From The Constitution, Wednesday, November 2, 1864 (volume 27, number 1401)
The long looked-for advance of the armies operating against Richmond has taken place. On the 26th the final preparations were completed by the withdrawal of the greater part of the Army of the Potomac from the trenches and massing it in the rear, ready to move.
The 1st division, 2d corps, with part of the 5th corps and 9th corps held the entire line from the Appomattox on the right to some three miles west of the Weldon railroad on the left. All baggage wagons were sent to City Point.
At two o’clock on the morning of the 27th, Gen. Hancock with the 2d and 3d divisions of his corps moved along the Vaugham road, running southwest and after crossing Hatchers Run found the rebels entrenched in newly made works.
Gen. Hancock at once charged them on the flank and drove them out, and took some 20 prisoners, mostly cavalry, among whom was Major Veneble, an acting adjutant, but on what General staff he could not tell.
The 5th corps took Squirrel Level road and found the rebels posted at its junction with the Duncan road, which runs north from the Vaugham road to the Byrntown road. From this they were driven by our skirmishers with some loss.
The 9th corps occupied the right of the advance, but did not gain much ground, the object being to allow the left to get fairly around on the Byrntown plank road before the right advanced. The colored division of the 9th corps had some skirmishing with the rebels but nothing approaching a fight.
Our left wing gained about 15 miles of country to-day and is now in position to take the enemy’s works on the flank.
Gen. Warren had a narrow escape while riding along the line to-day, a shot grazing his cheek and making a slight wound.
The number of prisoners taken yesterday, the 27th, is about 300. Last evening some rebel cavalry captured three or four ambulances belonging to the 5th corps, which got on the wrong road.
During the first two years of the war, the rebels and their northern sympathizers boasted that their generals far exceeded the federal generals in skill and military superiority. This was the time when the McClellan star was in the ascendency. Then was the time when the Lees, Beauregards, Jacksons, Hills, Longstreets and Jonsons were outgeneraling our commanders, and hurling defeat after defeat upon our armies. The rebel generals boasted that the war had developed no military capacity at the north, while it was per contra on their side. This led them to feel that success would surely follow in the end. But how is it now? The dark days have disappeared, and the dawn beams upon such generals as Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, Rosecrans, Hooker, Hancock, Meade, and many others, who from continued action and study in the art of war, are able to “bring success out of defeat.” As regards the south, those generals who were so “skillful,” have, with but one or two exceptions, fallen into disgrace. Magruder and Huger disgraced themselves at Malvern Hill; Pemberton was finished at Vicksburg; Missionary Ridge stilled Bragg and D. H. Hill; Johnson has been laid on the shelf by Sherman; and Hood will soon follow; Wheeler has played out, while Jackson and Stuart were laid low on the Rapidan and Chickahominy. Early is getting his quietus from Phil. Sheridan, which with the discomfiture of Lee before Richmond, will finish the list. Even the English journals admit “that the superiority of generalship is wholly with the north.” As the war progresses we acquire the experience and art of war. Having the material, our relative superiority manifests itself, and our foes find to their cost that the citizens of the north are hard subjects to deal with.
One of the most outrageous acts upon the rights of soldiers has been brought to light, having been perpetrated through copperhead agents to influence the result of the coming election in the state of New York. Thousands of ballots have been forged and sent on to the proper authorities in the original envelopes submitted by the soldiers. The authorities at Washington have suspected for some time something of the kind, and by adroit management contrived to secure one box containing many thousand of these fraudulent votes. The New York state agent at Washington, E. Donahue, has been arrested and made a clean confession, in which many persons of high standing are implicated. The affair is now undergoing a most thorough investigation, and it is hoped that the perpetuators will meet with their just deserts. This crime will open the eyes of loyal men to the true character of these northern abettors of the rebels, and incite stronger efforts to suppress them. The worst passions of men are at work to bring defeat upon the Union cause. These men know that they have lost all confidence of the public, and nothing is too low for them to perform. Their mischief takes every form and shape, and to meet and thwart it requires every lover of the Union to be vigilant and watchful.
We acknowledge the receipt of a fac simile copy of the Connecticut Courant, one hundred years ago, on Saturday last. Its pages are 12 by 6 ½ inches. The editors send a copy to each of their subscribers.
Female Medical College.—The sixteenth annual report of the New England Female Medical College at Boston has been received, and we recommend it to a careful perusal by all who feel interested in this institution. The number of students on the present term is 18. The whole number of graduates are 48. The Wade Scholarship Fund affords aid to a large number of students, without restriction as to the state or country of their residence. Application can be made, personally or by letter, to the Secretary, Dr. Gregory, 30 Canton st., Boston.
