From The Constitution, Wednesday, July 13, 1864 (volume 27, number 1385)

War News.

The cashier of the Chambersburg Bank telegraphs to the cashier of the Harrisburg Bank that the campaign is ended in that locality; the rebels have retreated from Hagerstown, and requesting him to send back the tellers with the money and the securities of the bank. The road is all right from a point ten miles westward of Martinsburg and from Harper’s Ferry east to Baltimore. The rebels have so far only operated on some 25 miles of the road, on which they have only destroyed the more important buildings, which can be rebuilt in two or three months. Possibly Hunter has already struck a blow at the rebels in their rear. No excitement here. Our people are as cool as the weather will permit. A dispatch from Harper’s Ferry this morning confirms the evacuation of that place by the rebels, and say our troops again hold it. The old flag floats once more over it.

The news from the Upper Potomac can barely be said to have taken a more definite shape than heretofore—although we have a statement that on the 8th, the raiders appeared in considerable force five miles from Frederick City, that our forces discovering the rebel strength, retired, and were followed by the enemy to within one mile of the town. At this point, however, their progress seems to have been arrested by Gen. Wallace, who was in a position effectually to foil the rebel plans. From Georgia and the advance of Sherman we learn that there has been no fighting since the 27th ult. The rebels under Johnston are reported to have crossed the Chattahoochee, on their to Atlanta, but accounts on this point are not positive. The mail steamer Keyport brings news that at the hour she left City Point, heavy firing was heard in the direction of Petersburgh—whether it amounted to anything more than an artillery duel was not known. The hospitals at City Point have been cleared of nearly all the sick and wounded and many members of the Christian and Sanitary Commissions are on their way home.

A fearful accident occurred on Wednesday, 6th inst., on the Chattanooga railroad, near the tunnel. Three hospital trains were coming up, loaded with sick and wounded soldiers. Two of the trains which were some distance ahead of the other, stopped this side of the tunnel. The rear train by the extraordinary negligence, or something worse, of the engineer, ran into the train of seven cars before it, containing three hundred soldiers, and pitched them down an embankment about forty feet high, making a total wreck of three cars—killing three persons outright, and mortally injuring four others. The enraged soldiers would have murdered the guilty engineer, but he fled into the woods and escaped.

Important From Maryland.

An official report from Maj. Gen. Wallace, just received, state that a battle took place between the forces under his command and the rebel forces, at Monocacy, on Saturday 9th inst., commencing at 9 o’clock a. m., and continuing until 5 p. m.; that our forces were at length overpowered by the superior numbers of the enemy, and were forced to retreat in disorder. He reports that Col. Seward, of the New York Heavy Artillery, was wounded and taken prisoner, and that Brig. Gen. Tyler was also taken prisoner; that the enemy’s forces number at least 20,000 and that our troops behaved well, but suffered severe loss. He is retreating to Baltimore. The troops engaged in the fight at Monocacy Bridge yesterday, the 10th, formed in line of battle on the left of the railroad, and on this side of the river, on our right. Our skirmishers were attacked by cavalry from the Hagerstown pike, when they fell back across the river in good order and with slight loss, fighting all the way. After crossing they succeeded in checking the advance of the enemy, and held him here a long time. About 10 a. m., a desperate attack was made by dismounted cavalry, which was repulsed, and notwithstanding they repeatedly tried to dislodge our men from their position but they did not succeed. Their loss here was very heavy. About 3 p. m., heavy bodies of the enemy were discovered to be moving upon our left, having crossed the river some distance below, and our troops had to abandon their position and fall back. Our loss in the action is said to be about 1,000 killed, wounded and missing. Gen. Tyler was in command of some hundred days men, and how he was captured is not known. The enemy levied a tax on Middletown, Md., of $20,000. Women were reported to have been assaulted their clothes stolen, and numerous outrages were committed. The rebels are supposed to be Ewell’s corps. They are reported to be now marching on Washington.—They set fire to Frederick depot and the barn adjacent. The enemy are now reported at Elliot’s Mills. Gen. Wallace is falling back toward Baltimore. The telegraph, however, is still working to Martinsville, which is beyond Elliot’s Mills, so that the report of rebels being there is premature. Their scouts, however, are believed to be within fifteen miles of the city. We are still not without good hopes of being able to prevent the entrance of the rebels into the city. Secessionists who have property and stocks of goods on hand, are by no means pleased at the prospect of exchanging them for rebel money, much preferring greenbacks.

The rebel cavalry burned the residence of Gov. Bradford on the morning of the 11th. It is only four miles out from Baltimore, on the Charles street road. A squad of ten rebels set it on fire. They ordered out the governor’s family, permitting them to take only a few valuables, and then set it on fire. The furniture and everything in it was destroyed. The governor was in the city at the time and therefore was not captured. The rebels are now operating on the Philadelphia railroad.

A passenger train was captured at Magnolia at 8 o’clock on the morning of the 11th, bound from Baltimore to Philadelphia. Magnolia Station was then burned. Fears are entertained that the train from Philadelphia to Baltimore has also been captured.

The Pirate Alabama.

