From The Constitution, Wednesday, June 22, 1864 (volume 27, number 1382)
Gen. Grant’s rapid movement to the south side of the James River, has already brought forth very important results. Gen. Smith who moved on Wednesday morning, at 2 A. M., to attack Petersburgh met the enemy in their works and after a severe fight, lasting, with interruptions, until dark that evening, he succeeded in carrying the two principal lines of works in front of that city, capturing from three to four hundred prisoners and sixteen cannon. This important success put the city at once under our guns, and compelled the enemy to evacuate it, which they did, moving westward across the Appomattox. The place had been defended by Beauregard and Wise. In the action the colored division of Gen. Hinks took a prominent part, displaying the greatest gallantry. They stormed the strongest portion of the rebel line, took many prisoners and six of the sixteen guns. Gen. Smith publicly thanked them for their essential service. By dark of Wednesday, Gen. Hancock had formed a junction with Smith, and the whole army was across the James, and rapidly moving forward. The latest information is up to noon of Thursday, at which time a report had reached Bermuda Landing that our troops were in actual occupation of Petersburgh. The same day Gen. Butler ascertained that the rebel works in his front were abandoned, and he immediately advanced upon the Richmond and Petersburgh Railroad and commenced its destruction.
We have just received the details of the late expedition under Gen. Steele. An advance thrown out on the 5th, destroyed the Rienzi and Danville Railroad, and rejoined the main column on the 8th inst. On the 10th inst., our cavalry, while moving in the direction of Hanovertown, met a body of the enemy and drove them back. They soon returned, however, heavily reinforced, and in a few hours the entire force, both infantry and cavalry, were engaged. The negro troops are said to have fought with great desperation, and through their efforts our troops were enabled to keep up the fight until they reached Memphis. A body of 1,600 infantry, which had been cut off and supposed to have been captured, were defended by a negro force of about 200, and arrived safely at Collierville. Our loss is estimated at 125 negro troops killed, and fourteen pieces of artillery.
A dispatch from City Point, dated at 9 o’clock this morning, June 19th, reached the Department. It reports that our forces advanced yesterday to within about a mile in front of Petersburgh, where they found the enemy occupying a new line of intrenchments, which after successive assaults we failed to carry but hold and have intrenched our advanced position. From the forces of the enemy within their new line it is inferred that Beauregard has been reinforced from Lee’s army.
No report has been received by the department concerning the casualties of our army in its operations since crossing the James river, except the death of Maj. Morton, mentioned yesterday.
Gen. Sherman reports to-day that the enemy gave way last night in the midst of darkness and storm, and at daylight our pickets entered his line from right to left. The whole army is now in pursuit as far as the Chattahoochee. Gen. Sherman adds, “I start at once for Marietta.” No military intelligence from any other quarter has been received to-day.
The Army and Navy Journal calls attention to the fact that Gen. Meade is still commander of the Army of the Potomac. He gets ignored in the newspapers, which speak of Gen. Grant as the commander, but the Journal says the orders of Gen. Grant to Gen. Meade are of the most general character, the manner of executing them being left to the judgment and skill of the latter.
It is surmised that another call for troops will be made. Even if our army is successful in the present campaign, it will be necessary to maintain a large force and press the advantage gained to its full extent. In order to make the call as light as possible, the towns should, without delay, begin to raise the men. Although this congressional district is credited with an excess of 1,212 men, they are mainly furnished by the larger towns, New Haven and Meriden furnishing nearly one half, the former 473 and the latter 130. Middletown has 81; Hamden 53, and Milford 34. Several towns have but one or two excess, while two towns lack on former calls. Encourage volunteering and avoid a draft.
The proposed amendment to the Constitution abolishing slavery forever in the United States, passed the U. S. Senate by a large majority, but was defeated in the House. The democrats, with three exceptions, voting against the measure. Among those who voted for fastening the curse of slavery upon the country, was James E. English, of this Congressional district.
The National Committee for the Gettysburg Monument have adopted the design of Mr. James G. Batterson, of Hartford. The monument is estimated to cost $50,000.
Mormon emigration to New York this year shows a falling off of more than one half. In 1863 it was 3600; in 1864 it will not be over 1609.
The emigration to California, Idaho and the other mineral regions, is very large this year. The roads across the plains are filled with wagons.
Mexico.—Maxmillian accompanied by his wife has reached his new empire, and is probably ere this at the capital. He stopped long enough at Vera Cruz to receive the greetings of an Imperial Perfect and hear salutes from the cannon. The Empress, it is said, was surprised to see no more ladies waiting to receive her at Vera Cruz.
