From The Constitution, Wednesday, December 2, 1863 (volume 27, number 1353)
Bragg’s Army Totally Routed.
Lookout Mountain & Missionary Ridge In Our Possession.
General Grant, after fighting on Tuesday and Wednesday, gained a complete victory over Bragg, drove him from every part of Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge, captured forty pieces of artillery and over six thousand prisoners, and on Thursday was in hot pursuit of the retreating and demoralized masses of the enemy. The following despatch, dated Chattanooga, November 25th, gives some details of the brilliant victory :–
We have had a brisk engagement this morning, and have driven the enemy entirely off of Lookout Mountain, a considerable portion of which they held up to this morning.
We have also taken Missionary Ridge from him this morning, and the troublesome rifle pits, in possession of which yesterday’s engagement left them at its close.
All firing has ceased for a sufficient time to warrant the conclusion that Bragg has retreated, certainly leaving all the ground and strong points in our possession, for which we have been fighting for the last three days.
It is too early yet to enable me to state the casualties on either side, which are not yet known.
Our army is in glorious exultation indeed, over their series of victories.
Some details of the engagement are contained in another despatch of the same date :
We are completely victorious. The enemy is totally routed and driven from every position. Our loss is very small, and the enemy’s is heavy in prisoners.
Finding General Hooker so successful in his movements against Lookout Mountain, the enemy evacuated that position during the night.
General Hooker took possession early this morning. The enemy moved South and got on Missionary Ridge on the battlefield, somewhat near Chickamauga. He (Hooker) is expected to intercept the flying foe.
General Hooker is said to have captured two thousand prisoners in his magnificent assault on Lookout Mountain.
General Sherman being all prepared to begin an assault at eight A. M. to-day, upon the strong position of the enemy at the North end of Missionary Ridge—he had the day before taken a hill near the position of the enemy, but commanded by their artillery—had to descend into a valley, and then make another ascent to the position held by the enemy. Two unsuccessful assaults were made by Gen. Sherman, but with the co-operation of the centre, he ultimately gained the position and completed the great victory.
The brigade of General Carse, with a portion of General Lighthews’s brigade composed the storming party in the first assault.—They were repulsed with quite a heavy loss, after an attack persisted in for an hour ; but being reinforced they were enabled to hold a part of the hill. In this attack General Carse was wounded quite severely in the thigh.—The 37th Ohio, 6th Iowa and 103d Illinois regiments were in the attack.
A second assault was made at half past one in which Mathias’s, Loomis’ and Raul’s divisions were engaged. The force reached within twenty yards of the summit of the hill and the works of the enemy, when they were flanked and broke, retiring to their reserves.
In this assault General Matthias was wounded and Colonel Putnam, of the 93d Ohio, killed. Their persistent efforts compelled the enemy to mass heavily on his right in order to hold the position of so much importance to him.
About three o’clock General Grant started two columns against the weakened centre, after an hour’s desperate fighting succeeded in breaking the centre and gaining possession of the ridge on which the enemy was posted.
The main force was driven Northward towards Gen. Sherman, who opened on them, and they were forced to break and seek safety in disordered flight down the Western slope of the ridge, and across the Western ridge of the Chickamauga.
We have taken not less than 5,000 prisoners and perhaps 10,000. Gen. Hooker will probably intercept the flying enemy in the vicinity of Rossville and the region East of it. There are reports that we have taken a whole corps.
Among the casualties are Lieutenant Colonel Espy, of the 68th Indiana regiment ; Major McCawley, of the 10th Iowa ; Colonel Omars, of the 19th Illinois ; Lieutenant Colonel Stuart, of the 19th Illinois ; Major Walker, of the 10th Minnesota ; Major Welsh, of the 56th Illinois ; Major Innis, of the 6th Iowa, wounded ; and Major Irwin, of the 6th Iowa, killed.
Full reports of the killed and wounded cannot be obtained, as most of the killed were in General Sherman’s corps, and remained at dark in the hands of the enemy, the list will be telegraphed to-morrow. The prisoners say that Bragg was on the ridge just before they were taken.
The successful storming parties consisted of Wood’s and Baird’s divisions on the left centre, and Sheridan’s on the right centre. Some of our wounded were left in the hands of the enemy after General Sherman’s unsuccessful assault, but were ultimately recovered.
A despatch dated 10 P. M. says :
The captured artillery is reported at about forty pieces. Gen. Hooker captured five boxes of new muskets on Lookout Mountain.
We are in entire possession of the field. We have control over the railway and river to Bridgeport. Two boats came through this morning.
Our loss will not amount to more than three hundred killed and two hundred and fifty wounded in the three days operations.
The success has been most brilliant. The enemy is reported to be bivouacking two miles beyond Missionary Ridge. …
Gen. Grant has again achieved a decided victory over the rebels at Chattanooga. The battle commenced on Monday of last week, and continued until Wednesday, when our troops were victors at every point, and Thursday and Friday found the rebels completely routed and retreating in confusion. We captured sixty cannons, six thousand prisoners, a large quantity of small arms, flags, and other military stores. The fighting was of the most desperate character ; the rebels being strongly intrenched. The corps of Gen. Hooker won especial honors. Missionary Ridge was considered almost impregnable. Aside from its steepness, it was enfiladed on both sides by cannon, and exposed to a sweeping fire of musketry. Hooker’s men having been ordered to take the rifle pits on the slope of Missionary Ridge, rushed up the precipice beyond, carrying everything before them, and capturing several thousand prisoners, and thirty cannon.
