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From The Constitution, Wednesday, May 10, 1865 (volume 28, number 1428)

War News.

An order from Gen. Halleck, issued at Richmond, allows all persons, without regard to rank or employment, in the civil or military service of the late rebel government, to take the amnesty oath, and will receive the corresponding certificate. Those excluded from the benefit of such oath can make application for pardon and restoration to civil rights, which applications will be received and forwarded to proper channels for the action of the President of the United States.—The fact that such persons have voluntarily come forward and taken the oath of allegiance will be evidence of their intention to resume the status of loyal citizens, and constitutes a claim for Executive clemency. Gen. Meade had arrived in Richmond. The van of the Army of the Potomac reached Manchester on the 3d, from City Point, en route for Washington. The heavy equipments and paraphernalia go by water.

It was thought that both Bragg and Hampton accompanied Jeff. Davis for parts unknown, the latter in command of the escort.

The Richmond Whig, of the 4th, states that Robert Ould, late rebel Commissioner of Exchange, and Wm. H. Hatch, his assistant and several other attaches of the Bureau, had been arrested on an order from Washington upon a charge connected with the administration of affairs devolving upon them.

Two of our paroled prisoners have arrived at Raleigh, bring news that Jeff. Davis was at Charlotte, N. C., on the 25th of April but that he left on that day bound for the West. He had a train of twenty wagons, escorted by 3,000 cavalry under Gen. Echols and Basil Duke. These men were mostly of Morgan’s old command, and were committing all sorts of outrages upon the people. Davis had the impudence to make a speech to the people, in which he assured them that he would soon be again on the field with an army larger than ever before.

Dispatches from Memphis confirm the report of the surrender of Jeff. Thompson. He surrendered his entire force to Commander Mitchell, of the United States service, with whom he has been in negotiation for some time. The terms are understood to be the same as were accorded to Gens. Lee and Johnston.

Gen. Meredith, commanding Western Kentucky, has summoned all bands of armed men acting in open hostility against the government, to surrender before May 20, on terms granted to Lee, or be treated as outlaws.


An order has been issued by Gen. Augur, prohibiting the disinterment of deceased soldiers in the department of Washington between May 1st, and October 1st.


The Rebel Loan in England.—The cotton loan in England has tended in a great measure to uphold the cause of the South in foreign countries, and cause attention and respect to be paid to southern emissaries. The only thing, however, which gave security to the loans, was the existence of Lee’s army. Upon the receipt of the news in England of its surrender we can imagine the flutter and consternation which its holders will be thrown into. It is a pity that there was not more of it, it being limited to fifteen millions. The biter has once again been bitten, and no sympathy will be extended this side of the Atlantic. If they would go in bad company, let them suffer the consequences.


President Lincoln’s remains were deposited in their last resting place at Springfield, Ill., on Thursday, with the most solemn ceremonies. A vast concourse of people were present. Bishop Simpeon delivered the funeral oration.


By The President of the United States of America.

A Proclamation.

Whereas, it appears from evidence in the bureau of military justice, that the atrocious murder of the late President, Abraham Lincoln, and the attempted assassination of Hon. W. H. Seward, Secretary of State, were incited, concerted and procured by and between Jefferson Davis, late of Richmond, Va., and Jacob Thompson, Clement C. Clay, Beverly Tucker, George N. Sanders, W. C. Cleary, and other rebels and traitors against the government of the United States, harbored in Canada.

Now, therefore, to the end that justice may be done, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do offer and promise for the arrest of said persons, or either of them within the limits of the United States, so that they can be brought to trial, the following rewards: One hundred thousand dollars for the arrest of Jefferson Davis, twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of Jacob Thompson, late of Mississippi; twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of George N. Sanders; twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of Beverly Tucker; and ten thousand dollars for the arrest of William C. Cleary, late clerk of Clement C. Clay.

The Provost Marshal General of the United States is directed to cause a description of said persons, with notice of the above rewards to be published.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, the second day of May, in the year of our Lord, 1865, and of independence of the United States of America the eighty-ninth. (Signed) ANDREW JOHNSON.

By the President:

W. Hunter, Acting Secretary of State.


Taking the Bull By the Horns.—The life of Booth, the assassin, has been taken. Mallory, the secretary of the rebel navy, has given himself up. The notorious Kirby Smith has surrendered his army, and upon a few of the remaining leaders of the rebellion, a price is set which will place them in our hands, or make them fugitives and outlaws in the land.


Secretary Seward and his son Frederick are recovering slowly from their wounds. The Secretary took his usual ride on Friday. A successful surgical operation was performed on his jaw the same day, in presence of several eminent surgeons.


The Message

Of Gov. Buckingham, its important parts, will be found on the first page. It is an able document. State matters are treated in a practical manner. The funded debt of the State is represented at $3,000,000, unfunded $2,523,113.47. A new issue of State Bonds is recommended and no diminution of State Taxes. The school fund exceeds $2,000,000, and the condition of the schools is satisfactory. The State Reform School is self-supporting; the number of boys now there is 257. The expenses of the State Prison were $5,770 above its earnings. There have been in the State the past year 9,734 births, 9,109 deaths and 4,107 marriages. The railroad companies have been prosperous, the net earnings having increased 25 per cent. Twenty-three banks have changed to the national system; forty-nine still remain under the State laws. Deposits in savings banks have increased $2,160,066.27. The constitutional amendment is recommended; also an amendment allowing soldiers to vote. Of the quotas furnished, this State with Iowa, were the only loyal states specially exempted from the operations of the last draft. The state has been credited by the war department with 54,448 men, mustered in for a total service of 132,715 years. The assassination of President Lincoln, state rights, and other matters of public interest are appropriately discussed.

Local News.

Alert Club.—The regular meetings of the “Club” will be discontinued until further notice. The usual quarterly collections will be made in June.


