From The Constitution, Wednesday, April 5, 1865 (volume 28, number 1423)

War News.

All except two corps of the Army of the Potomac started early on Wednesday morning for a demonstration toward the Southside Railroad. Sheridan, with a heavy force of cavalry, took the advance, and early on that day was at Dinwiddie Court-house. Our advices represent no fighting of consequence up to Wednesday evening. The infantry crossed Hatcher’s Run without opposition and kept on until 3 in the afternoon, when the Fifth Corps had a pretty sharp encounter with the enemy on the Quaker Road, but lost in the affair less than 300 men, and drove the rebels nearly a mile, with loss to them, and captured a number of prisoners. At City Point, on Thursday, heavy cannonading was heard from 10 A. M. until 1 ½ P. M., but the reason thereof was unknown. It was guessed however, that the rebels were making an attempt to break our lines near Fort Steadman. Our last dispatches this morning brings a rumor of the evacuation of Petersburgh.

In a recent letter to his father at Covington, Ky., Gen. Grant says: “We are now having fine weather, and I think will be able to wind up matters about Richmond soon. I am anxious to have Lee hold on where he is a short time longer, so that I can get him into a position where he must lose a great portion of his army. The rebellion has lost its vitality, and if I am not mistaken, there will be no rebel army of any great dimensions a few weeks hence. Any great catastrophe to any of our armies would, of course, revive the enemy for a short time, but I expect no such thing to happen.”

The following dispatch is from President Lincoln, dated City Point, April 1st:

A dispatch has just been received, showing that Sheridan, aided by Warren, had, at 2 p. m., pushed the enemy so as to retake the five forks, and bring his own headquarters up to Fork Boysears. The five forks were barricaded by the enemy, and carried by Devlin’s division of cavalry. This portion of the rebel army seem to be now trying to work along the White Oak road, to join the main forces in front of Grant, while Sheridan and Warren are pressing them as closely as possible.

The annexed dispatches from President Lincoln are dated City Point 2d inst.:

Last night General Grant telegraphed that General Sheridan with his cavalry and the fifth corps had captured three brigades of infantry, a train of wagons, and several batteries, with prisoners amounting to several thousand. This morning General Grant having ordered an attack along the whole line telegraphed as follows: “Both Wright and Parke got through the enemy’s lines. The battle now rages furiously. General Sheridan with his cavalry, the fifth corps, and Miles’ division of the second corps, which was sent to him since one o’clock this morning, is now sweeping down from the west. All now looks highly favorable. General Ord is engaged, but I have not yet heard the result in his front.”

11 A. M. Dispatches are frequently coming in. All is going finely. Parke, Wright, and Ord, extending from the Appomattox to Hatcher’s Run, have all broken through the enemy’s entrenched lines, taken some forts and many prisoners. Sheridan, with his own cavalry, the 5th corps and a part of the 2d, is coming in from the west on the enemy’s flank and Wright is already tearing up the South Side railroad.

At 10.45 a. m., Gen. Grant telegraphs as follows: “Everything has been carried from the left of the ninth corps. The sixth corps alone captured more than three thousand prisoners. The 2d and 24th corps captured forts, guns and prisoners from the enemy, but cannot tell the number. We are now closing around the works of the line immediately enveloping Petersburg. All looks remarkably well. I have not yet heard from Sheridan. His headquarters have been moved up to Park’s house, near the Boydtown road, about three miles southwest of Petersburg.”

At 4.30 p. m., to day Gen. Grant telegraphs as follows: “We are now up and have a continuous line of troops, and in a few hours will be entrenched from the Appomattox below Petersburg to the river above. The whole captures since the army started out will not amount to less than twelve thousand men, and probably fifty pieces of artillery.—I do not know the number of men and guns accurately however. A portion of Foster’s division, twenty-fourth corps, made a most gallant charge this afternoon, and captured a very important fort from the enemy, with its entire garrison. All seems well with us, and everything is quiet just now.”


The re-capture of fort Sumter is to be appropriately commemorated on the 14th inst., by the restoration of the identical flag which was lowered by Anderson and his brave garrison. Rev. Henry Ward Beecher Sunday morning announced to his congregation, that he had been invited to deliver the address on the occasion. He and numerous Government officials and guests of the government will take passage for Fort Sumter some time during the present week. Such of the public who wish to participate in the joyous event will find the opportunity on board private steamers, of which, several are to make an excursion trip to the scene of the festivity.


Rebel News.—Some interesting facts about affairs in Richmond are given by a person who escaped from Castle Thunder a few days ago. He says that there were evident signs of evacuation; the assets of the banks had been sent off by the Danville railroad; the machinery of two percussion cap factories had gone in the same direction, and some of the machinery of the Tredgar iron-works had been packed up ready for shipment. There were not more than ten days’ supplies in the city for the army. The same person sold a gold dollar for one hundred in rebel currency. Tea was $100 per lb; coffee, $50; bacon, $18; beef, $15; and eggs rose in consequence of Sheridan’s raid from $12 to $35 per dozen. It was thought that Alex. H. Stevens had abandoned the cause of the confederacy. Several intelligent Georgians who visited the Philadelphia Inquirer office recently, say that the desertions from Lee’s army average over a hundred every day. In their estimation, the whole rebel force in front of Grant cannot exceed forty thousand men, and if it should be depleted at the rate mentioned, cannot long be available for evil. They say that Stevens left for the South immediately on his return from the late Peace conference, and refused to have anything more to do with the confederacy.


Miss Clara Barton has kindly undertaken to furnish information by correspondence in regard to the condition of returned soldiers, especially those in the hospitals at Annapolis, and also as far as possible to learn the facts in reference to those that have died in prisons or elsewhere. All letters addressed to Miss Clara Barton, Annapolis, Md., will meet with prompt attention.


The Platteville (Wisconsin) Witness notes the return home of a Miss Georgianna Peterman, who has been for two years a drummer in the Seventh Wisconsin Regiment. She lives in Ellenboro, is about twenty years old, wears soldier clothes and is quiet and reserved.


The slave pens in Louisville, Ky., like those of Baltimore, Washington, and New Orleans, have been broken up. On the 4th Gen. Palmer ordered the release of all the slaves confined in Louisville.


The rebel Legislature of Louisiana, which has been holding a three weeks’ session, in some unknown place, has just adjourned.—No account of their doings has been published; but it is fair to presume that two of the three weeks were devoted to the removal of the capital from place to place, as the miserable fugitives were stirred up by Union demonstration.


The new State Government of Tennessee was organized at Nashville on Monday of this week. A much larger vote, was thrown for the State ticket than was expected, and in many counties there was an unanimous anti-slavery vote.


George B. McClellan and lady are now travelling with August Belmont, chairman of the national democratic committee. Fernando Wood will soon join them, and it would not be surprising to hear that Jeff. Davis was following after Fernando. What a re-union of “old friends” will then occur.

 Election Results 1865!


The result of the election in this State has been most decisive for the Union cause. The State ticket has been re-elected by overwhelming majorities, while Congressmen and Senators have swept clean. Such a vote has never been known before. Even in the lower House there will be hardly enough of the opposition for seed hereafter. In Old Middlesex where from time immemorial they have claimed a standing foothold they now have only three towns. If other towns in the State have made the same gains, Buckingham’s majority will be overwhelming. Connecticut takes her stand beside her sister States of New England and strikes a fatal blow at disloyalty. In their strength the people have arisen, and have trampled treason in the dust, and emphatically say that the “Union must and shall be preserved.”


The Union men of this town have done nobly. They have carried three of the four districts. In the first district, where they had a majority last fall of over one hundred against them, they now have but 22. Middletown gives a Union majority on the State ticket of 127. Last fall the copperheads carried the town by 95. The slang and falsehoods of our opponents have not helped them. The people understand the issue thoroughly, and have given a glorious decision. Below is the vote of this town:


Union Dis. 1st. 2d. 3d. 4th. Total
Buckingham, 254 407 94 75 830
Averill, 254 411 94 75 834
Trumbull, 254 411 94 75 834
Coite, 253 407 94 75 829
Cutler, 254 410 94 75 833
Seymour, 276 321 58 48 703
Bond, 276 321 58 48 703
Hoyt, 276 321 58 48 703
Kidston, 276 322 58 48 704
Baldwin, 276 322 58 48 704



Warner, 254 406 92 75 827
Russell, 272 321 58 46 697



Russell, 241 404 94 75 814
Niles, 275 326 58 48 701



Elmer, 237 401 94 72 804
Starr, 280 323 58 48 709



Douglas, 239 399 93 78 804
Barry, 241 404 93 71 809


Bacon, 273 316 55 45 688
Griffin, 269 306 55 43 673


Local News.

The News from the Army was received in this city on Sunday with general satisfaction, and as it came better on Monday morning the difference between the faces of the Union and copper’s was in direct contrast. Upon the receipt of the occupation of Richmond, the “little quaker” was brought out. At noon the bells were rung.


Political.—Thos. H. Gallagher of New Haven, addressed his copperhead brethren in this city on Saturday evening at the Town Hall. His style of argument, to use the expression of a respectable citizen, was “silly and disgusting.” Its effect was apparent on Monday, by the large increase of the Union vote. If Gallagher wishes to have the copperheads succeed here, he must either keep away or change his style of expression.


In consequence of the storm on Friday evening, the social hop which was to have been given at McDonough Hall, by A. J. Spencer, was postponed to this (Tuesday) evening. It is the last of the season, therefore the friends of the manager will make a note of it. Colt’s quadrille band will be in attendance.


The Army Moving !

It has been the earnest wish of the American people that the rebel capital should be taken by the soldiers of the Army of the Potomac. That wish is now gratified. During the past eight days movements have been in progress which have caused the evacuation of both Petersburgh and Richmond. A terrible battle lasting three days, in which the whole strength of both armies have been engaged has been fought, and the rebel leaders are driven from the field. It is the opinion of many that Grant found Lee endeavoring to get away, and therefore brought on the fight. Whether this is so or not we have the comforting assurance from the Secretary of War, that Richmond is now held by United States colored troops, under Gen. Weitzel, who says that the citizens received him with the most enthusiastic expressions of joy. What a transition from a state of despotism and tyranny, to the protection of the national flag, must it be to those of Union sentiment in that city. Unless he has already met retributive justice Jeff. Davis is now a fugitive in this country. All honor to the noble army who have accomplished that for which it was created. Disasters have not subdued or broken its spirit, but rather urged it on in heroic deeds. By their efforts and persistency the once proud army of the confederacy is now broken, and its opportunity for destruction entirely gone. The Waterloo of this country has been fought, and the old flag waves in triumph over the field. Our generals are closing around what remains of the rebel army, and it will soon cease to exist. Connecticut sends greeting to the brave soldiers. They have driven traitors from their strongholds, while she has driven their sympathizers to their holes !


From The Constitution, Wednesday, March 29, 1865 (volume 28, number 1422)

1865 Connecticut state elections

War News.

Before daylight last Saturday morning three divisions of the enemy made a sudden and determined attack on Fort Steadman in front of Petersburg, overpowering the garrison and capturing the fort, where they temporarily established themselves and turned the guns upon our lines. Our troops on either flank maintained their ground. A determined attack on Fort Haskell was gallantly repulsed with great loss to the enemy.—After several attempts to retake the hill, a charge was made by the Second Brigade, aided by the troops of the Third Division on either flank, and the rebels were driven out of the Fort, with the loss of about 2,700 prisoners, and the whole line was re-occupied with the guns uninjured. The slaughter of the enemy at the point where they entered our lines, and in front of it, is estimated by Gen. Grant at not less than 3,000. Our own loss is estimated at 800, and may prove to be less.

