From The Constitution, Wednesday, July 27, 1864 (volume 27, number 1387)
Official information from Gen. Sherman represents everything progressing highly satisfactorily. All day Thursday our army engaged the enemy, and the rebels were steadily driven into their intrenchments. The city is in plain sight of our troops, and the shells can reach it. Five miles of the railroad between Atlanta and Decatur has been destroyed, and the road rendered useless to the rebs.
Dispatches to the government represent that a great battle was fought in Atlanta on Friday, resulting in horrible slaughter and the complete repulse of the enemy at every point. The rebels holding the largest part of the city, assaulted our works that day with great fury, evidently expecting to drive our forces out of the city.
The 15th corps seemed to be the special object of rebel wrath, as they massed against it an overwhelming force. The 15th received the shock and gallantly held its own until Dodge, with the 16th corps, came up, when the rebels were hurled back with great slaughter. Gen. Logan, at the head of the 17th corps, went into battle with the rallying cry of “Remember McPherson.”
This corps, as well as Blair’s 15th, fought desperately, the news of the death of their brave commander having been communicated to them just before going into battle.
McPherson was shot while reconnoitering. He became separated from his staff for a moment, and a sharpshooter shot him from an ambush.
The terrible struggle ended by repulsing the enemy at every point of our line. It was arranged that on Saturday the dead of both armies should be buried and the wounded removed under a flag of truce.
Gen. Sherman’s Army.
The attention of the public, divided for the last two months between the movements of the army of the Potomac and the army at the west, is now gradually centering upon the movements of the latter, as it is concentrating slowly but surely around the doomed city of Atlanta. Since the forward march began on the 6th of May, Gen. Sherman’s army has marched 138 round miles—has captured and occupied Dalton, Tilton, Rensaca, Rome, Calhoun, Adairsville, Kingston, Cass, Cartersville, Etowa, Alatoona, Ackworth, Big Shanty and Marietta. At all of these places has been displayed the superior fighting qualities of our troops, and the superior strategic qualities of their commander. Wherever the enemy entrenched himself, erecting formidable batteries and disposing of his forces so as to feel confident of success, and almost ready to congratulate himself upon capturing the Yankee forces, just so often have the federal forces outwitted and compelled him to take up the line of march to the rear, until now the point arrived at by the federals has been reached, and the last throw in the game about to be made. The city of Atlanta contains about 20,000 inhabitants. Being in the heart of the Gulf States, it was supposed to be peculiarly safe, and therefore well adapted for armories, arsenals and supply depots. Three main roads diverge from it: to Chattanooga on the north; the Georgia road running east to Charleston; and the road on the south, which forks into that leading to Montgomery and Pensacola on the Southwest, and into that running through Macon to Savannah, on the southeast. The city is laid out in a circle of two miles and forms one vast government storehouse. Here are extensive rolling mills in the south, foundries, pistol and tent factories, &c. In addition the confederate government have immense works for casting shot and shell, making gun-carriages, cartridges, caps shoes and clothing. The city is situated some seven miles from the river, which has been crossed by our army, and the mainland occupied for some four miles. Although the rebels, judging by the experience of Gen. Sherman in capturing places of equal strength, may have transferred most of the machinery and stores elsewhere, yet the loss of Atlanta will be severely felt and greatly dampen the hopes and prospects of traitors and rebels.
The Philadelphia Press calls attention to the fact, as exhibiting the animus of the Cleveland Convention people—that in Ohio the Fremonters and the copperheads are preparing a joint State ticket to run against the Union ticket. It is said that Vallandigham, Wendell Phillips, S. S. Cox, Frederick Douglass, F. Wood, and G. B. Cheever, will stump the State on behalf of the new ticket. The copperheads have always claimed that the doctrines of Phillips and Garrison have brought the country into its present distracted state, yet they seem willing to join hands with them, and render matters worse.
Fires.—Large fires have been raging for the past week throughout the country, in the woods, large tracts having been laid waste.
By His Excellency,
William A. Buckingham,
Governor of Connecticut,
In view of the favor which God ever manifests toward those who, in the day of his righteous judgments, penitentially trust in Him, the people of this State are earnestly requested to observe Thursday, the fourth day of August next, as a day of Humiliation and Prayer, in accordance with the recommendation of the President of the United States.
Given under my hand, and the seal of the State, at the city of Norwich, this the twenty-second day of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty four, and of the Independence of the United States of America the eighty ninth.