Launched at Essex, on the 6th inst., from the yard of David Mack, Esq., a superior built schooner of 250 tons burthen, called the “Gen. Sheridan,” owned by parties in this place and Portland, and commanded by Capt. Samuel J. Buell of this city.

The schr. Wm. Boardman, of Hartford, has been chartered and has sailed with a cargo for Richmond.


Fruit.—Pineapples and bananas, ripe and delicious, can be found at the store of C. E. Putnam.


New Music.—“Funeral March, to the memory of Abraham Lincoln the Martyr President of the United States,” is the title of a new piece by Mrs. E. A. Parkhurst, just issued from the establishment of Horace Waters, 481 Broadway, N. Y.; also from the same establishment. “Lullaby,” by Wm. F. Muller, and a serio-comic ballad, entitled, “Famous Oil Firms.”

Reducing Expenses.

The expenses of the government have at last reached high water mark. For four years the debtor side of the account has increased, until it has reached figures which in former years would appal us. It was “live or die,” and we shrank from nothing which would aid in accomplishing our object. But the happy hour when retrenchment is the order of the day, has come, and it is hoped, the last of the rebellion. Hereafter, for numberless years, the demand for young men to increase our armies will not be made. Their energies will now be turned to the arts of industry. Peace shall again pervade the land. It has been feared that should we defeat the armies in the field, we should be engaged for years in a guerilla warfare. But there are hopes that it will not be so. The chief of guerillas, Mosby, has voluntarily broken up his band, and taken flight with Jeff. Davis. Our brave boys are already on the homeward march, and six hundred thousand blank discharges have been ordered to be printed by the war department. Many of the barracks in the different loyal states have been torn down, and the soil put under the plow and harrow. In the navy department, the word for retrenchment has been passed. Contracts have been withdrawn, and vessels are coming into our harbors to be discharged from the service. Our expenses during the past few months have been nearly three millions a day. They will be reduced at once more than a third. Should the rebel leaders leave the country, and Texas remain quiet, a much larger reduction of the military force than is now intended will be made. We have been engaged in a terrible war, raised large armies and been successful. We shall now prove to those who have asserted that we were drifting to a military despotism, that we can disband our armies and resume the peaceful vocations of life. Thus we move on. Powerful in peace, terrible in war.


The Hartford Press states that Henry Hegeman, the pedestrian, who agreed to walk from Boston to Washington, whenever Gen. Lee surrendered, was in that city on Saturday. He left Boston on Monday, at 11 o’clock, and travels at the rate of twenty-five miles per day. He says that he is warmly received at some places. He is a small German, dresses in black, with a linen duster, carries a haversack and a small American flag which was presented him in Boston.


1865 drunkeness ad

From The Constitution, Wednesday, May 3, 1865 (volume 28, number 1427)

War News.

Gen. Halleck, under date April 26, writes that Gens. Meade, Sheridan and Wright are acting under orders to pay no regard to any truce or orders of Gen. Sherman respecting hostilities, on the ground that Sherman’s agreement could bind his own command only and no other. They are directed to push forward regardless of orders from any one except Gen. Grant and cut off Johnston’s retreat.

Beauregard has telegraphed to Danville that a new arrangement has been made with General Sherman, and that the advance of the Sixth Corps was to be suspended until further orders. I have telegraphed back to obey no orders of Sherman’s, but to push forward as rapidly as possible.

Bankers here have information to-day, that Jeff. Davis’ specie is moving south from Goldsboro, in wagons, as fast as possible. I suggest that orders be telegraphed through Gen. Thomas that Gen. Wilson obey no orders from Gen. Sherman, and notifying him and Canby, and all commanders on the Mississippi to take measures to intercept the rebel chiefs and their plunder. The specie taken with them is estimated here at from six to thirteen million dollars.

The steamer from Morehead City, brings advices from Newburn that Grant effectively put an end to the armistice. It is reported in Newbern that Grant had given Johnston to six, yesterday morning, to surrender his army, conditions unknown. Grant announcing that after that hour hostilities would be at once resumed. Johnston is said to have replied that if Davis and the leading general officers of the confederacy were pardoned and permitted to leave the country free and unmolested, he would be authorized to accept the terms proposed.

A dispatch from Gen. Grant dated Raleigh, 10 P. M., April 26, states that Johnston surrendered the forces in his command, embracing all from here to Chattachoochie, to Gen. Sherman, on the basis agreed upon between Lee and Grant for the army of Northern Virginia.

The rebel ram Webb, which escaped from Red River on the 22d and rushed down the Mississippi at high speed, apparent on a raid against our shipping in that river, has gone the way of nearly all such vessels. She passed New Orleans, hoisted the rebel flag, and in a short time afterward her machinery got out of order, and she was at once deserted and blown up. Some of her crew got back to New Orleans.

The Louisville Journal has information that the rebel Gen. Gideon J. Pillow has requested to be allowed to return to his home in Tennessee under the amnesty oath and giving bonds.

Nine hundred rebels at Cumberland Gap surrendered on Friday, and were paroled.


A Steamer Blown Up.—The steamer Sultana from New Orleans the evening of the 21st arrived at Vicksburg with boilers leaking badly. She remained thirty hours repairing and took on board 1996 federal soldiers, and 35 officers, lately released from Cahawba and Andersonville prisons. She arrived at Memphis Thursday evening, and after coaling proceeded until about 2 A. M. Friday, when she blew up and immediately took fire and burned to the water’s edge. Of 2106 souls on board, not more than 700 will be recovered. Five hundred were rescued and are now in hospital. Two or three hundred uninjured are at the Soldiers’ House at Cairo. Capt. Mason, of the Sultana, is supposed to be lost. At 4 o’clock Friday morning the river in front of Memphis was covered with soldiers struggling for life, many of them badly scalded.—Boats immediately went to the rescue and are still engaged in picking them up. Gen. Washburne immediately organized a board of officers to investigate the affair.


