From The Constitution, Wednesday, August 31, 1864 (volume 27, number 1392)
The following information is received from City Point: The enemy in very strong force attacked the 2d army corps on the extreme left on the 25th, and having far superior numbers, were almost upon the point of overpowering them when the 5th corps came up and the enemy were repulsed and driven from the field. The loss on both sides is about equal. We still maintain our lines as before, holding the Weldon railroad in our grasp. Capt. Sleeper of the Massachusetts battery was captured; he was wounded in the right arm.
Gen. Meade in a dispatch to Gen. Grant on the 26th, says: Since sending my last dispatch I have conversed with the safe guard referred to. He did not leave the field till after sunrise. At that time nearly all the enemy had left, moving towards Petersburg. He says they abandoned not only their dead but their wounded also. He conversed with one officer who said their losses were greater than ever before during the war.
The safe guard says he was over the field and it was covered with the enemy’s dead and wounded. He has seen a great many battle fields, but never such a sight, very few of our dead, nearly all, the enemy’s. All our wounded are brought off, but our dead are unburied. I have instructed Gregg to make an effort to send a party to the field to bury our dead.
The navy department has information from Admiral Dahlgren of a brilliant descent into rebel territory in which Commander Calvocerres captured a lieutenant and 20 privates of Co. F., 3d S. C. cavalry, dispersed the remainder, captured their arms and equipments, burned their encampment, destroyed two large salt works, captured six overseers, 71 slaves, destroyed a bridge on the main road from Savannah, and captured a mail.
A dispatch gives the following extract from the Richmond Examiner of Saturday:–
“Fort Morgan is in the enemy’s possession—whether blown up of evacuated is not known.”
Gen. Sheridan, in a dispatch dated yesterday at half past two p. m., reports:–
“The enemy left my front last night, falling back to Smithfield or Middlebury. We captured one hundred prisoners yesterday, and inflicted a loss of one hundred and fifty killed and wounded. There have been a few feints to cross the river by cavalry at Williamsport, but there was no strength shown.—The indications to-day are that they will fall back out of the valley.”
Other reports state that the enemy is leaving the Shenandoah valley. Nothing has been received from Gen. Sherman for two days.
FROM THE FRONT.
Headquarters, 3d Corps.
Jones House, Va., Aug. 26th, ‘64
We have just returned from Ream’s Station, where we have fought the most desperate battle of the war; the most desperate I say, as all battles in my experience (and they are not a few), pale before it in point of desperation and fierceness. In many places it was a hand to hand conflict. Our loss was comparatively small, but the rebs lost fearfully, they charged four times on our works, with two corps while we only had two divisions. We finally retired with the loss of a few guns, but that is nothing compared with the loss of the enemy; their dead and wounded were fearfully numerous. Capt. Brownson, my tent mate, was killed. Capt. Henry Lee, of the 14th, was captured. Capt. Hawley killed, Capt. Nichols, Capt. Ingraham and Doct. Levi Jewitt, badly wounded, I think they will recover however. The loss in officers was greater in proportion than that of enlisted men. If we could have been reinforced by a single division, I think we would have taken every one of them prisoners, that is what was left of them. Gen. Hancock and staff were on the line of battle all the time, never leaving it at all. I expected we would all be killed or wounded, but fortunately we lost but two of the staff. Look for Finley Anderson’s dispatches in the Herald. He was on the field all the time, and his reports are always correct. J. G. P.
The Richmond Enquirer announces that negro prisoners, taken in Yankee uniform, are to be substantially regarded and treated as prisoners of war. The retaliatory policy seems to have brought the rebels to their senses.
How the Rebels View It.
The rebel leaders know that the re-election of Mr. Lincoln will be a clear verdict against them—that they will be unable to secure a settlement which will keep them in power. A correspondent of the National Intelligencer, who talked with the rebel emissaries at Niagara, says “their tone of feeling is subdued, they half confessed that the armies of Grant and Sherman had put them in a tight place.” One of them remarked, “he hoped almost any other man than Abraham Lincoln might be elected, for then they would submit to a proposition that even the state of Vermont would not reject.” This is just the point. The north to conciliate the south must repudiate old Abe. We premise that in November next the south will know that it is the purpose of the loyal masses to keep Abraham Lincoln until he is in fact president of the United States!
Chicago Convention.—The “Democratic” Convention met in Chicago on Monday. There is a large gathering, especially of outsiders. The prospects for the nomination of McClellan are good. Ex-Gov. Wm. B. Campbell, of Tennessee, is spoken of as Vice President.—Gillmore’s Brass Band of Boston is in attendance. An armistice, a convention of States, &c., are points generally agreed upon by all the delegations.
