From The Constitution, Wednesday, May 17, 1865 (volume 28, number 1429)
A dispatch from Gen. Canby says that Dick Taylor surrendered on the 6th inst., with the forces under his command, on substantially the same terms as those accepted by Gen. Lee.
Says the Louisville Journal: “At almost every point along the river in Kentucky and Tennessee, and even in the interior towns, we learn that the rebels are coming in and taking the oath. They express themselves satisfied that the Confederacy is gone up, and are anxious to be considered as citizens of the United States.”
Gen. Thomas has issued an order to Gen. Rousseau to send a summons under a flag of truce to every body of armed men in his vicinity calling upon them to surrender, and if they refuse to treat them as outlaws.
Maj. Gen. Hancock has issued a general order, under date of March 8, announcing that all citizens employed in the Middle Military Division, who can be replaced by enlisted men without detriment to the interests of the service, will be discharged as soon as possible.
A dispatch from Washington says that Gen. Sherman is at present in Richmond. He rode at the head of the line of his troops on Wednesday, as the Fourteenth Army Corps passed through the streets of that city.
A dispatch from Des Moines, Iowa, says the guerrillas who robbed the passengers of the Great Western Stage Company have been captured, “and their bodies left in the woods.”
CAPTURE OF JEFF DAVIS.
The arch traitor, who for many years has plotted treason against the best government on earth, has at last reached nearly the end of the rope. But a step more and it is accomplished. The news of his capture which came to us Sunday morning, was welcomed like the beautiful day itself. Davis the commander-in-chief of the late rebel army, the head and front of rebels and desperadoes, was captured in petticoats. What a picture for a comic publication. How pleasing the thought must be to his partizans in foreign countries. A dagger in one hand the other grasping his uncouth apparel, and his lips protesting against the “energy with which the government hunted down women and children.” It is refreshing to turn from such thoughts and bring to mind the words of our President, that “treason is a crime, and deserves the severest penalty.”
Anniversaries.—Last week was anniversary week in New York. The anti-slavery society which in former years attracted but little notice was in the ascendant. William Lloyd Garrison, the President, introduced resolutions for dissolving the society on the ground that the object for which it was formed was accomplished. The resolutions were rejected. Mr. Garrison thereupon tendered his resignation and dissolved all connection with it. Wendell Phillips was then chosen President. Speeches were made in favor of negro suffrage.
The Trial.—The military commission for the trial of the assassins commenced its session last week.
The Advancement of the Negro.
In the situation of the black man in this country a great change has been made during the last few years. The great social evil which formerly existed at the south was made the occasion for feuds and quarrels between the two sections. Evils real or imaginary were protested against. To such an extent was this warfare carried, at least on the part of the south, that they declared that the black man was made to be the slave of the white. Three things they boldly asserted: 1st, that what they did not know about the character of the black man was not worth knowing: 2d, that one southerner could whip three yankees; 3d, that they would call the roll of their slaves on Bunker Hill. The war which followed brought into existence a new order of things directly opposite to the pronunciations of the south. The proposition of the national government to arm the blacks was received by the south as the latest joke of the season. Make a good fighting soldier of a “n*****” when the mere sight of a whip handle would make his knees tremble and turn into a coward? The thing could not be done. They knew and their authority was good the world over. What they claimed as an impossibility, was accomplished, and the black men have shown before the cannon’s mouth that they can make as good soldiers as ever handled a gun stock. Thus much for assertion number one; the boastful character of the second has been brought low on many battle fields; the last, if ever fulfilled, will not be in our time. Thus the south has found, to its cost, that in some things they were greatly mistaken, and in nothing more than in the character of the negro. The war has brought out the character and abilities of the black race. It is now proposed to place the blacks of the south in a new position. Make them free men, or paid laborers. This plan, however, does not receive the favor of those who have heretofore asserted their knowledge of the ability of the race. In lieu of a better plan for conducting the plantations at the south, it is suggested that these croakers wait a little before they venture their opinion. The old system has been abolished, never to be restored. Good soldiers cannot be made slaves again. They have taken one important step in the right path, and it now remains with them to continue in the path now open to them.
The Enrolment.—The Provost Marshal of this district has received an order from the War department to stop the work of taking the enrolment in this district. Consequently about forty agents engaged in the work have been discharged.
A meeting of the ex-officers of the 14th Reg’t, Conn. Volunteers, will be held at the Tremont House in New Haven on Saturday of this week, to take measures to welcome home the returning regiment and to organize an association of the officers.
City Matters.—The Common Council has instructed the Chief Engineer of the Fire Department to purchase two hose carriages for the use of the fire department.
The Common Council have also drawn up a petition and presented to the Legislature now in session, for a charter incorporating a company to bring pure water into the city. Estimates and surveys have been made, and it is thought that the cost will not exceed $125,000. It is thought that by uniting two or three streams in the north west part of the town, a sufficient amount of water can be procured.
An ordinance has been passed closing drinking saloons during each hour belonging to the Sabbath.
City and Town.—A special city meeting will be held on Saturday evening of this week at 8 o’clock, to consider the layout of public streets. An adj. town meeting will be held next Saturday afternoon at 2 o’clock. A special town meeting, to consider the expediency of issuing bonds to cover the floating debt of the town, will be held at 3 o’clock of the same day.
Business Change.—H. C. Ransom, the famous dry goods man, has disposed of his stock of Dry Goods in this city, to Mr. J. H. Bunce, for many years in his employ, and well known to the trading public of this vicinity. Mr. Bunce will continue the business at the old stand. He proposes to offer an unusual large assortment of goods in a week or two; meanwhile his present stock is being rushed off at remarkably low figures. Mr. Bunce is a gentleman of strict integrity, possessing good business qualities. Success attend him.
Approaching.—The warm sun reminds one of the hot days fast approaching. It also brings to mind the cool and refreshing luxuries, in the shape of ice cream, strawberries, soda water with any flavor desired, which are its accompanyments. One of the most quiet and pleasant places where the above luxuries may be found may be mentioned as No. 62 west Court street. Try it and see if we are mistaken.
Westward.—Mr. Benj. Keyes, of this city, and for nearly twenty years in the employ of W. & B. Douglas as engineer, left for the west on Monday morning.—His fellow workmen presented him with a handsome testimonial on the morning of his departure.
Commencement.—The appointments for commencement at the Wesleyan University, are as follows: valedictory, Wm. N. Rice, Springfield; salutatory, George L. Westgate, Fall River; philosophical oration, James Mudge, South Harwich; ancient classical oration, Wilbur O. Atwater, Vergennes, Vt.; metaphysical oration, W. H. H. Phillips, Loughboro, C. W.; modern classical orations, J. N. Perkins, Hartford, Vt., and C. W. Wilder, Lowell, Ms.
Murder in Guilford.—Mr. E. C. Eggleston, a store keeper in the town of Guilford, was shot on Monday evening, while standing in his store door, by a young man named Andrew Knowles. There had been some difficulty between them by Eggleston refusing to allow Knowles to pay attention to his sister. After committing the deed, Knowles made his escape going towards Saybrook. Latest accounts say that Eggleston is improving and will probably recover. Knowles is still at large. The affair has caused great excitement in the town of Guilford.
Jeff. Davis.—A little over four years ago, says the Lewiston Journal, Jeff. Davis took leave of the United States Senate in a most arrogant, insolent and defiant speech, in which he informed the North that if they opposed secession with war, their rich fields and populous cities would become the prey of the Confederate soldiers. Sunday evening week, as he sneaked out of his capital city, the most contemptible of fugitives, his mind must have recurred to this old threat with feelings of peculiar bitterness and humiliation.