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From The Constitution, Wednesday, May 17, 1865 (volume 28, number 1429)

War News.

A dispatch from Gen. Canby says that Dick Taylor surrendered on the 6th inst., with the forces under his command, on substantially the same terms as those accepted by Gen. Lee.

Says the Louisville Journal: “At almost every point along the river in Kentucky and Tennessee, and even in the interior towns, we learn that the rebels are coming in and taking the oath. They express themselves satisfied that the Confederacy is gone up, and are anxious to be considered as citizens of the United States.”

Gen. Thomas has issued an order to Gen. Rousseau to send a summons under a flag of truce to every body of armed men in his vicinity calling upon them to surrender, and if they refuse to treat them as outlaws.

Maj. Gen. Hancock has issued a general order, under date of March 8, announcing that all citizens employed in the Middle Military Division, who can be replaced by enlisted men without detriment to the interests of the service, will be discharged as soon as possible.

A dispatch from Washington says that Gen. Sherman is at present in Richmond. He rode at the head of the line of his troops on Wednesday, as the Fourteenth Army Corps passed through the streets of that city.

A dispatch from Des Moines, Iowa, says the guerrillas who robbed the passengers of the Great Western Stage Company have been captured, “and their bodies left in the woods.”


The arch traitor, who for many years has plotted treason against the best government on earth, has at last reached nearly the end of the rope. But a step more and it is accomplished. The news of his capture which came to us Sunday morning, was welcomed like the beautiful day itself. Davis the commander-in-chief of the late rebel army, the head and front of rebels and desperadoes, was captured in petticoats. What a picture for a comic publication. How pleasing the thought must be to his partizans in foreign countries. A dagger in one hand the other grasping his uncouth apparel, and his lips protesting against the “energy with which the government hunted down women and children.” It is refreshing to turn from such thoughts and bring to mind the words of our President, that “treason is a crime, and deserves the severest penalty.”


Anniversaries.—Last week was anniversary week in New York. The anti-slavery society which in former years attracted but little notice was in the ascendant. William Lloyd Garrison, the President, introduced resolutions for dissolving the society on the ground that the object for which it was formed was accomplished. The resolutions were rejected. Mr. Garrison thereupon tendered his resignation and dissolved all connection with it. Wendell Phillips was then chosen President. Speeches were made in favor of negro suffrage.


The Trial.—The military commission for the trial of the assassins commenced its session last week.

The Advancement of the Negro.

In the situation of the black man in this country a great change has been made during the last few years. The great social evil which formerly existed at the south was made the occasion for feuds and quarrels between the two sections. Evils real or imaginary were protested against. To such an extent was this warfare carried, at least on the part of the south, that they declared that the black man was made to be the slave of the white. Three things they boldly asserted: 1st, that what they did not know about the character of the black man was not worth knowing: 2d, that one southerner could whip three yankees; 3d, that they would call the roll of their slaves on Bunker Hill. The war which followed brought into existence a new order of things directly opposite to the pronunciations of the south. The proposition of the national government to arm the blacks was received by the south as the latest joke of the season. Make a good fighting soldier of a “n*****” when the mere sight of a whip handle would make his knees tremble and turn into a coward? The thing could not be done. They knew and their authority was good the world over. What they claimed as an impossibility, was accomplished, and the black men have shown before the cannon’s mouth that they can make as good soldiers as ever handled a gun stock. Thus much for assertion number one; the boastful character of the second has been brought low on many battle fields; the last, if ever fulfilled, will not be in our time. Thus the south has found, to its cost, that in some things they were greatly mistaken, and in nothing more than in the character of the negro. The war has brought out the character and abilities of the black race. It is now proposed to place the blacks of the south in a new position. Make them free men, or paid laborers. This plan, however, does not receive the favor of those who have heretofore asserted their knowledge of the ability of the race. In lieu of a better plan for conducting the plantations at the south, it is suggested that these croakers wait a little before they venture their opinion. The old system has been abolished, never to be restored. Good soldiers cannot be made slaves again. They have taken one important step in the right path, and it now remains with them to continue in the path now open to them.

Local News.

The Enrolment.—The Provost Marshal of this district has received an order from the War department to stop the work of taking the enrolment in this district. Consequently about forty agents engaged in the work have been discharged.


A meeting of the ex-officers of the 14th Reg’t, Conn. Volunteers, will be held at the Tremont House in New Haven on Saturday of this week, to take measures to welcome home the returning regiment and to organize an association of the officers.


City Matters.—The Common Council has instructed the Chief Engineer of the Fire Department to purchase two hose carriages for the use of the fire department.

The Common Council have also drawn up a petition and presented to the Legislature now in session, for a charter incorporating a company to bring pure water into the city. Estimates and surveys have been made, and it is thought that the cost will not exceed $125,000. It is thought that by uniting two or three streams in the north west part of the town, a sufficient amount of water can be procured.

An ordinance has been passed closing drinking saloons during each hour belonging to the Sabbath.


City and Town.—A special city meeting will be held on Saturday evening of this week at 8 o’clock, to consider the layout of public streets. An adj. town meeting will be held next Saturday afternoon at 2 o’clock. A special town meeting, to consider the expediency of issuing bonds to cover the floating debt of the town, will be held at 3 o’clock of the same day.


Business Change.—H. C. Ransom, the famous dry goods man, has disposed of his stock of Dry Goods in this city, to Mr. J. H. Bunce, for many years in his employ, and well known to the trading public of this vicinity. Mr. Bunce will continue the business at the old stand. He proposes to offer an unusual large assortment of goods in a week or two; meanwhile his present stock is being rushed off at remarkably low figures. Mr. Bunce is a gentleman of strict integrity, possessing good business qualities. Success attend him.


Approaching.—The warm sun reminds one of the hot days fast approaching. It also brings to mind the cool and refreshing luxuries, in the shape of ice cream, strawberries, soda water with any flavor desired, which are its accompanyments. One of the most quiet and pleasant places where the above luxuries may be found may be mentioned as No. 62 west Court street. Try it and see if we are mistaken.


Westward.—Mr. Benj. Keyes, of this city, and for nearly twenty years in the employ of W. & B. Douglas as engineer, left for the west on Monday morning.—His fellow workmen presented him with a handsome testimonial on the morning of his departure.


Commencement.—The appointments for commencement at the Wesleyan University, are as follows: valedictory, Wm. N. Rice, Springfield; salutatory, George L. Westgate, Fall River; philosophical oration, James Mudge, South Harwich; ancient classical oration, Wilbur O. Atwater, Vergennes, Vt.; metaphysical oration, W. H. H. Phillips, Loughboro, C. W.; modern classical orations, J. N. Perkins, Hartford, Vt., and C. W. Wilder, Lowell, Ms.


