From The Constitution, Wednesday, September 16, 1863 (volume 26, number 1342)

War News.

Information from the army of the Potomac shows that we still guard the fords between Falmouth and Rappahannock Station. The rebel pickets continue to front ours in these localities, and occasionally converse with them but they profess to know little or nothing of Gen. Lee and the disposition of his forces.

A note from the upper Potomac states that the guerrilla White was recently near Purcellsville, Loudon Co., Va., and that Mosby’s force was south of the mountain near the river. Citizens frequently cross from Loudon Valley to Poolesville and other places in Maryland.

Official advices from Gen. Steele to the 2d of Sept., have reached Brownsville. Everything was working well and prospects of complete success were flattering.

The rebel forces in Missouri were becoming active, and skirmishes were frequent with our cavalry, who are keeping close watch on all their movements. Deserters and refugees come into our lines daily, and report that there is great suffering and disaffection among the rebels, that they look upon their cause as entirely hopeless and wish to get back again into the old Union.

The weather is extremely hot. It is reported that the guerrillas are actively at work below. They frequently fire on passing steamers, but as yet we can learn of no damage of any consequence done by them.

A telegram received at Washington, Sept. 10th, from the operator at Crab Orchard, states that Cumberland Gap surrendered yesterday afternoon, Sept. 9th, without firing a gun.

A special dispatch to the Gazette from Trenton, Ga., 9th, says : At 12 o’clock to-day Gen. Crittenden took peaceable possession of Chattanooga. Gen. Wood was put in command of the place.

The principal portion of the rebel infantry left Chattanooga yesterday morning, their cavalry remaining till this morning. The headquarters of the department will probably be at Chattanooga to-morrow.

The rebels are in rapid retreat, but our combinations are such that they can hardly get off with all their forces. They are cutting down trees and using other means to obstruct our further passage over the mountains.

Advices from Charleston report that Morris Island has been in our possession since Sunday, the 6th inst. We captured 19 guns and 75 men.

The Ironsides sent a shell into Moultrieville setting it on fire and destroying half of the town.

The monitors and Iron Sides bombarded Sullivan’s Island for four hours, doing extensive damage. The Weehawken grounded near Cummings’ Point, but soon floated off, receiving no damage.

At 11 P. M. on the 8th inst., a boat expedition left the squadron to storm Fort Sumter, and were repulsed with a loss of a number killed, wounded and missing.

The following naval officers were captured on the walls of Fort Sumter : Lieuts. E. P. Williams, G. C. Ramey, Tracy, B. L. Mead, Bradford, and Ensign B. H. Paten. The latter was wounded. The Massachusetts leaves at once for Philadelphia.

In reply to the flag of truce sent to Beauregard by Admiral Dahlgren, yesterday morning, 8th inst., the former, after waiting a number of hours, invited the latter to “come and take Sumter, and hold it as best he could.”

Last night the Admiral sent out an expedition in boats, the object in view being the occupation of Sumter, but for some reason the enterprise did not succeed. A land force also started out for the same object, but having learned the failure of the navy, returned to the island. The land force did not know until they arrived at the scene of adventure that the navy were contemplating a movement of that kind.

The moment the iron-clads ceased firing last night, the rebels commenced repairing damages, so that this morning their batteries are probably nearly as strong as before the attack. Unless the bombardment be renewed, and that very soon, it will be impossible for the navy to accomplish the work of capturing Sullivan’s Island.

The failure of the naval crew to carry out the plan of occupying Sumter last night was attended with more serious results than were at first apprehended. About 500 men embarked on the expedition. A number of boats were sunk, and a considerable party either killed, wounded or taken prisoners. The forts on Sullivan’s and James’ Islands, opened on them before they could get a permanent foothold in Sumter.

Twelve M.—All is quiet with the exception of a report now and then from a gun on Sullivan’s or James’ Island.

Latest.

A New Orleans letter of the 2d states, that a part of the great Texas expedition, Maj. Gen. Washburn, with 17 regiments, would leave for Rio Grande, Sept. 3d.

