From The Constitution, Wednesday, July 20, 1864 (volume 27, number 1386)
The Intelligencer understands that Capt. Spencer, of the insurgent forces, lately demonstrating against Washington, embraced the opportunity before they decamped, of addressing to one of our citizens a letter, in which he states that the confederates crossed the Potomac with 8000 men, for the purpose of obtaining horses, cattle and other supplies, and having accomplished their purpose, were on their march back to Virginia. Only a small portion of these forces appeared in front of Washington, while their comrades were collecting booty for transportation across the Potomac. The military authorities here, had no information other than that our forces are still pursuing the rebels on the upper Potomac. It seems generally conceded that the greater part of the rebel forces crossed to Virginia by Wilson’s and Edward’s fords. A force of between 350 and 500 rebel raiders passed through Little Washington and Creigersvill[e] Thursday night, on the way towards Madison C. H., and Gordonsville. They seemed in a hurry, having received information that Sheridan was between them and Richmond, with a large cavalry force, smashing things generally. This rebel gang was doubtless part of the rebel force lately operating in Maryland. They had 150 horses with them and 25 prisoners, who were mounted upon captured horses which were led by the rebels. They passed Creigersville about 8 o’clock, and half an hour afterwards a small force of Union cavalry from the west, who crossed the Shenandoah about Conrad’s store made their appearance at the same place and proceeded after the rebels. The latter gave out and they were making their way to Gordonsville and thence to Richmond.
The Richmond Dispatch of the 15th inst., contains the following, dated Atlanta, Geo., July 12th:
The enemy are in position on the north side of the Chattahoochee. There is some firing between sharpshooters, with occasional artillery firing, without damage. A small force is reported on the south side the river, eight miles above the railroad bridge. They keep close to the fort. The governor arrived last evening, and is urging forward everything for the defence of Atlanta, and calls on all men between sixteen and forty-five to report at Atlanta.
Another dispatch of the 13th states that the enemy are marching on our right near Rosewell, and a portion of the Yankee army is on the south bank of the Chattahoochee. Sherman’s headquarters are near Vining station. Skirmishing continues near the railroad bridge.
The Atlanta Confederacy says: “We shall not attempt to lull our readers into a fancied security by declaring that Atlanta is not in imminent danger, but its capture cannot but be considered a foregone conclusion. If Johnston cannot hold the enemy in check along the Chattahoochee he cannot anywhere below, and only a temporary check will be the capture of Atlanta to stop the invader’s rapacious appetite for conquest. No doubt the federal commander will garrison Atlanta as before, for future operations.
The Richmond Dispatch of the 15th gives most exaggerated accounts of the Maryland raid. Nothing occurred yesterday in front of Petersburg. The Dispatch says thirty prisoners, including a Yankee major, captured Wednesday, were committed to Libby prison Thursday.
It seems almost incredible yet it is a noted fact, that the rebels in their recent invasion, were kept well-informed and guided by signals by men living on our soil, entitled to all the privileges and enjoying the protection of our laws. That men can thus forget their duty and aid rebels and traitors seems incredible. Punishment should be sure and speedy. In many instances the rebels themselves showed no mercy to such, but stripped them of everything. It is said that Gen. Franklin would have passed unrecognized on the cars, with only the loss of his watch and money, had he not been pointed out by a “Baltimore lady.” This secesh sympathizer in petticoats undoubtedly thought that she was doing a big thing, but on the arrival of the trains at Philadelphia she was promptly arrested. The General, it appears, who has risked his life and health for his country and whom she would mercilessly commit to a slow death in a southern prison, is now at liberty, while she is in the hands of the law. She should be sent South, or be punished as a spy. An example or two would put a stop to such proceedings.
Terrible Railroad Accident.—A passenger train containing about 850 prisoners, on their way to camp at Elmira, N. Y., collided with the Pennsylvania coal company’s train, between Lackawana and Hobala, Pa., on Friday of last week. Over one hundred persons are reported killed and wounded.
The Great Eastern has taken in 3000 tons of coal, and is getting ready to lay the Atlantic cable.
It is reported that the rebels destroyed eight bridges on the Northern Central railroad between Moncton and Cockeysville, Md.
The 6th Maine veterans, numbering 500, just discharged, have volunteered for one hundred days.
George Sells of Vinton, Iowa, was lately struck by lightning, and did not speak for ten days, when he recovered and went into his store, but on again exerting himself again lost his speech.
Milly Murray, a young woman tried in Orange County, N. Y., for killing her new born infant, has been found guilty of murder in the first degree, and sentenced to be hung.