Murder in Guilford.—Mr. E. C. Eggleston, a store keeper in the town of Guilford, was shot on Monday evening, while standing in his store door, by a young man named Andrew Knowles. There had been some difficulty between them by Eggleston refusing to allow Knowles to pay attention to his sister. After committing the deed, Knowles made his escape going towards Saybrook. Latest accounts say that Eggleston is improving and will probably recover. Knowles is still at large. The affair has caused great excitement in the town of Guilford.


Jeff. Davis.—A little over four years ago, says the Lewiston Journal, Jeff. Davis took leave of the United States Senate in a most arrogant, insolent and defiant speech, in which he informed the North that if they opposed secession with war, their rich fields and populous cities would become the prey of the Confederate soldiers. Sunday evening week, as he sneaked out of his capital city, the most contemptible of fugitives, his mind must have recurred to this old threat with feelings of peculiar bitterness and humiliation.


Ice cream at Putnam's!


1865 Circus comes to town!blog 65 05 17cblog 65 05 17d

From The Constitution, Wednesday, March 8, 1865 (volume 28, number 1419)

War News.

Richmond papers of the 28th, contain no positive intelligence of importance from either of the great fields of military operations.—Vague rumors are given of an intended movement by Gen. Grant against the rebel right. Gen. Grant is said by the rebel papers to be massing troops on his left, and it was thought at Richmond that nothing but the recent heavy rainstorm had prevented an engagement from taking place. Gen. Johnston has assumed command in North Carolina. Gov. Brown, of Georgia, has issued a message, in which he fiercely denounces Jeff. Davis, and accuses him of bringing the Confederacy to the verge of ruin.

Thirty-one rebel officers, captured by Gen. Scofield’s forces on the 20th ultimo, while advancing against Wilmington, arrived at Washington March 1. Among the number are Col. C. H. Simonton, Twenty-fifth South Carolina; Major S. H. Wilds, Twenty-first South Carolina; Capt. Wescott, Eleventh South Carolina; Capt. Mazyek, Twenty-fifth South Carolina; Capt. Allston and Capt. Hullman, Twenty-seventh South Carolina, and three surgeons of South Carolina regiments.

Acting Admiral Stribling, of the East Gulf Squadron, reports that on the 1st of February an expedition left a United States bark at midnight, to destroy the salt works on West Bay[ou]. The expedition returned on the 4th, having destroyed the works of 13,615 gallons of boiling power, besides 70 bushels of salt and 125 barrels of epsom salts.

Major Gen. Palmer, commanding in Kentucky, has issued an order against recruiting for the rebel armies in that State, and warning those who may be caught at it that they will be treated as spies. Gen. Burbridge has been ordered to report to Gen. Thomas.

The Navy Department has received information of the capture of the schooner Delia, under English colors, near Bay Port, Fla., by the United States steamer Mahaska. She had a cargo of pig lead and some cases of sabres.

The gallant Gen. Grierson is to have (so says a Memphis dispatch) charge of all our cavalry in the West.

Gen. Grant sends a dispatch to the Secretary of War, dated 5th inst., which says:

Deserters from every point of the enemy’s line, confirm the capture of Charlottesville by Gen. Sheridan. They say he captured Gen. Early and nearly all of his entire force consisting of eighteen hundred men. Four brigades were reported as being sent to Lynchburg to get there before Gen. Sheridan if possible.

The transport Massachusetts reports that our naval forces captured Fort White, a splendid establishment mounting seventeen heavy guns, just below Georgetown, S. C. The sailors and marines then landed and captured Georgetown. The rebel cavalry made a charge on them in the streets but were gallantly repulsed with a loss of several killed, wounded and prisoners. Our loss is one man. Admiral Dahlgren’s flag ship, the Harvest Moon, on her way down was sunk by a torpedo; all hands were saved excepting the steward.


The Richmond Enquirer of the 25th says that Sherman captured one hundred thousand bales of cotton at Columbia, and that his army is “rushing through the Carolinas like an avalanche.” The Raleigh confederate states that all the rebel troops from Charleston were pushed forward to confront Sherman.


Gen. Gilmore reports the capture of over four hundred and fifty cannon at Charleston, also eight locomotives and a great number of passenger cars.


The constitutional amendment is defeated in the New Jersey Assembly.


Arming the Slaves.

Time is passing, and the question as to the expediency of arming the slaves at the south is still agitating the mind of the rebel leaders. Jeff Davis is not in favor of arming a large body of them, while Gen. Lee is in favor of any number as a military necessity. The House of Representatives has passed a bill in favor of arming two hundred thousand, which was rejected in the Senate by a vote of eleven to ten. A mass meeting has been held in Richmond, which will tend to hasten matters, and the opposition will be obliged to submit. The necessity of the case admits of no other course. To hold out successfully any longer, men must be had. As long as they have an army there is hope. Their conscriptions have taken every available white man, yet the demand continues. But the question is, will the blacks fight for the southern cause. The opinion at the north is that they will not. Union refugees and prisoners, escaping from the south, have found the blacks their friends, guiding them through difficulties and dangers at the risk of their own persons. Experience has found them to be among the best troops in fighting for the Union. Perhaps the southerners think they can control them as well with arms in their hands as under the lash, and by scattering them among the white regiments, make good soldiers of them. It is reported that a large number have been organized and placed under drill, to be placed in front of Sherman’s advance. It would be a queer position of things if they should stand and fight against their friends and brothers who flocked to the protection of the Union army during its successful march through the southern states.

The Inaugural.

We give in to-day’s paper the Inaugural Address of President Lincoln. It is concise. No boasts or prophecies. It simply affirms that we have a free and established government. The people need no reminder of the past. Many who claimed four years ago, that the inaugural of another President would never happen have lived to see their mistake. We have a country and proved our ability to defend it.


Mrs. J. H. Wood and daughter were severely burned Monday night at the Buffalo theatre, on the stage, in the play of Cinderilla. …

A sleeping car attached to a train on the Philadelphia and Erie railroad, caught fire near Lancaster Monday night, and was totally destroyed. The passengers escaped, but lost their clothing and baggage.


S. S. Hyde, the U. S. detective who accidentally shot and killed his own wife, at New Haven, has been arrested on a charge of homicide, and put under $200 bonds for examination before Judge Hollister, with Edward I. Sanford and Francis Wayland, Jr. associated with him as magistrates. Mr. Hyde expresses himself as anxious and willing for a full investigation.

Local News.

The party which left this city some two months since for South America, with the intention of remaining there, have abandoned the enterprise. Two of the party have gone to California, the others are “homeward bound.”


