From The Constitution, Wednesday, November 23, 1864 (volume 27, number 1404)

War News.

Gen. Sherman’s grand campaign into the heart of the confederacy has commenced.—An expedition composed of the fourteenth, fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth and twentieth Army Corps, and Kilpatrick’s Cavalry left Atlanta on the 12th inst., and proceeded in the direction of Macon. This force comprises about 50,000 men, including 9,000 picked cavalry. Thirty days’ rations for man and beast were taken, and the expedition is finely equipped in every particular.

Gen. Sherman’s scout system is so complete as to render failure almost an impossibility.

It may be some time before definite intelligence of the progress of his march is received. The Richmond papers have very little to say about it, and are evidently not permitted to reveal what they know, for fear of creating a panic in the rebel States.

Gen. Gillem, who has periodically beaten the rebels in East Tennessee during the past season, has at last met with a temporary reverse himself. Gen. Breckenridge, with a heavy force, attacked him on the 14th and repulsed him after a desperate fight, in which we lost four hundred prisoners. The rebel account of the same affair claims that they also captured six pieces of artillery and ten stands of colors. A despatch dated Chattanooga, yesterday, says the rebels, probably this same force, attacked our troops at Strawberry Plains on the 18th, but were repeatedly repulsed.

Rear-Admiral Stribling has communicated to the Navy Department the particulars of the destruction of a valuable rebel fishery on Marsh Island, south of the Oklahoma River, Florida, by an expedition from the steamer Stars & Stripes, on Oct. 19.

A rumor prevailed in St. Louis a few days since that Kirby Smith has crossed White River with a force of 30,000 men, and is advancing on the southeast. It is disbelieved at headquarters, but has had considerable currency.

The Kingston (Canada) News, of Nov. 16 says: “It is probable that a Government measures will be introduced into Parliament immediately on its assembling in January next for the purpose of preventing by more stringent enactments any repetition of the St. Alban’s raid. There need be no doubt but that the Government entertains the general view of the public that we must do everything to avoid any violation of the comity of nations, and that if Confederate refugees will not respect our hospitality and the asylum afforded them, we must do something which will cause them to yield a respect which they are bound in honor to observe.”


War Department.

Washington, Nov. 14.

Ordered by the President:–

  1. That the resignation of George B. McClellan as Major General in the United States army, dated November 8, and received by the Adjutant General on the 10 inst., be accepted as of the 8th of November.
  2. That for personal gallantry, military skill and just confidence in the courage and patriotism of his troops displayed by Philip H. Sheridan on the 19th of October, at Cedar Run, whereby, under the blessing of Providence, his routed army was reorganized, a great national disaster averted, and a brilliant victory achieved over the rebels for a third time in pitched battle within thirty days, Philip H. Sheridan is appointed Major General in the United States army, to rank as such from the 8th day of November, 1864.

By order of the President of the United States,

E. D. Townsend.

Assistant Adjutant General.


The resignation of Gen. McClellan was received by the war department, Nov. 8th, and accepted in about two minutes.

How did Gen. McClellan receive the news of his defeat? With resignation.

A box of dry goods intended for Mrs. Jeff. Davis, was found on a blockade runner, captured and sent into Boston. It is proposed to send them to Mrs. Lincoln.

The Worcester Spy says the snow was two feet deep in the north part of that county Sunday night. Rather a big story.

The rebel raiders are making voluntary statements to the court at Montreal, boasting of their exploit, and bragging that their government will avenge them. Efforts are being made for a delay of thirty days in the case, in order to get instructions from Richmond.

On Friday, James Garvin, a resident of South Troy, was instantly killed while attempting to jump from the cars.

A young lady named Andrews, was thrown from a wagon in Lexington, N. Y., recently, and instantly killed.

In conformity with Gen. Burbridge’s recent order requiring the death of four guerrillas for every Union citizen murdered, eight of the thieving assassins were on Wednesday last taken from Prison in Lexington, Ky., and shot. Four of them were executed near Frankfort, on the spot where some citizen was killed a short time since, and the other four were executed in Henry county. They were selected by lot.

Saturday morning, officer Flynn of the 4th precincts New York, arrested Charles P. Engstron, keeper of a saloon at No. 53 Rose st., on the charge of taking the life of George Nichols, a German, living in the same house. The men got into a dispute as to who was to pay for a couple of drinks which had been ordered, when Engstron drew a pistol and fired at Nichols, the ball entering his head and causing almost instant death. Engstron made an effort to escape, but the alarm which was given, brought the officer to the spot immediately.

The Richmond Express says that “the democrats of the north have betrayed every principle of their own, abandoned their old and faithful associates ‘of the South,’ and joined the black republicans in their bloody crusade,” thus rendering themselves unfit for southern association.