Gen. Schofield reports to Gen. Grant, under date of Goldsboro, March 21, the occupation of that place, with but a slight opposition.—He states that Gen. Terry’s column, from Wilmington, would probably reach Goldsboro that night. Gen. Schofield had no apprehensions about Gen. Sherman, who, it is supposed, was gradually approaching Goldsboro.

Dates from Savannah and Charleston, by way of Port Royal, are to the 21st. There is little news. Our vessels in Charleston harbor are somewhat annoyed by torpedoes but no serious accident has occurred.

A troublesome guerrilla gang was broken up last Wednesday at a place near Paducah. Twenty of the villains, including the notorious Capt. McDougal, were killed.

Caving In!

It is generally conceded that the Southern confederacy is undergoing the process termed “caving in.” The men who a year or even six months ago, were willing to stand in the front of the battle, and offer their life to win southern independence, are now deserting by scores. They also bring with them, their arms, horses, and equipments. The stories they tell, if we but believe one half of them, represent affairs at the rebel capital in a bad state. Vice President Stephens is reported to have given up hope, also Senator Hunter of Virginia. Gen. Lee, even, is represented to have said that he cannot hold Richmond much longer. That the citizens and public officers are removing their valuables is known to be a fact. Gen. Sheridan has captured a portion of them, in his recent raid. All this has its effect. The rebel army will not fight with its accustomed valor, if they mistrust their leaders, and lose confidence in the success of their cause. A few more hard knocks, and the tottering fabric will fall to the ground. The Union men of Connecticut can give their aid in this work. Let them rally on Monday next, elect their State and Congressional candidates, and hold a two thirds majority in the Legislature. Such a result would cause despair to traitors, while it would give aid and encouragement to the brave boys in the field.

Are You Ready!

The contest is close at hand. On Monday next you have a chance to fight political aspirants. Let your votes tell for the Union and Constitution.

Split Tickets!

The Etonians will try all sorts of dodges on Monday next, as their case is a desperate one. Examine your votes and see that every name is the right one.

Beware of Them!

The copperhead organ is making a great ado about “buying up voters.” Its party having had their share of “government pap” in years past, has never been backward in using money to influence elections, and therefore is at its old game. Having been in the business so long, it is not expected that they will now give it up. The true Union man, cannot be influenced. But it is well enough to look out for the rascals.

The Issue

In the present political contest, is plain and incontrovertible. The Seymour democracy denounce the Government of the United States, for waging war against their “Southern brethren,” the rebels. The issue is directly upon the question whether or not an armed assault upon our institutions shall be met by an armed resistance. At this late hour, when a glorious victory is won by the Union armies, they would restore the old leaders in power, and aid to “fire the Southern heart,” in order to crush the National Government. They demand that the Government shall submit to rebels and traitors.

In five days more the issue will be met.—Freemen of Connecticut! are you ready for the question. If you are, stand by the old flag, and by your votes alone, put down treason and rebellion in the land.

Vote for Hon. Samuel L. Warner

The Union candidate for Congress, and you will never regret it. He is the friend of the working man, and therefore the people’s candidate. His opponent, Mr. Russell, stands upon the infamous sesech platform, which upholds principles antagonistic to the advancement of the worthy but poor man. In talent and ability the Union candidate is far preferable. By his own energy and industry he has won his present position. A vote for him is a vote for the advancement of true American principles. Therefore give your vote for Samuel L. Warner, the Union candidate for Congress.

Local News.

Much feeling is being aroused in this community on the great subject of our Railroad interests.

The Committee appointed at the public meeting last week, met on Monday evening at the Common Council room, being fully attendedfirm and decided action was taken in the matter of looking into the present position, of affairs in the Air Line interests, and measures instituted for the protection of the rights of our people in this great public enterprise. Our citizens have too much at stake in this matter to sit down quietly and abandon their rights, when it is apparent that by a suitable effort our interests may be saved to us, and this work carried forward to completion.

We understand, that the Committee are to have an adjourned meeting on Wednesday evening, April 5th, at the same place, to hear reports of sub-committees, &c. Let the work be followed up.


Fast Day.—Governor Buckingham has appointed Friday, the 14th of April, a day of fasting and prayer.


Navigation.—The New York boats are now running regularly. The “Granite State” commanded by Capt. Vail leaves this city for New York at 4 ½ o’clock on Monday, and alternate days. She has been thoroughly overhauled, new state rooms added, and will be found by the travelling public, a “first class boat.” Samuel Silloway, the popular clerk, can be found at his post. The “City of Hartford” is to be hauled off for a short time, to undergo repairs, and the steamer “Sunshine” will take her place.


Poisoned.—One of the boarders at the Farmers’ & Mechanics’ Hotel, feeling unwell one day last week, took a few drops of medicine prescribed by another boarder, and retired to his room. The inmates of the house soon after found him suffering from the effects of poison. Dr. Blake was immediately summoned, and by prompt action, relieved the sufferer. There had been a mistake in the medicine taken, which proved to be poison.


Fire.—There was another fire alarm on Monday evening, caused by the burning of the barn in the rear of the dwelling of Messrs. N. V. Fagan and Elijah Loveland on Broad street, and owned jointly by them. The fire had made good headway before it broke out, but by the well timed exertions of the firemen it was not allowed to spread, although in the center of a thickly settled square. There was no insurance on the building.


A Sad and Fatal Accident.—An accident occurred on Friday, 17th inst., at the Factory of Messrs. Warners & Noble, in Cromwell, by which David Hulbert a lad nearly four years of age, son of Watrous and grandson of David H. Hulbert, lost his life under the following distressing circumstances. His clothes caught on a revolving shaft, whirling him around with great velocity and causing the top of his head to strike against the side of the building, tearing off a portion of his scalp and killing him instantly. One of his legs was completely severed below the knee and one arm was broken, but his face and body were not in the least disfigured. There was no person in the room at the time it happened, and it is supposed that he went into the room and endeavored to put a belt on the shaft, as it was found broken. He was a bright and active little fellow, but somewhat venturesome.


Query. When is the pameacha bridge to be finished?


Hartford, March 27, 1865.

Editor of the Constitution:

The intellectual and enterprising editor of the Sentinel and Witness in his last issue asserts that I have sold my stock of Dry Goods to Messrs. Weatherby & Co., and hopes by the change that people in that vicinity can hereafter supply themselves with napkins without riding to Hartford. From the editor’s personal appearance, one would judge that in his list of wants napkins were not included. For once he has aroused from his usual stupor and actually is ahead of time, as no such sale has been made; and I shall continue the business at the same place with my usual well assorted stock and such novelties as may from time to time appear in market. Had the item been confined to the paper in which it was born we should not have noticed it, as we are satisfied that the dozen copies of the Sentinel that are regularly issued at long intervals would be seen by too few of our customers to affect our sales, but as it has been copied into Hartford papers it may be drawn from its obscurity, and we therefore take this method of denying the statement.

If the editor of the Sentinel thinks by false statements of this kind to secure an advertisement for his sheet he has mistaken his customer.

H. C. Ransom.


Ex-Governor Aiken of South Carolina has reported the names of all his slaves, 750 in number, to the commandant of South Carolina, and given each family a farm on one of the most fertile and productive islands on the coast, placed them on it, and all are well started in life.


Time works wonders. John Brown’s daughter is now keeping a school for negro children in the old mansion of Henry A. Wise, in Virginia.


1865 - new bakery cart in Middletown

From The Constitution, Wednesday, March 22, 1865 (volume 28, number 1421)

War News.

On the morning of the 11th inst., scouts from Gen. Sherman reached Wilmington, with the news that his army reached Fayetteville, N. C., and were encamped in its immediate vicinity. Another dispatch, dated Washington, says: “The Navy Department has received advices by the steamer Lehigh, at Fortress Monroe, that Gen. Schofield occupied Kingston, N. C., on the 15th inst., Gen. Bragg and his army retreating.” This is seeming corroberated by advices from Newbern to the 12th, at 4 P. M., which, after speaking of Bragg’s retreat to Kingston, says: “The enemy will not be able to remain in Kingston long, even if they decide to make another stand, of which there is much doubt.” The same dispatch reports that Sherman has opened communication with Wilmington, by way of Fayetteville, but does not say that he is in the latter place.

From the Potomac army we hear of Sheridan’s successes (already recorded) and learn that military officers, high in authority, claim this to be the most important raid of the war. Our batteries at Fort Morton shelled the enemy’s lines briskly on Monday afternoon, and were replied to, but without damage. Deserters continue to come into our lines. Several cavalry men arrived on Sunday, with their horses and equipments.

The N. Y. Tribune publishes a report from private sources, that Lee has advised Davis that it is impossible to make headway against the forces now before him.

The Situation.

In their last struggle the rebel leaders have abandoned all former theories, in the hope of saving themselves and their fortunes. The State Rights doctrine was the platform upon which their hopes were founded. The fact is established that the negro will fight. It has been established by northern perseverance, and the South, after throwing all the abuse possible upon the system, has now adopted it. The Richmond government is authorized to call upon each state for its quota in addition to those subject to military service under existing laws. It is nothing more nor less than the system which has been adopted by the national government. What answer has the so called democracy to give? The system which they have denounced the last four years, is that which every nation (not excepting the southern aristocracy) has adopted, and by which they are enabled to maintain their authority. This may be seen in the progress of the war since the grade of Lieut. General was established. An able general has had entire control of our armies. He has brought victory out of defeat, and established confidence among the people. His plan of the campaign, as now being developed, has claimed for him among English officers, to be the ablest general. The situation is a precarious one for the rebel army. Lee, to save himself must move soon. Sherman can now effect a junction with Schofield, which will place a hundred thousand men in the rear of Richmond. The gallant Sheridan has destroyed an immense amount of property, and cut off communication with Lynchburg. If Lee intends to leave Richmond, he will have but a few open roads. Grant’s army, being reinforced, is closely watching him. The old anaconda, of which so much was said three years ago, it now appears has coiled itself around the confederacy. The doctrine of State Rights as chimed forth by the copperheads the last four years will be crushed and forever extinct.


The Richmond Sentinel of the 15th says that if the rebels are subjugated they will take to the bush and carry on a guerilla war. It is severe on the submissionists, who seem still to exist notwithstanding the recent firing of the southern heart.


It is stated that 90,000 men have been mustered into service under the last call.


On the 1st of November last the enrolment lists of the national forces contained the names of 2,784,226 men.


The tunnel under the lake at Chicago is making very rapid progress. The estimate for the tunnel was fixed at the rate of three and a half feet a day, but they are actually making as much as twelve feet every twenty-four hours.


One company in New York is seeking to obtain a charter for an underground railroad to run under Broadway, and another company wishes to build a road on a level with the second story of the buildings.

Local News.

18th Senatorial.—The Convention which met in this city last Wednesday chose as their Senatorial candidate, F. W. Russell, Esq., of Portland. The choice is a good one. Mr. Russell has remained a firm supporter of the National Government during the reign of treason and succession, and believes in striking hard and solid blows on what still remains. Let the Union voters rally in their strength, and elect him. What has been, can be again. Say you will, Union men, and the old 18th will be redeemed!

“Capital Should Own Labor.”

Such is the doctrine endorsed by the copperhead candidate for congressional honors in this district. Are the honest, hardworking men willing to acquiesce in it? If not, vote the Union ticket.

The Second District.

The election in New Hampshire leaves the Second District of Connecticut the only one of all New England upon which rests a stain of disloyalty. That stain it is our duty and our privilege to wipe out at the coming election.

It is not our purpose to say anything of the record of Mr. English. We might point to much in his Congressional career that he would now be glad to change—to many a vote that did not truly represent the loyal people of a loyal district. But we are glad that a task so ungracious, in view of his manly vote for the Constitutional Amendment, is not imposed upon us. That single act of sterling loyalty and enlightened patriotism was fatal to him, with a party to whom Slavery is more sacred than the Constitution, and a partizan success more precious than the national honor.