This afternoon, April 27th, Chas. Ingersoll, brother of Edward Ingersoll, and a notorious sympathizer with the rebellion went to Spring Garden Hall, Philadelphia, for the purpose of giving bail for his brother. On descending from his carriage he was set upon by the populace and badly beaten. He took refuge in the hall and was subsequently conveyed home. Several prominent secessionists proposed to visit the hall this afternoon to consult with Ingersoll, but they were warned not to do so and desisted. The excitement on the subject runs high.

Booth, The Assassin.

The detachment of the 16th New York cavalry obtained the first news of Booth at Port Royal, Tuesday evening, from an old man who stated that four men in company with a rebel captain, had crossed the Rappahannock a short time previous, going in the direction of Bowling Green, and he added that the captain would probably be found in that place, as he was courting a lady there.—Pushing on to Bowling Green, the captain was found at a hotel and taken in custody.—From him it was ascertained that Booth and Harrold were at the house of John and William Garrett, three miles back toward Port Royal, and about a quarter of a mile from the road passed over by the cavalry. In the meantime it appears that Booth and Harrold applied Garrett for horses to ride to Louisia Court House, but the latter fearing the horses would not be returned, refused to hire them notwithstanding large sums were offered.—These circumstances, together with the recriminations of Booth and Harrold each charging the other with the responsibility of their difficulties, had aroused the suspicions of the Garrett brothers, who urged Booth and Harrold to leave lest they (Garretts) should get into trouble with our cavalry. This Booth refused to do without a horse, and the men retired to a barn, the door of which, after they entered, Garrett locked and remained himself on guard in a neighboring corncrib, as he alleges, to prevent the horses being taken and ridden off in the night by Booth and Harrold.

Upon the approach of our cavalry from Bowling Green, about three o’clock Wednesday morning, the Garretts came out of the corn crib to meet them, and in answer to their inquiries, directed them to the barn.—Some further particulars are here given, not varying from what has already been stated. After the barn had been burning three-quarters of an hour, and when the roof was about falling, Booth, who had been standing with a revolver in one hand and a carbine resting on the floor, made a demonstration as if to break through the guard and escape. To prevent this, Serg. Corbett fired, intending to hit Booth in the shoulder, so as to cripple him. The ball, however, struck a little too high, and entered the neck, resulting fatally.

Booth wore, besides his suit of grey, an ordinary cloth cap, heavy high topped cavalry boot on his right foot, with the top turned down, and a government shoe on his left foot. No clue could be obtained of the other two men. Taking the two Garretts into custody, the command immediately set out for Washington, after releasing the captain. Serg. Corbett was baptized in Boston about seven years ago, at which time he assumed the name of Boston Corbett. To-day he was greatly lionized, and on the street was repeatedly surrounded by citizens. The two Garretts are dressed in rebel grey, having belonged to Lee’s army and just returned home on parole. They profess to have been entirely ignorant of the character of Booth and Harrold and manifest great uneasiness concerning their connection with the affair.

Booth and Harrold narrowly escaped capture on this side of the Potomac. Marshal Murray and a posse of New York detectives, tracked them to within a short distance of Swan Point, but the marshal being unacquainted with the country, and without a guide, during the night took the wrong road, and before he could regain the trail, Booth and Harrold succeeded in crossing the river to Virginia. The report that Booth attempted to shoot himself while in the barn, is incorrect. He, however, in his parley with his besiegers, indicated that he would not be taken alive. His manner throughout was that of hardened desperation, knowing his doom to be sealed, and preferring to meet it there in that shape, to the more ignominious death awaiting him if captured. He appeared to pay little attention to the fire raging about him, until the roof fell in, when he made a movement indicating a purpose to make a desperate attempt to cut his way out. The pistol used by Corbett was a regular large sized cavalry pistol. He was offered $1000 this morning for the pistol with its five undischarged loads.

This afternoon Surgeon-General Barnes, with an assistant, held an autopsy on the body of Booth. It now appears that Booth and Harrold had on clothes which were originally of some other color than confederate grey, but being faded and dirty, presented that appearance.


The Body of Booth.—On the 27th of April, the secretary of war, committed to Col. L. C. Baker, of the secret service, the stark corpse of J. Wilkes Booth. On the same night, a small row boat received the carcass of the murderer; two men were in it; they carried the body off into the darkness, and out of that darkness it will never return. The secret service never fulfilled its volition more secretively.


Junius Brutus Booth, an elder brother of J. Wilkes the assassin, was arrested at Philadelphia, on the morning of the 26th, taken to Washington and placed in the old capital prison. His letter to J. Wilkes about the “oil business,” has led to the suspicion that he knew that Wilkes intended to assassinate the president, and hence his arrest.

Local News.

In our article last week, on the obsequies of President Lincoln, in mentioning the names of those who draped their residences or places of business, we should have added that of Wm. A. Hedge, who had his residence and store on Main street most appropriately draped; likewise the store of F. Brewer. We will also mention that the residence of M. H. Griffin, Esq., on Prospect Hill, in the northwest part of the city, was heavily draped. Mr. Griffin was at considerable expense in procuring material from abroad, and like thousands of his countrymen, showed in a becoming manner, his respect to the memory of our late chief magistrate. We stated at the time that the list of names was incomplete. Most of the residences of the town and city paid proper respect to the departed.


New Train.—An afternoon train has commenced running between this city and Berlin depot. This will be quite an accommodation to those, who, having transacted their business by noon, in either New Haven or Hartford, wish to arrive in this city before dark. The train leaves at 3.20 p. m., returning to this city a few minutes before 5 p. m.


Fire.—The large wooden building, foot of Green st., known as the “Old Mill” or “Tanney place” was destroyed by fire Monday afternoon. The building has not been used for many years. The boys in the neighborhood have been in the habit of gathering there, and they were to have a “show” on the premises that afternoon. It was without doubt more of a show and had more spectators, than they calculated for. The property belonged to the estate of the late Chas. R. Alsop. No insurance.


