From The Constitution, Wednesday, September 30, 1863 (volume 26, number 1344)
The Army of the Potomac is in motion.—Transports are loading with great activity at Alexandria, and it is expected that a considerable body of forces will embark with as little delay as possible. Their destination can only be conjectured.
Meanwhile there is equal activity shown in the forwarding of troops in another direction. The government has taken possession of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, and no more travel for civil purposes is allowed upon it. Some important movement is contemplated on the line of this great thoroughfare.
A special dispatch from Washington 27th inst., says that dispatches have been received from Gen. Rosecrans’ headquarters, dated yesterday forenoon, which state that he is all right, in a stronghold, from which he cannot be driven; also, that the enemy has made no attack.
The Battle in Georgia.
Washington, Sept. 22.—According to official dispatches received here, dated as late as 5 o’clock yesterday afternoon, Gen. Rosecrans had information that Longstreet’s corps had reinforced Bragg before the battle of Sunday, and it was subsequently stated by deserters from the rebel army, that Ewell’s corps had also come to his assistance.
A telegram was received here to day, from an officer commanding at Chattanooga, which speaks in most encouraging terms of the general result of the actions of Saturday and Sunday, in which, according to his representations, the Union army achieved a substantial success, the enemy losing the most in killed, wounded, &c.
A prisoner taken from Bragg’s army says that Mobile has been stripped of troops for Bragg’s army, and that some troops have been sent to him from Charleston; also that troops from Lee’s army were in the late fight. In fact that the whole confederacy seemed concentrated there for that attack on Rosecrans.
A rebel dispatch has been intercepted on the extreme front of the army of the Potomac, wherein the rebel commander of the army of North Virginia is informed from Richmond, that Bragg engaged Rosecrans on Saturday and Sunday, capturing twenty pieces of artillery and 500 prisoners.
The Star and National Republican, in their late editions this afternoon, have accounts evidently derived from official sources. The longer one from the Evening Star is as follows: ‘On Saturday, the 19th, a demonstration was made by the rebels in strong force, which appears to have been repelled by the forces under Gen. Thomas with the advantage on the federal side. On Sunday an engagement commenced late in the morning. The first gun was fired at 9 a. m., but no considerable firing occurred until 10, when Gen. Rosecrans rode the whole length of our line. Soon after the battle commenced, Gen. Thomas, who held the left, began to call for reinforcements.—About 12 o’clock word came that he had been forced to retire the second time. Reinforcements were then sent to him, and McCook’s whole corps, which was on the right and as a reserve in the centre, was sent to his assistance. General Wood of Crittenden’s corps, and Van Cleve who held the front centre, were also ordered to the left, where the fury of the cannonade showed that the enemy’s force was massed.—Their places were filled by Davis and Sheridan of Gen. McCook’s corps, but hardly had these divisions taken their places in the line, when the rebel fire, which had slackened, burst out in immense vollies upon the centre. This lasted about twenty minutes, and then Van Cleve, on Thomas’s right, was seen to give way, but in tolerable order, soon after which the lines of Sheridan and Davis broke in disorder, borne down by the enemy’s columns which are said to have consisted of Polk’s corps.
These two divisions were the only divisions which were thrown into much disorder. Those of Negley and Van Cleve were thrown into confusion, but soon rallied and held their places, the first on the left, and the second on the right of Thomas’ corps. Davis and Sheridan, late in the day, succeeded in rallying about 8,000 of their forces and joined Gen. Thomas.
General Thomas finding himself cut off from the right, brought his divisions into position for independent fighting, his line assuming the form of a horse shoe along the crest of a wooded ravine. He was joined by Granger from Rossville, with a division of Gen. McCook, and Gen. Steadman’s division, and with these forces firmly maintained the fight till after dark.
Our troops were as immovable as the rocks they stood on. The enemy repeatedly hurled against them the dense columns which had routed Davis and Sheridan in the morning, but every onset was repulsed with dreadful slaughter. Falling first on one, and then on the other points of our lines, the rebels for hours vainly sought to break them.
General Granger, his hat riddled with bullets, rode like a lion wherever the combat was thickest.
Turren charged through the rebel lines with the bayonet, and being surrounded forced his way back against Porter, who had two horses shot under him on Saturday. Moving his men in one line he made them lie down till the enemy was close upon them, when suddenly they rose and delivered their fire with deadly effect. When night fell this body of heroes stood on the same ground occupied by them in the morning their ranks being unshaken. Their losses are not yet estimated.
Gen. Thomas telegraphs, Monday, that the troops are in high spirits. He brought off all his wounded. Of rebel prisoners, we have sent 1,300 to Nashville. Most of our losses in artillery were occasioned by the killing of all the horses. Gen. Thomas retired to Rossville the night after the battle closed. Gen. Rosecrans had issued orders for all his troops to be concentrated.
In the last two assaults our troops fought with bayonets, their ammunition being exhausted. The latest information that has reached this city, is from Chattanooga last evening, and was to the effect that Gen. Rosecrans would concentrate in Chattanooga. It was questionable whether General Thomas would be able to reach Chattanooga last night.
There were indications that the enemy contemplated a demonstration on another part of our line last evening.
A gentleman who has travelled through Ohio, informs that “copperheadism is more completely dead than ever was a political heresy in any state, before actual election had consigned it to sepulture. War democrats are declaring themselves by thousands. Shrewd men who have hopes of future life, do not think it safe to show the white feather in time of war.” He says that Brough will be elected by an overwhelming majority.
