From The Constitution, Wednesday, May 10, 1865 (volume 28, number 1428)
An order from Gen. Halleck, issued at Richmond, allows all persons, without regard to rank or employment, in the civil or military service of the late rebel government, to take the amnesty oath, and will receive the corresponding certificate. Those excluded from the benefit of such oath can make application for pardon and restoration to civil rights, which applications will be received and forwarded to proper channels for the action of the President of the United States.—The fact that such persons have voluntarily come forward and taken the oath of allegiance will be evidence of their intention to resume the status of loyal citizens, and constitutes a claim for Executive clemency. Gen. Meade had arrived in Richmond. The van of the Army of the Potomac reached Manchester on the 3d, from City Point, en route for Washington. The heavy equipments and paraphernalia go by water.
It was thought that both Bragg and Hampton accompanied Jeff. Davis for parts unknown, the latter in command of the escort.
The Richmond Whig, of the 4th, states that Robert Ould, late rebel Commissioner of Exchange, and Wm. H. Hatch, his assistant and several other attaches of the Bureau, had been arrested on an order from Washington upon a charge connected with the administration of affairs devolving upon them.
Two of our paroled prisoners have arrived at Raleigh, bring news that Jeff. Davis was at Charlotte, N. C., on the 25th of April but that he left on that day bound for the West. He had a train of twenty wagons, escorted by 3,000 cavalry under Gen. Echols and Basil Duke. These men were mostly of Morgan’s old command, and were committing all sorts of outrages upon the people. Davis had the impudence to make a speech to the people, in which he assured them that he would soon be again on the field with an army larger than ever before.
Dispatches from Memphis confirm the report of the surrender of Jeff. Thompson. He surrendered his entire force to Commander Mitchell, of the United States service, with whom he has been in negotiation for some time. The terms are understood to be the same as were accorded to Gens. Lee and Johnston.
Gen. Meredith, commanding Western Kentucky, has summoned all bands of armed men acting in open hostility against the government, to surrender before May 20, on terms granted to Lee, or be treated as outlaws.
An order has been issued by Gen. Augur, prohibiting the disinterment of deceased soldiers in the department of Washington between May 1st, and October 1st.
The Rebel Loan in England.—The cotton loan in England has tended in a great measure to uphold the cause of the South in foreign countries, and cause attention and respect to be paid to southern emissaries. The only thing, however, which gave security to the loans, was the existence of Lee’s army. Upon the receipt of the news in England of its surrender we can imagine the flutter and consternation which its holders will be thrown into. It is a pity that there was not more of it, it being limited to fifteen millions. The biter has once again been bitten, and no sympathy will be extended this side of the Atlantic. If they would go in bad company, let them suffer the consequences.
President Lincoln’s remains were deposited in their last resting place at Springfield, Ill., on Thursday, with the most solemn ceremonies. A vast concourse of people were present. Bishop Simpeon delivered the funeral oration.
By The President of the United States of America.
Whereas, it appears from evidence in the bureau of military justice, that the atrocious murder of the late President, Abraham Lincoln, and the attempted assassination of Hon. W. H. Seward, Secretary of State, were incited, concerted and procured by and between Jefferson Davis, late of Richmond, Va., and Jacob Thompson, Clement C. Clay, Beverly Tucker, George N. Sanders, W. C. Cleary, and other rebels and traitors against the government of the United States, harbored in Canada.
Now, therefore, to the end that justice may be done, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do offer and promise for the arrest of said persons, or either of them within the limits of the United States, so that they can be brought to trial, the following rewards: One hundred thousand dollars for the arrest of Jefferson Davis, twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of Jacob Thompson, late of Mississippi; twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of George N. Sanders; twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of Beverly Tucker; and ten thousand dollars for the arrest of William C. Cleary, late clerk of Clement C. Clay.
The Provost Marshal General of the United States is directed to cause a description of said persons, with notice of the above rewards to be published.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, the second day of May, in the year of our Lord, 1865, and of independence of the United States of America the eighty-ninth. (Signed) ANDREW JOHNSON.