Anecdote of Sherman.—While Senator Sherman was here on a visit, about a week ago, he was presented by Frank Blair with a very fine horse, captured during the South Carolina campaign. He was told that he must get a pass from his brother, the general, before he could ship the animal to the North, but thought this would be a very small matter. So he went to “Cump’s” headquarters to tell him of his luck and get the necessary document. “It’s a splendid horse, Cump,” said the honorable Senator, “and if you’ll just sign a permit I’ll take him up in the boat with me.”

Cump replied, adjusting his shirt-collar with both hands, “I’m very glad he’s a good horse. We are very much in need of good horses, for the army. I have some orderlies around headquarters that are badly mounted.”

The grave and reverend senator was taken aback by this, and again reminded the general that the horse had been presented to him, and was not government property.

“Can’t let you have him, John. All the horses here belong to Uncle Sam. Individual titles ain’t worth a cent,” said Cump, and so the senator was cheated out of his present.

Let brotherly love continue.—Correspondence Cincinnati Commercial.


1865 Middletown Real Estate Ads

From The Constitution, Wednesday, April 26, 1865 (volume 28, number 1426)

War News.

The rumors which have been circulating for some days about negotiations between Sherman and Johnston have at length taken definite shape. A courier from Gen. Sherman arrived at Washington last Friday, with the intelligence that that General had assumed the responsibility of arranging terms of peace with Gen. Johnston, and had agreed upon a temporary suspension of hostilities. At a Cabinet meeting held Friday night, the action of Gen. Sherman was disapproved by the President, by the Secretary of War, by Gen. Grant, and by every member of the Cabinet, and he was ordered to resume hostilities immediately. Lieut.-Gen. Grant left immediately, by a special steamer, to take supervision in person. A dispatch from Fortress Monroe announces his arrival at that place on Saturday. It is to be apprehended that these operations have given Jeff. Davis time to make good his escape, with the plunder of the Richmond banks.

Maj.-Gen. Canby reports that there were over 150 pieces of artillery found in the works around Mobile, with large quantities of ammunition and War supplies. The prisoners taken number about 1,000, and the cotton secured is about 3,000 bales.

All of Mosby’s gang have surrendered except himself; he has fled, and some of his late soldiers are in search of him, prompted by the offer, by Gen. Hancock, of $2,000 reward for the great guerrilla.

The Funeral Ceremonies on Wednesday.

From the information received from all parts of the country, it is safe to say nothing that has occurred since the organization of the government, has so moved the hearts of all the people, as the death of President Lincoln. The day fixed upon for the funeral ceremonies was universally observed, and in no part of the land with more apparent sincerity and unanimity than in Middletown—be it said to the honor of the heads and hearts of all our citizens. On Wednesday morning the whole city appeared in the habiliments of woe, and we are not of those who insist that any displayed, through fear of public sentiment, the outward symbols of sorrow which had not touched their hearts. It is one of those mighty afflictions in the presence of which prejudice, bigotry, partizan malignity and sectarian hate are awed into silence, and the soul, assuming its true dignity, is moved by those kindly sentiments and feelings which tell of the real nobility of human nature.

The day was one of the fairest that the season brings. At 10 a. m., the stores and other places throughout the city were closed; the church bells tolled from 11 to 12. One hundred minute guns were fired by the Douglas and Alsop Batteries commencing at 12 m. One of the largest meetings we have ever attended in this city, was held at the North Cong. Church, beginning at noon and lasting three hours. The house was crowded in every part, and hundreds went away unable even to get within sight of the exercises. The order of exercise was as follows:

Voluntary on Organ, and Singing.—Solo and Chorus, “Almighty Lord, before thy throne.”

Invocation and Reading of the Scriptures, Rev. Jeremiah Taylor.

Reading of Hymn—Rev. John Pegg.—“Why do ye mourn.”

Prayer—Rev. J. H. Gilbert.

Music—Solo and Quartette.—“Bow down thine ear.”

Address—Rev. Joseph Cummings, D. D.

Address—Rev. J. E. Bruce.

Music—Solo and Quartette.—“Rest, Spirit, rest.”

Address—Prof. F. H. Newhall.

Address—Rev. J. L. Dudley.

Hymn.—“God moves in a mysterious way.”


His Honor Mayor Warner, in opening the exercises, said:

The event which calls us together to-day is more momentous than any since the formation of our government, or any in the progress in the last decade of centuries. The personal embodiment of our nationality; of its power, sovereignty and dignity, the chief executive of the will of this people; the constitutional guardian of their rights, liberties and destinies; and as such the living symbol of constitutional form of governments, of human progress, of social and political equality; of civil and religious liberty, and of the high hopes of struggling humanity throughout the world, in the discharge and exercise of these sublime and almost divine functions and characteristics is struck down and at this hour lies straightened for the grave.

We have come to contemplate our dead President in the light, and through the gory shades of his tragic martyrdom,–we are gathered to contemplate those elements of his character which in their purity, simplicity and greatness have already silenced the voice of partizan malignity and hate; which has palsied the tongue of his defamers, and which have alike defied the scarcely less malignant and deadly touch of the assassin’s bullet; elements of character which defy any vicissitudes of time or eternity—which to-day can look Jehovah face to face and live, and which for all coming time, will command and receive the benediction of his countrymen and all future generations of men.

We are here under the shadows of a great affliction whilst the heart of the nation throbs its unutterable anguish at the tomb of its twice chosen chieftain; and apprehension, doubt and despondency seem to shut out and encurtain the future. Here, under the sanctions of our religion, around the altar and before the God of our fathers, we seem to see their martyrdoms walking in the gloom of their conflict; and they point to us the cheering, God-trusting motto which they inscribed upon the banners and which still beams upon us. We are here for invocation to that God to again place His bow of promise and peace in our political skies, and to indicate to this people the paths they can safely tread.

