From The Constitution, Wednesday, August 10, 1864 (volume 27, number 1389)

War News.

The Nashville Union says of the battle before Atlanta on the 28th ult., that the rebels made several assaults on our fortifications in solid columns, but were each time completely repulsed, losing heavily. The greater portion of their dead and wounded fell into our hands. Three of their generals, S. D. Lee, Stewart and Loring, were severely wounded. Lee’s presence shows that the rebel troops lately in Mississippi have been called to Hood’s assistance.

Stoneman sent a force of cavalry consisting of Longs and LaGranges brigades, 3,200 strong, on the 26th, under Gen. E. L. McCook, to destroy the Macon and Western road. They succeeded in destroying 18 miles of the road and started to capture a rebel train of 500 wagons which were going from Atlanta to Macon or Columbus. McCook captured the train with near 509 men, including 127 officers. The wagons were laden with valuable stores, including liquors, and the private papers of Hood. After possessing themselves of what they wanted our men burned the wagons.

Gen. McCook then started to return with his prisoners and three hundred mules, but was overtaken by the rebels in force under Ransom. This force was so large as to completely surround our forces. A desperate engagement ensued, in which many of our men escaped and found their way to Marietta. The number of federals captured is supposed to be 2,000. This disaster is attributed to partaking too freely of the liquors found in the captured rebel train.

A letter dated one mile from Atlanta, 31st of July, from a prominent officer there, to another here, says: “Fires are now burning in Atlanta. They indicate that Hood is destroying a large amount of property but whether with the view to the evacuation of the place or not is unknown.”

A witty rebel soldier at Atlanta explained the quietness which reigned in Sherman’s army for a few days by saying that since Johnston had retreated, the confederacy had become so narrow that Sherman was afraid to fire lest he should hit the Union soldiers on the coast.

Information was received at the headquarters department of the gulf on Thursday, that Admiral Farragut had passed Forts Morgan and Gaines, which had been supposed to command the entrance to Mobile Bay. He is therefore, if the information is correct, with a part of his fleet, between the forts and the city, and the former must speedily surrender.

A rebel battery on the north side of the James river had become very annoying. Quite an engagement took place this morning between it and our gunboats, and it was finally forced to limber up and leave.

The weather continues very warm and considerable sickness prevails among the troops, who suffer principally from diarrhœa.

St. George Court House was wantonly set on fire and destroyed this morning by some soldiers. A letter from the Army of the Potomac, dated Saturday morning, says the rebels blew up a mine yesterday evening before dark, in front of the 5th corps, but as they had not dug to within forty yards of our works no damage was done. They also attempted to make a charge, cheering loudly, but must have been considerably chagrined at finding themselves so far from our lines. Considerable firing was kept up for an hour. The enemy’s loss was heavy, ours very light. All quiet this morning.

Early has been moving up the valley toward Winchester with his heaviest trains during all the last week, scouring the country for conscripts and grain, consequently making but slow progress. Information received a week ago that the rebels would make a feint movement on Maryland merely to cover his return trains has been verified to the fullest extent, and they are now all moving off toward Staunton. Later intelligence informs us that the rebels have retreated homeward. They have again eluded the preparations made for their capture. It is thought that under the new commander the rebel inroads into our state will cease.

FROM MOBILE.

The Richmond Sentinel of Aug. 5th, announces that seventeen federal vessels 94 ships and 8 iron clads) passed Fort Morgan this morning. The Tremench, a monitor, was sunk at Fort Morgan. The Tennessee surrendered after a desperate engagement with the enemy’s fleet. Admiral Buchanan lost a leg and is a prisoner. The Selma was captured. The Gaines was beached near the hospital.—The Morgan is safe, and will try to run up tonight. The enemy’s fleet have approached the city. A monitor has been engaging Fort Powell all day.

How Can It Be Done?

The question how can peace be established while the rebels demand a separate government, has been open for discussion since the commencement of the war, but has never been satisfactorily answered by the peace negotiators. The war has been a protracted one, full of hardship and suffering. Not one word would be said against quiet times again, but what we long for, is not a delusive and transient tranquility, but a substantial, genuine, durable peace. This can never be obtained as long as the south demand separation. Numerous questions and vexations would arise which would furnish subjects for controversy, and inevitably produce war. The public debt, our boundary line, the navigation of the Mississippi and public lands would be difficult problems to solve. The question of to-day whether there shall be separation or not, can be settled at far less cost now, although the war shall be of long duration. A cessation of hostilities at the present time would afford the south a chance to recuperate, to obtain a navy, import supplies and munitions, and renew the contest again, more formidable than she is at present. Such an opportunity should not be afforded. Unless the peace agitators can satisfactorily solve the problem, it is far better to fight it out. Now is the time to strike at the heart of the rebellion. Never were we so strong or the south so weak. We are gaining control of rebel territory, and augmenting the privations of the south. While no proposition from the rebels, asking for peace on proper grounds should be rejected, it is our plain duty to prosecute the war until the desired end is accomplished. With a hundred thousand more men in the field without delay, it can be accomplished before the closing of the present campaign.

The Right of Soldiers to Vote.

