From The Constitution, Wednesday, February 3, 1864 (volume 27, number 1362)
A Draft For 500,000.
Washington, Feb. 1.
It is ordered that a draft of five hundred thousand men, to serve for three years or during the war, be made on the tenth day of March next, for the military service of the United States; crediting and deducting therefrom so many as may have been enlisted or drafted into the service prior to the first day of March and not heretofore credited.
Maj. Gen. Foster telegraphs from Knoxville under date of 28th, at 9 A. M. as follows:–I have the honor to report that the cavalry under Gen. Sturges achieved a decided victory over the enemy’s cavalry yesterday near the Fair Gardens, ten miles east of Sevierville.
Gen. Palmer with Gen. Davis’ division moved here yesterday on a reconnoisance.—The 28th Kentucky and 4th Michigan drove the rebels advance pickets, and captured a company of rebel cavalry.
The rebels retreated from Tunnell Hill during the night. They lost 32 killed and wounded. Our loss was two wounded. The object of the reconnaissance was effected. Gen. Claiborne’s rebel division is above Tunnell Hill, on the Dalton road. The balance of the rebels have disappeared. They have probably gone to Mobile or East Tennessee.
Capt. Gillum of the 48th Ky., regiment, was commanding at Scottsville with 150 men when Col. Hamilton attacked him. After a desperate fight, Gillum surrendered Scottsville on condition that private property should be respected, and his men paroled.
Hamilton assented to this, but afterwards fired the court house, destroying all the public documents. Gillum then informed Hamilton that he no longer considered the paroles of his men legal. Our merchants have just received further information that Hamilton robbed several stores.
Twenty refugees arrived in New York on Sunday last from rebeldom. They were from various parts of Dixie, and had mostly left to escape the new conscription. They unite in declaring that the “Confederacy” is seemingly on the point of “going up.” One of the number was a young Englishman, lately chief clerk in a wholesale house in Savannah. Although not naturalized—having entered Savannah on a blockade-runner last year—he was impressed into the rebel army, and only procured his release through the most active exertions of the British Consul, who, although nominally dismissed, still exercises some sort of authority there. He reports that the new order from Richmond, obliging those who have furnished substitutes to bear arms, causes the greatest dissatisfaction—that the rebel Government is openly denounced by thousands, that all of this class are running away who can do so, and that the majority of those taken avow their determination to desert at the first opportunity. In respect to the efficiency of the blockade, his testimony is explicit and valuable. The stores in Savannah are nearly all closed, the stock of goods having been exhausted, and further supply not being obtainable. He went first to Florida, thinking to escape to Nassau on a blockade-runner; but he found every chink of the coast closed, and was forced to return. He was in Charleston week before last. The city was entirely deserted by the inhabitants, and hundreds of houses had been destroyed by shells from Gilmore’s batteries. At Wilmington, he found the blockade running business nearly dead; so nearly, that the prospect of getting away from the “Confederacy” by that avenue was very remote, and he was obliged to go to Richmond. Reinforcements were constantly arriving here for Lee’s army, and nothing was heard which led him to believe that the place would be soon abandoned. The rebel finances are in a most deplorable state, and Confederate Treasury notes are rapidly depreciating. Greenbacks are 2,500 per cent. premium in Richmond, while it takes $130 of rebel paper money to purchase a single dollar in gold! In respect to food, he told me that he had eaten nothing for the past three months except corn bread and sweet potatoes, which is all the inhabitants of Savannah can procure to eat. As remarked, the party represented nearly every portion of rebeldom, having met on the road from Petersburgh to Suffolk, and one needed but a short conversation with them to become satisfied that the projected slave oligarchy of “one Jefferson Davis” was destined, ere long, to collapse in untimely ruin.
There was considerable fighting among the Mexicans in Matamoras on the 13th inst., during which Gen. Herron, commanding our forces at Brownsville, dispatched the Twentieth Wisconsin, Ninety-Fourth Illinois, and five pieces of the First Missouri Battery, across the river. All but the Twentieth Wisconsin bivouacked on the banks, but this regiment went almost up to the Plaza, spent the night in front of the residence of the American Consul who next morning was escorted to Brownsville, together with two millions of dollars, belonging to Americans and the United States Government.
When Gen. Ruiz felt compelled to return to the Texas side of the river, he was accompanied by a large number of followers. Some two or three hundred of them retained their arms, which they delivered up to the United States Provost Marshal of the post, as the Commanding-General could not permit armed foreign soldier to remain on American soil. They were hospitably received by our troops, who sympathized with them in their defeat, which was owing to other causes than a lack of courage.
The fight on the night of the 13th was not very sanguinary; about thirty were killed and ninety wounded on both sides.