The River opposite this city is open, and the ferry boat makes regular trips. The ice remains fast in the straits. River rising, owning to the late rains.


Various Matters.—The Middlesex Co. Bank is authorized to commence operations under the National Banking law. …

Now is the time to attend to your grape vines, trees, &c., and Ryan is the person to do it. Descriptive catalogues will be ready for distribution this week. Improvements are to be made this week in buildings for the better display of plants. Give him a call.

The members of the M. E. Church are preparing a box to be sent to the freedmen.

Repairs are being made at the lower wharf at foot of College street.

Spencer gives another of his hops this (Tuesday) evening, at McDonough Hall. They have been well attended this winter.


The Alert Club will offer for sale a variety of Fancy Goods, at the Millenery Rooms of Mrs. Brooks, (Main st. near Washington) on Thursday evening, March 9th, commencing at 7 o’clock. The articles and tickets will be numbered to correspond up to No. 200, and only 200 tickets will be sold. Each ticket will entitle the purchaser to the article registered opposite the corresponding number on the list of articles. Tickets 50 cents. The value of the articles ranges from 25 cents to seven dollars each—the goods being the unsold portion of the contributions to the Fair recently held by the Club. The drawings will be announced, and the distributions made at 8 o’clock, or as soon as all the tickets shall have been sold. Ice cream will be furnished during the evening at extra charge.


Entertainment.—The public, who always want to hear something, has found one who can cater to its funny taste in “Jeems Pipes” alias Stephen Massett, Esq. It has a joker who is irresistible even to himself. Wise men will not praise his wit, but the prejudice in their strongest facial muscles he can overcome. Jeems Pipes does not follow Artemas Ward. In that line he is not equal to him. He gave the results of “Drifting About” to a good house here last week Wednesday. The lecture was witty, there was nothing more in it. It took pleasantly because it had culture.—He read well, recited poetry with marked expression, and he might act well. He induced us to believe that he could sing and if there had been an instrument in the hall he would have done so. We can fit the affair with no name; it was the graces of an accomplished gentleman brought out of social life and the parlor’s entertainment. The “Erodelphians” owned the speculation. They ventured something new and had good success.


There is no danger of any change in public opinion throughout the loyal states in regard to the Rebellion—it must be put down.

But the time between the suppression of armed rebellion and the restoration or reconstruction of the Union, will witness serious differences between the friends of the Union.

There are those who will oppose the reception of any rebel into the restored Union, unless he come “with his hand upon his mouth, and his mouth in the dust.”—eating humble pie all the way from Richmond to Washington. They will talk loudly of the punishment of treason and the confiscation of the property of traitors.

Many seem to think it an evidence of loyalty to talk of rebels as of wild animals that are only fit to be hunted and killed.

People of this class are already firing hot shot of indignation at President Lincoln because of the recent “Peace Conference,” and especially because of his reported hint to the rebel agents of a liberal use, by himself, of the pardoning power, provided the South would return to loyalty without further hostilities. Miss Dickinson leads off in this dubious business and others of similar antecedents may be expected to follow. The manifestation of such a spirit, at this time, is certainly to be deplored. Just judgement is clamored for, but in the statement of its terms the tempering element of mercy is forgotten.

Let us ponder these things, for the time is near at hand, when we shall need to remember that even rebels and traitors may be men.



We would call the attention of our agricultural readers to the advertisement of Messrs. Ricardo & Co., 194 Front St., New York, manufacturers of the Celebrated Improved Excelsior Poudrette, the Ne Plus Ultra of Manures. We advise all farmers and gardeners to give it a trial, the price is exceedingly low. Read the advertisement in another column.


Erodelphian event ad, 1865

1865 manure ad

From The Constitution, Wednesday, November 16, 1864 (volume 27, number 1403)

War News.

A special dispatch from Nashville announces the reception of news from East Tennessee of a highly interesting nature.

Gen. Gillen has already routed the enemy, driving him in great confusion 44 miles.

His advance is 90 miles east of Knoxville.

The rebels are at Bristol, and are being strengthened by Virginia militia.

The dispatches from the army of the Potomac represent the military situation as perfectly quiet. The voting had absorbed the attention of the troops. The Pennsylvania soldiers give a majority of 3,780 for Lincoln. The Western regiments also give similar majorities for Lincoln. The total vote in the combined armies before Richmond and Petersburgh is put down at 18,000, the majority for Lincoln being 8,000.

Several Pennsylvania State agents have been placed under arrest, on account of their having blanks with names spelled wrong. They are held to await the decision of the Secretary of War, the matter having been referred to him.

Reports concerning the destruction of government property on land at Johnsonville are greatly exaggerated. No apprehensions are entertained in regard to its safety.

The destruction of government and private property on the river was complete, involving an immense loss.

A letter from the army of the Potomac, dated Wednesday says: The flag of truce asked for by the enemy was granted yesterday morning, to bury the bodies of those killed in the attack on Saturday night, near the centre. The enemy acknowledge a loss of 200 killed and wounded. Our men secured about 40 muskets besides other trophies belonging to the rebels. Many more are still on the ground between the lines.

Gen. Mott has issued a congratulatory order to his troops engaged, for gallant conduct.

Four officers who recently escaped from Andersonville, Ga., were aroused from a nap in the bushes by an old negro with an ample supply of food. He told them to trust no white man, but remember that the negroes were their friends. They followed his advice and were well cared for by the slaves wherever they went.

The Savannah Republican reports suspicious movements by the federals off their harbor, blocking up the channel of Savannah and Warsaw rivers, and landing men on Tybee and Big Warsaw islands.

The new vessel Semmes, the rebel pirate called the Sea King, is a very fast, strongly built and fine looking screw steamer, built of wood, with iron frame, and coppered about 1000 tons burden, and 222 feet long.


The contest for President for the next four years from the 4th of March next, is over, and has resulted in an overwhelming majority for ABRAHAM LINCOLN. The battle has been a hard fought one. The enemies of free government and democratic principles boldly and defiantly contested every step, and threw their whole strength in this their last effort for success. But their defeat has been decisive and emphatic. The public have decided by a majority of nearly 400,000 against the principles advocated by the southern conspirators, and their northern allies. The New England States have given every electoral vote against them. Every North-western State presents a solid front against their encroachments. Pennsylvania has increased her majority of October for the Union. Maryland gives a rousing majority for Lincoln and emancipation. New York redeems herself by repudiating her Seymour’s and Wood’s, and standing fairly on the Union platform. It is a noble triumph. In the midst of the greatest civil war the world has ever seen, we find the people peaceably and calmly deciding who shall be their ruler, and deciding by the largest majority ever known, in favor of the prosecution of the war which has drawn largely on their resources and treasure. What is this but a decision in favor of law and order, and against wrong and violence. Hereafter let no one say that our Republican institutions are a failure. The events of the past few years prove them a complete success, for, in the most trying circumstances, during war and perils, they have been found to be strong and enduring. No Government could have carried on this terrible contest without the support of a people who felt that the struggle for right and justice was theirs, and a duty which they owed to their country to sustain.