The convention was called to order at noon by August Belmont, chairman of the national committee. Hon. Wm. Bigler of Tenn., was chosen temporary chairman. Rev. Mr. Clarkson of Chicago, offered prayer. The list of delegates was called by States. A series of resolutions were reported. Adj. to 10 a.m. Tuesday.
C. C. Hubbard, Esq., of this city, has gone to Chicago to be present at the convention.
Fill the Quota.
The proclamation of the President calling for 500,000 volunteers is a direct appeal to the patriotism of every citizen in the United States. The war has progressed by slow stages until we are now in a position that with the addition of a few thousand men to our armies, there are strong hopes that the last blow will be given, and the way to a final and satisfactory peace be plain. We have the ultimatum of the rebel leaders, and it is now our bounden duty to stand by the government. With the declaration just from their lips that they desire to destroy this government, and establish a southern confederacy, in which aristocracy and despotism shall form its chief elements, we witness the proceedings of men who claim to be American citizens, while on their way to the convention which is to nominate a candidate to the highest position in the gift of the people, stop and consult with these traitors, to assimilate their views so that the person nominated shall stand pledged to the southern cause. It is time for the people to respond to the appeal for men in a willing spirit. An ignominious peace, in which all that they have suffered will be lost, looks them in the face. There is no question as to the expediency of the demand. Soft speeches will not turn away the wrath which will follow should we now lose our hold on the rebellion. Should volunteering prove a failure, a draft will be resorted to. Gen. Sherman, in his letter on recruiting in rebel states expresses the belief that a universal draft will be necessary to overcome the wide spread resistance offered us. Officers and soldiers know that importance of full ranks, and would not object to see a draft enforced if the men are not otherwise procured. It is a severe measure, but when necessity calls it will be strictly enforced. By the recent laws of Congress, the cases of exemption are few. The rebellion which we are fighting has rigidly enforced it, even taking the young and old. If the south are willing to sacrifice so much for so unholy a cause, what should the feeling be in the loyal states? Let us fill up the decimated ranks of our brave armies, doing it cheerfully with hearts strong—for our cause is right, and success will crown our efforts.
Public Schools.—The public schools of this city will commence their next session on Monday next, the 5th of September.
Our Quota.—We have ascertained the following items regarding the enrollment and assignment of the quota of this town, from H. Caswell, Esq., clerk of the Board of Selectmen.
1st. The number of names to be taken off from the list, forwarded to the office of the Adj. Gen’l, 391.
2d. That if a new assignment is made on a corrected list, the quota will be reduced from 266 to about 200.
3d. That from 120 to 130 of that number can already be accounted for.
4th. That they have in their hands the names of several persons who have enlisted in the navy, but for lack of sufficient evidence, will not avail on the credit of the town. Those who have any knowledge of such enlistments will confer a favor by imparting it.
It will thus be seen that if the above allowances are made, the quota will be considerably reduced. By well directed efforts it is not impossible to supply the deficiency and redeem Middletown from the draft. Let it be tried. Attend the meeting held this afternoon, and put the machinery fairly in motion.
Worth Visiting.—In the midst of war and desolation we are often reminded by the scenes occurring daily around us, of those who have passed away, never more to return. To those who have been thus afflicted it is pleasant to visit the place where they repose, more especially if the grounds are tastefully arranged and kept in good order. Such may be said of the Mortimer Cemetery, situated at the head of Main street in this city. Under the management of Col. John B. Southmayd it is kept in excellent condition. In many of the well-kept grounds are monuments which exhibit taste, skill, and workmanship. Among the recent, is a monument erected to the memory of Capt. E. W. Gibbons, and Corp. Sam’l Huxham, of Co. B, 14th Regt. On the die of the monument are the names of the deceased and the battles in which they fought and fell, which is surmounted by a cap on which is engraves the cap, sword, and musket. On the shaft above, the national flag draped in mourning. The whole is surmounted by a handsome urn. The design is well executed and reflects credit on the engraver J. C. Craig, of this city. We also noticed a couple of beautiful marble tablets erected at the graves of Mrs. Geo. Ward and child. They came from the yard of T. C. Canfield.
Establishments on the New York streets, where the weaker sex can get their “bitters” in a quiet way while out shopping, are said by the veracious Herald to be indicated by a placard bearing the words, “if you don’t see what you want, ask for it.”
Our Consul at Liverpool gives notice to the public that all persons embarking for this country, excepting immigrants who come here to reside, must procure passports. Passengers arriving here from abroad without passports will be subject to examination concerning their character and purpose.
We were in hopes to publish “The Constitution” through this period of high prices without changing our terms. The present price of paper forbids it. After the first of September the price will be raised, only in part to cover the greatly increased expense of publication. All other editors in this state and every where else, raised their prices long since.