing a company to join the rebel army.
The prospect of a large peach crop in New Jersey is uncommonly promising.
Longevity.—In Essex, within the past five years, twenty persons have died whose united ages amounted to 1666 years, which makes an average age of about 83. There are now living in that town 23 persons, whose united ages amount to 1920 years. Two brothers and three sisters are living, the sum of whose ages is 410 years. Essex must be a healthy place to live in.
A Suit to Suit.—Ordinarily a suit at law is to be avoided even if it be at the expense of some pride and some money. It is costly, vexatious, sometimes interminable, and the result is always doubtful. Large fortunes have sometimes been wasted by a suit at law. But all suits are not alike. Some are exceedingly desirable, and worthy the ambition of any man,–such for instance as are furnished at the tailoring establishment of Benham & Boardman, where a fashionable, elegant and becoming suit of clothing can be obtained.