A general exchange of prisoners of war will probably take place soon. The first exchange of 10,000 will occur below Savannah.


Late rebel newspapers which have reached us, present a terrible picture of affairs in that portion of Louisiana within the lines of Jeff Davis’s armies. The destitution of the people is represented as extreme, and starvation is said to be staring them in the face. One of the principal causes mentioned for this is the absolute worthlessness to which the rebel money has been reduced. Society is evidently in a most disorganized condition in that region as “thieving, plundering, pilfering and horse stealing” are said to be the order of the day.


August Belmont, of New York, lost his vote on Presidential electors, on account of having bets pending on the election.



1863 1864


Buckingham Seymour scattering Lincoln McClellan
Middletown 739 775 8 825 920
Haddam 177 281 1 178 299
Chatham 159 163 201 193
Chester 142 74 147 86
Clinton 178 132 199 126
Cromwell 116 143 137 160
Durham 133 99 144 105
East Haddam 317 242 336 255
Essex 223 125 229 136
Killingworth 69 155 78 157
Old Saybrook 114 104 123 96
Portland 166 377 1 178 403
Saybrook 171 72 177 89
Westbrook 138 73 151 82
____ ____ ____ ____ ____
2842 2845 10 3113 3107


Lincoln McClellan
Hartford County 8,690 8,680
New Haven County 8,591 9,467
New London “ 5,563 4,823
Fairfield “ 7,229 7,046
Litchfield “ 4,744 4,179
Tolland “ 2,318 2,035
Windham “ 3,668 2,173
Middlesex “ 3,113 3,107
_____ _____
Total, 43,916 41,510

Lincoln’s majority, 2,406.

Local News.

Grand torchlight procession for lincoln

The greatest torchlight procession and illumination which has ever occurred in this city came off last Monday night. Middletown was in a blaze of glory, each one seeming to out do his neighbor in the expression of joy and rejoicing, that this our fair and honored land has so nobly sustained herself through the political machinations of her enemies just passed. Delegations in large numbers from the surrounding towns arrived at an early hour, and by six o’clock, around the headquarters at Eagle Hall were dense crowds, and the streets were thronged. At seven a national salute was fired. At half past seven the line was formed, the cavalcade leading off in the following order:–

Chief Marshal, A. Putnam.


David Dickerson, Wm. Addis,
John N. Camp, Walter M. Lucas,

James H. Taylor.

Cavalcade from city and adjoining towns, 200 horse.

Colts Brass Band.

Drum Corps.

Middletown Club of the Red, White and Blue.


Dennis Smith, Chas. E. Putnam,
Chas. E. Baldwin, Joseph W. Douglas.

Students from Wesleyan University.

Boys Union Wide Awake Club.

Middlefield Delegation.


W. F. Burrows,

T. R. Parker,
Charles G. R. Vinal, A. H. Brooks.

Delegation from Westfield, Portland and other towns.

Representation of Little Mac.

 As the procession marched up Main street it was a grand sight. … The following mottoes were on some of the

torchlight mottoes, 1864

The following persons are among those who


Main Street.

Capt. Wm. G. Hackstaff, illumination, flags, lanterns, with mottoes, “the Union in peace, not the Union in pieces”; A. A. Cody, H. A. Hall, Abel Lewis, James Geary, T. R. Parker, John Russell, Samuel Davis, P. M. Wright, illuminations; Daniel H. Chase, transparencies, flags, lanterns with display of red, white and blue; E. Graham, Dr. L. Bailey, Capt. Samuel Butler, Mrs. H. Woodward, illuminations; Horace Clark, splendid display of tri-colors, flags, lanterns; Wm. R. Ford, Mrs. Greenfield, Berkley Divinity School, E. F. Sheldon’s, George N. Ward, illuminations; the house of A. H. Brooks was beautifully decorated with flags and transparencies also representation of the “goddess of liberty”; E. F. Johnson, S. D. Marvin illuminations; the remainder of the street to the park on the east side, was one “blaze of light,” time will not allow to mention names, but as the community are well acquainted with the proprietors, it is not necessary; there was hardly an exception, either above or below, and those were “sore-heads”; on the west side was the fine illumination of the Custom house; portions of the McDonough Hotel, Mayor Warner’s, Augustus Kelsey, Levy & Roberts, T. R. Parkhurst, brilliant illuminations; Mrs. J. K. F. Mansfield, battle flags, and illumination; the house of Jos. W. Douglas and Henry Ward, was a splendid sight, with lanterns, flags, tri-colors, mottoes, and illuminations; E. & F. Chaffee’s, illumination, flags and tri-colors; Dr. Geo. W. Burke, illumination; I. C. Flagg, flags, lanterns, illumination; Dr. Glynn, Chas. Gabriel, H. Churchill, J. H. Fisher, J. H. Sumner, Wm. Wright, James Walker, illuminations; the house of Hon. Benj. Douglass was one of the most splendid sights along the whole route, flags, decorations, transparencies, tri-colors, illuminations, in every style to give beauty and effect.

Bridge Street.

Stephen Brooks, Capt. Horace Leonard, Capt. Charles Hamilton, John Patterson, Ebenezer Stebbens, illuminations.

Ferry Street.

J. C. Beebe, transparencies and illuminations; J. C. Leonard, illumination, tri-colors; Henry Fountain, illumination; Capt. Chas. Cooper, illumination; Capt. Wm. E. Lawrence and S. Kincade, illumination; J. E. Bidwell, transparencies, flags, lanterns, mottoes; Capt. Wm. C. Crosley, tastily illuminated; Miss Mary Rockwell, E. F. Sheldon, illuminations.

Cherry Street.

Capt. Samuel J. Buell, display of flags; Benj. Butler, splendid illumination, with mottoes, flags, transparencies and lanterns; N. V. Tucker, illumination.

Washington Street.

Mrs. Dekoven, David Allen, illuminations; Wm. D. Willard, flags; Mrs. O. Fisk, transparencies; Mrs. Dyson, illumination; Mrs. Spencer, illumination; Daniel Glover, illumination; Chas. C. Tyler, illumination; Bartlett Bent, Jr., flags, lanterns, transparencies and illumination.

Broad Street.

