From The Constitution, Wednesday, March 30, 1864 (volume 27, number 1370)

War News.

A dispatch from Cairo states that there is good news from the Red river expedition, which comes from undoubted authorities. Gen. A. J. Smith landed his forces from transports a few miles below Fort DeRusey. The rebel Gen. Dick Taylor promptly marched against him with his entire force and attacked him in the rear. General Smith, instead of attempting to keep up communication with the river, proceeded by forced marches toward the fort. When Taylor saw the trick he also started for the same destination, and for a time the race seemed doubtful, but finally the Yankees came in about three hours ahead, capturing the fort and 11 guns, four of them Parrotts; one an 11 inch, and several 32-pounders, and also 300 prisoners.—This gives General Smith a strong foothold in the country, and will enable Admiral Porter to proceed to Alexandria with his gunboats without opposition.

Admiral Dahlgren has again returned from Fortress Monroe without the body of his son. Colonel Ould, the confederate agent for the exchange of prisoners, sent a verbal message “that the man who buried the body could not be found in time to get it ready for transportation just yet, but that it would be sent down as soon as possible.”

Gen. Forrest, with a force of 5,000 men, captured the city of Paducah, Ky., at 2 P. M., 26th, inst., and fired the city. Col. Hicks, commanding the post, occupied the fort below the city with about 800 men. The rebels made four assaults upon the fort, and were repulsed each time. Three of our gunboats opened on the city during its occupation by the enemy, which was burned, including the marine railway and steamer Arizona—the wharf boat. About 3,000 of the inhabitants moved across the river upon learning of the approach of the rebels. When the Pearce passed, the enemy had left. The people were returning to the city and the fires dying out. The amount of public and private property captured is unknown at present, but is supposed to be large.

Our loss is 12 killed and 40 wounded. From 150 to 200 rebels are reported killed, among them Gen. Thompson. Twenty-five houses were destroyed by our troops, as they were used by the rebel sharpshooters as a screen. The headquarters and other government houses were burnt by the enemy.

The enemy being reported in force near Union City, Tenn., 24th inst., Gen. Brayman, with a force of 2,000 men and a battery of artillery, proceeded by railroad to within six miles of Union City, when they learned that Colonel Hawkins, with 400 of the 7th Tennessee cavalry, had surrendered at 11 o’clock a. m. after repulsing the rebels, who numbered about 2,000, three times. The men were armed and equipped, and had recently been paid for over a year’s service. The enemy burned what was combustible about the fortifications and marched off with their prisoners.

Gen. Brayman proposes the abandonment of such outposts as Hickman and Union City, as they are of no use to the Unionists’ and of value, at present, to the enemy as means of obtaining supplies.

The Deserters report that Gen. Bishop Polk was reinforcing Gen. Joe Johnston’s army.


Fort Monroe, Virginia, March 8, 1864.

“The undersigned, members of the ‘Board of Distribution,’ lately confined in Libby Prison, feel that the greatest favor they can confer on their unfortunate comrades, is to call the attention of their friends and families, in the North, to the following suggestions:

“1. Boxes should not exceed twelve cubic feet; or, two feet square and three feet long.

“2. They should, invariably, be stoutly and securely bound with iron hoops.

“3. Coffee, tea, sugar, flour, tobacco, and articles of a like character, should be put in stout paper or canvass bags.

“4. All perishable articles should be excluded, as tending to injure the remaining contents.

“5. Under no circumstances should articles of a contraband nature, such as liquors, wines, money or citizen’s clothes be sent. The prohibition is imperative, and the scrutiny most thorough. Every box in which they are discovered is liable to confiscation.

“6. To the Friends of the Enlisted Men, we would most emphatically say : Send Nothing ! excepting [l]etters.

“In making these recommendations, we would not be understood as charging the Confederate authorities with want of faith or disposition to carry out their pledges; but owing to the scarcity of transportation, and the uncertainty as to the whereabouts of the person addressed, it is almost an impossibility to secure the proper delivery of any package.

James M. Sanderson,

Lt. Col. and C. S., 1st A. C.

“Alex. Von Shroder,

Lt. Col. A. I. G., 14th A. C.

“S. M. Archer,

Lt. Col. 17th Iowa Infantry.”


Retribution.—A large number of the negroes brought in from the interior of Mississippi by Gen. Sherman’s forces have been quartered on Jeff. Davis’ extensive plantation.

Free Territories.

What changes have been brought about within the four years just passed. Four years ago there would have been a great outcry if a bill prohibiting slavery in the territories had been presented in Congress. It would have caused hot and angry discussions, and kept the members in a constant state of excitement. But how is it at the present time? Last week a bill was introduced, prohibiting slavery in the territories of Nevada and Colorado, which passed without hardly a dissenting vote. In this contrast between the ideas four years ago and those of to-day, we have the best possible proof and illustration of the great change in public sentiment on the questions which were before the people in the last Presidential campaign. The doctrine then advocated, and on which Mr. Lincoln was elected, is now generally accepted by men of all parties, whether in slave or free states, and legislation in accordance with these views, is accepted as a matter of course, and command almost universal assent. The strong pro slavery speeches which were delivered in the halls of Congress are now dispensed with, and the votes in favor of the institution are growing few. Thus the work goes on. Territories and states having destroyed the cause of all our woes within their borders, are rallying again under the old flag, determined to establish our glorious country for all time.