Every man knows why Mr. English was thrust aside. From the moment that the State Convention at Middletown adopted its resolutions denouncing the amendment for which Mr. English had voted, from the day that the Register declared that Democrats had not been so brought up as to approve such an act every one knew that Mr. English had been formally read out of the party. The reason, the sole reason, of his overthrow, was his vote against slavery. Nothing that smacks of loyalty to the nation could be tolerated by such a party as that which had supported him.—Every one knows, also, that the candidate nominated by that party for his seat in Congress, fully and fairly represents the Tory element to which Mr. English was so obnoxious.

The very men who caused this war, by abject submission to Southern demands, and by shameless lies about Northern sentiment, who have constantly declared that the South could not be beaten, that the Union was lawfully dissolved by the acts of secession, and that coercion was wicked, inhuman, and illegal—these are the men who have thrown aside Mr. English, and nominated Mr. Russell. They are the men who have never failed to welcome every rebel success with joyful faces, to magnify and extol it, and to predict others more decisive. They are the men who have never failed to belittle and decry every Union victory and to receive it with doubts, cavils, and long faces, and to chill our joy over the triumphs of the nation with groans about the terrible butchery caused by the administration. These are the men who clamored for propositions of peace to rebels in arms, and who sought the election of a man whose treachery as a commander had almost made the war a failure, and whose success as a Presidential candidate would have blotted the United States from the roll of nations. These are the men who boldly proclaim even now the very heresy by which the rebels justify their crime. They are the men who say that slavery, the cause of the rebellion, shall not be touched to save the life of the nation.—And it is these men who nominate Mr. Russell and ask from a New England district a majority for their candidate and their tenets.

Every man knows that the success of that party would cast a ray of sunshine into the gloom that darkens around the conclave of traitors at Richmond, that it would discourage every soldier that is fighting to day for the stars and stripes, and that it would be known all over the world as a victory of the sworn allies of rebels. It would be a shame to stand alone, of all the New England districts, in hostility to a cause which is pre-eminently New England’s own. It would be a shame to have the vote of this constituency given in Congress against the prosecution of the war.

The election of Mr. Warner ought to be put beyond the possibility of a doubt. We know that he can be elected. We believe that he will be, but we believe it because we have faith that his supporters will not prove recreant to the great cause to which they are devoted, that they will not forget that a Copperhead here is worse than a traitor at Richmond, and that they will spare no effort until they have accomplished the election of Mr. Warner by a handsome majority. Let us see it done! – New Haven Journal.


The River.—The river commenced rising last Thursday. Saturday noon it had averaged five inches an hour, when it stood 24 feet above low water mark, lacking five feet of the flood of 1854. Communication with Cromwell by the river road, has been stopped, also with South Farms, except by boats, the owners of which have derived a small income the past few days, without being called upon by “Uncle Sam’s” assessors. The ferry boat, driven from her dock, has made regular trips, carrying most of the time only foot passengers. Beyond a general wet time “along shore” we have heard of no extensive damage in this vicinity. The new factory near Fort Hill, was just on a line with the water, coming up to the first floor. This Tuesday morning the water had fallen two feet.


The New York Boats.—The “City of Hartford” arrived at her dock about 8 o’clock Saturday morning having on board a large freight. There was considerable floating ice in the river, which damaged her wheel somewhat.—Owing to the illness of Capt. Simpson, she is commanded by Capt. Mills. U. T. Smith the popular clerk still remains at his post.

The “Granite State” came up on Sunday.


Fires.—A barn belonging to Asa Boardman of Westfield, was destroyed by fire on Friday night last, with two cows, and a large quantity of hay. The work of an incendiary. No insurance.

On Monday evening, the fire bells of this city was rung, caused by the burning of the barn in South Farms, belonging to the estate of the late Timothy Loomis. One horse, with buggy, sulky and other valuables, were consumed. No insurance, and supposed to be the work of an incendiary.


Gymnastics.—Miss Hallett’s class in gymnastics gave a reception at the close of the course, on Friday evening, at McDonough Hall. They went through a number of beautiful exercises with wands, rings and dumbbells. That with rings was beautiful, in particular. The movements upon the feet and toes were performed lightly and well. The wand exercise was not performed so well as the others; there were a few good specimens of the “charge” an attitude required full self-possession, to which the observation of visitors was unfavorable. That with dumbbells was quite pretty. The march was attractive, too. When the lines joined and came down the center in a light double quick both backward and forward, the step was very pretty. It was no fault that the performance was not perfect; the course of instruction imparted the science, and pupils must continue long to practice before they have perfect physical culture.


Surprised.—The rain came down in torrents and the wind blew in fitful gusts, on Wednesday evening last. Who would think of going out on such a night for pleasure. Even the hotel keepers would not be disappointed were no arrivals announced. And thus thinking, seated before their pleasant parlor fire, could be seen the family of “mine host” of the McDonough House, Mr. Baker. But a rap is heard at the door, and the next moment enter a crowd of friends, young and old, until the room is filled, and yet they come. It reminds the “surprised ones” of the “Coffeepot Club,” but that has had its day. What does it all mean? It is not until they are gathered in the public parlor that the secret is told. In a few and well expressed words Waldo P. Vinal, Esq., presents to Mr. Baker and lady and handsome tea service, as a token of respect and esteem from their friends. The scene at that moment was a happy one. Mr. Baker responded, thanking his friends in particular and the public in general for the support given him during his sojourn at the “McDonough.” Immediately after this the dining room was cleared of the tables, which were placed in the parlors and loaded with a bountiful supply of “substantials.” Albert then made his bow to the company, and mid “mirth and music” the company kept together until the small hours.


Time for gardening! 1865

From The Constitution, Wednesday, March 15, 1865 (volume 28, number 1420)

War News.

By an arrival at Key West we are told that an expedition comprising all the available troops at the Key, under Gen. Morton, aided by four gun boats, had just started to take possession of St. Mark’s, one of the very few little ports now of possible access for blockade runners. The result of the venture was not known when the steamer bringing this much about it sailed.

We have news from Hilton Head to the 6th. The United States steamer Harvest Moon, Admiral Dahlgren’s temporary flagship, was blown up by a torpedo on the 2d, while coming out of Georgetown. The Admiral escaped injury. No lives were lost.—Everything is progressing smoothly in Charleston. Traders are beginning to open their stores, and the city is rapidly assuming a business aspect. Gen. Jno. P. Hatch is in command of the Northern District, Department of the South, and Gen. Schimmelfinig of the defences about Charleston. On the Northeast Railroad, the cars are running as far as Goose Creek. Gen. Potter has advanced to the Santee River without meeting opposition.

Richmond papers of Friday, 10th inst., contain the important intelligence, that on the 8th Gen. Bragg attacked a Union force, four miles in front of Kingston, N. C., and drove them back three miles to another line, where apparently, they maintained their position.—Gen. Bragg admits that the ground was ‘obstinately disputed;’ but claims that his own loss was small, while he asserts that we lost heavily in killed and wounded besides 1,500 men taken prisoners. The news of this battle was received in Richmond just in season to shed a dim light over the “darkness visible” of the day appointed for humiliation and prayer throughout the South. This news is important as showing the exact position of the rebel Generals Hoke and Hill, with commands who are commended by Bragg for ‘exhibiting their accustomed gallantry.’ So it is evident that these Generals are not in Sherman’s immediate front. Union accounts will probably show that the rebel General exaggerated the importance and extent of the whole affair.

Reports were current in the Army of the Potomac on Friday last, that an extensive mutiny had broken out in the rebel army, and that extreme measures were required to quell it. It was also rumored that a force of Union cavalry had appeared on the north side of Richmond, and was having an engagement.

Gen. Sheridan dates a dispatch at Columbia, Va., on the 10th inst., in which he says he sent one division of cavalry to Scottsville on the James which had gone as far south as Duguidville, only 15 miles from Lynchburg, and had also destroyed the bridges on the Rivenna river. This division made an almost complete destruction of the great canal running from Lynchburg, and which Sheridan called “the Feeder of Richmond.” Locks, bridges, canal banks were destroyed, and finally the James river was turned into the canal.—Twelve canal boats loaded with supplies for Richmond were captured. Another division went down the railroad to Amherst C. H., 15 miles from Lynchburg, destroying the railroad in like manner. The two divisions would have crossed the James, but the rebels had burned the bridges.


Then and Now.—Four years ago Jeff Davis said in his message, that Virginia alone could sustain the war for twenty years, and that Richmond would never be evacuated. As time has progressed, so have some men’s opinions changed. Judging from extracts in Richmond journals, those “twenty years” will be very short unless something “turns up.” The “blessings in disguise” which have been showered upon them lately, have proved too much. The recent message of Gov. Brown of Georgia, doesn’t sound well. The “F.F.V’s” think that those that urged on the war should now see it through. Virginia has been the battle-field, and demands support from the other sister states. These “sisters” cannot see the point, while Sherman is marching his army through their territory. “State rights” is the point at issue and demands immediate attention. Meanwhile the Confederacy may go—no matter where, and the Richmond editors howl until they are tired. Twenty years war is not what is most desired at the present time in the south.


A letter writer thus describes the state of feeling in Charleston, the city of secession, southern chivalry and honor:

“It is the most completely subjugated community I ever saw. There is mortification, disappointment, hopelessness in their countenances. I have given utterance to my most radical sentiments to try their temper, and have not even succeeded in making any one threaten me by word, look or gesture. Wm. Lloyd Garrison, or Wendell Phillips, or Henry Ward Beecher can speak their minds in the open air, without molestation, and with the certainty of hearty cheers from one portion of their audience.”


Congress has passed the amendment to the Army Bill, increasing the army ration from thirty to forty cents. It adds about twenty-five per cent. to the pay of line officers, and fifteen per cent. to that of other officers on active field duty.


The New Jersey Assembly, some days ago, refused to indorse the constitutional amendment prohibiting slavery—every democrat voting for slavery, and every unionist for freedom. On the 8th, the democracy, to prevent a reversal of their action, voted down the bill to extend the right of suffrage to soldiers with the army. Every democrat voted that the soldiers should be disenfranchised, while every unionist voted to extend the high privilege to all who would be entitled to it at home.


Our Territories.—Nevada having become a State, there are now ten territories, including Wyoming, now being formed. They are Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Utah, and Washington. All of them destined in a few years to become States.

New Publications.

Life in Rebel Prisons.—This is a title of a book recently published, giving a full and truthful narrative of the experiences of Robert H. Kellogg, sergeant-major of the 16th Conn. regiment, who was captured with his regiment at Plymouth, N. C., last April, and taken to the rebel prison at Andersonville, Ga., where during the summer, thirty thousand prisoners were confined, of whom twelve thousand perished from want of proper food and attention. The sufferings of the men are presented with simplicity and without exaggeration. The book is dedicated to the widows, children, fathers, mothers, brothers and sisters of the prisoners. The work contains 400 pages and is bound in full gilt covers. Price, $1.75. This work is sold by traveling agents only, who can obtain full information by addressing L. Stebbins, Hartford, Conn.

Local News.

Miss Anna E. Dickinson will speak at McDonough Hall on Tuesday evening next, under the auspices of the “Alert Club.” The proceeds will be given for the benefit of the sick and wounded soldiers. Tickets 50 cents, to be procured at the bookstores. A large number have already been taken. The subject will be “A Glance at our Future.”


To Be Completed.—We learn that the society of St. John’s Church (Catholic) of this city, contemplate finishing the coming season, the spire of their church, and adding thereto a clock. The society is out of debt. Middletown at the present time, cannot boast much on spires or fine churches.