It is not my purpose to point out the moral of this calamity, and my poor common words would be mockery should I attempt to give utterance to the nation’s grief. But I cannot and will not forego the reflection,–almost a religious one—which steals over me and which seems also to have possessed the mind of our people, that the clotted shroud of this our dead, yet more than a living Cæsar, will be more powerful in impressing his virtues, his spotless example of political integrity upon the nation’s mind, more grand in its operations and effect in human events, more significant in the cause of liberty and justice, more weighty in the scale of human destiny, and more potent in moving the car of human progress, than he could have been had he moved in the sphere and accomplished the work which the partiality and choice of our people had assigned him to do.

Rev. Jeremiah Taylor, read numerous selections of Scripture. Mr. Pegg and Mr. Gilbert being absent, the hymn was read by Prof. Newhall and a lengthy and earnest prayer was offered by Rev. J. Taylor.

A Solo and Quartette was then given by a choir consisting of Miss Condon, Miss Ingham, Mrs. P. M. Wright, Mrs. Dr. Baker, Prof. Harrington, Messrs. J. N. Camp, Charles Stearns, and M. C. Elliott, under the direction of M. B. Copeland, Esq., who presided at the organ.

Rev. Dr. Cummings spoke with evident emotion. He referred in a touching manner to the sufferings of our soldiers in Southern prisons, and at the close of his remarks there were few dry eyes in all the vast audience. Dr. Cummings is always heard with pleasure by our citizens, but never have we seen his audience more interested than on this occasion.

Rev. Mr. Bruce spoke of the assassin, whose name, he said, is Slavery. He gave a number of facts and arguments to prove the correctness of the statement.

The address of Prof. Newhall was in every sense an excellent one. In closing he called upon all to swear by the Eternal God that no traitor shall press the soil or breathe the air of this land of Liberty—the home of Abraham Lincoln. The words were so well spoken and the sentiment was so acceptable that the audience, almost involuntarily loudly applauded.

Rev. Mr. Dudley said he had thought that the Rebellion had never done anything worthy of itself; and he had often wondered what dark and damnable thing would yet be disclosed. He wondered no longer—the deed was done. Then there was joy in Hell, and in some hearts not yet there. He spoke for nearly half an hour and the address was characterized by great earnestness and force,–at times by great beauty of thought and expression. The closing hymn was sung by the Choir and the benediction pronounced by Dr. Cummings.

The buildings throughout the city were with few exceptions, draped in mourning. Among which we will mention the Custom House and Post Office, which was heavily decorated, a full-length portrait of the late President being displayed in the porch; the Middletown and the First National Bank; the buildings of the fire companies with their flags at half mast; the store and windows of S. Stearns & Son, G. N. Ward, Wm. H. Ford, J. B. Southmayd, Chas. W. Hills, Foster & Vinal, H. C. Ransom, J. Bacon, N. V. Fagan, the rooms of the “Eurodelphians,” Bradley & Treadwell, Levy & Mooney, F. Brewer, J. S. Fairchild, J. Dessauer, H. D. Hall, Geo. Prior, J. D. Neale, E. Rockwell, Strauss & Schwartz, Benham and Boardman, H. Woodward, Miss Spaulding, E. Ackley, Mrs. Brooks, Misses Greenfield, F. D. Marvin, A. R. Parshley, Wm. Southmayd & Son, A. Kelsey, Adams Express and Telegraph offices. Among the residences were those of Mrs. J. K. F. Mansfield, Benj. Douglas, Dr. J. Ellis Blake, Mrs. Dyson, Miss Alsop, D. H. Chase, E. H. Roberts, Curtiss Bacon, Mrs. Woodward, Rev. M. Smith, J. W. Baldwin, D. Glover, Edwin Stearns, Wm. S. Camp, Misses Robertson, Mrs. Tobey, C. C. Hubbard, E. Loveland, H. Rutty, H. Boardman, S. G. Hurlburt, C. F. Collins, Beach, C. A. Boardman, N. Smith, J. S. Bailey, H. Cooley, J. W. Hayes, C. E. Putnam, H. Stancliff, A. Putnam, Miss M. Payne, A. Newton, J. G. Baldwin, Wm. J. Trench, J. W. Douglas, H. Ward, E. & F. Chaffee, M. Culver, C. C. Tyler, Mrs. Tompkins, Elijah Hubbard, D. J. Neale, J. Danforth, Mrs. M. Bradley, W. W. Wilcox, F. Comstock, Prof. Huber, E. Penfield, J. H. Sumner, Wm. Woodward, Dr. Gilman, H. G. Hubbard, J. H. Watkinson, A. B. Calef, G. M. Smith and B. C. Bacon. The flag of the Russell Manf’g Co., was trimmed in black and displayed at half mast. Several private dwellings in South Farms were appropriately draped including the store of Messrs. G. & J. Hubbard.


Wes students' tribute to Lincoln 1865


The Granite State was crowded with passengers on Monday, anxious to attend the funeral ceremonies of the President in New York. The body arrived there Monday afternoon.


Returned From the War.—George Loveland, eldest son of Elijah Loveland, Esq., of this city, returned to his home in this city last week, with an honorable discharge from three years service, in company A. 1st Conn. Heavy Artillery. He enlisted with Joseph Tobey, whose death we recorded a few months ago, a short time after the regiment had been in the field, and has remained faithful to his duty, without as much as a furlough, until his time of service expired. We acknowledge the receipt of a late Richmond paper.


Gov. Buckingham has issued a proclamation, withdrawing the State bounty of $300 to volunteer, or any person who may be mustered in the service of the United States, after the 17th inst.


A. S. Hotchkiss, (formerly of this city,) local editor of the Courant, was elected last week, clerk of the Board of Common Council, in Hartford. Good for Albert.