The speculators in tea, coffee and sugar, are carrying immense amounts of these articles, and paying 1 per cent. a month interest to do it. The New York banks are talking of shutting down upon them, which would bring about a collapse, and let prices down sensibly.
The public schools of Buffalo, N. Y., offer prizes to the young lady pupils for the best loaves of bread.
The Gazette says scarlet fever of a malignant form and quite fatal among children, is prevalent in Norwalk.
The man Race, of Woodbridge, has at last obtained possession of his wife, judge Dutton deciding that the marriage was legal. The father of the young lady, Mr. Solomon Hotchkiss, of Woodbridge, claimed that the marriage was illegal, and three separate hearings were had.
A dispatch from San Francisco states that Virginia City, Nevada has contributed a silver brick, worth $2,000 and Stockton and Nevada each 3,000 in gold to the Christian Commission.
On Friday night a train on the N. Y. Central road run over John Wise and wife, at a turnpike crossing three miles west of Schenectady, and both were almost instantly killed. They were aged, residing at Schenctady.
Fire in Rocky Hill.—On Thursday morning between the hours of five and seven, the dwelling house owned and occupied by Gen. James T. Pratt at Rocky Hill, was entirely consumed by fire. The family were obliged to make a hasty departure, saving nothing but a little furniture and the family portraits. The barns and out buildings were saved. The fire originated in an ell, but from what cause is not known. The house was valued at $5000. Ins. in the Hartford County Mutual for $2000.
Yale College.—The commencement exercises of Yale College at New Haven takes place next week, closing on Thursday, 28th. The anniversary of the Phi Beta Kappa Society will be held on Wednesday evening on which occasion Rev. A. L. Stone, of Boston, will deliver a poem.
Saybrook.—A new hotel called the “New England,” has been erected at Saybrook Point upon the site of the Fenwick House, burnt a year or two since. Mr. W. S. Stafford has the management of it.
Call For More Men.—The President has issued a call for 500,000 men, to be raised within fifty days, when a draft for one year will then take place to fill deficiencies. Now it the time to bring forward your substitutes or shoulder the musket. Although the price of substitutes are at a high figure, they will be higher still after the wheel has been turned. Thus far but three substitutes under the new laws have been accepted in this Congressional district, two of them being credited to this town, and furnished by Flavius J. Chaffee and George W. Welles. The state gives material aid in the sum of $300. We have a surplus of nearly 90; our whole quota will not be far from 200. Therefore keep the ball in motion and avoid the draft. To wealthy and patriotic citizens, ladies included, the opportunity now afforded to be represented in the army, should be improved.
Extract of a letter from a member of Co. C., 1st Conn. Artillery.
Battery on Spring Hill, Va.,
July 4th, 1864.
Dear Friend:–We are now somewhat differently situated from what we were in the forts, but we all like it better. It is not exactly a new thing to us, for we have tried it before. Our regiment has the Seige Train as we did during the Peninsula campaign. Our batteries are now scattered along the whole length of Butler’s and Meade’s lines. Some of the companies are in the extreme front before Petersburg, where it is not safe to look over the parapet. This Co. “G” has not gone further than Spring Hill yet, though we expect to go up further soon. This place is on the south bank of the Appomattox, opposite Point of Rocks. We have had three engagements since we have been here, and have lost some men but none from Middletown. Some other companies in the regiment have lost more than we.
Co. “H,” Capt. Hubbard, is now on the extreme right of Butler’s line in charge of a very large, heavy battery. I believe he has not lost any men, though he, like many others has had some narrow escapes himself. He dodged a large fragment of shell the other day. We find that a judicious dodge once in a while is conducive to health. I have not been injured as yet, though deadly messengers in the shape of thirty and forty-two pound shot and shell have come after me a number of times. One forty-two solid shot struck and instantly killed one of the men and spattered me all over with his flesh and blood. Iron bursting shells covered me with dirt. These things do not feel quite so comfortable, but it is all “for the cause” you know.
Our mutual friend Brigham is before Petersburg about a mile and a half to our left. He has a good battery and plenty of use for it. He is well and hearty. Douglas is with the company before Petersburg in Burnside’s corps with a battery. Osborne is here as you know in Battery. Hatfield is Ordnance Officer of the Seige Train, and stays at Head Quarters, and on board his ordnance vessels.
We have all now, as you know, been in the service over three years, and at the end of this campaign you will see us all home again, I think, thought it will somewhat depend on the circumstances and prospects.