Wm. S. Camp, flags, lanterns, mottoes, with a little child dressed in red, white and blue; Isaac W. Baldwin, splendid illumination with lanterns &c.; Mrs. Wm. Douglas, flags, lanterns, illuminations, with young lady representing “goddess of liberty,” a splendid affair well arranged; Misses Robertson’s, R. Mathison, Mrs. Stephen Taylor, Mrs. Dyson, E. Loveland, H. Rutty, C. F. Collins, A. Newton, J. G. Baldwin, J. Trench, A. Holway, illuminations, flags, tri-colors; A. H. Gladwin, illumination, with child representing “Goddess of Liberty;” Miss M. Payne, illumination; W. & B. Douglas, Factory, brilliant illumination.

Court Street.

Mr. John Russell, Henry S. Ward, Mrs. Tompkins, Rev. M. Fuller, illuminations; E. S. Hubbard, flags, lanterns, illuminations; H. D. Hall, illuminations, flags, mottoes; R. A. Pease, Benj. Chaffee, illuminations; Capt. Anthony Thatcher, illumination with transparency, “One Republic, One Nation, One Country, from the Lake to the Gulf.”

South Main Street.

Mrs. L. Bradley, Mrs. Hiram Hubbard, illumination; Wm. W. Wilcox, flags tri-colors, lanterns, illumination, a splendid sight; I. K. Penfield, Elmore Penfield, Jacob F. Huber, C. F. Browning, F. Comstock, R. Frisbie and Chas. I. Miller, illuminations; Wm. Woodward, flags, tri-colors, lanterns.

College Street.

John Pratt, illumination and transparencies; Samuel G. Southmayd, L. Dimock, Mr. Ralph, A. W. Haynes, A. Mooney, E. Frisbie, L. Burrows, Mrs. A. Pease, Ezra Clark, Mrs. Chas. W. Newton, illuminations; A. Putnam, illumination, flags, tri-colors, transparencies; S. G. Hurlburt, illumination, flags, lanterns, tri-colors; M. T. Landfear, Chas. Boardman, Rev. J. Taylor, W. H. Atkins, N. Smith, transparencies, flags and illuminations; Mrs. Bruce, Henry Cooley, T. Tolles, H. Stancliff, A. Hyde, flags and illuminations; Chas. E. Putnam, transparencies, mottoes, flags, tri-colors; Chas. Stearns, illumination, flags, lanterns.

High Street.

Mrs. Richard Alsop, illumination; H. Colton, flags, lanterns; Mrs. S. D. Hubbard, illumination; President Cummings, flags, lantern; Wesleyan University illumination; Rev. E. Dekoven, J. L. Dudley, Calvin Daniels, Prof. Newhall, S. Chase, I. N. Martin, F. A Hart, John Newton, illuminations.

William Street.

From High to Main streets, there was but one residence as we remember, that was not illuminated. The want of time will be an excuse for omitting names. Let it be remembered that William is one of the banner streets in the Union cause. So also may it be said of

Church Street.

Omitting one at the head of the street there was not a single omission. The buildings of the Power Company were brilliantly illuminated. Over the door of Rev. J. Pegg, jr., was this inscription:–“And the Angel of the Lord called unto Abraham out of Heaven the SECOND TIME.”

Union Street.

J. W. Hubbard, Miss Sill, illuminations and decorations.

The little “Quaker” under the management of the Artillery company, Capt. Jos. W. Douglas, was moved with “the spirit” and spoke with tremendous noise.


What the Slaves Say about Fighting for Rebels.—There is little doubt that the rebels intend to arm some of the slaves.—It is interesting to know what the negroes think of that project. Lieut. Easterbrook of the 26th Massachusetts regiment, who recently escaped from the hands of the rebels, and has travelled many miles in the south, testifies as follows:

“The negroes everywhere befriended him; although the fact that he was an escaped Yankee prisoner was probably known to two hundred colored people, including the families of the men who helped him along, not one of them betrayed him. The slaves, of whom there are many in that section of country, conversed freely with him in regard to their being armed and put in the rebel army, and declared that if they were they would shoot their officers, and go over to the federals in a body. They said that they knew who their friends were, and they would not fight for men who had enslaved them and robbed them of the rewards of their labor. They assured him that there was a complete understanding among the slaves throughout the south on this subject, and that none of them will fight for their masters. They would be glad of an opportunity to get arms and get together, and then they would turn against the rebels.”


From The Constitution, Wednesday, October 26, 1864 (volume 27, number 1400)

War News.

A great battle was fought and a splendid victory won by Sheridan against Longstreet on the 19th at Cedar Creek. Forty-three pieces of artillery were captured, and many prisoners, among whom was the rebel Gen. Ramseur. On our side, Gens. Wright and Ricketts were wounded, and Gen. Bidwell killed.

Later intelligence from Gen. Sheridan says: “I have the honor to report that my army at Cedar Creek was attacked this morning before daylight, and my left was turned and driven in confusion. In fact most of the line was driven in confusion with the loss of twenty pieces of artillery. I hastened from Winchester, where I was on my return from Washington, and found the armies between Middletown and Newtown, having been driven back about four miles. I here took the affair in hand and quickly united the corps, formed a compact line of battle just in time to repulse the attack of the enemy, which was handsomely done at about 1 P. M.

At 3 P. M., after some changes of the cavalry from the left to the right flank, I attacked with great vigor, driving and routing the enemy, capturing, according to the last report, forty-three pieces of artillery and very many prisoners. I do not know yet the number of my casualties or the losses of the enemy. Wagons, trains, ambulances and caissons in large numbers are in our possession. They also burned some of their trains. Gen. Ramseur is a prisoner in our hands, severely and perhaps mortally wounded. I have to regret the loss of Gen. Bidwell, killed, and Gens. Wright, Grover and Ricketts, wounded.

Affairs at times looked badly, but by the gallantry of our brave officers and men the disaster has been converted into a splendid victory. Darkness again intervenes to shut off greater results. I now occupy Strasburg. As soon as obtained I will send you further particulars.

The St. Louis Democrat of Saturday has a special from Jefferson City, which says that Gen. Curtis has been fighting Price’s advance all day on the Little Blue river, ten miles from Independence. Curtis holds a good position, and will stand for a regular engagement if Price will continue the conflict. Rosecrans will be near, or at Lexington. Lamine bridge will be repaired and trains running to Warrensburg in two or three days. Everything is working finely. Reinforcements will be at the right place at the proper time. Gen. Sanborn is reported skirmishing with Shelby to-day between Boonesville and Waverly.