A serious accident occurred on the noon express train from New York near Berlin on Monday, by which some 30 persons were seriously injured, three or four it is feared fatally. The train had left the Berlin depot and proceeded about a mile, when the two rear cars were thrown from the track, overturned and down an embankment, crushing them badly. There were several persons from this city on the train. The following is a list of the injured from this place:
George H. Bishop, injured in the breast, shoulder and side. No bones broken.
Mrs. Alfred Cornwell, injured about the face and head, skull fractured.
Mrs. Wm. A. Hedge, back bruised.
Capt. Martin Brooks, severe head injuries.
John Ramsay, contusion of head and back.
Miss Nellie Hubbard, of Newfields, injured in face.
Mrs. Wm. Ward, face and head.
Mrs. M. Butler, head.
Maria Dalton, head and back.
Horace Johnson and Lyman Strong, of Middle Haddam, both bruised.
The following is from the Hartford Press of Monday evening:
‘Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Euson of Hartford quite seriously. Alderman Euson is badly bruised, and his ribs are broken. Mrs. Euson’s scalp was nearly torn from her head, being cut across her forehead and thrown back. She is not expected to survive.
Rev. H. Olmsted, of Warehouse Point, severe scalp wound. His daughter, about 12 years old, was slightly bruised.
Mrs. Mary S. Walter, Winsted, seriously bruised in the hip.
Mrs. John Williams of Putnam, badly bruised, rib broken, also wounded in back and leg.
Wm. Hadden, head and thigh badly.
James Harring, New York, head and back.
P. Duggan, coffee and spice dealer, Hartford, hand and finger.
John Romaine, New York, shoulder and side.
T. M. Curtis, merchant, Collinsville, wounded in head and considerably bruised in side and back. Two ladies of the family of G. M. Sargent, New York, somewhat bruised.
Frederick E. French, a soldier from Bradford, Me., leg broken.
B. C. Woodbury, soldier, of Bradford, Me., arm badly smashed.
The two latter were taken to the hospital in this city, we understand.
Geo. H. Barber, merchant, Collinsville, wounded in the head and bruised.
A brakeman, whose name we cannot learn, was injured, fatally it is feared.
We are indebted to Dr. Jacques, of Waterbury, for several names of wounded.
P. S.—We received by telegraph from New Haven the additional names of injured, of Mr. Fenn, of Collins, Brothers & Co., of Hartford, and Geo. Parker, the brakeman named above; the latter was taken to New Haven, and is not expected to live.
Mrs. Euson of this city was living at 4 1/2 o’clock this afternoon. She is conscious, knows that she is at home, and suffers severe pain. Two of Mr. Euson’s ribs are broken.
Accident Over the River.—A young woman named Isabella Forbes, about eighteen years of age, met with a painful accident on Saturday last, in Walker’s paper mill, Burnside, where she was employed. Her hoop caught in the machinery, and she was drawn over the shaft, one of her legs being frightfully crushed. The flesh below the knee was torn up and the bone broken and exposed. Fortunately, the shafting broke, releasing her, or she must have been killed. Medical aid was immediately summoned, and it is thought with proper care she may recover, and that amputation will not be necessary. Not long ago another operative—a young woman—was drawn upon the same shaft, in the same place, and from the same cause, having all her clothes below her waist stripped off, but escaping injury.
Conn. State Prison.—The Joint committee of the Legislature paid a visit to the State prison on Wednesday, and spent an hour or two in examining the various departments of that institution. The whole number of convicts in the prison at the close of the year was 137. The number received during the year ending March 31st, was 38, one being from Middlesex county, 85 were discharged and 3 died. The oldest convict is Benjamin Scott, sentenced for life, having been confined over 22 years. The largest number of convicts are engaged in the manufacture of boots, which is done by machinery, and are made for Messrs. Hurt, Holbrook & Barber of Hartford; ninety-five men are engaged in this department, and the income derived last year $9,274.69. Thirty-two men are engaged in burnishing under contract with Messrs. Hall, Elton & Co., of Wallingford, the profits last year amounting to $2,442.02. The prison is under the management of Mr. Willard, who, with his assistants, received the commendations of the committee.
Drowned.—James Riely, a young Irish lad living with Samuel W. Taylor, of Middle Haddam, was drowned on Tuesday last while in bathing at Cobalt Landing. His age was 15 years. He arrived in this country about the 1st of June. His body was not recovered until Wednesday.