Editor of the Constitution:

Sir: I notice in your last paper that Samuel Birdsey, who once lived here, but now a traitor and rebel soldier, had returned (having lost his property south,) to receive and enjoy an ample property here, which his friend and agent had carefully managed for him, while engaged with his two substitutes in a warfare against the government. This fellow, after the battle of Bull Run, came here to look after his property, boasted of the masses of the south, sneeringly alluding to our defeat. Finding all safe, and leaving his property with his friend, he again started for his post in the confederate army, to assist in his cherished object of destroying the government. The war now being about closed, having done all he could to destroy our country, losing every penny south, returns to his native place to receive, from his faithful friend and agent, the property committed to his trust. The question seems to arrive, shall this rebel and avowed enemy be allowed to remain in this community, an eye-sore to every loyal soul, and living curse among us! Very tender and kind-hearted, indeed to their enemies, are the citizens of Middletown, if they allow it.



Messrs. Newtons: I am sorry to trouble you again, and should not, had not the Sentinel man (!) repeated his falsehood respecting repairs on the Turnpike. His motto probably is, “That a lie well stuck to is as good as the Truth.” In answer to my last communication he says, “That he certainly saw them [that is the City repairers and teams] at work at the point named.”

Now this is a repetition of his barefaced, unmitigated falsehood! and he knows it to be such. If he wishes light on the subject let him go to the archives of the Town; he will find there a written contract between the Town of Middletown and the Turnpike Company, made soon after it was chartered, conditioned that the Town shall keep the Turnpike in repair from where the Catholic Church now stands to Sumner’s Creek, for the consideration of Twenty five dollars per annum, and that from that time to the present, the Turnpike Co., have yearly paid the amount into the Town Treasury. We repeat, that the city have never, since the contract was made, worked at the point where the sharp vision of the Sentinel blunderhead says he saw them. I do not propose to notice any more of his malicious slanders. If it is any enjoyment to him let him go on, it hurts no one.



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From The Constitution, Wednesday, April 19, 1865 (volume 28, number 1425)


“He stood upon an eminence and glory covered him.”

The American nation to-day is bowed down with a great sorrow. Millions of sad hearts lift up their cry of mourning to Heaven. It is but a few days since that great joy of glad tidings lit up every hearth-stone in the land, every roof tree was hung with the garlands of rejoicing, and heartfelt thanksgiving smiled at every board. These were gala days, for the dawning of the great era of peace and national grandeur, the compact sealed with patriot blood and written with the sword of justice, had come. But of a sudden like a thunder cloud in a bright day came a great bereavement to the people. Their joy was turned to sadness. Every heart in the city, town, hamlet and highway of this broad land was stricken with sadness as if a father had been taken from every household. Abraham Lincoln is dead. The great emancipator, and thus the most notable name that history will have the honor of writing for the nineteenth century, he who with one trenchant blow struck down the evil that the ages had contended with, Abraham Lincoln is dead. Dead by the cowardly hand of assassination. Why or wherefore we do not know – the great sad fact of these days for all the world is, though his good works still live and are invulnerable to the bullet and dagger of the murderer, he is dead—the saddest words that have been spoken to the American people since the birth of the republic. Stricken down in his and the nation’s prime. The well earned glory of this great internecine struggle had just begun to gather around this beloved leader and his people, after struggling through four dark years of wilderness just as the light had begun to break, like Moses of old, he was fated to die with a far off glimpse of the promised land. We can draw no parallel for this great and good man’s character in the whole; it is its own parallel; it stands out before the centuries unique, incomparable. It would be a work of superrogation to recapitulate the events that have transpired during the Executive career of our beloved President. They are familiar in all of their prominent points as household words to every loyal man and woman, and history will take care of the details. Already a monument has grown up in the hearts of the people in memoriam of this wise and good man that all coming generations will be glad and proud to add to in humble romance. History furnishes us no ruler that ever had such a deep abiding hold upon the hearts and confidence of a nation. He was hedged about by no kingly divinity born of superstition and royal heritage; but his fascinating power over this mighty and incongruous people consisted of the same elements of character, that distinguished Washington; his incorruptible integrity, his wonderful honesty, his unfaltering patience, his large hearted leniency and total lack of vindictiveness. And that too, in a time, every day of which developed events, startling and potent, unparalleled in the worlds past, unthought of by philosophers, undreamed of by reformers. Surrounded by ambitious advisers, he was deaf to temptation, goaded by hungry place seekers, he was unflinching in his settled policy. The scepter he swayed was not made of the stern material of haughty magistracy, but was simply the strong arm of a great people who loved him and confided in him. He was a patriot of the present type, when to be a patriot was a dangerous thing; his unalterable policy was simple, grand and enduring. All his dealings with halter deserving traitors have been tinctured with the christian spirit of “forgive and forget.” The great love of country mingled with conciliation that flowed from his first message has tempered his whole Executive career, and the motto “Sic semper tyrannis,” whether the deed was of a diseased mind of a Judas bargain, as uttered by the wretched dastard who did it, was simply absurd as applied to this generous man, and history and the divinity in history that never dies, will retract no comfort from this motto for the bloody wretch and those who sympathize with him. Whatever pretext the assassin might have assumed, he signally failed here. But repinings are useless, the arrow is sped and the blow cannot be recalled. Though the noble head is bowed low, the name of the good man shall remain forever a tower of strength, for “Virtue alone outbuilds the pyramids; her ornaments shall last, when Egypt’s fall.”

But we can make his memory hallowed, by cherishing his example, and applying his principles to the institutions of his beloved country. Now while his goodness is fragrant in our hearts, let us strike hands over his grave with the unflinching resolve to maintain the Union and the integrity of the nation at all hazards. Now that the traitors at the South, are nearly disposed of, let us maintain eternal vigilance among us at the North, in these delicate days of reconstruction. Let us hope and pray that the goodness and wisdom of our dear departed President may inspire and strengthen his successor. Let us remember in our bereavement that Right is still, through much blood and sacrifice, triumphant and lives.

Local News.

How the news was received in this City.