This defeat of the rebel army, will relieve Gen. Burnside. Longstreet’s army is in danger of sharing the fate of Bragg’s unless he can effect a junction with him. He has as yet accomplished nothing against Burnside, and the probability is that he will fail utterly. If he should, the loss to the rebels of the campaign in the southwest can never be regained.
A man attempted to cross the railroad track near Stamford, Saturday afternoon, when he was struck by a passing train and instantly killed. The horse was also killed and the wagon knocked to pieces.
The Ladies Loyal League of Portland, forwarded last week, to U. S. Christian Commission, Philadelphia, the following articles, for distribution among our sick and suffering soldiers:–19 limb pillows, 7 cot pillows, 9 hop pillows, 8 bundles of cotton, 1 do of linen, 10 wrappers, 100 housewives, 1 linen sheet, 19 prs. woolen socks, 1 box lint, 64 handkerchiefs, 2 napkins, 23 calico shirts, 5 cotton shirts, 13 flannel shirts, 1 large sponge, 1 cake castile soap, 3 cans dried currants, 2 packages dried blackberries, 1 do of cherries, 1 do of peaches, 2 bags dried apples, 1 paper farina, Atlantic and Harper’s magazines and Harper’s weeklies.
Thanksgiving.—Religious services were held in a portion of the churches in this city on Thursday. In the Episcopal Dr. Goodwin preached.
In the North Cong., services were held and a sermon adapted to the occasion was preached by the pastor. The choir led by Mr. Harrington, gave excellent music. The attendance was large.
The Methodist, South Cong. and Baptist Societies united, holding services in the South church. Sermon by Rev. Mr. Gilbert of the Baptist church.
New News Room.—A. G. Lucas has opened a News Room, at 120 Main st., where he will be pleased to receive the patronage of the public. He will furnish all New York and Boston dailies together with those published in this state, Weekly Newspapers, Magazines, Lithographs, Carte de visites, &c., at the lowest price. See adv.
Town Meeting.—Don’t forget the town meeting, to be held Wednesday afternoon, 2d inst. Let arrangements be made whereby recruiting will go briskly forward, and our quota be raised by the last of this month. Let us keep out of the draft this cold weather.
The fifth day of January is not far distant. By one way or another the quotas of the various states must be forthcoming. If the men do not volunteer, then a draft must be resorted to. Men and women everywhere, old and young, should understand the nature of the exigency, and make vigorous exertions to fill our quota with volunteers. Recruiting officers cannot alone do what is needed. The people must come together, and assist them by an active public opinion. Let the citizens of Middletown remember the meeting to be held this, Wednesday, afternoon. Spirited efforts for a few weeks would sure accomplish all that the government asks us to do. Shall not that effort be made?
Recruiting.—Lieut. Crosby has, during the past week, at his office opposite the McDonough House, enlisted four or five men, and sent them to New Haven. Let such encouragement be given at the meeting on Wednesday that the number shall be much larger before another week passes away. Keep the ball in motion.
In the Libby Prison.—Robert Clark, master’s mate in Uncle Sam’s service, and son of Capt. Ezra Clark of this city, was taken prisoner in October last by the rebels, while on shore in Pensacola Bay, engaged in cutting a mast for the vessel. He was sent to Richmond on the 29th of October, and has been confined ever since in the Libby prison. His friends in this city, have sent packages to him at different times, but by the latest information from him, they had not been received.
Row and Serious Accident.—There was quite a serious row at the saloon kept by John Ammon, over Wm. Ward’s store, on Thursday night last. A number of rowdies had congregated there, and in the absence of the proprietor was making a good deal of disturbance. When he appeared, he attempted to keep things quiet, and when in the act of taking off his coat to facilitate matters, he was seized and his arms pinned behind him. The result was, Mr. Ammon received several hard knocks, a large window pane was smashed to pieces, and several of the rowdies were quartered at the watch house. One of them has been bound over to be tried at the Superior Court.
Late in the night Robert Ferree, an old resident of this city, called at the saloon, but was refused admittance. He was soon afterwards found lying on the walk, with his head badly cut, supposed to be caused by falling down the stairs. He died on Friday afternoon. He was a shoemaker by trade.
The Weather.—November, last week, was at amicable leave taking. Thursday was a day to be thankful for—clear and fine. Tuesday was very rainy. Saturday was rainy. Monday she let December peep in. The mercury could not get above freezing all day. Sunday morning it was at 40. Average temperature for the week at sunrise, 30.
Old Paper.—We have been shown by a friend, a paper, called the “Ulster County Gazette” published in the year 1800, at Kingston, Ulster Co., N. Y. The size of the sheet is 16 by 24, and contains a great deal of interesting matter. Matys Van Steenbugh forbids any person harboring or trusting his wife Hannah; Lodewyck Hoornbeek, jr., has for sale one quarter township in the Connecticut purchase, at a moderate price; Abraham T. Hasbrouck, informs the public that he is in the mercantile and boating business; and John Shoornmaker has for sale one half of a Saw Mill, and a large quantity of Pinewood. A full account is given of the European war news. An address from the U. S. Senate to John Adams, then President, in which they thank him for “having by vigilance, energy and well-timed exertions, crushed a rebellion in Pennsylvania, and preventing the spreading of treasonable combinations.” But the most important feature of the paper, which makes it of great value, is a full and interesting account of the doings of the Senate and House of Representatives on the death of George Washington, together with the funeral ceremonies.