The High School.—We learn that the principal of the public schools of this city, H. A. Balcam, A. M., will resign at the close of the present term, and will be succeeded by H. E. Sawyer, of Concord, N. H. The following notice is taken from the Concord Daily Monitor, 4th inst.:

“The pupils of the High School, with their friends and ex-members of the School, met in the High School Hall last evening for a parting visit with Mr. Sawyer, who expects to leave the city soon for another field of labor in Connecticut. During the evening, A. B. Kelley, in behalf of the scholars, in a neat and well delivered speech, presented Mr. Sawyer a beautiful Silver Tea Set,–bearing the inscription: “Presented to Henry E. Sawyer by the Concord High School, March 3d, 1865.” The present was a surprise to Mr. Sawyer who accepted the gift and returned his thanks in an appropriate and fitting farewell speech.”


Military.—Maj. John C. Broatch, of the 14th regiment, severely wounded at Hatchins’ Run last October, has been appointed paymaster.

Chas. E. Moore, 6th Conn. regiment, arrived at his home in this city last Thursday, having received an honorable discharge after three years service. During this time, including a sojourn on Belle Island as prisoner, he has not seen one day of sickness.


The Lecture before the “Erodelphians,” by Hon. Thomas H. Seymour, of Hartford, takes place on Thursday evening of this week. Subject, “The Coronation of the Emperor of Russia.” Tickets 35 cents.


The River and the Boats.—Some “knowing ones” assert, while others deny the assertion, that the river is open for navigation between this city and Hartford. The same may be said of the arrival of the New York boats that the “City” will come up this Tuesday morning, followed each day by the “Granite” and “Elm City.” Up to the time of going to press, no boat has appeared. Meanwhile Middletown remains at the “head of navigation.”


When Lieut.-Gov. Patterson was speaking of the Legislature of one of our States, some dozen boys presented themselves for the place of messengers, as is usual at the opening of the House.

He enquired their names and into their condition, in order that he might make the proper selection. He came in the course of his examination, to a small boy, a bright-looking lad.

“Well, sir,” said he, “what is your name?”

“John Hancock,” was the answer.

“What!” said the Speaker, “you are not the one that signed the declaration of independence, are you?”

“No, sir,” said the lad stretching himself to his utmost proportions, “but I would if I had been there.”

“You can be one of the messengers,” said the Speaker.


A philosopher writes to a tailor who had failed to get ready his wedding suit: “It was no serious disappointment; only I should have been married if I had received the goods.”


An exchange paper says that soft soap in some shape, pleases all, and generally speaking, the more lye you put into it, the better.


Recycling 1865


Gardening ad 1865

From The Constitution, Wednesday, March 8, 1865 (volume 28, number 1419)

War News.

Richmond papers of the 28th, contain no positive intelligence of importance from either of the great fields of military operations.—Vague rumors are given of an intended movement by Gen. Grant against the rebel right. Gen. Grant is said by the rebel papers to be massing troops on his left, and it was thought at Richmond that nothing but the recent heavy rainstorm had prevented an engagement from taking place. Gen. Johnston has assumed command in North Carolina. Gov. Brown, of Georgia, has issued a message, in which he fiercely denounces Jeff. Davis, and accuses him of bringing the Confederacy to the verge of ruin.

Thirty-one rebel officers, captured by Gen. Scofield’s forces on the 20th ultimo, while advancing against Wilmington, arrived at Washington March 1. Among the number are Col. C. H. Simonton, Twenty-fifth South Carolina; Major S. H. Wilds, Twenty-first South Carolina; Capt. Wescott, Eleventh South Carolina; Capt. Mazyek, Twenty-fifth South Carolina; Capt. Allston and Capt. Hullman, Twenty-seventh South Carolina, and three surgeons of South Carolina regiments.

Acting Admiral Stribling, of the East Gulf Squadron, reports that on the 1st of February an expedition left a United States bark at midnight, to destroy the salt works on West Bay[ou]. The expedition returned on the 4th, having destroyed the works of 13,615 gallons of boiling power, besides 70 bushels of salt and 125 barrels of epsom salts.

Major Gen. Palmer, commanding in Kentucky, has issued an order against recruiting for the rebel armies in that State, and warning those who may be caught at it that they will be treated as spies. Gen. Burbridge has been ordered to report to Gen. Thomas.

The Navy Department has received information of the capture of the schooner Delia, under English colors, near Bay Port, Fla., by the United States steamer Mahaska. She had a cargo of pig lead and some cases of sabres.

The gallant Gen. Grierson is to have (so says a Memphis dispatch) charge of all our cavalry in the West.

Gen. Grant sends a dispatch to the Secretary of War, dated 5th inst., which says:

Deserters from every point of the enemy’s line, confirm the capture of Charlottesville by Gen. Sheridan. They say he captured Gen. Early and nearly all of his entire force consisting of eighteen hundred men. Four brigades were reported as being sent to Lynchburg to get there before Gen. Sheridan if possible.

The transport Massachusetts reports that our naval forces captured Fort White, a splendid establishment mounting seventeen heavy guns, just below Georgetown, S. C. The sailors and marines then landed and captured Georgetown. The rebel cavalry made a charge on them in the streets but were gallantly repulsed with a loss of several killed, wounded and prisoners. Our loss is one man. Admiral Dahlgren’s flag ship, the Harvest Moon, on her way down was sunk by a torpedo; all hands were saved excepting the steward.


The Richmond Enquirer of the 25th says that Sherman captured one hundred thousand bales of cotton at Columbia, and that his army is “rushing through the Carolinas like an avalanche.” The Raleigh confederate states that all the rebel troops from Charleston were pushed forward to confront Sherman.


Gen. Gilmore reports the capture of over four hundred and fifty cannon at Charleston, also eight locomotives and a great number of passenger cars.


The constitutional amendment is defeated in the New Jersey Assembly.


Arming the Slaves.

Time is passing, and the question as to the expediency of arming the slaves at the south is still agitating the mind of the rebel leaders. Jeff Davis is not in favor of arming a large body of them, while Gen. Lee is in favor of any number as a military necessity. The House of Representatives has passed a bill in favor of arming two hundred thousand, which was rejected in the Senate by a vote of eleven to ten. A mass meeting has been held in Richmond, which will tend to hasten matters, and the opposition will be obliged to submit. The necessity of the case admits of no other course. To hold out successfully any longer, men must be had. As long as they have an army there is hope. Their conscriptions have taken every available white man, yet the demand continues. But the question is, will the blacks fight for the southern cause. The opinion at the north is that they will not. Union refugees and prisoners, escaping from the south, have found the blacks their friends, guiding them through difficulties and dangers at the risk of their own persons. Experience has found them to be among the best troops in fighting for the Union. Perhaps the southerners think they can control them as well with arms in their hands as under the lash, and by scattering them among the white regiments, make good soldiers of them. It is reported that a large number have been organized and placed under drill, to be placed in front of Sherman’s advance. It would be a queer position of things if they should stand and fight against their friends and brothers who flocked to the protection of the Union army during its successful march through the southern states.

The Inaugural.

We give in to-day’s paper the Inaugural Address of President Lincoln. It is concise. No boasts or prophecies. It simply affirms that we have a free and established government. The people need no reminder of the past. Many who claimed four years ago, that the inaugural of another President would never happen have lived to see their mistake. We have a country and proved our ability to defend it.


Mrs. J. H. Wood and daughter were severely burned Monday night at the Buffalo theatre, on the stage, in the play of Cinderilla. …

A sleeping car attached to a train on the Philadelphia and Erie railroad, caught fire near Lancaster Monday night, and was totally destroyed. The passengers escaped, but lost their clothing and baggage.


S. S. Hyde, the U. S. detective who accidentally shot and killed his own wife, at New Haven, has been arrested on a charge of homicide, and put under $200 bonds for examination before Judge Hollister, with Edward I. Sanford and Francis Wayland, Jr. associated with him as magistrates. Mr. Hyde expresses himself as anxious and willing for a full investigation.

Local News.

The party which left this city some two months since for South America, with the intention of remaining there, have abandoned the enterprise. Two of the party have gone to California, the others are “homeward bound.”


The River opposite this city is open, and the ferry boat makes regular trips. The ice remains fast in the straits. River rising, owning to the late rains.


Various Matters.—The Middlesex Co. Bank is authorized to commence operations under the National Banking law. …

Now is the time to attend to your grape vines, trees, &c., and Ryan is the person to do it. Descriptive catalogues will be ready for distribution this week. Improvements are to be made this week in buildings for the better display of plants. Give him a call.

The members of the M. E. Church are preparing a box to be sent to the freedmen.

Repairs are being made at the lower wharf at foot of College street.

Spencer gives another of his hops this (Tuesday) evening, at McDonough Hall. They have been well attended this winter.


The Alert Club will offer for sale a variety of Fancy Goods, at the Millenery Rooms of Mrs. Brooks, (Main st. near Washington) on Thursday evening, March 9th, commencing at 7 o’clock. The articles and tickets will be numbered to correspond up to No. 200, and only 200 tickets will be sold. Each ticket will entitle the purchaser to the article registered opposite the corresponding number on the list of articles. Tickets 50 cents. The value of the articles ranges from 25 cents to seven dollars each—the goods being the unsold portion of the contributions to the Fair recently held by the Club. The drawings will be announced, and the distributions made at 8 o’clock, or as soon as all the tickets shall have been sold. Ice cream will be furnished during the evening at extra charge.


Entertainment.—The public, who always want to hear something, has found one who can cater to its funny taste in “Jeems Pipes” alias Stephen Massett, Esq. It has a joker who is irresistible even to himself. Wise men will not praise his wit, but the prejudice in their strongest facial muscles he can overcome. Jeems Pipes does not follow Artemas Ward. In that line he is not equal to him. He gave the results of “Drifting About” to a good house here last week Wednesday. The lecture was witty, there was nothing more in it. It took pleasantly because it had culture.—He read well, recited poetry with marked expression, and he might act well. He induced us to believe that he could sing and if there had been an instrument in the hall he would have done so. We can fit the affair with no name; it was the graces of an accomplished gentleman brought out of social life and the parlor’s entertainment. The “Erodelphians” owned the speculation. They ventured something new and had good success.


There is no danger of any change in public opinion throughout the loyal states in regard to the Rebellion—it must be put down.

But the time between the suppression of armed rebellion and the restoration or reconstruction of the Union, will witness serious differences between the friends of the Union.

There are those who will oppose the reception of any rebel into the restored Union, unless he come “with his hand upon his mouth, and his mouth in the dust.”—eating humble pie all the way from Richmond to Washington. They will talk loudly of the punishment of treason and the confiscation of the property of traitors.

Many seem to think it an evidence of loyalty to talk of rebels as of wild animals that are only fit to be hunted and killed.

People of this class are already firing hot shot of indignation at President Lincoln because of the recent “Peace Conference,” and especially because of his reported hint to the rebel agents of a liberal use, by himself, of the pardoning power, provided the South would return to loyalty without further hostilities. Miss Dickinson leads off in this dubious business and others of similar antecedents may be expected to follow. The manifestation of such a spirit, at this time, is certainly to be deplored. Just judgement is clamored for, but in the statement of its terms the tempering element of mercy is forgotten.

Let us ponder these things, for the time is near at hand, when we shall need to remember that even rebels and traitors may be men.



We would call the attention of our agricultural readers to the advertisement of Messrs. Ricardo & Co., 194 Front St., New York, manufacturers of the Celebrated Improved Excelsior Poudrette, the Ne Plus Ultra of Manures. We advise all farmers and gardeners to give it a trial, the price is exceedingly low. Read the advertisement in another column.


Erodelphian event ad, 1865

1865 manure ad


From The Constitution, Wednesday, March 1, 1865 (volume 28, number 1418)

War News.