The news of the assassination of President Lincoln was received in this city with sadness and sorrow on Saturday morning last. Hon. Benj. Douglas received the news first, and at once made it public by tolling his bell, and displaying his flags at half mast. Business generally was suspended, and the citizens gathered in crowds, anxious to learn the particulars of the terrible tragedy. The arrival of daily papers fell short of the demands, and an extra was immediately issued from this office. The bells of the city commenced tolling at 10 o’clock. Strong men were seen weeping and the general expression was that a great calamity had befallen the people. One or two persons were fool-hardy enough to express joy at the event, and they at once met their desserts. Many private dwellings and stores were draped in mourning, while the same was done to all public building. All of the churches were appropriately draped in mourning, and appropriate sermons delivered on Sunday.

The South Church was draped in mourning. A flag covered with crape hung over the desk, and flags were festooned in front of the singers’ gallery and upon the organ. The vase before the pulpit contained a cross of white flowers. The exercises commenced with singing a hymn of trust in God. Mr. Dudley’s text was in Isaiah 24:11; “All joy is darkened, the mirth of the land is gone.” It was not the first time, he said, that the chief magistrate had died in office. Harrison and Taylor so died and the men to succeed them ruled quietly in their place. For the first time a President’s life has gone down suddenly by an assassin’s weapon. It destroys the tissues of official plans and gives us all things to fear and to doubt. Abraham Lincoln died in the height of his fame. He has accomplished a work, perhaps all that he was fitted to do.—He saw the soul of his adversary die before it took his bodily life. He was the mildest and meekest of men, offending even by his leniency. One lesson this deed makes emphatic, and we need stronger moral muscle to stand for it: that treason is the end of all honor, and that treason defeated is treason still. It is useless to kiss infamy into high places, or trying to love a dastard into a saint.

The sermon in the Methodist Church, in memory of our late President, was delivered by Dr. Cummings. He evinced much feeling over the sad event, and spoke of Mr. Lincoln as a man of the highest endowments; that he had been a father indeed to the American people, in whom they could confide their hope and trust inviolate. He attributed the fearful deed to a class of men who had neither the manly courage to go and take up arms with their southern brethren against us, nor openly to declare their purpose to destroy our national life, but that while our brave men stood like a wall of steel in battle defense and nobly died, they were drinking the life blood of the nation. That in this deed they have shown their total depravity. Yet, he thanked God that our noble President was permitted to lead us through the darkest hours of our trials; that he was permitted to see the signs of peace.

Rev. Mr. Gilbert delivered and impressive sermon from Deut. 34:5, “And Moses the servant of the Lord died there in the land of Moab, by the commandment of the Lord.”

Rev. Mr. Bruce preached from the 46th Psalm, 10th verse, “Be still, and know that I am God.” We shall give extracts from his sermon next week.

At the North Cong. Church, the text of the pastor was from Psalms 82; 6th and 7th verses. In the concluding portion of the sermon, Mr. Taylor spoke of the President being in a theatre at the time of the assassination, would have desired it should have been different. Alluded to the first inauguration and to escape the assassin’s dagger—he travelled from Baltimore to Washington in disguise. He concluded by remarking that the tragedy on Friday night, in his opinion, was not the work of any combination of persons—but simply that of the tragedian, to add interest to the drama.

In the Church of the Holy Trinity in this city, a prayer for a sick person was offered in behalf of the Secretary of State, also the prayer for persons under affliction adapting it to the sorrowing family and relatives and the sorrows of a whole people. The sermon was dispensed with, only a few brief remarks being made, appropriate for the occasion. The officiating clergyman, the rector of the Church, reminded the congregation of the day, as the joyous festival of Easter. We commemorate, he observed, to-day the all glorious resurrection of our Saviour from the dead, and the certainty of our own resurrection also. It is a day ever associated in our minds with feelings of the deepest interest and the most heartfelt thankfulness, gladness and rejoicing. It is a day identified with our highest interests and our brightest hopes. These beautiful flowers, so appropriately laid here upon the morning of this festival season and so tastefully arranged, are fit emblems of the pure, the delightful, the life inspiring, the glorious associations connected with a day like this.—But we evince our gladness and our rejoicings to-day mid the deepest gloom and sadness, gloom and sadness pervading the thoughts, the minds and the hearts of all alike, irrespective of everything like party or political feeling and hence it is we have these indications of mourning and sorrow, which have so long been before us, in the very midst of this happy festival, still continued, still kept up. We are sorrowing at the terrible calamity that has befallen us as a people, at the awful crime that has been perpetrated at our national capital, and the possible, most fearful future results that yet may follow. Our Chief Magistrate has been stricken down by the hand of an assassin and is now no more. Abraham Lincoln is dead. He has died a martyr to his country. We feel ourselves unsuited and utterly unequal to the task of saying another word, and we proceed at once to the administration of the holy communion.”

At a meeting of the citizens of Middletown at Town Hall, Monday, to take into consideration the subject of having some appropriate exercises on the occasion of the Funeral of President Lincoln, Hon. Benj. Douglas was appointed Chairman, and A. Putnam and B. Bent, Jr. were appointed Secretaries. …


Returned from Dixie.—Samuel Birdsey who was a resident of this town some years before the breaking out of the war, but who removed to Wilmington, N. C. some five years since, returned to this city Saturday before last. After the breaking out of the war he visited here, and it was well known that he was then a strong sympathizer with the south. After his return he entered the rebel service, and remained there three years.—During the war his father died at Wilmington, the owner of property both at the north and the south. The son now returns without a farthing, while the property at the north has remained safe and increasing in value under the protection of the government which for three years he has sought to destroy.