WM. A. BUCKINGHAM.
J. Hammond Trumbull, Sec’y of State.
Berlin.—A son of Francis Norton, eleven years of age, residing in Berlin, accidentally shot himself on Wednesday. While engaged in shooting a chicken, from some unknown cause, the contents of his gun were discharged, entering his head under the chin, killing him instantly.
Town Meeting.—A meeting of the inhabitants of the town will be held on Saturday next, at two o’clock, for the purpose of considering the expediency of laying our various highways, one of which is from the foot of Union street, following the river to a point intersecting the highway near the Alms House. The rapidly increasing manufacturing interests in that section, show the need for better facilities than now exist. Also, to consider the expediency of appropriating sufficient money to procure substitutes to fill the quota of the town. On this, decisive action should at once be taken. We understand that the whole quota of the town is 266. We have a surplus of about ninety, leaving 176 men to be procured. Every man liable to a draft is interested.
For the Constitution.
Mr. Editor: I propose to briefly notice the article in your last over the signature of “C. S.” If it had been the intention of the writer to put before the community any reasons or arguments in favor of building a new school house in William st., we would let it go for what it was worth, but there is nothing of the kind in his article, but instead of reason it is full of spite, malevolence and self-conceit. He, the writer, was chairman of the committee which reported an estimate of the cost of a new house, which estimate was that it would cost some four or five thousand dollars. We have had some experience in estimates from that source. The Pameacha bridge is an instance and we have little confidence in them. The meeting was favored with a speech from the gentleman which was characteristic of him. The first point was to tell the meeting how intensely public-spirited he is, what the everlasting great I thought, what I was willing to do, and that “I am willing to pay my tax,” which latter remark he has stereotyped to be used on all occasions, especially when there is a proposition for a tax, when for every dollar he pays out, he expects to receive hundreds in way of trade. Oh yes, he is “willing to pay his tax,” at the same time he is willing to impose taxes on the widow and laborer sufficient to grind them down to the last farthing of their possessions, especially when it is to inure to his benefit. The public will form their own opinions of the extent of his disinterested benevolence. The next great object in his speech was to vent his spite against his brother, which was too contemptible for notice. The game is visible in his article. If the orator’s aspirations for obtaining a seat in the legislature had been gratified, we hope he at least would have learnt what was civil and courteous in debate.
Another point in his article is to show that Dr. Woodward made a false statement. We quote his language:
“Dr. Woodward, as usual, undertook to show that the old site was better than the new one, which latter was swampy, wet and unfit for use, which was abundantly refuted as soon as uttered.” How refuted, we ask? Why the same everlasting great I said the Dr. was mistaken, which was all the refutation that was attempted to be made. The gentleman may suppose that his denial is sufficient to refute any statement others may make, but we apprehend there are those who think differently.
The gentleman has a great deal to say about the “old shell,” referring to the present house. We would state that that house is the newest of any school house in the city except one; it was well built about 20 years since, and was considered a model house, and the plan was extensively copied in the erection of school houses in this vicinity. If our school houses are to be re built every 20 years, lumber dealers and some mechanics may with great complacency say “I am willing to pay my tax,” but will the community consent to be so taxed for their benefit? Another thing we will notice in his article. He says, “G. T. Hubbard” (brother in law) “made a neat little speech, warm, eloquent and telling”—How telling it was we will state. A motion was made and carried to indefinitely postpone the whole subject matter. Mr. G. T. H., a member of the firm of Hubbard Bros., lumber dealers, was very indignant, and insisted upon making a speech, which he seemed to think indispensible for his own relief and edification of the meeting, and to gratify him the vote of indefinite postponement was reconsidered, and the meeting was entertained with a re-hash of the great I, how I always vote (and my father before me) for the greatest school houses, greatest churches, greatest bridges, and “I am willing to pay my tax!” How telling his “neat, warm, eloquent” little speech was evidenced by the vote for the indefinite postponement being carried by a larger vote than before. The whole project was a farce, got up through interested motives, and we hope and trust it is the last which will be got up to tax the people to further the interests of some, and to ornament certain localities.
Rain.—We were favored with refreshing showers of rain on Monday, which watered the earth. Farmers have had a fine season to secure their harvest.
Whortleberries are now offered at 25 cents a quart.
To make boots last four years. Grease well with a mixture of tallow, lampblack and beeswax; then set them away in a closet.