Gen. Butler has carried his point in respect to the use of colored Union prisoners of war in the rebel trenches. Gen. Butler, it will be remembered, put an equal number of rebel prisoners at work in the Dutch Gap Canal. On Friday Gen. Lee officially notified Gen. Butler that these negro soldiers had been taken from the works and sent back to Richmond to be treated properly as prisoners of war. Gen. Butler at once relieved the rebel prisoners from further labor upon the canal. The oath of allegiance was then offered to them, when one-fourth of their number took it.

Twelve of the St. Alban’s raiders, including the leader, have been arrested in Canada. The leader claims to be a Confederate officer, and claims that the neutrality of British soil, was violated by his capture.

The Votes of Soldiers.

The name of every soldier qualified to vote should be registered fourteen days before the day of election, or at least before Wednesday of the week next preceding the election. Let every one who has a friend or relative in the army see that his name is registered. Soldiers in hospital in the State or members of the Veteran Revenue Corps, must return to their respective homes, or their votes cannot be secured. The names of all such should be forwarded to the State Central Committee. Those at home on furloughs which expire on the day before election, should report at once to the Central Committee.


The recent election in this state, has resulted in the adoption, by a small majority, of a new constitution which embraces the overthrow of slavery. This is an important result. The many evils resulting from the establishment of slavery which have kept that state from advancing in prosperity and wealth are now removed. Maryland is free, and with the new life and vitality which will soon be manifested in all her arts and interests, will take her place in true stability and national independence, among the free states. But this is not all. Another important point has been gained. The present rebellion in the southern states originated from the fact that new guarantees for the extension and protection of slavery was claimed by them. Maryland was then a slave state, and all her sympathies and interests were supposed to be with the south. But after nearly four years of war, she has by independent action, abolished slavery, and proclaimed in favor of a national government established by free institutions and free principles. It is a proud achievement. It conclusively proves that the evils which the aristocratic southerners wished to inflict upon the nation are falling upon themselves, and sooner or later, their boasted strength and power will dwindle away, and vanish like mist before the rising sun.


Samuel Chittenden, brakeman, injured by the shore line railroad accident, died in New London, Monday night.

On Saturday afternoon, the body of Miss Amelia Hayes, who had been missing since the evening of the 8th, was found floating in the water near one of the docks in New Haven. She was the daughter of Samuel G. Hayes, 26 years of age.

At a railway station in England recently, a traveler stopped for refreshments, and very voraciously drank off a hasty plate of soup, in which was a nail. He suffered in great pain and soon died.

The adherents of McClellan in the West, are called “little mackerels,” particularly since the recent elections in Ohio and Indiana.

A French chemist has discovered that a depressing effect upon the action of the heart is caused by smoking.

The Russian government encourages marriage among its soldiers, provides the couple with a house, supports them, rears their children, but takes away all the boys at a tender age and sends them to military garrisons, there to be trained for the army. There are 800,000 of this kind of soldiers now in the Russian army.

The harp is being introduced into the church of England choirs.

The Messager du Midi states that Baron de Rothschild possesses the most voluminous collection of begging letters that any financier ever received. They form a complete series. Among the number is one lately addressed to the Baron, containing the very tempting proposition that for the bagatelle of 50,000f, the writer would engage to show how he could prolong his life to the age of one hundred and fifty years. The following is the Baron’s reply: “Sir—It has frequently happened to me to be threatened with death if I did not give a sum of money. You are certainly the first that has ever asked for it in proposing to prolong my life. Your proposition is, without doubt, far better and more humane. But my religion teaches me that we are all under the hand of God, and I will not do anything to withdraw myself from His decrees. My refusal, however, does not in any way attack your discovery, from which you will not fail, I hope, to profit yourself. Regretting that I cannot accede to your proposal, I sincerely congratulate you on the one hundred and fifty years which you are called on to live in this world. Accept, &c., J. de Rothschild.”

1864 election rally!


McDonough Hall was crowded to overflowing on Thursday evening last, to listen to the address of Miss Anna E. Dickenson, which was a fine production. Wm. T. Elmer Esq., presided. The Alert Club, under whose auspices the speaker was procured are entitled to great credit. The sum of $330 was secured, over expenses.


The copperheads of this vicinity, propose celebrating, on Wednesday evening, with torch light procession and speaking at McDonough Hall, their coming defeat in November next. They think it will look better before, than after the 8th proximo.


Fish-y.—Mr. Cary Stocking of Cromwell, showed us, last week, a fine pickerel, weighing nearly a pound, which was caught by him while fishing in the river for dace, with a fine hook and dough. Fishermen have luck.


Portland.—Mr. George White of Portland, was attacked by a bull last Thursday, and severely injured.


For the Constitution.

Mr. Editor:–Why is it that Middletown cannot retain some of its enterprising young men at home? Why is it no inducements are offered them, to give their talents and energies to the improvement and advantage of their own city?

It is because of the narrow minded policy that originated many years ago among the old residents and capitalists of the place, and which has unhappily continued to the present day, of denying young men every opportunity of making themselves either a name or fortune at home and driving them, as it were, by force, to seek among strangers those opportunities which every ambitious young man will find somewhere. How much farther advanced would your city have been, had a different policy been pursued. I trust when the ‘Air Line’ shall have become a matter of fact, (which I learn is not far distant,) with the rapid increase of manufacturing which the demands of the country require, and which your city offers so many favorable opportunities for, and which must of necessity be improved, whether encouraged by your citizens or not, that the young men will arise in their might, put their shoulders to the wheel and force stupid old Middletown to take her place in the ranks with her rivals on either side of her. Until she does, her inhabitants can neither ask or demand the people of the state to recognize the right which her location in the centre of the state ought and does give her to demand, the removal of the capital to where it would otherwise naturally and justly belong, and which would be followed by other desirable advantages. Although the people do not seem to try to help themselves, nature is working hard for them in closing the channel of the river above, which will soon make Middletown the head of navigation. The numerous mineral resources which abound in the vicinity, together with the location which affords unusual facilities for a market, either by mail or water, and which are far superior to many towns that have rushed by her in progress and enterprise, render it certain that with a little energy on the part of its inhabitants, it might increase rapidly in wealth, population and resources. Her educational advantages are superior, and there is no reason why she should not shake off the lethargy under which she has so long suffered, and take a proud stand among the sister cities of her state.

The way to do it is plain. Encourage your young men to remain at home by furnishing them facilities for business, or any new enterprise in which they take an interest, even if it does sometimes seem visionary to old fogy eyes. Was there any great project ever started that was not at first thought visionary or impracticable? Keep your young men at home. One enterprising young firm like that which graces the banks of your river, and whose works give the only appearance of life and activity to the stranger approaching the city by water, is worth a regiment of some of your rich but antiquated old fogies who can see nothing through their selfish and parsimonious eyes but the almighty dollar in their own pockets.