Arrival of the 24th Regiment.
The 24th Regiment, Col. Mansfield, arrived in this city on Thursday morning. Notice was received Tuesday evening, that they had arrived in New York on the steamer Continental, and would start the next day on the Granite State for this city. Accordingly arrangements were made for their reception. At half-past five, on Thursday morning the cannon announced their coming, and while the bells were ringing, the military and firemen formed in procession and marched to the wharf, where a large majority of our citizens had assembled to welcome the heroes of Port Hudson. Many and hearty were the greetings with the loved ones brought back from the dangers of the camp, the bronzed features of the veterans expressing but faintly the dangers to which they had been exposed. The regiment was received by the military and firemen. The line of march was then formed as follows:
Marshal, A. G. Pease.
Chief Engineer, and Assistants.
Russell Hook and Ladder Co.
Waterbury Brass Band.
Mattabessett Fire Engine Co.
Canfield Hose Co.
U. S. 3d Artillery Brass Band.
Pacific Fire Engine Co.
Pacific Hose Co.
and proceeded up Washington street through Broad around the Park, up Main to the McDonough Hall, where a bountiful collation had been prepared by the ladies.
The regiment was then dismissed until Friday of this week, when it is expected that they will receive their pay, and be mustered out of service.
The regiment numbered when it left New York for New Orleans, 698 men; they returned with 386 men, 57 having been killed or wounded, the remainder have either died, been discharged, of been sent home sick and disabled. Their colors have inscribed on them “Port Hudson,” being the only one, we believe, thus honored. Their national colors have received thirty seven bullet holes through them. Color Sergt. John Bohan, has borne them all through their term of service. We know of no regiment which has earned a better name, or borne itself with more credit for the time they have been in service, than the Brave 24th Regiment.
Several dwellings along the line of march were handsomely decorated, among the most prominent was the residence of Wm. S. Camp Esq., the porch and windows of which was festooned with the red, white and blue, and boquets of flowers, and over the street was a banner inscribed with “Welcome brave soldiers of the 24th. God bless you.”
A detachment of the 24th C. V. under Major Maher, left at 2 o’clock for New Haven, where they had been recruited. They were received by the Mayor, members of the Common Council and the Emmet Guard. After marching about the city, they were escorted to the Fremont House, and partook of a bountiful collation.
Fannie Virginia Casseopia Lawrence, the white complexioned flaxen haired slave child of whom we heard in New York at Cooper Institute, and whom Rev. Ward Beecher baptized, was presented to several in several of our churches last Sabbath. This little exposition of slavery is doing much to settle our consciences in regard to that matter. Childhood is irresistible, truth is potent, and the sight of young fair innocence blighted forever by an institution of man’s brutishness, brings to our hearts a feeling of shame that we who abhor it, have answered to its deeds in the nation’s name. A circumstance of war cast the child upon military protection. The United States authorities gave her into the care of Miss Lawrence, nursing in our soldiers’ hospitals. She is traveling north for health, and solicits contributions towards the education of her charge. Subscriptions are taken at the bookstores, and any one making a contribution will receive a photograph of the subject.
Mr. Editor : The enclosed circulars have doubtless by mistake been put into my hands, and as I happen not to be among the doubtful voters at this election, I have concluded to place them in your possession, that you may show to your readers what infamous lies are sent around, secretly to influence our fellow citizens. Perhaps nothing better could be expected from a set of politicians who, having lost all sense of decency and self-respect, are content to be led by a man who, Judas-like, holding the bag and appropriating its contents, is now crying out about “ability,” “economy,” “the poor soldiers,” and the squandering of the peoples money.
[We have room for but one, the most respectable, and charge nothing for the insertion.]
An Expensive Experiment.
Voters of Middletown:–The abolition republicans have had the control of the government of this country for more than two years, and what is the result ?
A loss of three hundred thousand lives !
Two hundred thousand men made cripples for life !
Ninety thousand widows asking for pensions !
Half a million children made orphans !
And a legacy for the people to pay of
TWO THOUSAND MILLIONS OF DOLLARS.
And what it is all for ?
That the negroes of other States may be set at liberty, and be sent into the Northern states …
Freemen of Middletown, is this not the result ?
Is it for this, that our poor soldiers are called out to suffer such privations, and to fight on poor food—and shin plaster wages. Nay more, to die, often in the ditches uncared for ? How long, in mercy,–how long is this state of things to last ? But still the abolition cry goes up.
More men ! More money ! More votes ! More power !
Democrats !—These are times that try men’s souls, as well as their peace and their pockets ! While our soldiers in anguish of heart, are yearning for their homes and for an adjustment of war difficulties, is it not your interest, nay your duty to sustain the Democratic Party, which is truly the only “ark of our safety,” the only Union party extant ?
Freemen of Middletown !—It is your duty, and your interest to stand by the Democratic Party, which is the only organization capable of adjusting our troubles, and closing this sanguinary strife.
Let every man then vote at the coming election as his own conscience would dictate regardless of checker back tickets, or any man’s diction. God and liberty !
Election, MONDAY, 5th day of October, 9 to 2 o’clock.
Per order of the
Young Men’s Democratic Association.
Middletown, Sept. 23d, 1863.
The Weather last week was unusually bright and clear. The average temperature at sunrise was lower than any previous week this month, forty degrees. There were two rainy half days. Friday afternoon the showers fell heavily.