Yours truly and respectfully,
G. D. Sergeant.
Marketing.—Although we have not quite reached the Richmond style of going to market with a basket full of paper money, and returning with the articles purchased in our vest pocket, yet it takes a small pile to settle the daily market accounts. Steak sells at 20 cents, salt pork at 25 cts. per pound, and we are told by an old dealer in the business, that he never sold more in one day, than on Saturday last. New potatoes $2.50 to $3.00.—Flour $14. Coal sells at $14. Butter is selling at from 30 to 40 cents, and hard to be procured at that.
Drought.—The drought is severely felt in this vicinity, potatoes and tobacco suffering much.
Fire in Cromwell.—A barn belonging to Ralph Hubbard of Cromwell, was destroyed by fire about twelve o’clock Sunday night. A horse, one colt, and a large quantity of hay was consumed. It is thought that it was the work of an incendiary.
Town Meeting.—A meeting of the residents of the town has been called by the selectmen on Saturday, the 30th inst., to take action up on the assessment of damages upon various layouts of highways, and to take such action as may be thought proper upon the petition for a new highway commencing on the Middlesex Turnpike, near the slaughter house of E. H. Hubbard, running easterly to the factory of D. C. Sage, until it intersects with a laneway running from the town road towards the river. To accommodate the manufactories and families which are rapidly gathering in that vicinity, it would seem important that such a road should be built. The distance is short, and the cost cannot be very heavy.
Mr. Editor: Having attended the school meeting last night, at Town Hall, I thought perhaps your readers, as they were not present would like a little account of it, and what was done. Meeting called to order by the chairman, Mr. Stearns, and report of committee, which had been appointed at a previous meeting to ascertain expense of building new school house, and the cost of moving the old one to new site, was called for. The report was made through Mr. S. C. Hubbard, chairman of committee, which was accepted, after which Mr. C. C. Hubbard offered some resolutions, embodying the ideas of the chairman, and probably prepared by him, involving the removal of the old house upon the new lot, fixing it up, expending $500 upon it, and thus saddling the old shell upon the district permanently. This proposition was earnestly opposed by Mr. S. C. Hubbard, at some length who claimed that the carrying out of this proposition, would be the defeat of the whole object sought, for the improvement of the school advantages of the district, and that Mr. Douglass would not exchange sites, if such use were to be made of the new lot.
Mr. C. C. Hubbard now rose with an injured look upon his face, and claimed that the last speaker, had infringed upon his rights in not giving him the first opportunity to speak for Mr. Stearn’s resolutions, which he had offered, and quoted parliamentary rules, &c., all of which was understood to mean, that he had been to the Legislature and knew “what was what.” He seemed inclined to charge Mr. Douglass with breech of faith, if he refused to exchange the lots, on the condition which was proposed. Mr. Douglass justified his course in remarks which followed. Dr. Woodward as usual undertook to show that the old site was better than the new one which latter was swampy, wet and unfit for use, all of which was abundantly refuted as soon as uttered. Mr. G. T. Hubbard then made a neat little speech, warm, eloquent and telling, which the “Junior” undertook to destroy the effect of, by one of his dirty jokes. As the resolution failed the next step was to move an indefinite postponement, which was carried by a set of men who were the bane of the last generation, and seem determined to curse this also. So the old shell remains where it is and the little children must freeze in winter, and be smothered with dust, heat and discomfort in summer, as before. This is sad to think of but must be borne for the present, until better councils prevail.
In closing I wish to make one suggestion, the propriety of allowing the Hubbard’s to speak in our City meetings, three quarters of the time but no more, further than this seems to me to be an infringement upon the rights of other citizens. C. S.
It is said that the rebels are always up to time and, from the frequent accounts of their raids on the fob-pockets of railroad passengers, we are inclined to believe it.
An apothecary clerk in Chicago was called up at two o’clock the other morning by the ringing of the night bell. On opening the door he found a damsel who told him she was going on a picnic that morning and was out of rouge. The impudent druggist turned her off with the assurance that he hadn’t the stock to cover a cheek like hers.
Last night the watchmen found a woman on Broad street whose symptoms and appearance indicated a maternal crisis. As she said she came from Natick, and had no asylum here, the guardians of the night removed her to the only place of confinement at their command, to wit: the Police station. Capt. Gross exerted himself to make things as pleasant and comfortable as possible. Dr. Collins was summoned, and amid noisy demonstrations of rejoicing on every side, a young life was ushered into the world, whose birth-day will be commemorated, let us hope, until ‘sons shall rise and set no more.”—Prov. Jour.