The President has issued a proclamation admitting Nevada into the Union as a State.
THE STATESMEN OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY.
The London Times remarked after Abraham Lincoln was elected President, “that the American people had tried a dangerous experiment, turning out a party of experienced statesmen for unknown and inexperienced men.” Perhaps this remark gave the idea to the great expounder [W. W. Eaton,] of the copperhead faith in this state, who in his speeches states that ‘the Democratic party is a party of statesmen.’ Perhaps the great expounder thought it not necessary to remind his hearers of the condition, habits or principles of a certain class of people in his own city, who always voted the copperhead ticket. Are they the kind of men who become great statesmen? Which wards in New York city give the largest copperhead majorities? Are they not those like the “Bloody Sixth,” where the light of civilization is almost unknown? Take our own little city, and which district is it that gives a majority against the Union cause? Are we to look among them for the statesmen of coming time? Take any city; and in wards where filth and crime predominate, there you will find the copperhead doctrine abounds. And so you will find it everywhere, copperhead democracy springs from ignorance, the want of education and moral sentiment. Where school houses are plenty, copperheadism is scarce; the two cannot live together. Take for instance Massachusetts and Vermont, when were they ever known to declare in favor of modern democracy. This new fangled, modern copperhead democracy to a great institution, as some people would have us believe; for from it spring all our great statesmen. Truly this is a great age we live in.
To Advertisers.—Next Tuesday being voting day, we shall issue on Monday afternoon. Advts. should be handed in by Saturday.
Union Meeting.—There was a large gathering at McDonough Hall on Thursday evening last of those who love our country, respect and uphold its laws, and sympathize with and sustain our armies in the field. By eight o’clock the hall was crowded leaving hardly standing room. Hon. A. B. Calef was chairman, who introduced to the audience Col. S. W. Kellogg of Waterbury, who occupied an hour and a half in delivering one of the most conclusive and able arguments why the people should vote to sustain the present administration in its endeavors to subdue the rebellion. He was frequently interrupted by cheering and encores during his remarks. He was followed by Hon. Henry A. Raymond of New York. Mr. Raymond is a talented and able lecturer, and his speech abounded with sound reasoning and conclusive arguments in support of the cause in which we [were] engaged. The audience listened with the closest attention until the close, and adjourned with rousing cheers for the speakers, and the success of our glorious cause. So mote it be.
The Selectmen have called a town meeting on Saturday afternoon next, to consider the expediency of procuring volunteers in anticipation of another call for more men.
Solid.—It is an indisputable fact that the three engineers of our Fire Department are “solid men.” Their average weight is 180 lbs. Together they can bring up a 540 lb weight.
Selling Out.—C. E. Putnam gives notice that he will sell out his entire stock of toys, &c., at a low figure, as he is under orders to “change his base” by next spring. A fine opportunity is now afforded to those in the trade.
A New Market has been opened just north of Washington street.
New Firm.—Messrs. J. & J. A. Turner have disposed of their stock of groceries, &c., to F. W. & G. E. Burr, who will continue the business at the old stand, 102 Main st. They are enterprising young men, and worthy of public patronage. Encourage our young men, and keep them with us.
Intends Leaving.—We regret to learn that Mr. Henry Harrington, the popular agent of Adams Express Co., in this city, intends leaving the city to engage in business in Worcester, Mass. Mr. Harrington will take with him the good wishes of our citizens who esteem him for his unassuming yet pleasant manners and strict business habits. May success attend him.
Nine young ladies of Boston, have sent to Mrs. Commodore Downes, for the Sailors’ Fair, two hundred and fifty dollars, the proceeds of the sale of an Afghan, made by themselves.
Jeff Davis, in his complaint that two-thirds of his army are absent without leave, a mild confederate term for “deserted,” makes a silent appeal to his copperhead friends in the north, where so many of these “absentees without leave” have gone; for not content with absenting themselves from the army, they have absented themselves from the confederacy, and have braved all the disgusts and dangers of “free society,” rather than to serve in that cause which, Mr. Davis assures us, enjoys the affections of every true southern heart.
Some of the true southern hearts aforesaid have their own way of manifesting their affections; but no copperhead can doubt the fact, since Jeff Davis states it.
Do they not think that there should be a new fugitive slave law, with an amendment extending to deserters from the rebel army?—Providence Journal.
The Freshman class in Yale College have organized a Temperance Society, and it is believed two-thirds of the class will enroll their names.