Away with such a policy as drove the Hartford and New Haven Railroad through Meriden, when by a little effort, its route could have been changed, and the business of Middletown been more than doubled—that refused a location for Colt’s factory, hoping to obtain a few dollars more for the site—that closed the only respectable hotel at the time in the place, rather than let its inmates take a drink, openly, at its bar, instead of sneakingly and meanly behind the door—that will allow its people to take hundreds of dollars to Hartford to enjoy a celebration of the fourth of July, rather than appropriate fifty dollars for a celebration, at home, and in a hundred petty ways, keep down every effort in the shape of enterprise or public spirit, which would indirectly but surely bring thousands into the place.

I have been led to express these ideas, from noticing how many prominent men Middletown has furnished to the world—mercantile, manufacturing, financial, and rail-road interests are all prominently represented by Middletown boys—what a pity for the place, that some of them could not have been kept at home, but like the stereotype expression so often used in resolutions of a mortuary nature “what is your loss is their gain.”

Feeling a natural pride in the success of the place, my early days having been spent there, I cannot but hope that the rising generation will see the errors of their grandfathers and by a liberal and enlightened policy make Middletown, what she might have been years ago, an active, thriving and prosperous city.     –F.


At a tea-party the conversation turned upon intemperance. The lady of the house expressed her abhorrence of the habit, and was very proud to say that her husband had never been under the influence of liquor.

The lady’s son, a little four-year-old, sitting at the foot of the table, upon hearing this assertion and wishing to refresh his mother’s memory, called out, “Oh! ma! don’t you remember when pa came home drunk, and you wouldn’t sleep with him?”

The effect may be imagined. Thirteen-inch shells were tame in comparison.


1864 - Register your dog--or else

From The Constitution, Wednesday, June 22, 1864 (volume 27, number 1382)

War News.

Gen. Grant’s rapid movement to the south side of the James River, has already brought forth very important results. Gen. Smith who moved on Wednesday morning, at 2 A. M., to attack Petersburgh met the enemy in their works and after a severe fight, lasting, with interruptions, until dark that evening, he succeeded in carrying the two principal lines of works in front of that city, capturing from three to four hundred prisoners and sixteen cannon. This important success put the city at once under our guns, and compelled the enemy to evacuate it, which they did, moving westward across the Appomattox. The place had been defended by Beauregard and Wise. In the action the colored division of Gen. Hinks took a prominent part, displaying the greatest gallantry. They stormed the strongest portion of the rebel line, took many prisoners and six of the sixteen guns. Gen. Smith publicly thanked them for their essential service. By dark of Wednesday, Gen. Hancock had formed a junction with Smith, and the whole army was across the James, and rapidly moving forward. The latest information is up to noon of Thursday, at which time a report had reached Bermuda Landing that our troops were in actual occupation of Petersburgh. The same day Gen. Butler ascertained that the rebel works in his front were abandoned, and he immediately advanced upon the Richmond and Petersburgh Railroad and commenced its destruction.

We have just received the details of the late expedition under Gen. Steele. An advance thrown out on the 5th, destroyed the Rienzi and Danville Railroad, and rejoined the main column on the 8th inst. On the 10th inst., our cavalry, while moving in the direction of Hanovertown, met a body of the enemy and drove them back. They soon returned, however, heavily reinforced, and in a few hours the entire force, both infantry and cavalry, were engaged. The negro troops are said to have fought with great desperation, and through their efforts our troops were enabled to keep up the fight until they reached Memphis. A body of 1,600 infantry, which had been cut off and supposed to have been captured, were defended by a negro force of about 200, and arrived safely at Collierville. Our loss is estimated at 125 negro troops killed, and fourteen pieces of artillery.

A dispatch from City Point, dated at 9 o’clock this morning, June 19th, reached the Department. It reports that our forces advanced yesterday to within about a mile in front of Petersburgh, where they found the enemy occupying a new line of intrenchments, which after successive assaults we failed to carry but hold and have intrenched our advanced position. From the forces of the enemy within their new line it is inferred that Beauregard has been reinforced from Lee’s army.

No report has been received by the department concerning the casualties of our army in its operations since crossing the James river, except the death of Maj. Morton, mentioned yesterday.

Gen. Sherman reports to-day that the enemy gave way last night in the midst of darkness and storm, and at daylight our pickets entered his line from right to left. The whole army is now in pursuit as far as the Chattahoochee. Gen. Sherman adds, “I start at once for Marietta.” No military intelligence from any other quarter has been received to-day.


The Army and Navy Journal calls attention to the fact that Gen. Meade is still commander of the Army of the Potomac. He gets ignored in the newspapers, which speak of Gen. Grant as the commander, but the Journal says the orders of Gen. Grant to Gen. Meade are of the most general character, the manner of executing them being left to the judgment and skill of the latter.


It is surmised that another call for troops will be made. Even if our army is successful in the present campaign, it will be necessary to maintain a large force and press the advantage gained to its full extent. In order to make the call as light as possible, the towns should, without delay, begin to raise the men. Although this congressional district is credited with an excess of 1,212 men, they are mainly furnished by the larger towns, New Haven and Meriden furnishing nearly one half, the former 473 and the latter 130. Middletown has 81; Hamden 53, and Milford 34. Several towns have but one or two excess, while two towns lack on former calls. Encourage volunteering and avoid a draft.


The proposed amendment to the Constitution abolishing slavery forever in the United States, passed the U. S. Senate by a large majority, but was defeated in the House. The democrats, with three exceptions, voting against the measure. Among those who voted for fastening the curse of slavery upon the country, was James E. English, of this Congressional district.


The National Committee for the Gettysburg Monument have adopted the design of Mr. James G. Batterson, of Hartford. The monument is estimated to cost $50,000.


Mormon emigration to New York this year shows a falling off of more than one half. In 1863 it was 3600; in 1864 it will not be over 1609.


The emigration to California, Idaho and the other mineral regions, is very large this year. The roads across the plains are filled with wagons.


Mexico.—Maxmillian accompanied by his wife has reached his new empire, and is probably ere this at the capital. He stopped long enough at Vera Cruz to receive the greetings of an Imperial Perfect and hear salutes from the cannon. The Empress, it is said, was surprised to see no more ladies waiting to receive her at Vera Cruz.


A serious accident occurred on the noon express train from New York near Berlin on Monday, by which some 30 persons were seriously injured, three or four it is feared fatally. The train had left the Berlin depot and proceeded about a mile, when the two rear cars were thrown from the track, overturned and down an embankment, crushing them badly. There were several persons from this city on the train. The following is a list of the injured from this place:

George H. Bishop, injured in the breast, shoulder and side. No bones broken.

Mrs. Alfred Cornwell, injured about the face and head, skull fractured.