Charleston was evacuated by the enemy on the night of the 18th, leaving the several fortifications uninjured, besides 200 guns which they spiked. The evacuation was first discovered at Fort Moultrie, in the morning at 10 a. m. Part of the troops stationed at James Island crossed over in boats and took possession of the city without opposition. Previous to the enemy evacuating they fired the upper part of the city, by which six thousand bales of cotton were burned and it is supposed that before they could subdue it, two thirds of the city will be destroyed. A fearful explosion occurred in the Wilmington depot, by which several hundred citizens lost their lives.—Cause unknown. The building was used for commissary purposes, and situated in the upper part of the city. Admiral Dahlgren was the first to run up to the city, where he arrived at about 2 o’clock p. m. Gen. Q. A. Gilmore followed soon after in the steamer W. W. Coit, and had an interview with Gen. Schimmelfinnig, he being the first general officer in the city, and for the present in command.

Our troops entered Wilmington on the morning of the 22d instant. After the evacuation of Fort Anderson Gen. Schofield directed Cox to follow its garrison towards Wilmington, while Terry followed Hoke on the east side of the river. The latter took up a new line, four miles from Wilmington, but was so closely pressed by Terry that he could send no troops to the west side. On that side the rebels made a stand behind Town Creek, but on the 20th Cox crossed his troops below them on a flatboat, attacked them in the rear and routed them, taking two guns and three hundred prisoners. On the 21st Cox pushed to the Brunswick river, opposite Wilmington, where the bridges were on fire, and on his arrival the rebels began burning the cotton and rosin in the city, and left it that night. Our captures, including Fort Anderson, amount to about seven hundred prisoners and thirty guns. Citizens state that the rebels burned one thousand bales of cotton and fifteen thousand barrels of rosin.

Admiral Porter sends to the Navy Department an account of the operations of the fleet in the Cape Fear River. Immediately after the evacuation of Fort Anderson, the fleet under his command pushed forward as rapidly as possible toward Wilmington. After sounding and buoying out the middle grounds at Big Island, he succeeded in getting two gunboats over, and opened fire on Fort Strong, the fort commanding the principal obstructions, where the rebels had also sunk a large steamer, the North Eastern. Our fire soon drove the rebels away from the fort. On the night of the 20th inst., the rebels sent down two hundred floating torpedoes, but the Admiral had a strong force of picket-boats out, and the torpedoes were sunk with musketry.

The 22d of February, 1865,

Will be a day to be remembered in the annals of American history. The mind while wandering back to the years in which the noble Washington and compeers fought for national independence, and the establishment of one country and one destiny on these western shores, can trace through intervening years, the hand of a kind Providence, which has guided and upheld, until in this, the year 1865, the hopes long wished for and cherished, are appearing within our reach. The drawback to our true prosperity has been rolled away. Its foster brother, treason, is being crushed and driven from the land. Victory upon victory over the enemies of our country has been won by our armies on many battlefields, and will continue to be won until the last foe is subdued. We now have an idea of what our forefathers endured in establishing this government, and shall their children refuse to retain what was bequeathed them? The 22d of February will now have a new charm—for on that day of the present year could have been summed up the conquest of the state which has breathed forth hatred to republican and democratic institutions, and the re-possession of those forts which first belched forth with fire, the bitter fruits of secession. Hereafter “Old Glory” will wave from their ramparts with majesty and power.

The Fourth of March, 1865.

On the Fourth of this month, Abraham Lincoln will be inaugurated in his second term of office, chief Magistrate of the United States. When he first took the oath of office the sky looked threatening, and a terrible civil war was coming steadily on. But he was the man for the hour. Buckling on his armor, he has met the rebel hordes at every point, and at the close of his first term can claim that he has done his duty. The states which then defied the national power, now lie at the mercy of our armies. Within the last two weeks, every seaboard town has passed from rebel hands. What a contrast to four years ago. Then with hardly a ship at her disposal, or an army at command, a united north has fought the greatest conflict of the age, and has come out, victorious. In strength and power, she is to-day, surpassed by no other nation. As Abraham Lincoln commences his new term, it will be as the President of a free and united people. May we hope that wisdom will still be given him, that he may guide this noble ship of state safely through every storm until she reaches a haven where peace, unity, and prosperity, shall be her portion.


An old scissors grinder in Manchester, N. H., died on the 16th, and was supposed to have been in destitute circumstances, but an examination of his effects disclosed a bank book, showing a credit of $3000.

Some villains tried to burn a saloon in Stamford the other night, by lighting a pile of papers upon which they had poured a quantity of whisky; but the whisky had so much water in it that they gave it up.

The celebration of Washington’s birthday was observed in New York with unusually imposing demonstrations. The fall of Charleston added to the enthusiasm. Several regiments paraded, and in the evening fireworks were exhibited in several parts of the city.

A case of juvenile depravity has just been developed in Louisville, Ky. Caroline Miller, a girl thirteen years old, deliberately poisoned her father with arsenic, after having made an unsuccessful attempt to kill him with rat poison. Her excuse was she thought she might have a better home and less work to do if her father was dead.

Kate Gorman, No. 104 Prince street, New York, an attractive female, who has been a pickpocket ever since her eleventh birthday, and realized $45,000 from her operations was arrested on Wednesday and committed.

The New York merchants have decided to celebrate the national successes, next Saturday, March 4th, by meeting in the open air on Union Square, a military review, processions, salutes and bell ringing, to close with fireworks in the evening.


During a sudden and violent temperance spasm at Natick, Mass., Monday, a grand simultaneous movement was made by constables on all the rum shops and $400 worth of liquor seized. Half of it was stolen a night or two after, from a place where it had been stored.


The Pittsburgh Chronicle decides that petroleum oil will be exhausted when the ocean is and not before.

Local News.

February 22nd.—The students of Wesleyan University observed Washington’s Birthday with the usual firing of cannon in the day, and in the evening by a literary and musical entertainment at the Methodist church. Our only public hall that is desirable for such uses was secured for another celebration, and the ideas of reverence to the place some had, prevented them from decorating any further than to hang up one large flag. Every kind has a duplicate that there may be no loss; so the tribute, esthetic, combined our colors, red and white and blue, displayed by the genius of its graceful and spontaneous artists, music and oratory. The choir who sang were selected from the choirs of different churches.

The exercises began with singing “The Nation’s Prayer,” then followed prayer by Dr. Cummings, then “Ship of State,” a duet with male voices. A. F. Nightingale read the “Farewell Address” in a fine manner, the choir sang a “National Hymn,” and then came an oration delivered by S. K. Smith. Its subject was Washington, as character; that by whole truthfulness, love of just freedom, and wisdom that worships Deity, he was “Father of his Country;” that the greatness of his mind, benevolent, prophetic, has since been and will remain always the genius of the American people. The oration was altogether a pleasant one. “Our Native Land” was sung to “Auld Lang Syne,” Elder Pillsbury pronounced a benediction, after which we accomplished the squeezing out. May Wesleyan ever flourish!


The 22d of February was duly observed in this city, aside from its observance by the students of Wesleyan University. The good news of the possession of Charleston by the federal forces, added to the enthusiasm. Flags and streamers were flying in every part of the city, and citizen met citizen with a smiling countenance and joyous heart, (we refer to the loyal portion.)


The Alerts.—The members of the Alert Club of this city, have secured the services of Miss Anna Dickinson, for the evening of March 21st. Her subject will be “A Glance at the Future.” Further particulars will be announced hereafter.


For Liberia.—Mr. William Smith, who has spent some years in Liberia, is now in this city, and will receive any contributions in aid of the missionary cause in that country, which the citizens may contribute. His recommendations are satisfactory.


The ferry company are cutting out the ice and will have the boat running in a day or two. We understand that at East Haddam landing the ferry boat is running.


The River.—The crossing on the river for the past day or two has been exceedingly difficult even for foot passengers, and some have received a cold bath. The warm weather and rain raised the river and weakened the ice.


Sojourner Truth, a notable negro woman was admitted to see the President. She delivered to him her thanks for what he had done for her people saying at the same time that he was the only one who done anything for them. Lincoln rejoined, “And the only one who ever had such opportunity. Had our friends of the South behaved themselves, I could have done nothing whatever.”


Card of appreciation, 1865

 From The Constitution, Wednesday, February 22, 1865 (volume 28, number 1417)

War News.

The Richmond papers report that on the 11th inst., a column of Sherman’s infantry and cavalry crossed the Edisto to the west of and above Branchville, and advanced on the Columbia Branch Railroad. The rebels at Branchville withdrew toward Columbia. According to the last official accounts our troops were at Orangeburgh, some twenty miles north of Branchville, and on the road to Columbia.—Beauregard was in command, and it was thought he would fall back to the Santee, and attempt to defend that line. Hardee is in command at Charleston, and claims to have repulsed the advance of our troops on the Salkehatchie.

Gen. Terry’s force began a movement against Wilmington on the 11th inst., which, as far as developed by the latest intelligence from Fort Fisher, was a success and full of promises. The troops moved up the peninsula in two columns, the right under Gen. Ames, the left under Gen. Payne. The enemy’s pickets were driven gallantly back to the main works of the enemy, the position and strength of which was fully ascertained. At the same time Fort Anderson was vigorously shelled by Admiral Porter’s fleet.

In cooperation with this movement against Wilmington, we have reports from rebel papers of an expedition from Newbern to Kingston, N. C. The Union forces are said to have railroad iron sufficient to rebuild the road from Newbern to Kingston.

Dispatches from Gen. Grant to Secretary Stanton, containing extracts from the Richmond papers of Saturday, give the cheering news that Sherman has captured Columbia, South Carolina, and is there with his whole army. The probably immediate evacuation of Charleston is announced, and a dispatch from the Charleston Mercury states that the publication of that paper will be suspended for a short time, until the office can be removed to another place. The Richmond papers seem to be in the dark as to the future movements of Sherman’s army, but think that he may go to Charlotte, N. C. They say that he may possibly establish a new base at Charleston, but think it is needless for him to have any base, as he is living on the country, and has fought no battle that would diminish his supply of ammunition. The “brag” appears to have been entirely taken out of the Southern journals, their tone being despondent, and conveying the impression that they believe Sherman can go where he chooses, consulting only his own convenience. Beauregard had retreated before the advance of Sherman, destroying large quantities of medical stores; but no information is given as to the direction taken by his forces.

The Richmond Enquirer of the 20th, says Charleston was evacuated on Tuesday last, 14th.


It is reported that at the recent peace conference at Hampton Roads, direct propositions were made to President Lincoln by the rebel commissioners, for a reunion of the rebel and national armies for the enforcement of the Monroe doctrine, leaving the question of re-union for the present in abeyance to be decided by the course of events. Could the rebel commissioners have accomplished such a master stroke, they would ultimately have realized all their hopes. With the cause of our present troubles undecided, and our armies at work in a new field, the rebel emissaries abroad would have material furnished for urging the recognition of the south at once. The chances would be, that before the north could renew the fight, the south would be aided and upheld by foreign powers. But President Lincoln is not to be blinded or driven from his course, by new lights appearing on the coast. He has his chart, has marked his course, and it is believed will steer clear of shoals and rocks until the haven of peace is reached. That the southern leaders have been baffled and defeated at their own game is apparent by their bombastic speeches and threats and denunciations against the north, recently issued in Richmond. Yet they admit that it is out of their power to raise another army of white men. With Lee’s army around the defences of Richmond, men are found willing to cheer and applaud utterances breathing hatred to northern industry. But the drama is drawing to a close. The ship of the Union is plowing its way through the heart of every recreant state showing its determination to assert its authority. She will not seek harbor or furl her sails until the storm has ceased.


The party in the rebel House of Congress in favor of arming the slaves, have again been defeated in their attempts to bring the matter to a vote, and the question has been temporarily put aside.


The majority of the judiciary committee of the Kentucky Senate have made a report recommending the rejection of the constitutional amendment to abolish slavery.