In 1804 Pinckney, the Federal candidate for President, received fourteen electoral votes; and in 1860, Douglas received twelve votes. With these exceptions, McClellan received the smallest vote of any Presidential candidate.

The troops which were placed under Gen. Butler’s command for special service, sailed from New York for James river on Monday evening, 14th inst.

An apprentice to an iron founder in England, who lately pleaded guilty to having absented himself for one day from his work, was sentenced to one month’s imprisonment, with hard labor.

Thanksgiving Dinner for the Soldiers and Sailors.

An appeal has been made to the loyal people to provide on the twenty-fourth day of this month, a Thanksgiving Dinner for every soldier in the Army of the Potomac, the James or the Shenandoah, and every sailor in the North Atlantic Squadron. It is a noble effort, worthy of the attention and contribution of every person. Thus far no extraordinary effort has been made, but within three weeks nearly fifty thousand dollars has been sent to the committee in New York. If there is yet any one who has not contributed his mite, let them do it without delay. It will tend to encourage our brave boys, in showing them that the heart of the American people is with them. Send in the contributions.

Local News.

Remember the Poor.—An all-wise Providence has bestowed blessings freely the present year upon many of our citizens, while to others, suffering and hardships has been their lot. Now is an appropriate time to distribute of our bounty. “The poor you always have with you.”


Fast.—A couple of “fast youths” from Meriden, drove a horse so rapidly on the Middletown pike, a few days ago, that he dropped dead. The horse was worth about $150.


For the Constitution.


Mr. Editor : It is authentically reported that the day before our last Presidential election, certain of our selectmen issued a written order for the transportation of some inmates of our almshouse, who desired to vote the Republican ticket, to a neighboring town; that they were so transported against their consent and remonstrance, put under lock and key, and thus deprived of the privilege of voting.

Is not this a flagrant abuse of power which should receive the condemnation of all good citizens? Were it a case simply of sharp practice by which an advantage were gained by political opponents, we could enjoy the joke, but this is simply a fraud and one which a booby could have done as well, provided he was mean enough. Nor does a just view of the relative position of the parties lessen its turpitude, but render it the more glaring. Had it been attempted on those who were socially their equals, there would have been in one aspect of the case a show of fairness; but these officials have used the power with which they were clothed only for the purposes of protection, for robbing their victims—robbing them of rights which the laws of the realm proffer the poor as well as the rich. The cry has been, that the Democratic party was the only ark in which the interests and rights of the poor could be safely trusted; but here we have the spectacle of a board of Democratic officers, robbing the poor of one of the highest rights of American citizenship. Are these gentlemen lost to all sense of honor and honesty? Have they no fear that the ghost of Jefferson and Jackson will haunt them during the rest of their days for the perpetuation of this undemocratic and unmanly act? The time has been when the position occupied by these men was one of honor as well as responsibility; and when none capable of such official meanness, could command a respectable vote in any party. By this act, our town suffers a disgrace, for did they not receive this power to do wrong through the sufferages of the people of the town; and will not outsiders judge of us by the honesty or want of it displayed by our agents in the discharge of their duties?

Such is the degeneracy of the times in which we live, that in any given district or ward, the extent of a democratic majority may with a tolerable certainty be measured before an election by the degree of ignorance and vice reigning there. To those of all parties who value honesty and honor we appeal for a reform. It if was an accepted apothegon in a heathen age, that “no man is fit for a magistrate who is not better than his subject,” is it not a shame to us that men are invested with authority who so unworthily exercise it? Is that standard of morality too high which requires that no man be placed in office, who would not prefer an honest defeat to a victory purchased by fraud?

Before closing it ought in justice to be stated that some are of the opinion, that our guilty officials show signs of shame. We hope it may be so, for “where there is shame, there may in time be virtue.”



For the Constitution.

Mr. Newton : the Sentinel & Witness of the 15th of Nov., has finally appeared and in speaking of the Democratic majority in Portland, says: “and this too in the face of one of the most unscrupulous boards to be found in the whole State, and with threats hanging over the heads of the laboring men of being turned out of employment if they voted for McClellan.” Now, I do not wish to impute any malice to Mr. Starr, in saying what he has. It may be that some Portland man has told him all this, and if so, it must be some person that could do no harm with his tongue where he is known and beyond that, the circulation of the Sentinel is so small that it could do no harm even if it was before election. But I doubt whether Mr. Starr has received any such information from a Portland man. Mr. Starr may have been asleep on the week of the election, (by the way, rather a bad time for the publisher of a paper to sleep,) but if he slept all that time he would be likely to dream some great wonders, and that may account for the appearance of such an article as above named. I am disposed to take a charitable view of the matter and hope he will soon arouse from his slumber.

One who was present at the meetings of the Board of Registration in Portland.


1864 ad for substitutes