The Savage Fire Arms Co., of this city, have, we understand, made a contract for manufacturing Carbines, and contemplate the enlargement of their works to double the present size.
Building.—D. C. Sage, is erecting at his factory at Fort Hill, a large brick building, to be used in the manufacture of Cartridges.
Messrs. W. & B. Douglass are laying the foundation for a large building to be used as a foundry. When completed, their facilities in this line will be equal to any in the state.
Orphan Asylum.—The annual meeting of the Middletown Orphan Asylum will be held on Wednesday of next week at the house of E. H. Roberts, Esq.
A Scene in Congress.—The Washington correspondent of the Boston Daily Advertiser says:
“As Joseph Bailey, of Pennsylvania, one of the four democrats, who had the patriotism to vote for the constitutional amendment prohibiting slavery, was answering to his name on that question, a copperhead, his colleague, Coffroth, who was passing at the time, laid his hand heavily upon Bailey’s head and drew it down over his face, accompanying the action with words abusive of Bailey’s vote and not fit to be printed. Bailey suddenly forgetting his Quaker principles, seized Coffroth, who is much the larger man, by the collar, drew his head down and dealt him a powerful blow under the ear, which sent him reeling against the opposite desk. Coffroth laid down his arms.
We regret to say that through the blunders of a country cousin, one of the first families in Boston was recently thrown into a state of consternation, and indignation, which it is impossible to describe. For a while serious consequences were apprehended, but after proper restoratives were applied, and explanations made, the family were enabled to take their meals with the accustomed regularity, and relish. The misunderstanding was caused in a singular manner, and can, in a measure, be attributed to the number of military heroes who infest the city.
It seems that the cousin who caused the trouble is a native of Vermont, and now on a visit to an uncle in the city. One evening during the recent spell of cold weather, the only daughter of the house, a lady of seventeen, whose delicacy is a part of her nature, and whose mind was entirely above earthly things with the exception of the opera, new dresses and a carriage, remarked one evening, in the presence of her family, without a word of warning, that she was fearful of freezing if she went to bed.
Her mother was about to offer some expression of consolation, when the cousin (rude as he was) remarked in a loud tone, so loud every one heard him—
‘Why don’t you take a major to bed with you?’
There was a faint shriek, and Henriette was observed to fall senseless on the plush sofa. Her position was noted, however, for its grace and the careful manner in which her crinoline was adjusted.
‘Wretch!’ cried the father, ‘you have murdered my daughter with your vulgarity.’
‘Monster!’ exclaimed the mother, ‘how could you? and such delicate nerves as she has too.’
‘I swow!’ yelled the Vermonter, with a doleful look, ‘I didn’t mean—‘
‘Silence, sir!’ cried the brother, who had attempted to obtain a commission as a brigadier general, and only failed because he once belonged to a Home Guard and knew, therefore, too much about military affairs.
‘Darn it! won’t you—‘
‘No, sir, we will not,’ cried the enraged parents. ‘A man that recommends my daughter to sleep with a major is not fit for decent society.’
‘But I didn’t mean it—‘ screamed the Yankee; but no attention was paid to his words.
‘She revives—she revives—the shock has not killed her,’ the doating mother said, bending over her child, and kissing her.
‘Only think,’ said the fair one, ‘that cousin should recommend a common major, when there are so many major generals without wives.’
‘It was a cruel blow; but you must bear up darling,’ whispered the mother.
‘Darnation! won’t somebody listen to me?’ cried the perplexed Vermonter; ‘I didn’t mean that Hen. should sleep with a real live major—one of them malicious officers. In course I didn’t. And I don’t want her to unless she is married; and then she may for all I care. I wanted her to do as our gals do cold nights. They heat brick and put them to their feet; and up in our parts the gals call them majors. That’s what I mean; and what’s the use of a fuss about it; that’s what I want to know.’
‘It seems that we are laboring under a mistake,’ said the head of the family; ‘but really, hereafter, where there are young ladies in the room, I don’t think I’d mention such things. The young ladies of this city are too delicate for such vulgar names.’
The Vermonter promised to be more careful in future, and the family are doing well.
Old Abe’s Choice.—A gentleman in conversation remarked to President Lincoln on Friday, that nothing could defeat him but Grant’s capture of Richmond, to be followed by his nomination at Chicago and acceptance. “Well,” said the President, “I feel very much like the man who said he didn’t want to die particularly, but if he had got to die, that was precisely the disease he would like to die of.”
N. Y. Times.