In the lower branch of the Legislature of Minnesota the proposal to strike out the word “white” from the constitution as a qualification for voting was carried on the 4th inst., by a vote of thirty-one yeas to eight nays.


Rich Colored Men.—Ciprian Risand is worth a million dollars, and is the richest colored man in the United States. The colored men in New York have many rich men—among them Peter Vandyke, Robert Watson, J. M. Gloucester and Mr. Crosby, who own about $3,000,000 in real estate and otherwise.


The Illinois Legislature has passed a bill appropriating $25,000 for the purchase of the burial place of the late Stephen A. Douglas.


Our Mineral Resources.—The Boston Herald, in an article, on the vast mineral resources of the country, closes with these words: “Great as the debt of the American nation may be, with $100,000,000 invested in Mills in Nevada, in ten years it could be paid off and enough left to carry on any foreign war we may ever be engaged in.”


Mexico.—Advices from Mexico represent the imperial army as having been defeated with heavy loss before Ooxaea, an interior town several hundred miles below the city of Mexico, where a powerful and increasing army of liberals under Diaz is concentrated. The boundaries of the empire are narrowing rapidly, the regal authority extending only over a few seaport towns, and the road to the capital. Another report says the French expedition against Sonora has been badly beaten, and the traitor Gen. Vega captured and shot.

Local News.

Elocutionary.—The audience that drew to hear Prof. Hibbard read on Monday evening, at Miss Payne’s seminary, filled the room to its utmost convenience. Enoch Arden, Tennyson’s new poem, now so popular, was the first entertainment. Then followed a portion of Pickwick Papers, and a recitation of Poe’s fine piece, The Bells. Enoch Arden is exceedingly sad and pretty, but Prof. H.’s reading was the book illustrated. Dicken’s writings are peculiarly his forte, and as he always spices with them, he has read them nearly through. The last difficult and dramatic piece, we have heard Prof. H. and other masters of elocution recite, but it has never been performed to our satisfaction, because there is a power of passion in those bell tones, swinging free.

They are neither man nor woman,

They are neither brute nor human.

His effort upon it filled us with pleasure and we thought it was a better excellence than had been reached before.


Concert of the Old Folks.—Father Kemp’s Old Folks will give one of their unrivalled concerts at McDonough Hall on Friday evening of this week. They will appear in full strength, full dress, and will without doubt, instruct and amuse all who attend. The favorite ballad, “Jonnie Schomoker,” will be sung by the company. The sweet ballad singer, Emma J. Nichols, is with them; also Aunt Phœbe and Grandfather Hopkins.


Lecture.—The Young Men’s Literary Association of this city, have engaged Stephen Massett, Esq., better known as “Jeems Pipes, of Pipesvill” to deliver a lecture at McDonough Hall, on Wednesday evening of next week. It will be serio comic, entitled “Drifting About.” Mr. Massett has travelled a great deal, has had a large and varied experience of the world, is an agreeable writer, and an entertaining lecturer. All who wish to spend a pleasant hour, in listening to one of the best humorist writers, will do well to visit McDonough Hall on Wednesday evening next. Tickets of admission, 35 cents.


Washington’s Birthday.—The students of Wesleyan University will celebrate the anniversary of Washington’s birth day on Wednesday evening, by appropriate exercises at the M. E. Church. Orator, S. K. Smith; Reader, A. F. Nightingale.

The members of Hubbard Hose Co. No. 2, will give their annual ball at McDonough Hall on that evening. Music by Governor’s Guard band. A. J. Spencer, prompter.


Skating.—A party of gentlemen from Hartford, skated on Tuesday last, from Morgan street bridge, to the steamboat dock in this city, in one hour and twenty minutes.


Errata.—In the income tax list published last week, Frances Alsop should have been inserted instead of Clara Alsop.


Our Soldier.

Another little private

Mustered in

The army of temptation

And of sin!


Another soldier arming

For the strife,

To fight the toilsome battles

Of a life.


Another little sentry,

Who will stand

On guard, while evils prowl

On every hand.


Lord! our little darling

Guide and save,

‘Mid the perils of the march

To the grave!


A compositor in the Appeal office, in setting up the words, Virgin Mary, made it read Virginia Mary. Another of our exchanges in speaking of the Internal Revenue, said, instead, Infernal Revenge. Another, in speaking of a man of some note, lately deceased, undertook to say, “He subsequently commenced life as a legal practitioner, but was diverted from it by his love of letters.” The editor did not look at his proof-sheet, and had the pleasure of reading in his paper, “He subsequently commenced life as a politician, but was diverted from it by his love of bitters.”


Old Folks Concert, 1865

From The Constitution, Wednesday, February 15, 1865 (volume 28, number 1416)

War News.

The news from the Army of the Potomac is not yet definite as to the object or results of the new movement. The Second and Fifth Corps obtained a well advanced position on Sunday, and held it, despite the efforts of the enemy to dislodge them. The greater part of the Sixth and Ninth Corps arrived on the ground Sunday night. On Monday afternoon Crawford’s division of the Fifth Corps was pushed forward, and drove the rebels from a point known as Dabney’s Mills, about two miles beyond Hatcher’s Run. Here the rebels made a determined stand, and about 5 o’clock made an attack in front and on the flank of the division, and caused it to fall back some distance to a line of works thrown up by the Second Corps on Sunday, where our men reformed, and aided by the Third division of the Sixth Corps, the enemy were in turn driven back. The fighting was quite severe while it lasted, and the enemy being the attacking party suffered severely. Our loss was from 300 to 500. About 120 prisoners were captured, among whom was one rebel Colonel.

Richmond papers of Friday, the 10th inst., admit that the forces of Gen. Sherman were dangerously near Branchville, and it was understood that Richmond papers of Saturday contain the definite statement of the capture of that important position. The fall of Branchville involves the evacuation of Charleston as a military necessity on the part of the rebels. The Richmond Whig of Friday mentions a rumor, which then had received no official confirmation, that the Confederate forces had already been withdrawn from the city.

Intelligence from the Army of the Potomac reports no further fighting. On both sides the dead have been buried and the wounded taken from the field. Our troops continue to hold the line recently wrested from the enemy, and are engaged in fortifying it in a very elaborate manner. The Richmond papers of Friday admit the movement to be a complete success.

Gen. Grant was in Washington Saturday, and testified before the Committee on the conduct of war in regard to the exchange of prisoners. He said that the matter was now entirely in his hands, that he had made an arrangement for the exchange to go on man for man, until the entire number held by one side or the other, should be exhausted, and that the delivery of our men would now go on at the rate of three thousand or more per week, the Salisbury and Danbury prisoners coming first. Gen. Grant afterwards visited both Houses of Congress in session, and was received with marked distinction.

A large mass meeting was held in Richmond last Thursday, the object of which was to rouse the people of the insurgent States to a proper sense of their danger. Several of the most prominent rebel statesmen addressed the meeting—among them Messrs. Hunter and Benjamin.


The recent decision by the United States Supreme Court that the stocks of the federal government are exempt from local or state taxation, will be an inducement to make the stocks of the government sought after. Taxation has always been avoided if possible just as large dividends and per centage have been sought after. It is natural to invest money where it will pay best. None will receive the decision of the Court with more satisfaction than stockholders of insurance companies and banks. It is estimated that from one third to one half of the entire insurance capital is invested in government securities. But to every reasonable and thinking man the question must come, in what way can the necessary amount be raised to meet the current expense of government and state? The money must be forthcoming. If companies and individuals cannot be taxed upon one kind of property, the full amount must be raised upon other property, and to effect it is to treble the per centage upon what is taxable. If the taxable property is reduced one third, the per centage of tax must be advanced in the same ratio. The offer of the government to take the earnings of the people at a fair per cent. free from taxation, is liberal, and should be properly appreciated; but the lender does not escape scot free. What difference is there between a tax of one mill upon the whole capital, or of two mills upon half of it. The wheels of the general government and state machinery must be run let the burden come where it will.


Seven-Thirties.—No better investment can be made by banks, bankers, capitalists, or any one who has fifty dollars or more to invest in a safe, prompt-paying investment, than by purchasing 7-30 notes. It is emphatically the “People’s Loan,” and should attract the attention of all. They are issued in convenient form, and the interest can be calculated at the rate of a cent per day on every $50, which can be converted, after August 15th 1867, into gold bearing five twenty bonds. Messrs. Fisk & Hatch, the well-known Government Loan Agents, 38 wall st., New York, receive orders for these popular notes, or will send them through either of the banks in this vicinity.

Conflagration in Philadelphia.

A large fire commenced about 3 o’clock on Wednesday morning in the coal oil works on Ninth and Federal streets, Philadelphia. About fifty dwellings were consumed, occupying two squares on both sides of Ninth street, besides a few on Federal and Wharton streets. Fifteen lives are reported lost. The streets were at the time flooded with snow, water and oil. The oil ran along the streets in full blaze, setting fire to the lower portions of dwellings, preventing the escape of inmates. The oil that escaped from the burning barrels poured over into Ninth street and down to Federal, filling the entire street with a lake of fire, and igniting the houses on both sides of Ninth street for two squares, and carrying devastation into Washington, Ellsworth and Federal streets. Five squares of houses, if placed in a row, were on fire at once. The scene is represented to have been one to make the stoutest heart to quail: men, women and children were literally roasted in the streets. Capt. Joseph H. Ware, who occupied a dwelling in the vicinity, with his wife, five daughters and two sons, met with a sad misfortune. They all succeeded in getting into the street from the house, just as they left their beds; but, mournful to relate, found themselves in a river of fire. The family became scattered. Mrs. Ware had her youngest child, a beautiful little girl in her arms, and was endeavoring to save her. She fell, when herself, her little child and another daughter about fifteen years of age, were burned to death in the street. Capt. Ware and his two sons escaped, but the other three daughters are missing.


The snow is from four to five feet deep in the northern part of Maine, Vermont and New York. Along the seacoast of Maine it is about two feet deep. In the White Mountains region snow has fallen to a great depth.—Some of the drifts in the roads are from twelve to fifteen feet deep, and the snow is so dry that the wind blows it into the most fantastic shapes.

Local News.

Income Tax.

The Special Income Tax, collected in this 8th Division, towns of Middletown and Cromwell, amounted to $23,091.70. The following are the names of those returning $2,000 and upwards:

Alsop. Clara 5,877 Latimer, Mary Ann 4,252
Burr, Geo. W. 3,585 Mansfield, Louisa 2,857
Camp, Daniel W. 2,073 Mutter, M. W. A. 5,862
Camp, Wm. S. 3,282 Parsons, S. H. 10,583
DeKoven, Henry 2,238 Pike, R. G. 3,587
DeKoven, Margaret 2,572 Roberts, E. H. 2,493
Douglas, Benjamin 9,180 Sebor, Charles R. 7,584
Hotchkiss, Julius 21,784 Smith, A. O. 2,470
Hubbard, Asa 2,396 Southmayd, Alfred 2,427
Hubbard, C. C. 5,374 Stearns, Samuel 2,420
Hubbard, G. T. 5,573 Stevens, Elisha 6,270
Hubbard, George S. 2,990 Stevens, John 6,044
Hubbard, Henry G. 53,814 Stocking, Justus 19,381
Hubbard, Jane 6,650 Terrill, M. W. 33,179
Hubbard, Sam’l C. 5,541 Tyler, C. C. 2,897
Hulburt, Geo. H. 2,394 Vansands, L. D. 2,616
Jackson, E. 8,615 Watrous, Jos. M. 6,009
Johnson, Ira N. 2,400 Watkinson, J. H. 8,726
Lyman, David 43,521    “   (trustee) 3,838
Lyman, Wm. 5,500 Wilcox, Eben 6,636

Wilcox, William 4,567

There has been assessed and collected since Sept. 1862, in Middletown and Cromwell, over $200,000. The Manufacturers tax in the two towns, ranges from $6,000 to $10,000 per month.


