From The Constitution, Wednesday, March 22, 1865 (volume 28, number 1421)

War News.

On the morning of the 11th inst., scouts from Gen. Sherman reached Wilmington, with the news that his army reached Fayetteville, N. C., and were encamped in its immediate vicinity. Another dispatch, dated Washington, says: “The Navy Department has received advices by the steamer Lehigh, at Fortress Monroe, that Gen. Schofield occupied Kingston, N. C., on the 15th inst., Gen. Bragg and his army retreating.” This is seeming corroberated by advices from Newbern to the 12th, at 4 P. M., which, after speaking of Bragg’s retreat to Kingston, says: “The enemy will not be able to remain in Kingston long, even if they decide to make another stand, of which there is much doubt.” The same dispatch reports that Sherman has opened communication with Wilmington, by way of Fayetteville, but does not say that he is in the latter place.

From the Potomac army we hear of Sheridan’s successes (already recorded) and learn that military officers, high in authority, claim this to be the most important raid of the war. Our batteries at Fort Morton shelled the enemy’s lines briskly on Monday afternoon, and were replied to, but without damage. Deserters continue to come into our lines. Several cavalry men arrived on Sunday, with their horses and equipments.

The N. Y. Tribune publishes a report from private sources, that Lee has advised Davis that it is impossible to make headway against the forces now before him.

The Situation.

In their last struggle the rebel leaders have abandoned all former theories, in the hope of saving themselves and their fortunes. The State Rights doctrine was the platform upon which their hopes were founded. The fact is established that the negro will fight. It has been established by northern perseverance, and the South, after throwing all the abuse possible upon the system, has now adopted it. The Richmond government is authorized to call upon each state for its quota in addition to those subject to military service under existing laws. It is nothing more nor less than the system which has been adopted by the national government. What answer has the so called democracy to give? The system which they have denounced the last four years, is that which every nation (not excepting the southern aristocracy) has adopted, and by which they are enabled to maintain their authority. This may be seen in the progress of the war since the grade of Lieut. General was established. An able general has had entire control of our armies. He has brought victory out of defeat, and established confidence among the people. His plan of the campaign, as now being developed, has claimed for him among English officers, to be the ablest general. The situation is a precarious one for the rebel army. Lee, to save himself must move soon. Sherman can now effect a junction with Schofield, which will place a hundred thousand men in the rear of Richmond. The gallant Sheridan has destroyed an immense amount of property, and cut off communication with Lynchburg. If Lee intends to leave Richmond, he will have but a few open roads. Grant’s army, being reinforced, is closely watching him. The old anaconda, of which so much was said three years ago, it now appears has coiled itself around the confederacy. The doctrine of State Rights as chimed forth by the copperheads the last four years will be crushed and forever extinct.


The Richmond Sentinel of the 15th says that if the rebels are subjugated they will take to the bush and carry on a guerilla war. It is severe on the submissionists, who seem still to exist notwithstanding the recent firing of the southern heart.


It is stated that 90,000 men have been mustered into service under the last call.


On the 1st of November last the enrolment lists of the national forces contained the names of 2,784,226 men.


The tunnel under the lake at Chicago is making very rapid progress. The estimate for the tunnel was fixed at the rate of three and a half feet a day, but they are actually making as much as twelve feet every twenty-four hours.


One company in New York is seeking to obtain a charter for an underground railroad to run under Broadway, and another company wishes to build a road on a level with the second story of the buildings.

Local News.

18th Senatorial.—The Convention which met in this city last Wednesday chose as their Senatorial candidate, F. W. Russell, Esq., of Portland. The choice is a good one. Mr. Russell has remained a firm supporter of the National Government during the reign of treason and succession, and believes in striking hard and solid blows on what still remains. Let the Union voters rally in their strength, and elect him. What has been, can be again. Say you will, Union men, and the old 18th will be redeemed!

“Capital Should Own Labor.”

Such is the doctrine endorsed by the copperhead candidate for congressional honors in this district. Are the honest, hardworking men willing to acquiesce in it? If not, vote the Union ticket.

The Second District.

The election in New Hampshire leaves the Second District of Connecticut the only one of all New England upon which rests a stain of disloyalty. That stain it is our duty and our privilege to wipe out at the coming election.

It is not our purpose to say anything of the record of Mr. English. We might point to much in his Congressional career that he would now be glad to change—to many a vote that did not truly represent the loyal people of a loyal district. But we are glad that a task so ungracious, in view of his manly vote for the Constitutional Amendment, is not imposed upon us. That single act of sterling loyalty and enlightened patriotism was fatal to him, with a party to whom Slavery is more sacred than the Constitution, and a partizan success more precious than the national honor.

Every man knows why Mr. English was thrust aside. From the moment that the State Convention at Middletown adopted its resolutions denouncing the amendment for which Mr. English had voted, from the day that the Register declared that Democrats had not been so brought up as to approve such an act every one knew that Mr. English had been formally read out of the party. The reason, the sole reason, of his overthrow, was his vote against slavery. Nothing that smacks of loyalty to the nation could be tolerated by such a party as that which had supported him.—Every one knows, also, that the candidate nominated by that party for his seat in Congress, fully and fairly represents the Tory element to which Mr. English was so obnoxious.