Wm. A. Buckingham.

During the three years of terrible war which we have experienced, Wm. A. Buckingham has been the chief magistrate of the commonwealth of Connecticut. It is safe to say that there are but few men who could have brought to the responsible duties of that office so many high qualities, with which to enable them to conduct the State safely through the perilous times with which we are surrounded. He has thus far been found to be the right man in the right place. Trained to thorough business habits, he has administered the Government of this State in such a way as to win admiration and entitle him to a continuance of the confidence of the people. As a friend to the soldiers, he is well known. He has ever been solicitous for their comfort, often visiting them in their camps that he might know from personal observation their condition and necessities. His administration, thus far, of the affairs of the state has been such as to meet the entire approbation of the loyal people. He now is once more a candidate. Does he not deserve it? Can we do better? Our opponents have chosen a man opposed to a further prosecution of the war, who believes in the doctrine of state sovereignty and therefore of secession, and who would, if possible, make peace while the rebels are still in arms. Voters of Connecticut, affirm your loyalty and hatred of treason, by giving an overwhelming majority for Wm. A. Buckingham on Monday next!

Next Monday

The people of the State decide the question whether they will support the National Government in the present contest, and bring the war to an honorable close, or allow the rebels with their northern sympathizers to trample over right and justice. No greater issue has been tried at the ballot box. The appeal comes directly home to us, and we must stand the test. The leaders of this rebellion aim at nothing less than the surrendering of the Union and the overthrow of the Government. In order to do this, they attack through their agents, the copperheads, the Administration, claiming it to be distinct and separate from the Government. To defeat the designs of these conspirators, it is important that every Union man should go earnestly to work. The time is short. Freemen of Connecticut ! meet the issue like men and patriots ! Close up the ranks and see that every man votes the Union ticket on Monday next !!

Let Your Votes

On Monday next be for the Union, the Constitution, and the Government ! Let the Union Ticket have a rousing majority in old Middlesex County ! Every vote for the Union Ticket is a blow at secession and copperheadism !

Split Tickets.

Look out for split tickets. Our opponents are up to every kind of dodge, and resort to every means in hopes of carrying the election, and show to the rebels, their friends, at the south that they have not forgotten them. Examine every ticket carefully. See that every name is correct.

Vote For

Wm. A. Buckingham. It will be a vote in support of law and order, and against anarchy and civil war at home.

A Vote for Buckingham will be a rebuke to those in this State who sympathize with the rebellion.

A Vote for Buckingham will be a vote for putting down one of the most infamous conspiracies on the pages of history.

A Vote for Buckingham will be a vote in support of the Government of the United States as founded by Washington.

A Vote for Buckingham will be a vote of encouragement to our gallant soldiers in the field.

A Vote for Buckingham will aid in a speedy overthrow of the rebellion.

A Vote for Buckingham will contribute to a victory which will cause joy in Washington and sorrow in Richmond.

A Vote for Buckingham will be a vote for Peace and The Union.

A Vote for Buckingham from every Union man in this state, will triumphantly elect him !!

Local News.

Military.—Capt. Walter M. Lucas, of the 14th C. V., has been honorably discharged. He has been a faithful officer, and retires from the ranks with an untarnished name.

Capt. Broatche, of the 14th C. V., who was wounded at the late fight in Virginia, reported for duty at camp at New Haven on Monday the 21st inst.


Town Meeting.—The meeting held on the 23d inst., resulted in accepting the reports and voting to lay out some three or half a dozen new roads in different sections of the town. The meeting seemed to be composed mainly of gentlemen from the farming districts. All necessary action was taken to fill the quota under the last call.


Our Quota.—The selectmen made arrangements by which the quota of the town under the last call for men, was filled on Monday. Our whole quota was 80, of which we had credited 50, leaving 30 to be procured. The town pays $1000, which is much less per man than on the former contract.

That volunteering is cheaper than drafting, the following facts show: Last autumn, when the draft was made, there were 53 men who applied for assistance, and received from the committee, as a general rule, about half the amount necessary to exempt them. The town paid $7,500, leaving as much more to be raised by the drafted men, making $15,000. The town has within two months procured 160 volunteers, most of them without families, therefore no expense to the town or state, which has cost less than $8000.


Fire.—A barn belonging to Phineas Bacon, of Middlefield, containing fifteen tons of hay, was destroyed by fire on Thursday night. The work of an incendiary.


A Steam Gong has been introduced at the factory of D. C. Sage. With fifteen pounds of steam its notes are loud and strong, but with 45 lbs. added, we will venture to say that Middletown will be wide awake for once. It is said to be the largest in the state.


The Weather.—Sunshine prevailed over clouds through nearly all the past week. The wind was at large and in very rough humor. Saturday it was raining. Towards noon it grew cold, and the moisture congealed into massy snow flakes. Sunday was clear, calm and beautiful. The mercury rose 20 degrees from sunrise till noon. Average temperature of the week at sunrise was 29 degrees.


Election Rally - March 31!