From The Constitution, Wednesday, September 28, 1864 (volume 27, number 1396)

War News.

Gen. Sheridan under date of Sept. 23, at Woodstock, Va, says: I cannot as yet give a definite account of the results of the battle of yesterday. Our loss will be light. Gen. Crook struck the left flank of the enemy and doubled it up. Advancing down along their line, Rickett’s division of the 6th army corps swung in and attacked, Crook’s, Getty and Wheaton’s divisions taking up the same movement followed by the whole line and attacking beautifully, carrying the works of the enemy. The rebels threw down their arms and fled in the greatest confusion, abandoning most of their artillery. It was dark before the battle ended. I pursued on after the enemy during the night to this point, with the 6th and 19th corps and have stopped here to rest the men and issue rations. If Gen. Torbert has pushed down the Luray Valley according to my directions he will achieve great results. I do not think there was ever an army so badly routed. The valley soldiers are hiding away and going to their homes. I cannot at present give you any estimate of prisoners. I pushed on regardless of everything. The number of pieces of artillery reported captured is 16. The rebel battle flag of the 2d Virginia infantry, the old “Stonewall brigade,” with thirteen battles inscribed on it was captured by a member of the 37th Mass. infantry.

The Richmond Dispatch of the 22d contains an official dispatch from Gen. Lee, announcing Early’s first defeat.

The Richmond Enquirer of the 23d gravely asserted that Early’s position at Fisher’s Hill was impregnable from whence he would advance again on the enemy.

Two treasury officials have absquatulated from Richmond, after converting nearly a million of rebel treasury notes into greenbacks.

The Enquirer admits that the first defeat of Early adds to the gloom consequent on the fall of Atlanta.

It is now said that Price has entered Missouri with 30,000. His plan is supposed to be to march to the central portion of the state with three columns, capturing all important points and holding the country. It is expected that Kirby Smith will join him with 10,000 men. Arkansas guerrillas are also concentrating to aid the movements now in the South, doubtless under Shelby, who has some 6000 or 8000 men.

Memphis advices of the 23d state that business on the river is quite brisk. The steamer “Mollie,” from New Orleans 19th arrived with large cargoes of sugar and molasses for St. Louis.

New Orleans advices to the 19th state that the French forces sailed from Bagdad, Mexico on the 12th, in five steamers for Matamoras. On the 16th they had an engagement with Cortinas and were repulsed with severe loss and returned to Bagdad.

Gen. Sheridan’s Army.

The news which was received last week from the Shenandoah Valley was charming. Gen. Sheridan, who has for some time been watching the movements of the rebels under Early, advanced his army on Friday and commenced a general engagement in which the federal army was completely successful. It is the most signal battle during the war. The rebels were driven in confusion, leaving in our hands a large number of prisoners, cannon, battle flags, and their dead and wounded. Thus follows blow after blow upon the shattered confederacy. Atlanta and now the battle of the Opequan are proofs that the power of the loyal north is strong and irresistible. They are a prelude of peace, not by concession, but by the overthrow of the rebellion, and the annihilation of southern tyranny. The light of day upon a re-constructed Union is beginning to dawn.


The month of August last, presented cheering prospects for the copperheads. The great campaigns of the Union armies, had, as they said, proved complete failures, and there was no hope for the country, until they assumed the power, and acknowledged the southern confederacy. Peace must be had at any price. Thus they reasoned as they met in conclave at Chicago. But a change has come over their delightful dream. They have now discovered a most base conspiracy, which, if successful, will lay them in the dust. No sooner had they settled down to the work before them, than Gen. Sherman sprung the trap before Atlanta, completely surprising them, and taking the wind out of their sails. This has been followed by another movement by Sheridan, in the Shenandoah valley, which has sent the rebels flying in confusion before their pursuers. All this affects the copperhead movement. In order to talk consistently about peace, there must be no battles won by the federal armies. Nothing but failure must attend their efforts. And again, the draft, which was to be one of their hobbies, takes a new turn. Instead of exasperating the people, causing riot and bloodshed, it has been the means of greatly replenishing the army. Men have either enlisted or provided substitutes, and every district has filled its quota. In short, all the points which the ‘peace men’ have relied upon are failing them. Every success of the army, is a nail in their coffin. The long faces carried by the copperheads, show something’s wrong, and it does not take even a school boy many minutes to find out that union successes explain “what’s the matter.”

Again United.