The Weather.—Snow has fallen 4 inches depth, south of here some 100 and 200 miles, the past week. It has been intensely cold for February. Sabbath morning the mercury indicated four degrees above 0. Monday four degrees below. Tuesday morning four above with a clear atmosphere and bright sun.


Various Matters. … Skating still continues good. On Saturday there was a large gathering of young and old people on the river, opposite the city.

Tuesday, 14th Feb., “Valentine Day.”


Immersion.—John Ramsey, an employee at the Sage Ammunition Works, while returning to the city Saturday evening on the ice, received a cold bath by venturing too near an unsafe spot.


Our Firemen.—Our firemen are a jolly set, and must have their amusements. Just as often as the season comes, must the violin and bow be called into requisition. They work better for it, whenever their services are required for the public welfare, and as their services are entirely voluntary, they expect the public to encourage them in their amusements. The annual ball of Engine and Hose Co., No. 1, takes place this week Friday, that of Hubbard Hose Co., No. 2, on Wednesday of next week, the 22d. Both of the Fire companies are here represented, and our citizens will do well to assist them in meeting their expenses. A generous benefit would be acceptable to the boys.


James Lawrence, of Boston, has given $2,500 for the additional equipment of the laboratory of the scientific school at Harvard College, which is in addition to the sum of $50,000 is a permanent fund for the benefit of the chemical and engineering departments. Mr. Lawrence’s father, Abbott Lawrence, founded this school by the gift of $50,000, and added a bequest of $50,000 more at his death.


Prof. H. S. Quinn, of New York, arrived at Quincy a few days ago on skates, having skated all the way from St. Paul. He left St. Paul on the 9th of January, and reached Quincy on the 23d, traveling the whole distance of 850 miles in fourteen days, stopping on the way to deliver lectures. He found ice smooth and beautiful, and clear of air holes. He had a clean stretch from St. Paul to Quincy, and he bowled down the globe over five degrees of latitude, without meeting an impediment.—It is one of the most extraordinary feats on record.


Never despair, says Prentice. If the stream of your life freezes over, put on skates.

Dunning notice, 1865

From The Constitution, Wednesday, February 8, 1865 (volume 28, number 1415)

War News.

Advices from Gen. Sherman’s army, say that his army is still advancing victorious into the heart of South Carolina, with every prospect of striking a damaging blow on the rebel forces rapidly concentrating in the vicinity of Charleston.

The crew of the rebel steamer Florida, which was captured in the harbor of Bahia, by the U. S. steamer Wachusett, have been liberated, by order of government. They numbered about thirty, and were taken from Fort Warren in a tug and placed on board the British steamer Canada, which sailed from this port last Wednesday for Halifax.

Rebel accounts from the state of Mississippi say there is great activity in the movements of national troops in that region. Transports loaded with them are said to be moving up and down the Mississippi river.

Burleigh, the Lake Erie raider, was delivered to the U. S. Provost Marshal at Suspension Bridge, New York, this morning at four o’clock.

The enemy state that all of Terry’s command has disappeared from the Cape Fear River. The inference is that this body of troops has gone to reinforce Sherman, which, together with the Nineteenth (in part) and Twenty-third Corps, Meagher’s command from Chattanooga and vicinity, and Foster’s force, must give him an army fully equal to that of the James. This being the case, he can, as the enemy are very fearful he will do, threaten several points named, and thereby capture one or all of them without a battle.

The navigation of the Mississippi, from St. Louis to the mouth, is perfectly unobstructed. The enemy appear to have abandoned in despair their pet ideas of obstructing the navigation of the Father of Waters. Hundreds of crafts plow its waters in peace and quietness, and are entirely unmolested. Since Hood’s disastrous defeat, the enemy appear to have lost all heart and enterprise.

Constitutional Amendment.

The 31st day of January, 1865, will be remembered in the history of this nation. Eighty one years a social and political evil has been tolerated, sanctioned by law and the influence of men high in public esteem. On those who have spoke against it has been poured the enmity of powerful cliques, clothed with power. Like the people of old, they sought to found a nation whose corner stone should be of their own origin, and whose power should be felt. A lesson has been taught them. Their strength of yesterday is taken away. The victory of to-day cannot be claimed altogether by the actors of to-day. During the years of the past, men seeing the evils which the system would bring, fought it. The efforts of such patriots as Clay and Webster, postponed the day when the inevitable decision, the clash of arms, would be resorted to, and by compromise sought to inspire confidence and respect throughout all sections of the country. That these efforts were demanded it will be acknowledged. The barriers thus erected were broken by the leaders of the social evil, under various pretexts for its advancement. Thus was the way led to the season when the tree bore its ripe fruit—secession. Then too was the time when the patriots of ’61 first offered their blood in a cause whose success should shed immortal honor on their names. This bloody civil war has taught the people to put away the evil which has caused it. The feeling on this subject is evinced in the vote recorded on Tuesday in Congress in the House of Representatives.

The amendment passed is the following: “Neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, of which the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”

It was initiated in the United States Senate and passed that body on the 8th of April, 1864, by a vote of 38 to 6. During the last session of Congress, it was brought before the House for action but failed by a vote of 95 yeas, to 64 nays. The progress of the war, and public opinion towards emancipation, have had its effect, and the same Congress which rejected the amendment, has now passed it by over two-thirds majority. Eleven Congressmen who first voted against it, have now voted for it; among whom is English of Connecticut. It now remains for the several Legislatures to act upon it. Of those loyal to the Union, there are twenty-eight, all but six of which are now in session. Four of them have already ratified the amendment, Maryland taking the lead. By the 4th of July next the United States of North America will be free from the blight of slavery.

Department for the Blacks.

Gen. Sherman has recently issued an order setting apart the Sea Islands of South Carolina and a tract on the main land for occupation by the negroes. This is an important step in the progress of civilization and advancement to the blacks. It will meet the views of the people, as it has the sanction of government. The land set apart is composed of the main land, and for years has produced large crops of choice rice and cotton, thus enriching the slave holding proprietors. The negroes in this section have been kept in abject servitude being of that class which it has been said could not exist without the care and protection of the white man. An opportunity will now be afforded to test the assertion. They will have a chance while owning and cultivating these rich lands, to prove to the world that they possess those qualities which command respect. This war has been a purifier. It has scattered to the winds the old antipathy against the advancement of the black man. The difference in color has been of no consequence when fighting qualities are considered. So may it be as to their manly qualities. Left to themselves at least for the present, we predict good results.

Arming the Negroes in the South.

From rebel reports they have stirring times in Congress on the question of arming the negroes. Many of the members have the foresight to see that by placing arms in their hands would be giving aid and succor to the enemy. The bill now under discussion provides “that all free male blacks between 18 and 45 shall be liable to labor in the construction and repair of defenses, bridges, roads, and do the menial work of the army generally. Where slaves are so employed, masters are to be compensated in case of their loss or death.” The general tone of its opponents was, that it is a design of the President to secure the services of the negroes in the army, and that when there to arm and make them fight their battles. One member argued that Davis “proposed new and dangerous schemes with unabated confidence in himself, that having so often miscalculated and deceived, it was time he had learned to mistrust himself; he must not look for unlimited support from either Congress of the country. When he proposed the mad schemes of arming the negroes he proved to the world that the abolitionists were not all in the North.” Another said it “would be far better if the government would leave the execution of some of its laws to the people at home; there was too much brass button and bayonet rule in the country—they were thick as locusts in Egypt. He believed in keeping the negro on the plantation; that when a different policy was adopted, the death knell of their hopes would be sounded.” Another argued “that the negro was totally unfit by nature for a soldier, and that he could not be expected to fight on their side when high inducements were offered by the enemy.” It was a hair which broke the camel’s back; it is the negro which will revolutionize the South.

Local News.

Counterfeit Fifty Cents of the Treasury currency are in circulation in this vicinity. At one bank in this city four of them were presented on Monday. They can be easily detected, being new and inferior in every way.

What is Needed.—A want which has long been felt in this community is that of houses, which will rent at prices within the reach of tradesmen and mechanics. The increase of manufacturing in this place has drawn a large class of industrious people, who among their many good qualities, like a neat, respectable house to live in. Two hundred such houses are wanted. It is intimated that one or two capitalists intend erecting houses for rent the coming season. We suggest it to others, as a paying investment even in these times of high prices.

Sleighing on the River.—The sleighing on the river has been excellent. On Wednesday last a party of twenty couple[s] went to East Haddam, had a supper and a dance at the Champion House, and returned to the city, on the morning of Thursday.


The following letter shows what the “Ladies Aid Societies,” are doing:

Harrwood Hospital,

Washington, D. C., Jan. 30th, 1865.

Miss Dyson desires to offer “The Ladies Aid Society,” of Middletown, Conn., heartfelt thanks for a box sent by them, and received Jan. 28th in perfect order. Its contents are devoted to the use of sick, suffering patriots in three wards of Harrwood Hospital. The well selected bounties were hailed by the “boys” with a ready smile, and an eager bite—while such words as, “That’s the first I’ve tasted since I left home,” “Oh, that’s so good,” “That’s bully, ma’am,”—will tell how, with full mouth, and fuller hearts, the kindness of the donors was appreciated. The “Sanitary,” and the “Christian Commissions,” are doing a noble work in our army—a missionary work indeed, evoked by our country’s need as she passes through her baptism of blood in the defense of truth and right.

Written in behalf of 130 Sick Soldiers.


Gubernatorial Candidates.—A correspondent writes to us, suggesting that in the event that Gov. Buckingham should decline a re-nomination, there could be no better name presented to the Convention than that of Hon. Benjamin Douglass, of Middletown. We have already said that there was no reason to suppose that Gov. Buckingham would decline a re-nomination, against the almost unanimously expressed wish that he should again be a candidate of the Union party. The names of many gentlemen of ability and merit have already been suggested as proper candidates for the office of Governor, among which the name of Mr. Douglass fills a prominent place, and while we agree with our correspondent in his high opinion of the true worth of that gentleman, we should very much regret the contingency that opened to the Convention the question of selecting a new candidate. Our correspondent writes:–New Haven Journal.

“Among all the honored names mentioned in connection with the office of Governor, there is none suggestive of more public spirit, of higher and more unselfish devotion to the public good, and to the honor and prosperity of the whole country, or of better capacity and more general business ability, than that of Benjamin Douglass, of Middletown. Mr. Douglass is extensively engaged in manufactures, and closely identified with all the best interests of the state. He has been Lieutenant-Governor on the same ticket with Gov. Buckingham, and would fill the office of Governor with honor to himself and to the great advantage of the State. It there is to be a change, no better choice can be made than that of Mr. Douglass for the position of Governor of Connecticut.”


Edward Frost and George A. Lawrence, of Springfield, have just been allowed a patent on an apparatus for lighting gas by electricity, by means of which the street lamps of a whole city may be lighted instantaneously by a single operation at headquarters. It requires the use of only two wires, running from the battery to the lamps, to each of which a simple arrangement is attached by which the gas is turned on and lighted at the same time, or shut off at the option of the operator.



The account below is by a Washington correspondent, of Tuesday, Jan. 21st.

The proposed amendment to the constitution immediately abolishing and forever prohibiting slavery comes up for final decision. An anxious throng of witnesses pours into the galleries; there is an air of confidence rising almost to exultation on the Union side, while a sullen gloom settles over the pro-slavery benches.

Archibald McAllister, dem., of the XVIIIth Pennsylvania District, reads a beautiful paper, in which he justifies his change of vote, and cast his ballot against the corner-stone of the rebellion. Alexander H. Coffroth, dem., of Pennsylvania, XVI District, follows in an unanswerable and manly argument, to show the power to amend and the policy to amend. Applause on the Republican side greeted these new accessions to freedom.

