From The Constitution, Wednesday, November 30, 1864 (volume 28, number 1405)
A New Volume.—This number of “The Constitution” commences the 28th volume. We have endeavored to pursue a consistent course advocating right principles, and by all proper means advance the local interests of this community. The favor the paper has received is evidence that the people endorse its position. It is more than forty-seven years since we were connected with the editorial chair. We have no reason to complain of the art and profession chosen in youth.
The Richmond Enquirer of the 23d says Sherman is marching into the heart of Georgia. As yet his movements have met with but little resistance, a fact explained by the necessity for drawing him as far as possible from the only point he could look for success.
It is not improbable that he may capture the capital of the state and perhaps move thence to Savannah or Agusta with an ultimate eye on Charleston.
It was rumored yesterday that he had Milledgeville already in his possession, and though not officially confirmed it is not unlikely. In case of the occupation of Milledgeville, Savannah and Charleston will be evidently the objective points of the expedition, both or either. Combinations being in progress to foil his purpose, we may expect to hear in a few days some definite account of them.
The dispatch of the 23d says a body of cavalry under Wheeler attacked Sherman’s cavalry at Gordon on Sunday, with what result it does not know.
The Agusta (Ga.) Chronicle of the 19th contains the following appeal to Georgians by Senator Hill, dated Richmond Nov. 18th:
To the People of Georgia—You have now the best opportunity ever yet presented to you to destroy the enemy. Put everything at the disposal of our Generals. Remove all provisions from the path of the invaders and put all the obstruction you can in his way.
Every citizen with gun and every negro with his spade and axe can do the work of soldiers. You can destroy the enemy by retarding his march. Georgians be firm, act promptly, and fear not.
Passengers by the Georgia railroad, last night, report that about 100 Yankee cavalry made their appearance at School Circle, on Thursday, and burned the railroad platform. He did not believe they have come down any farther than the Circle. Their infantry encamped at or near Old Sheffield on Wednesday night. It is also reported the Yankees burned Monticello and Hillsboro, which if true, clearly indicated they design of stopping the Central Railroad at Gordon or some other point. The passenger trains on the Georgia Central R. R. yesterday only came from Union Point.
The New York Times’ correspondent at Nashville, the 18th sends the particulars of the late defeat of Gen. Gillem, in East Tennessee. His force consisted of but three regiments of cavalry and one battery of artillery. With this small brigade, only 2,400 men, he resisted the enemy in successful retreat for forty-two miles, until at a point named Panther’s Creek, where the rebels got on both flanks and managed to stampede one of his regiments, which was mounted on new unmanageable horses.—This threw the other regiments into confusion, and caused the loss of the battery of artillery and about two hundred men in killed, wounded and missing. The stampede was checked at Strawberry Plains, beyond which the rebels did not pursue.—The rebel force was commanded by Gen. Breckinridge and consisted of three brigades of cavalry and mounted infantry.
Gen. Gillem in his dispatch to the Government states that the stampede was the most frightful exhibition of panic-stricken he had ever seen. Twenty-four hundred cavalry, a battery of artillery wagon trains, and a number of hundred head of cattle and mules were one inextricable mass, with the enemy pouring down on all sides.
An exchange of prisoners is now in process on Savannah river. One thousand two hundred and fifty arrived at Fortress Monroe Thursday morning, truly, a day of Thanksgiving to them. The accounts of sufferings and cruelty which some of them have undergone, are heartrending.
Gen. Marmaduke was captured by a boy belonging to one of the Kansas regiments, and brought to Gen. Curtis’ headquarters. Gen. Curtis asked the boy how long he had to serve. The reply was, “eight months.” The General immediately wrote a furlough for that time, and presented him with the horse, revolvers, belt and sabre of the rebel General.
New York Hotel Fired.—An attempt was made (probably by southern employees) on Friday night of last week, to fire the principal hotels in New York city, also Barnum’s Museum. The following are some of the hotels fired: St. James, Metropolitan, St. Nicholas, Lafarge, Belmont, Tammany and Lovejoys. Phosphorous was used in all the buildings. Prompt and vigorous action saved the city from a terrible conflagration.
An order has been recently issued from the head quarters of the army of the Potomac, prohibiting entirely all communication with the enemy.
A Captain Howard died of intemperance in England lately, who had life insurance policies amounting to $500,000, and some of the London offices are well nigh broken in consequence. The policies were all held by creditors. …
A verdict of $4000 was given Tuesday in the Supreme Court against the New York Consolidated Stage Company, for injuries received by John Weiber, who was knocked down while crossing the street by one of the company’s omnibuses. …
The San Jose Mercury says the wife of Jose Castro of Monterey has given birth to thirty-six children, all of whom are living together in that county. The first twenty are twins, each pair representatives of either sex. Of the remaining children, eleven only were single born. …
Hartford Town Election went copper by about 200 majority, on Monday.
It is said that upwards of nine hundred women are going out to India to be employed on various telegraphic lines of communication.
Thanksgiving.—Religious services were held in most of the churches in this city on the day of the late anniversary thanksgiving. Appropriate sermons were given. In the North Cong. the sermon by the pastor was peculiarly adapted to the occasion from the first verse of the 97th Psalm. The music was excellent, by Professor Harrington, Charles W. Stearns, Mrs. Putnam, and Miss Ingham; Miss Baldwin at the organ. The day was pleasant.
Brought Home.–The body of Wm. W. Miller, of Co. D, 14th Regt. C. V., (killed at Deep Bottom, Va.) reached this city last Friday, and the funeral was attended at the lecture room of the South Cong. Church, Saturday afternoon.
Substitutes and Volunteers.—We understand that on Friday last about sixty men were accepted at the office of the Provost Marshal in New Haven, to apply on the quotas of various towns in this Cong. District. Seven or eight were credited to Middletown. Now is the time to procure substitutes. Ruling price $300.
Stopped Running.—The steamer Sunshine made her last trip down the river, this (Tuesday) morning, stopping at Goodspeed’s, where she will remain for the winter.
Late rebel papers, among them Macon, Montgomery, Agusta and Charleston journals, are filled with articles illustrating the bitterness of different factions of the chivalry toward one another, and their intestine divisions, denouncing Jeff Davis, the rebel congress, and the whole “mushroom” government at Richmond.
The wholesale conscription has stirred up a storm of indignation. Davis is accused of a design to make himself an unrestrained dictator, and it is prophesied he will ere long reap the whirlwind.
At the session of Georgia legislature at Milledgeville on the 17th, the public funds were ordered to be removed to a place of safety, and measures were taken for a speedy adjournment. On the 19th there was a general stampede of members, and most of them had gone home or were wandering about studying out the problem of how to get there.