By the President:
W. Hunter, Acting Secretary of State.
Taking the Bull By the Horns.—The life of Booth, the assassin, has been taken. Mallory, the secretary of the rebel navy, has given himself up. The notorious Kirby Smith has surrendered his army, and upon a few of the remaining leaders of the rebellion, a price is set which will place them in our hands, or make them fugitives and outlaws in the land.
Secretary Seward and his son Frederick are recovering slowly from their wounds. The Secretary took his usual ride on Friday. A successful surgical operation was performed on his jaw the same day, in presence of several eminent surgeons.
Of Gov. Buckingham, its important parts, will be found on the first page. It is an able document. State matters are treated in a practical manner. The funded debt of the State is represented at $3,000,000, unfunded $2,523,113.47. A new issue of State Bonds is recommended and no diminution of State Taxes. The school fund exceeds $2,000,000, and the condition of the schools is satisfactory. The State Reform School is self-supporting; the number of boys now there is 257. The expenses of the State Prison were $5,770 above its earnings. There have been in the State the past year 9,734 births, 9,109 deaths and 4,107 marriages. The railroad companies have been prosperous, the net earnings having increased 25 per cent. Twenty-three banks have changed to the national system; forty-nine still remain under the State laws. Deposits in savings banks have increased $2,160,066.27. The constitutional amendment is recommended; also an amendment allowing soldiers to vote. Of the quotas furnished, this State with Iowa, were the only loyal states specially exempted from the operations of the last draft. The state has been credited by the war department with 54,448 men, mustered in for a total service of 132,715 years. The assassination of President Lincoln, state rights, and other matters of public interest are appropriately discussed.
Alert Club.—The regular meetings of the “Club” will be discontinued until further notice. The usual quarterly collections will be made in June.
Launched at Essex, on the 6th inst., from the yard of David Mack, Esq., a superior built schooner of 250 tons burthen, called the “Gen. Sheridan,” owned by parties in this place and Portland, and commanded by Capt. Samuel J. Buell of this city.
The schr. Wm. Boardman, of Hartford, has been chartered and has sailed with a cargo for Richmond.
Fruit.—Pineapples and bananas, ripe and delicious, can be found at the store of C. E. Putnam.
New Music.—“Funeral March, to the memory of Abraham Lincoln the Martyr President of the United States,” is the title of a new piece by Mrs. E. A. Parkhurst, just issued from the establishment of Horace Waters, 481 Broadway, N. Y.; also from the same establishment. “Lullaby,” by Wm. F. Muller, and a serio-comic ballad, entitled, “Famous Oil Firms.”
The expenses of the government have at last reached high water mark. For four years the debtor side of the account has increased, until it has reached figures which in former years would appal us. It was “live or die,” and we shrank from nothing which would aid in accomplishing our object. But the happy hour when retrenchment is the order of the day, has come, and it is hoped, the last of the rebellion. Hereafter, for numberless years, the demand for young men to increase our armies will not be made. Their energies will now be turned to the arts of industry. Peace shall again pervade the land. It has been feared that should we defeat the armies in the field, we should be engaged for years in a guerilla warfare. But there are hopes that it will not be so. The chief of guerillas, Mosby, has voluntarily broken up his band, and taken flight with Jeff. Davis. Our brave boys are already on the homeward march, and six hundred thousand blank discharges have been ordered to be printed by the war department. Many of the barracks in the different loyal states have been torn down, and the soil put under the plow and harrow. In the navy department, the word for retrenchment has been passed. Contracts have been withdrawn, and vessels are coming into our harbors to be discharged from the service. Our expenses during the past few months have been nearly three millions a day. They will be reduced at once more than a third. Should the rebel leaders leave the country, and Texas remain quiet, a much larger reduction of the military force than is now intended will be made. We have been engaged in a terrible war, raised large armies and been successful. We shall now prove to those who have asserted that we were drifting to a military despotism, that we can disband our armies and resume the peaceful vocations of life. Thus we move on. Powerful in peace, terrible in war.
The Hartford Press states that Henry Hegeman, the pedestrian, who agreed to walk from Boston to Washington, whenever Gen. Lee surrendered, was in that city on Saturday. He left Boston on Monday, at 11 o’clock, and travels at the rate of twenty-five miles per day. He says that he is warmly received at some places. He is a small German, dresses in black, with a linen duster, carries a haversack and a small American flag which was presented him in Boston.