British Royalty.—There is certainly no occasion to fear that the succession to the British throne will go out of the country, for the people of England have had another occasion for a paroxysm of joy and loyalty, on the announcement that the Princess of Wales had presented her husband, and the nation, with an heir. The Prince of Wales was married on the 10th of March, 1863, and became a father on the 8th of January, 1864. The child will not have any title conferred upon him, but will simply have the title “Prince” prefixed to his christian name. No prince of the blood-royal in England succeeds to any hereditary title, except the Sovereigns eldest son, who is born Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothsay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, and Hereditary High Steward of Scotland.—The title of Prince of Wales is generally conferred on him, when he is a few days old. Not one of Queen Victoria’s sons except the Prince of Wales, has yet a Peer’s title, which would qualify them to sit in the House of Lords. As the custom has been to settle on each Prince, on his creation as Peer, the sum of $60,000 per annum for life, besides other emoluments, it is presumed that the British public will not be very anxious for the present young princes to be converted into Royal Dukes. Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria, received an annual income of $300,000; out of which, at the time of his death, he had saved the sum of five million dollars. It might reasonably have been expected that his children would have received their doweries out of this sum, instead of taking it, as they did, from the pockets of their subjects. No wonder, then, that the Royal progeny is so dear to British taxpayers.
The officers of the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railroad say that the recent strike on their road was organized by a secret organization of locomotive engineers, under the designation of the “Brotherhood of the Footboard,” which has lodges on several other western roads. Their demand was for an increase of wages and a change of the rules of the company. The question with the managers of the road, was whether to control their own affairs, or to allow a secret organization to dictate the management. The conspiracy was crushed out, though at a cost of over $100,000 to the road.
President Lincoln has issued his call for another draft to take place March 12th. It becomes the citizens of Middletown to stir themselves up, and see that the quota of this town is promptly filled if we would escape a draft. We understand that under this call some one hundred and twenty men will be wanted, independent of all enlistments of volunteers and the re-enlistment of those already in the field. If the quota is filled, it must be done at once. Men can now be obtained at a low figure, comparatively, and those who have the means should at once come forward and subscribe freely. A subscription paper has already been started, and those interested can find it with Capt. T. R. Parker, at his office in the Post Office building. We learn that 120 men can now be furnished for about $5000; what the price will be one week from now, we cannot tell. Portland, Chatham, Durham, Haddam, East Haddam and other towns about us have already filled their quota. Shall Middletown be alone in a draft? It remains for us to say.
Successful Surgical Operation.—The friends of Major Lewis of the 12th Conn. Volunteers will be gratified to learn, that after a most trying and painful operation he is now in a fair way of recovery. At the attack upon Port Hudson he was struck by a grape shot one and a half inches in diameter, just above and against the collar bone, fracturing it within two inches of the shoulder joint; the ball passing downwards through his right lung and lodging against the spine, breaking up the processee. The removal of five distinct pieces of bone connected with the vertebra was accomplished on Wednesday last, by Dr. J. E. Blake of this city. The operation occupied an hour, and the incisions were at least two inches deep. The Major bore the operation like a hero, not even uttering a groan. We can truly say that he is “pluck to the back bone.”
Nearly a Case of Drowning occurred at Pameacha Pond on Saturday morning last. Several boys were skating on the pond, which, owing to the cold weather of the night before, was very good, except in front of the ice houses. On this ice, three boys, Wesson, Dunham and Chapin, scholars connected with Mr. Colton’s school, ventured, and broke through. Two of them were immediately rescued. Chapin was not rescued until he was sinking the third time, and when brought to the surface, life to all appearances had fled. By quick and ready means, however, he was restored to consciousness. Much credit is due to his friends present, who were so successful in rescuing him from his perilous situation.
Rip Van Winkle, in the shape of the Sentinel, has come to life once more. He is much astonished at the events which have transpired around him during the last few weeks, especially at the result of the late city election. He abuses his superiors, calls his party “Deeocrapic,” and gets things mixed up generally. Don’t worry friend Winkle, take another nap, as you are not much missed.
New Furniture Warehouse.—Mr. Edward Paddock will open to the public in a few weeks at his establishment in Court street, a large and complete assortment of furniture, it being his intention to add this branch to his already extended business in the stove line. Persons, and especially young people, wishing an outfit, will do well to call on him, and examine his goods and prices.
The Cartridge Factory recently erected by D. C. Sage, on his land at Fort Hill, is now finished. It is a firm substantial building, 20 by 80 feet, and embraces every advantage necessary for his business. On Wednesday evening of last week, there was a large gathering within the building. About one hundred and fifty invited guests, with music and Albert for promptor, whiled away the time until the small hours approached. Capt. John of the Farmers’ and Mechanics’ Hotel was on hand to do the honors of the table, in a way not to be surpassed. Everything passed off pleasantly, and was a credit to the originators and managers of the “Cartridge Ball.”
The Weather last week had a feeling of spring. On Wednesday afternoon the mercury went up to 50 degrees. Sunday morning closed in firm and cold, much impeding circulation upon perilous sidewalks. Monday morning snow fell thick, but it was soon washed away. Average temperature of the week at sunrise was 29 degrees.
The River.—The crossing on the river for the past week has not been very safe, even for foot passengers. The ferry company commenced navigation on Friday.
Chicago has ninety-two churches and one thousand one hundred and ninety two liquor-shops.—Boston Post.
And some of the liquor-shops have quite as much religion as some of the churches, we are pained to confess.—Chicago Times.
If the editor of the Times would be so good as to state just how many visits he has paid to the churches, and how many to the grog-shops of Chicago during the last year, for instance, we could fairly estimate the value of his testimony above given.—N. Y. Tribune.