From the Potomac, the news is that Gen. Pleasanton had advanced to the Rapidan, Monday morning. The rebels dispute our crossing. We lost on Sunday, 3 killed and 40 wounded.

There has been a female riot in Mobile.—The wives of soldiers, on the 5th inst., assembled with clubs, hatchets, and banners, and marched through the streets. Stores were broken open and plundered.

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Resignation of General Burnside.—It is announced that Gen. Burnside has tendered his resignation to the authorities at Washington. No cause is assigned in explanation of this step, but it is thought he has contemplated it for some time. It must be a gratification to him and his friends that not an armed rebel remains on the soil of the department which he now commands.

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Maj. Gen. Butler is engaged to canvass the State of Pennsylvania for the Union ticket.

Gen. McClellan, says a correspondent of the Washington Intelligencer, has been put on retired pay.

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The 24th Regiment.—We have news from this regiment to the 4th of Sept. It was then at Ship Island. Col. Mansfield and Lieut. Camp were at New Orleans, for the purpose of expediting the return of the regiment. They had arranged for transportation from Ship Island to New Orleans, with the expectation of starting for home very soon. Their route and time of leaving New Orleans were not positively determined, but they will probably come up the Mississippi River to Cairo, leaving New Orleans from the 8th to the 12th of Sept., and arrive here from the 20th to the 25th.

The following deaths have occurred since the regiment has been at Ship Island : Private Aaron Dickinson, Co. A, Haddam; Thomas Riley, Co. I, Middletown; Sergt. Potter, Co. C, Colchester.

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Earthquake in St. Louis.—Three distinct shocks of an earthquake were felt in St. Louis early Friday morning, Sept. 4th. Each shock lasted from six to seven minutes, and an interval of about the same length of time occurred between them. The shocks were accompanied by a low rumbling noise, like distant thunder, and the buildings were distinctly shaken in some localities.

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In the Austrian Parliament the members vote by electricity. Before every deputy’s seat there are two knobs—one black the other white. When he wants to vote “Yes,” the deputy touches the white knob, and at once a white spot appears upon a black tablet beside the President. When he desires to vote “No,” he touches the black knob, and a black spot appears on a white tablet. Thus no one can vote that white is black, as other legislatures sometimes have done.

When the war broke out in 1861 it was common for the democrats to allege that nine tenths of the troops were democrats. The same men are now opposed to allowing the soldiers of the army to cast their votes. They must see that in the hearts of their friends there has been a marvelous conversion.

The Philadelphia Press says president Lincoln’s letter goes into every household like a welcome guest. The hardest prejudices give way before its sincerity, and the most bigoted partisan dare not deny its truth. It is a great advantage when a cause intrinsically good can point to a representative and exponent intrinsically disinterested and pure.

Gerard Halleck proposes to the authorities of New Haven to establish in that city, near Oyster Point, a “Seaside Park and Bathing Ground,” to be used for promenade and bathing purposes, to be owned by the city.

Annie E. Jones who has been a long time in the army of the Potomac was recently arrested charged with being a spy.

The season at Saratoga Springs has closed, and the number of visitors reach the aggregate of nearly thirty thousand—fifty percent, over last year.

The Turkish seraglio was recently burned to the ground, and an exciting scene occurred during the conflagration among the three hundred women, over one hundred eunuchs and some hundred servants who inhabited it.

Four men made an attack upon a negro in his own house, near Goshen, Claremont co., Ohio, on Saturday. The negro fired at them, killing two instantly and wounding a third.

Many persons write articles for a newspaper and send them to the editor for correction—as if an editorial office was a house of correction.

Gen. Sickles is shooting deer at lake George. At last accounts he had shot two while sitting on his horse.

The town of East Lyme has voted to pay two hundred dollars to each man from that town.