 The news which came from across the Atlantic on the first of last week, was of such a nature as to send a thrill of joy through every loyal heart. The pirate Alabama, which during her career, has destroyed nearly seventy American vessels, has at length met her fate and now lies at the bottom of the English channel. The Alabama had put into Cherbourgh for repairs, after a long cruise in the Chinese seas. Through the exertions of our minister at Paris, Mr. Dayton, she was ordered off by the French authorities, and to save his reputation, Capt. Semmes sent a challenge to Capt. [sic] Wilson of the U. S. screw steamer, Kearsage, which was lying off the port. The vessels were about equally matched, the chances, if any being in favor of the Alabama. Accordingly, on Sunday, the 19th of June, the rebel pirate left Cherbourgh, and steamed out into the English Channel. Capt. Winslow, had, through Mr. Dayton, been thoroughly posted on international law, and upon the approach of the pirate, although some five miles from land, steamed further out to prevent any questions or doubts arising. The fight commenced at 11.10 A. M., and lasted an hour and a half, when the Alabama, completely disabled, attempted to make for land, but was sunk by the guns of the Kearsage. Capt. Semmes and many of his officers were picked up by the English steam yacht Deerhound, which claimed to act as a tender to the Alabama, and made its way into an English port. If its motives had been understood by the Captain of the Kearsage, a stray shot would doubtless have ended its career, and no tears for its fate would have been shed on this side of the Atlantic. To the captain, officers and crew of the Kearsage the thanks of the nation are due. In a fair open fight they have destroyed the pest of our commerce and the pride of the rebels. Although she is now gone, one thing however, will not be forgotten. In an English port she was built, manned and supported by English seamen and money, and after having struck her flag and surrendered, an English vessel carried off her officers and crew. Certainly, nothing could be more English, although sailing under a confederate rag.


General Robert Toombs, formerly Senator in Congress from Georgia, and then general in the rebel army, is now a private in a Georgia regiment.

A woman in Ithaca, New York, has been arrested for poisoning her two daughters—beautiful young ladies—by giving them arsenic.

A man advertises in the new Rochelle Pioneer, that whereas a certain girl had agreed to marry him, but now keeps out of his sight and avoids him; therefore, if she does not come to his cabin within four days, he shall consider the bargain “broke,” and hold her for all damages.

In the year 1830 there were only seventy souls all told, in what was then known as Chicago. In 1835 Chicago was incorporated into a city, and then its onward and extraordinary progress commenced. In 1840 the population had increased to 4,853. It now numbers not far from 170,000.

The Detroit Advertiser has an account of the elopement of Wm. H. Perry, President of the First National Bank of Pontiac, with a dashing widow, Mrs. James Wilson, of Medina, N. Y., who had lately been a guest in Mr. Perry’s house. It is supposed Mr. Perry is also a defaulter, as the Bank safe cannot be opened, he having the combination key with him. Perry and his paramour have fled to Canada, he leaving an interesting wife at Pontiac.

The school committee of Worcester have adopted a regulation that no child under five years of age shall be admitted to the public schools of that city.

Gen. Kilpatrick is so nearly recovered from his wound that he has fixed upon the 10th inst. to start on his return to Sherman’s army.

A noted guerilla known as Parson Johnston, and four of his men, were killed on the 1st inst., near Huntsville, Ala. The remainder of his band were driven into a cave, and besieged there.

Local News.

Wesleyan University Commencement.

Marshal’s Notice. The Procession will be formed on the College Campus at 9 A. M., Thursday, the 12th inst., in the following order, viz:

President of University and Governor of State.

President of the Joint Board and President of Trustees.

Members of Joint Board.

Faculty of University and Ex Members.

Officers of other Colleges.

Alumni of University in the order of Classes.

Alumni of other Colleges.

Graduating Class.

Mayor and other City Officers.

Selectmen and other Town Officers.

Members of Patronizing Conference.

President and other Clergymen.

Teachers of Public and Private Schools.

Officers of Literary Association.

Undergraduates in the order of Classes.

Citizens generally.

Per order of Marshal.

Wesleyan University.

Killed in battle before Petersburg, June 23d, 1864, Merrit Hoag Sherman, of the Class of 1865, Lieut. in the 11th Vt. Vols.

At a special meeting of the Class, the following resolutions were unanimously adopted:

Whereas, We are again called to mourn the loss of a brother fallen in the strife; therefore,

Resolved, That we recall with melancholy interest the faithful scholarship, the manly social virtues, and the sterling Christian life of a classmate who in his brief association with us, won our esteem and affection.

Resolved, That we seek to profit by the admonition given us, while we learn a lesson from the unfailing patriotism and devotion with which our companion has given himself a ready offering on the altar of his country.

Resolved, That we sincerely sympathize with the afflicted relatives and friends of the deceased in this their sore bereavement.

Resolved, That, in token of our regard for the memory of our departed classmate, we wear an appropriate badge of mourning for the remainder of the term.

Resolved, That copies of these resolutions be transmitted to the relatives of the deceased, and for publication in the Rutland Herald, the Christian Advocate and Journal, the Zion’s Herald, and the Constitution.

Middletown, Conn., July 7th, 1864.





Prize Declamation.—The annual prize declamation between the Junior and Sophomore classes of the Wesleyan University, takes place at McDonough Hall on Friday evening of this week.


Concert.—The concert of the Mendelssohn Quintette Club, of Boston, comes off Wednesday evening of next week, at the M. E. Church, under the auspices of the Graduating class. Tickets 50 cents.


Circus.—River’s and Derious’ Circus will arrive in town on Wednesday of this week. Connected with it are the celebrated Bedouin Arab troupe, said to be the best performers in the country.


Hot.—The atmosphere on Monday was oppressive. Thermometer varying anywhere between 90 and 100 in the shade.


Good fabric cheap! 1864