The very men who caused this war, by abject submission to Southern demands, and by shameless lies about Northern sentiment, who have constantly declared that the South could not be beaten, that the Union was lawfully dissolved by the acts of secession, and that coercion was wicked, inhuman, and illegal—these are the men who have thrown aside Mr. English, and nominated Mr. Russell. They are the men who have never failed to welcome every rebel success with joyful faces, to magnify and extol it, and to predict others more decisive. They are the men who have never failed to belittle and decry every Union victory and to receive it with doubts, cavils, and long faces, and to chill our joy over the triumphs of the nation with groans about the terrible butchery caused by the administration. These are the men who clamored for propositions of peace to rebels in arms, and who sought the election of a man whose treachery as a commander had almost made the war a failure, and whose success as a Presidential candidate would have blotted the United States from the roll of nations. These are the men who boldly proclaim even now the very heresy by which the rebels justify their crime. They are the men who say that slavery, the cause of the rebellion, shall not be touched to save the life of the nation.—And it is these men who nominate Mr. Russell and ask from a New England district a majority for their candidate and their tenets.

Every man knows that the success of that party would cast a ray of sunshine into the gloom that darkens around the conclave of traitors at Richmond, that it would discourage every soldier that is fighting to day for the stars and stripes, and that it would be known all over the world as a victory of the sworn allies of rebels. It would be a shame to stand alone, of all the New England districts, in hostility to a cause which is pre-eminently New England’s own. It would be a shame to have the vote of this constituency given in Congress against the prosecution of the war.

The election of Mr. Warner ought to be put beyond the possibility of a doubt. We know that he can be elected. We believe that he will be, but we believe it because we have faith that his supporters will not prove recreant to the great cause to which they are devoted, that they will not forget that a Copperhead here is worse than a traitor at Richmond, and that they will spare no effort until they have accomplished the election of Mr. Warner by a handsome majority. Let us see it done! – New Haven Journal.


The River.—The river commenced rising last Thursday. Saturday noon it had averaged five inches an hour, when it stood 24 feet above low water mark, lacking five feet of the flood of 1854. Communication with Cromwell by the river road, has been stopped, also with South Farms, except by boats, the owners of which have derived a small income the past few days, without being called upon by “Uncle Sam’s” assessors. The ferry boat, driven from her dock, has made regular trips, carrying most of the time only foot passengers. Beyond a general wet time “along shore” we have heard of no extensive damage in this vicinity. The new factory near Fort Hill, was just on a line with the water, coming up to the first floor. This Tuesday morning the water had fallen two feet.


The New York Boats.—The “City of Hartford” arrived at her dock about 8 o’clock Saturday morning having on board a large freight. There was considerable floating ice in the river, which damaged her wheel somewhat.—Owing to the illness of Capt. Simpson, she is commanded by Capt. Mills. U. T. Smith the popular clerk still remains at his post.

The “Granite State” came up on Sunday.


Fires.—A barn belonging to Asa Boardman of Westfield, was destroyed by fire on Friday night last, with two cows, and a large quantity of hay. The work of an incendiary. No insurance.

On Monday evening, the fire bells of this city was rung, caused by the burning of the barn in South Farms, belonging to the estate of the late Timothy Loomis. One horse, with buggy, sulky and other valuables, were consumed. No insurance, and supposed to be the work of an incendiary.


Gymnastics.—Miss Hallett’s class in gymnastics gave a reception at the close of the course, on Friday evening, at McDonough Hall. They went through a number of beautiful exercises with wands, rings and dumbbells. That with rings was beautiful, in particular. The movements upon the feet and toes were performed lightly and well. The wand exercise was not performed so well as the others; there were a few good specimens of the “charge” an attitude required full self-possession, to which the observation of visitors was unfavorable. That with dumbbells was quite pretty. The march was attractive, too. When the lines joined and came down the center in a light double quick both backward and forward, the step was very pretty. It was no fault that the performance was not perfect; the course of instruction imparted the science, and pupils must continue long to practice before they have perfect physical culture.


Surprised.—The rain came down in torrents and the wind blew in fitful gusts, on Wednesday evening last. Who would think of going out on such a night for pleasure. Even the hotel keepers would not be disappointed were no arrivals announced. And thus thinking, seated before their pleasant parlor fire, could be seen the family of “mine host” of the McDonough House, Mr. Baker. But a rap is heard at the door, and the next moment enter a crowd of friends, young and old, until the room is filled, and yet they come. It reminds the “surprised ones” of the “Coffeepot Club,” but that has had its day. What does it all mean? It is not until they are gathered in the public parlor that the secret is told. In a few and well expressed words Waldo P. Vinal, Esq., presents to Mr. Baker and lady and handsome tea service, as a token of respect and esteem from their friends. The scene at that moment was a happy one. Mr. Baker responded, thanking his friends in particular and the public in general for the support given him during his sojourn at the “McDonough.” Immediately after this the dining room was cleared of the tables, which were placed in the parlors and loaded with a bountiful supply of “substantials.” Albert then made his bow to the company, and mid “mirth and music” the company kept together until the small hours.


Time for gardening! 1865