A blacksmith named Michael Voss fell from the window of his boarding house, in Mystic, Saturday, and broke his neck. It is supposed that he sat on the window sill to pull off his boots, and losing his balance fell out backwards.

Nathaniel Ames one of the last survivors of the revolution, was interred on the 30th of last month, at Madison, Wis. He was born in April 1761, in Conn.

A special dispatch from St. Paul, Minnesota, says that news has been received there that a flat boat, coming down the Missouri river, not far from the scene of Gen. Sibley’s battles, was attacked by Indians, and all on board, twenty-five in number, were killed.

The rebel iron rams at Liverpool are described as of enormous strength, turreted and furnished with every protection for the gunners. One of them was off the stocks, and had taken some guns on board.

On Tuesday, the Weehawken sent a 15 inch shell into one of the magazines of Fort Moultrie exploding it.

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Advices from Tahiti announce the seizure there of another vessel by the French authorities for being engaged in the infamous traffic of kidnapping Kanakas into slavery. A large Peruvian brig, supposed to be engaged in the business, recently came into port and was seized, and the officers and crew were cast into prison. The accounts of this traffic, as perpetrated in the South Pacific, are almost beyond belief. At the islands of Raratonga and Mangea, about six hundred miles southwest of Tahiti, a large number of Kanakas have been treacherously kidnapped.

Local News.

Obituary.

Died in this city, on Wednesday morning, 9th of September, after a brief but distressing illness, Mrs. Anna S. Bacon, the wife of Hon. Curtiss Bacon, and daughter of the late Obed Stow of Middlefield, aged 58 years.

It is only a just tribute to departed worth to say, that in this excellent woman, good sense and discretion, united to gentleness of manners—unaffected piety of the christian, and a faithful discharge of every relative and domestic duty, formed a character, esteemed in proportion as it was known, and rendered her life as desirable to her family and friends, as her demise was untimely and mournful.—By this bereavement her husband is left to lament the loss of an affectionate and faithful companion, and her children that of a kind and exemplary parent. May their grief and that of their friends, be allayed by the consoling reflection that it is not known that she ever had an enemy.

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The Weather the past week has been pretty fair. There were four days of rather cloudy aspect. On Saturday morning a little rain fell. Friday morning the temperature was forty-two degrees. Wednesday was another extreme day, the mercury standing at sixty-four. The average temperature for the week was fifty-five degrees.

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Five Deserters have been arrested during the past week, by the Deputy Provost Marshal, and forwarded to their regiments. This class of Uncle Sam’s men find this vicinity a poor place to hive in.

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Fire.—A large barn belonging to Mr. E. J. Dunham, residing on the east side of South Main street, was burnt to the ground on Friday night last. Loss $400. No insurance. It was undoubtedly the work of an incendiary.

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Something Wanted.—The fire on South Main street demonstrated to a certainty, that a large reservoir is wanted in that part of the city. Let the citizens move in the matter, and have one built.

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Large Tomato.—Mr. Horace Edwards of this city, left at this office a tomato measuring 17 inches and weighing two pounds.

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United States Lottery.—Tickets for this lottery for either Classes I. or II. distributed gratis ?

No Internal Revenue stamps required.

The drawing of a prize number will entitle the fortunate individual to

One new, highly finished musket;

One bran new suit of clothes;

One pair shoes and stockings;

One elegant blanket;

One nice haversack and knapsack;

One nice cartridge box with 60 rounds of ammunition;

One nice tin plate, tin cup, knife, fork and spoon.

In addition to this the holder of the lucky number will have a regular income of $13 per month, and “when this cruel war is over,” will receive a capital prize of $100.

With such liberal inducements the managers hope to be largely patronized by an appreciative public. This is no humbug, catch-penny institution, but a genuine lottery, in which the managers will fulfill all they promise.

Legalized by act of Congress, approved March 3d, 1863.

All prizes cashed by the Provost Marshal of the different districts.

Time of the drawing will be duly announced, and any one drawing a prize will be immediately notified of the same.

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New Haven Horse Show!