12:45.—William H. Miller of Pennsylvania, XIVth district, (who was beaten at the last election by Geo. H. Miller, Union,) espouses pro-slavery democracy, and insists on keeping his party foot on the n*****s.

The galleries are getting crowded, the floor of the House filling up.

Anson Herrick, dem., IXth district, New York, next gives frank and statesmanlike reasons why he has changed his views, and shall change his vote.

In the midst of the speaking, and that buzzing which always characterizes a critical vote upon a great question, it is whispered that three rebel peace commissioners, Stevens, Hunter and Campbell, are on their way here—that they were at City Point last night. A few believe, but most people say, “gold gamblers’ news.”

1:30 P. M.—The crowd increases. Senators, heads of bureaus, prominent civilians and distinguished strangers, fill the outside of the circle.

The interest becomes intense. The disruption of the Democratic party now going on is watched with satisfaction and joy upon the Republican side of the House; anxiety and gloom cover the obstinate body guard of slavery, whose contracting lines break with the breaking up of their party.

James S. Brown, Democrat, of Wisconsin, spitefully indicates his intention to vote against freedom. Aaron Harding of Kentucky, a “Border State Unionist,” bless the mark! makes a melancholy effort to poke fun at young Democratic converts, and rams the struggling n***** back under the protection of the sacred Constitution.

Martin Kalbfleish, Democrat, of Brooklyn reads a long pro-slavery composition which excites little attention and no interest.

3 P. M.—The hour for voting has arrived, and the fact is announced by the Speaker. Mr. Kalbfleish is only at the 22d page of his composition, and begs to be endured through six pages more. This request is granted, with much reluctance.

The galleries are wonderfully crowded, and women are invading the reporters’ seats. The Supreme Court and the Senate appear to have been transferred bodily to the floor of the House.

3:20 P. M.—A motion to lay the motion to reconsider on the table assumes the character of a test vote. The most earnest attention is given to the calling of the roll. Division lists appear on all sides, and members, reporters, and spectators devote themselves to keeping tally.

Of course the attempt to table the amendment will fail; but there are not votes enough to pass the bill. Absentees drop in; one “aye,” one “no.” The roll is called over by the Reading Clerk but the count has already been declared in whispers through the House—57 ayes, 111 noes. It is not tabled.

3:30 P. M.—Question is taken now on the motion to reconsider the vote of last session by which the proposed amendment was lost for want of two-thirds. The House vote to reconsider, Ayes 112, Nays 57.

Now commences efforts to stave off the final vote. Robert Mallory, dem., of Ky., with a menace as to what course he should decide to pursue, appeals to Mr. Ashley to let the vote go over till to-morrow.—Other democrats clamor for this delay.

Mr. Ashley refuses and stands firm, this being the accepted time and the day of salvation.

The final vote begins. Down the roll we go to James E. English, dem., of Conn., who votes “aye.” A burst of applause greets this unexpected result and the interest becomes thrilling. The Speaker’s hammer falls heavily and restores silence.

Clerk—“Wells A. Hutchiuns.” “Aye.” A stir of astonishment in the reporters’ gallery.

“William Bradford.” “Aye.” Wonder and pleasure are manifested.

“Dwight Townsend.” “No.” “Ah, if Harry Stebbens had been well enough to stay, that vote had not been given,” said a Senator.

Clerk—“Schuyler Colfax.” “Aye.”

The voting is done. Swift pencils run up the division lists. “One hundred and nineteen to fifty-six.” Hurrah! Seven more than two thirds!

The Clerk whispers the result to the Speaker. The Speaker announces to the House what the audience quickly interpreted to be THE MIGHTY FACT THAT THE XXXVIIITH AMERICAN CONGRESS HAD ABOLISHED AMERICAN SLAVERY.

The tumult of joy that broke out was vast, thundering and uncontrollable. Representatives and Auditors on the floor, soldiers and spectators in the gallery, Senators and Supreme Court Judges, women and pages, gave way to the excitement of the most august and important event in American Legislature and American History since the Declaration of Independence.


Middletown real estate, 1865

From The Constitution, Wednesday, February 1, 1865 (volume 28, number 1414)

War News.

An official dispatch from Admiral Porter dated “Off Smithville, N. C., Jan. 20,” gives the details of the blowing up of Fort Caswell by the enemy on the 16th and the subsequent evacuation of all the other works in that vicinity, including Bald Head Fort, Forts Campbell and Shaw, and the fort at Smithville, all of the very strongest character, and mounting eight, nine and ten inch guns, and one Armstrong 150 pounder. The total number of guns captured in these works was 83, which added to the number captured at Fort Fisher makes 155 cannon as the trophies of four days’ operations. Two blockade runners, the Charlotte and Stag, had been captured by running into the river past Fort Fisher, only to discover one fleet inside. Another was captured by the fleet outside.

Further details of the attempt of the rebel fleet to come down the James River and attack City Point show that the fleet was composed of three iron clads and five gunboats. One of the iron-clads, the Fredericksburgh, ran through the obstructions, but in attempting to follow the others got aground and daylight coming on, our batteries, Forts Brady and Parsons, opened with effect, driving back the entire fleet with the exception of the gunboat Drewry, which remained aground and was blown up by a shell from our guns, which exploded her magazine.

The total number of guns captured at Fort Fisher and the other fortifications on Federal Point, was 72; the number captured at Fort Caswell, Campbell and Shaw, and at two small batteries on the Cape Fear River was 83. Total 155.

The limits of the Department of the South are extended so to embrace the State of North Carolina. The headquarters will remain at Hilton Head. The department will, until further instructions, be subject to the orders and control of Major General Sherman.

Jeff. Davis has appointed March 10 as a fast day.

Sixteen deserters from Tenn. regiments came in Thursday and took the oath, and state that many more are watching a like opportunity. Sixty scalded officers from the steamer Eclipse arrived yesterday. Twenty-two were killed and many more missing.

Gen. Meade has issued an important order, intended to arouse a proper spirit of emulation among the enlisted men of the army. It provides by the recognition and reward of meritorious conduct by granting, under specified conditions, furloughs to such men as by attention to duty, proficiency in drill, conduct on the march and in battle, and care of arms, horses and equipments, have proved themselves to be the best soldiers in the brigades to which they are attached.

Admiral Porter reports to the Navy Department the capture of the blockade running steamer Blenheim on the night of Jan. 24th in Cape Fear River. She was from Nassau, bound in, not knowing the place had fallen into our hands. She has a valuable assorted cargo.

The Richmond Whig of Friday says it was reported in that city that Gen. Lee had been appointed General-in-Chief, and that Gen. Joseph E. Johnson had succeeded him in the command of the Army of Northern Virginia. It had been expected that Gen. Johnson would be assigned to the command of the forces confronting Sherman.

A dispatch from Wilmington, dated Jan. 19, received in Richmond on Thursday, reports the capture of the pirate Olustee, alias Tallahassee, while attempting to run into New Inlet.

The Blairs – Peace – A Humbug!

The visits of the Blairs, Sen. And Jun., to the rebel capital have caused the circulation of peace rumors in every form. The special correspondent of the N. Y. Times states that it is a failure. Jeff Davis will not listen to terms until the confederacy is recognized, after which an armistice may be agreed upon. This is all well enough. The rebel leaders have not yet been brought to that state, in which submission to the authority of the United States will be found preferable to the wrath of an outraged and woe-stricken people. It has been asserted by the rebel organ that the act appointing a General-in-Chief has passed Congress and been approved by the President. They undoubtedly hope by the appointment of some person as General-in-Chief, Gen. Lee for instance, that new strength and vigor will be imparted to their arms. The troubles that have come upon the inhabitants of Dixie have taught their leaders that by separate state action they can do nothing. With this fact acknowledged Jeff Davis now appeals to the States, pointing out to them the injurious and mischievous effects of separate action, and advising them to act together in all matters pertaining to the accomplishment of their independence. As the end draws near, Davis and his advisors will not only see that it is necessary to have one acknowledged head of government for one idea, but in all things. States can control their affairs so as not to conflict with each other and the general government. As the south has thus frankly acknowledged her error in this case, so will she in secession. The old union of States will be restored stronger in unity than ever, for old troublesome ideas will be swept away, giving a clear and unobstructed pathway to the high position among nations which this country is destined to occupy.


A report comes to us from California of the establishment of Wm. M. Gwin, formerly Senator from California as Viceroy or Duke over the northern provinces of Mexico. The last time Gwin was heard from he was arrested on a California steamer by Gen. Sumner, on the ground that he was a disloyal man and working for the interests of the secessionists. There is some reason to believe the truth of the report. The provinces over which he is said to have control, are rich in mineral resources, all that is required, being its settlement by an enterprising people. Then again, as the rebellion wanes, the leaders will be looking for a safe place to retreat, and what better place will offer, than the new country just mentioned. The said Gwin, having intimate relations with the rebel leaders, will probably induce many of them to emigrate, by reviving their old dreams of a great slave empire. Napoleon is a wily schemer, and nothing would please him better than to populate his newly acquired territory with the refugees of the south.


The Illinois Legislature have repealed the black laws, with the exception of that prohibiting the marriage of blacks and whites. Among those foremost in this repeal were some who had figured in their adoption.


Destruction by Fire of the Smithsonian Institute, Washington.—The Smithsonian Institute, at Washington, was partially destroyed by fire, on Tuesday afternoon last, caused by a defective flue, in the loft above the picture gallery. The fire was confined to the main building, and above the first story, the latter containing the museum, which was considerably damaged by water. The wings and corridors were not much injured, neither was the large library in the west wing much damaged.

Local News.

Fair and Festival.—The Fair and Festival given by the ladies of the Alert Club, comes off on Wednesday afternoon and evening of this week. The friends of the soldier will bear in mind the cause for which they endure hardships and privations and make liberal contributions to the entertainment now in hand. Donations may be sent to the McDonough Hall until 12 o’clock Wednesday.—Now is the opportunity, and let the citizens of Middletown and vicinity improve it, and give of their bounty in such a manner that the soldiers will have cause to remember them.


Dr. L. Jewett of the 14th C. V., who was wounded at the battle of Reams Station on the Weldon R. R., has recently received his discharge and is now at his home in Middle Haddam.


Skating.—There has been good skating on the river for the past week. Saturday afternoon the skaters could have been counted by the hundreds. The ice boat is out every day.


Registration of Births and Deaths.—We are requested by the Registrar of this town, to call the attention of some of our delinquent Physicians, to the importance and necessity of their making complete returns of the births and deaths, (more particularly of the former,) which have occurred in their practice, the past year. The Registrar informs us, that as the returns now stand, the deaths exceed the births by forty-five. This surely cannot be so; and such a statement to be published and circulated abroad, (as it will be unless speedily corrected,) would most certainly have an injurious effect upon the interests of this town, and we trust that those Physicians who have neglected their duty in this matter, will no longer delay in making the proper returns.


An important witness in a case before the Superior Court in session at Northampton, Mass., being absent last week, the sheriff was sent after him. The officer returned and said he had found the man, and wanted to know if the Court insisted on his presence. The answer was yes; but after the officer explained that he was sick with the small pox, the Court suddenly changed its mind.


In the Boston police court, recently, a man arraigned as a common drunkard, put in a peculiar plea in defense. He said that he believed the world was coming to an end within a year, and meditating upon this momentous event “staggered” him. The court did not see it in that light, and sent the staggerer to the House of Correction for five months.


A guerrilla attacked the shop of a lonely widow in Hawesville, Ky., the other night. He broke the window and pushed his head in, when the widow laid him out with a billet of wood, called for an axe, and deliberately made mince-meat of the body.


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July 2021

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Wordle: Middlesex County Historical Society - Civil War in Middletown, CT
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