On Monday next the electors may vote on the proposed amendment to the constitution of this State giving the soldiers in the field the right to vote. The question is an important one. It has heretofore been considered that no citizen taking up arms in the military service, either at the call of the President or Governor, lost the rights of franchise. During the war with Mexico the soldiers from Pennsylvania voted on the Presidential question. Their votes were recorded unchallenged. It is a right which the citizen does not forfeit by entering the military service. It was only for the friends of the rebellion to make an argument like this. It is only necessary to bring it before the people to have it decided in the affirmative. To those who have absent sons or brothers in the army, it is hardly necessary to ask, would you have them disfranchised. Go then to the polls on Monday next, and see that your friends go also. Should the amendment be lost, it will but incite the opposition to further and stronger measures, until the elective franchise will be destroyed altogether. We know that it is the will of this State that all who are willing to die for her, should have the privilege of voting and taking part in her legislation and the execution of her laws. Their sufferings will make them prize more dearly her institutions and laws, and thus remembering them when absent, encourage them in their brave endeavors to subdue the rebelling. Voters of Connecticut, do your duty on Monday next and no hard or bitter thought will trouble our brave boys now in the army. Remember, the polls are open from 9 a.m., until 4 p. m.

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Rev. Daniel Waldo died at Syracuse on Saturday the 30th ult., aged 102 years. He was born in Connecticut in September, 1762. He graduated at Yale College in 1796, and soon after entered the ministry in the Congregational church. In 1850 he was elected Chaplain in the House of Representatives. He had been remarkably strong and active, having frequently preached two sermons in one Sunday within the past year. By his death the number of revolutionary pensioners is reduced to eleven.

Local News.

Substitutes.—Messrs. Parker and Campbell have furnished substitutes for the following persons, during the past week: Moses W. Terrill, Samuel L. Warner, William Robinson, Patrick Dolan, Alva B. Coe, Walter P. Hall, Chas. G. R. Vinal.

Lieut. John G. Crosby has entered during the week substitutes for Elmore Penfield, Thomas Walsh, John Leonard, John R. Henshaw and E. R. Savage.

Frank Coe, Osian Atkins, Chas. R. Miller, J. Neale and one or two others, procured substitutes through other channels.

There is no better investment than for those liable to the draft, to enter their names for a substitute and be exempted for three years. Are there not a few among our wealthy class, although not liable, but from patriotism and the desire to end the war successfully, would furnish a substitute and be represented in the army? It is only by earnest efforts that we shall fill our quota.

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Drafted.—Prof. F. H. Newall, of the Wesleyan University has been drafted in Boston, where he had been enrolled previous to his removal to this city. It is a question whether the draft in Massachusetts can hold him.

FINANCIAL CONDITION OF THE WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY.

We have before us a copy of the “Financial Exhibit” of the condition of this Institution, prepared for the use of the Joint Board at its late meeting; and from it we have selected the following items of information that will be interesting to many of our readers.

The whole property of the University is valued at $255,488.47, the buildings used by the University, and other real estate being estimated at $61,150.00. The value of the Library, Apparatus, and Cabinet of Natural History (including the Frankfort Cabinet of minerals) is put at $12,808.77. The rest of the property, amounting to more than $150,000 is in the form of “Bank Stocks,” “Bonds and Mortgages,” “Bills Receivable, &c.” Besides this the New York Conference holds in trust for the University nearly $18,000, the income of which is annually received by the Institution. On this there is an indebtedness of nearly $28,000.

Turning now to the Income and Expenditures for the past year, we find the following results, viz: Received of students during the year as Tuition, Room Rent, &c., $2,721.05, or a little more than $20 for each, on an average, taking the average number as 130, though the Catalogue contains the names of 132.

The income from funds variously invested, was $17,389.24, making the total income for the year, including a small balance on hand at the beginning of the year, a little more than $20,000.

The Expenditures for year were $18,347.45, but this includes $2,541.66, which really belonged to the preceding year; so that the full expenses of the College for the year were only $15,805.79.

The old friends of the Institution here and elsewhere, who in former years have watched its progress with interest, will be not a little gratified to know that its pecuniary condition has become so much improved, and will indulge the hope that in the future a still higher degree of prosperity awaits it.

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Police Court.—Before Justice Putnam. State vs. Lewis Nerus, for stealing various sums amounting to nearly $100 from the Farmer’s & Mechanic’s Hotel. The proprietor, Capt. John Dickenson, upon discovering the theft, after taking all but five dollars from the boy, allowed him to leave town. It was afterwards discovered that he was an old rogue, and that he had managed after being dismissed by the captain, to appropriate nearly $70, part of it in gold, belonging to the hostler, Michael Myrtle. He was arrested in New York by officer Wilcox, and bound over for trial, to the Superior court.

State vs. John Cranney, assault and battery of his wife, found guilty and fined $3 and costs, paid up.

State vs. John and Harriet Grumley, vagrancy; sent to Haddam jail for thirty days.

State vs. Edward Nichols and James Canfield, for stealing fruit from the garden of E. F. Sheldon; fined fifty cents and costs, paid up.

State vs. Patrick Cummerford, resistance to officers; bound over to Superior court in $200 bonds. Also for breach of peace, fined $1 and costs.

Before Justice Willard. State vs. Capt. Simmons, an old Boston pilot, for taking $100 from the schr. B. F. Brainard, all except $3 being found on his person. In defence the Capt., said that he was not guilty and it was very strange how the money came in his possession; bound over to Superior Court.

Miscellaneous.

The other day a ragged newsboy was moving his bare feet at a lively rate over the pavements of Providence yelling out—“Washington ‘tirely ‘srounded!” “What!” said a gentleman, who, however, did not seem inclined to buy a paper—“What’s Washington surrounded by?” “Forts,” answered the youth as he dashed away.

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One way the New Yorkers have of impressing people with their greatness is keeping in Broadway their policemen, who are six feet or more in height. No one under six feet is allowed in the Broadway squad.  Prov. Jour.

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Palm reading, 1864