We are gratified to learn that there is now a certainty that a public institution of great value, is to be established in this city, and, by the liberality of various friends, placed on a firm basis. We refer to the plan in contemplation of establishing a “Home for aged and destitute women,” to be known as “St. Luke’s Home”; and to be connected with the Church of the Holy Trinity, of this city. We are informed that although the management of the institution will be under the control of the Episcopal Church, the charity will include persons from all religious denominations, others than Episcopalians, having generously and with true christian philanthropy, contributed to the institution. It is also intended to offer the benefit and shelter of the Home to those who, desirous of its privileges may yet be enabled, in whole, or in part, to defray the expenses of their residence. We understand that the committee, having the matter in hand, have purchased from Mr. Peck, for the sum of $3,350, the large house, corner of Court and Pearl street, now in part occupied by the “Widows Home”; it being intended that this last institution shall be merged in “St. Lukes Home.” Among the liberal contributions and pledges to this noble charity are the following: One subscription of $1000; three of $500; four of $300; one of $250; one of $200; six of $100; and several of $50. The names of the contributors thus far, are: Mrs. Margaret DeKoven; Mrs. Henry DeKoven; Mrs. Mutter; Mrs. Jane Huntington; the Misses Sebor; Mrs. Elizabeth S. Dyer; Mrs. Frances Russell; Mrs. H. G. Hubbard; Mrs. F. B. S. Smith; Miss Oliver; Mrs. Oliver; Mrs. Joseph Alsop; Mrs. C. S. Watkinson; Aaron Pease, Esq.; Clinton Sage, Esq.; C. R. Sebor, Esq.; Dr. J. W. Alsop and S. W. Russell, Esq.; &c, &c. We trust that others of our citizens may become interested in this excellent object and subscribe liberally to the permanent endowment and efficacy of so important a charity in our midst.


It has been supposed that the genius who conducts the Sentinel, could occasionally tell the truth; but perhaps being in the constant habit of publishing political falsehoods, his disease has become chronic. He says in his last paper, “That he saw last summer, the City Street Repairers and Teams at work on a portion of the Road between the Ferry and Cromwell.

The fact is, he never saw any such thing. No City Street Repairers or Teams have ever worked on said road since the Turnpike was chartered. The next time you repeat your attacks upon the Street Commissioner, we beg of you to keep as near the truth as your habits will admit of.



Middletown obituaries, April 1865Obituary poem, 1865

Washington, April 15th, 3 A. M.

Major Gen. Dix: The President still breathes, but is quite insensible, as he has been ever since he was shot. He evidently did not see the person who shot him, but was looking on the stage, as he was approached behind.

Mr. Seward has rallied, and it is hoped he may live.

Frederick Seward’s condition is very critical. The attendant who was present was stabbed through the lungs and is not expected to live. The wounds of Major Seward are not serious.

Investigation strongly indicates J. Wilkes Booth as the assassin of the President. Whether the same or a different person that attempted to murder Mr. Seward remains in doubt.

Justice Carter is engaged in taking the evidence. Every exertion has been made to prevent the escape of the murderer. His horse has been found on the road near Washington.

E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War.

Laura Keene says J. Wilkes Booth is the assassin. She also says that she saw him and knew him.

Senator Sumner is at the President’s bedside weeping like a child. His cabinet and Vice President Johnson are also with him.

At twenty minutes past seven o’clock Saturday morning, the President breathed his last—closing his eyes as if falling to sleep, and his countenance assuming an expression of perfect serenity. There were no indications of pain, and it was not known that he was dead until the gradually decreasing respiration ceased altogether.

Dr. Gurley then proceeded to the front parlor, where Mrs. Lincoln. Mrs. John Hay, the Private Secretary and others were waiting where he offered a prayer for the consolation of the family.

Immediately after the President’s death, a Cabinet meeting was called by Secretary Stanton, and held in the room in which the corpse lay.

Secretaries Stanton, Welles, and Usher; Postmaster General Dennison; and Attorney-General Speed were present.

On Saturday, 12 m. Andrew Johnson was sworn into office as President of the United States by Chief Justice Chase. Secretary McCullough and Attorney General Speed and others were present. He remarked: “The duties are mine. I will perform them trusting in God.”

The President’s body was removed from the private residence opposite Ford’s theatre, to the Executive Mansion, at half past 9 o’clock in a hearse, and wrapped in flags. A dense crowd accompanied the remains to the house, where a military guard excluded the crowd, allowing none but the persons of the household and friends of the President to enter. Senator Yates and Representative Farnsworth were among the number admitted.

It is believed that the assassins of the President and of Secretary Seward are attempting to escape to Canada.


President Lincoln assassinated


Washington, April 14—President Lincoln and wife, with other friends, this evening visited Ford’s Theatre for the purpose of witnessing the performance of the “American Cousin.” It was announced in the papers that General Grant would also be present, but that gentleman took the late train of cars for New Jersey.

The theatre was densely crowded, and everybody seemed delighted with the scene before them. During the third act, and while there was a temporary pause for one of the actors to enter, a sharp report of a pistol was heard, which merely attracted attention, but suggesting nothing serious, until a man rushed to the front of the President’s box, waving a long dagger in his right hand, and exclaiming: “Sic Semper Tyrrannes,” and immediately leaped from the box, which was in the second tier, to the stage beneath and ran across to the opposite side, making his escape amid the bewilderment of the audience from the rear of the theatre, and mounting a horse fled.

The screams of Mrs. Lincoln first disclosed the fact to the audience that the President had been shot, when all present rose to their feet, rushing toward the stage, many exclaiming: “Hang him! hang him!” The excitement was of the wildest possible description, and of course there was an abrupt termination of the theatrical performance.

There was a rush toward the President’s box, when cries were heard, “Stand back and give him air,” “Has any one stimulants?”

General Grant and wife were advertised to be at the theatre, but he started for Burlington, N. J., at 6 o’clock. A cabinet meeting at which General Grant was present, the subject of the state of the country and the prospect of a speedy peace, was discussed. The President was very cheerful and hopeful, and spoke very kindly of General Lee and others of the confederacy, and of the establishment of a government in Virginia. All the members of the cabinet, except Mr. Seward, are now in attendance on the President.




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