General Fremont has published a letter, announcing his withdrawal as a presidential candidate. He states that it is the duty of the people to defeat the nominee of the Chicago convention, and push on the war to a successful termination. Cochrane, candidate for Vice President, has also withdrawn.

Ben. Wade has become sane, having addressed a mass meeting at Meadsville, Pa., for Lincoln and Johnson. Thus the contest is narrowed down to two candidates. The disaffected are convinced that the salvation of the nation depends upon harmony among Union men.


Questions Needing Answers.—When news reached London that McClellan’s nomination was certain, the rebel loan went up three per cent. Why was it?

The rebel army cheered when they heard of McClellan’s nomination. Why was it?

When news of Gens. Sherman’s and Sheridan’s victories reached this city, not a responsive note was heard from the copperheads; but when McClellan was nominated, great enthusiasm was manifested. Why was it?

Rebel prisoners marching through Washington, cheered for McClellan, and groaned for Lincoln. Why was it?


A Memphis dispatch to the Chicago Tribune says:

Mrs. Major Booth, who lost her husband at Fort Pillow, to whom so much kind attention was shown, for whom so much sympathy was expressed in her bereavement, about whom so many patriotic letters were written and speeches made, has been arrested and confined in Irving Block, and lately sentenced by military commission to one year’s imprisonment in the State Prison, at Alton, for receiving a bribe, and permitting a she-rebel to pass through our lines, laden with quinine, gold, &c. She was on picket duty or employed by detectives to examine women passing through our lines, and could’nt withstand temptation.


Friday Evening, Sept. 30th,

At McDonough Hall.






will speak at McDonough Hall on Friday Evening of this week, commencing at 8 o’clock.

Ladies are invited to be present.

Union Voters, turn out on Friday Evening next.


The Drafted Men.—Sixty-four drafted persons from this town reported Saturday at New Haven. The remainder, with a few exceptions, are said to be “skedaddlers.” Fifteen passed examination, while five or six waived it, presuming that there was no doubt as to their ableness. We hear of two or three that intimate their willingness to shoulder the musket. Five days have been allowed them to report or send a substitute.


Who is Responsible?—The question is asked, who is responsible for the draft, which occurred in this city last week. The selectmen are pointed at as the responsible parties. By refusing to obey the vote of the town, a draft has been forced upon us which falls with a heavy hand in many cases.

Remember NEXT Monday is the annual town election. Show by your votes that you repudiate their acts, and are in favor of men who will act for the interest of the people.


Cromwell.—An accident, caused by the bursting of a kerosene lamp, occurred on Monday night of last week, at the house of Mr. Cannon in Cromwell. A sister of Mr. Cannon, was going up stairs with the lamp in her hand, when it exploded, throwing the fluid over her person. Her brother managed to extinguish the flames, but not until both were considerably burned. It is thought that a draft of air caused the explosion.


Middlesex County Fair.—The Cattle Show takes place on Wednesday October 5th on the West Green, the Horse Show on Thursday at Douglas Park, Trotting Match on Friday afternoon, products and specimen of manufacture at McDonough Hall Wednesday and Thursday. For the best display of manufactured articles a premium of $30 is offered, see adv.


An old gentleman in Windham, who had taken the American Messenger for several years recently stopped it, because he said he wanted a paper with more accidents in it.


The wants of California are briefly stated to be as follows:

What California needs most to-day is rain. What she wants to-morrow is seventy thousand females, which would equal the male population, according to the last census.


At one of the hotels in this city last Saturday, the landlord said to a boarder,

“See here, Mr.__, the chambermaid found a lady’s hair pin in your bed this morning, and it will not answer.”

“Well,” replied the boarder, “I found a woman’s hair in the butter this morning, but it did not prove you had a woman in it!”

The two men looked at each other for about ten seconds, when each smiled and went his way no doubt pondering over the peculiarities of circumstantial evidence.


An Indiana correspondent says; “On the farm of Lieut. Elkin, near Bowling Green, I was shown a large stone in the centre of which was a hole which looked as if it had been used by the Indians for a hominy-mortar. Having occasion to use the stone the owner caused it to be split and in the centre of the solid rock found a perfectly round hole, about the size of a thirty-two pound shot. There was no communication from the outside whatever and there was a good deal of speculation among the curious as to how the hole got there. The only reasonable solution of the problem was the suggestion that the Indians first made the hole, and the rock grew around it.”


1864 Agricultural Fair!