Mrs. Wm. A. Hedge, back bruised.

Capt. Martin Brooks, severe head injuries.

John Ramsay, contusion of head and back.

Miss Nellie Hubbard, of Newfields, injured in face.

Mrs. Wm. Ward, face and head.

Mrs. M. Butler, head.

Maria Dalton, head and back.

Horace Johnson and Lyman Strong, of Middle Haddam, both bruised.

The following is from the Hartford Press of Monday evening:

‘Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Euson of Hartford quite seriously. Alderman Euson is badly bruised, and his ribs are broken. Mrs. Euson’s scalp was nearly torn from her head, being cut across her forehead and thrown back. She is not expected to survive.

Rev. H. Olmsted, of Warehouse Point, severe scalp wound. His daughter, about 12 years old, was slightly bruised.

Mrs. Mary S. Walter, Winsted, seriously bruised in the hip.

Mrs. John Williams of Putnam, badly bruised, rib broken, also wounded in back and leg.

Wm. Hadden, head and thigh badly.

James Harring, New York, head and back.

P. Duggan, coffee and spice dealer, Hartford, hand and finger.

John Romaine, New York, shoulder and side.

T. M. Curtis, merchant, Collinsville, wounded in head and considerably bruised in side and back. Two ladies of the family of G. M. Sargent, New York, somewhat bruised.

Frederick E. French, a soldier from Bradford, Me., leg broken.

B. C. Woodbury, soldier, of Bradford, Me., arm badly smashed.

The two latter were taken to the hospital in this city, we understand.

Geo. H. Barber, merchant, Collinsville, wounded in the head and bruised.

A brakeman, whose name we cannot learn, was injured, fatally it is feared.

We are indebted to Dr. Jacques, of Waterbury, for several names of wounded.

P. S.—We received by telegraph from New Haven the additional names of injured, of Mr. Fenn, of Collins, Brothers & Co., of Hartford, and Geo. Parker, the brakeman named above; the latter was taken to New Haven, and is not expected to live.

Mrs. Euson of this city was living at 4 1/2 o’clock this afternoon. She is conscious, knows that she is at home, and suffers severe pain. Two of Mr. Euson’s ribs are broken.


Accident Over the River.—A young woman named Isabella Forbes, about eighteen years of age, met with a painful accident on Saturday last, in Walker’s paper mill, Burnside, where she was employed. Her hoop caught in the machinery, and she was drawn over the shaft, one of her legs being frightfully crushed. The flesh below the knee was torn up and the bone broken and exposed. Fortunately, the shafting broke, releasing her, or she must have been killed. Medical aid was immediately summoned, and it is thought with proper care she may recover, and that amputation will not be necessary. Not long ago another operative—a young woman—was drawn upon the same shaft, in the same place, and from the same cause, having all her clothes below her waist stripped off, but escaping injury.


Conn. State Prison.—The Joint committee of the Legislature paid a visit to the State prison on Wednesday, and spent an hour or two in examining the various departments of that institution. The whole number of convicts in the prison at the close of the year was 137. The number received during the year ending March 31st, was 38, one being from Middlesex county, 85 were discharged and 3 died. The oldest convict is Benjamin Scott, sentenced for life, having been confined over 22 years. The largest number of convicts are engaged in the manufacture of boots, which is done by machinery, and are made for Messrs. Hurt, Holbrook & Barber of Hartford; ninety-five men are engaged in this department, and the income derived last year $9,274.69. Thirty-two men are engaged in burnishing under contract with Messrs. Hall, Elton & Co., of Wallingford, the profits last year amounting to $2,442.02. The prison is under the management of Mr. Willard, who, with his assistants, received the commendations of the committee.

Local News.

Drowned.—James Riely, a young Irish lad living with Samuel W. Taylor, of Middle Haddam, was drowned on Tuesday last while in bathing at Cobalt Landing. His age was 15 years. He arrived in this country about the 1st of June. His body was not recovered until Wednesday.


The Savage Fire Arms Co., of this city, have, we understand, made a contract for manufacturing Carbines, and contemplate the enlargement of their works to double the present size.


Building.—D. C. Sage, is erecting at his factory at Fort Hill, a large brick building, to be used in the manufacture of Cartridges.

Messrs. W. & B. Douglass are laying the foundation for a large building to be used as a foundry. When completed, their facilities in this line will be equal to any in the state.


Orphan Asylum.—The annual meeting of the Middletown Orphan Asylum will be held on Wednesday of next week at the house of E. H. Roberts, Esq.


A Scene in Congress.—The Washington correspondent of the Boston Daily Advertiser says:

“As Joseph Bailey, of Pennsylvania, one of the four democrats, who had the patriotism to vote for the constitutional amendment prohibiting slavery, was answering to his name on that question, a copperhead, his colleague, Coffroth, who was passing at the time, laid his hand heavily upon Bailey’s head and drew it down over his face, accompanying the action with words abusive of Bailey’s vote and not fit to be printed. Bailey suddenly forgetting his Quaker principles, seized Coffroth, who is much the larger man, by the collar, drew his head down and dealt him a powerful blow under the ear, which sent him reeling against the opposite desk. Coffroth laid down his arms.


We regret to say that through the blunders of a country cousin, one of the first families in Boston was recently thrown into a state of consternation, and indignation, which it is impossible to describe. For a while serious consequences were apprehended, but after proper restoratives were applied, and explanations made, the family were enabled to take their meals with the accustomed regularity, and relish. The misunderstanding was caused in a singular manner, and can, in a measure, be attributed to the number of military heroes who infest the city.

It seems that the cousin who caused the trouble is a native of Vermont, and now on a visit to an uncle in the city. One evening during the recent spell of cold weather, the only daughter of the house, a lady of seventeen, whose delicacy is a part of her nature, and whose mind was entirely above earthly things with the exception of the opera, new dresses and a carriage, remarked one evening, in the presence of her family, without a word of warning, that she was fearful of freezing if she went to bed.

Her mother was about to offer some expression of consolation, when the cousin (rude as he was) remarked in a loud tone, so loud every one heard him—

‘Why don’t you take a major to bed with you?’

There was a faint shriek, and Henriette was observed to fall senseless on the plush sofa. Her position was noted, however, for its grace and the careful manner in which her crinoline was adjusted.

‘Wretch!’ cried the father, ‘you have murdered my daughter with your vulgarity.’

‘Monster!’ exclaimed the mother, ‘how could you? and such delicate nerves as she has too.’

‘I swow!’ yelled the Vermonter, with a doleful look, ‘I didn’t mean—‘

‘Silence, sir!’ cried the brother, who had attempted to obtain a commission as a brigadier general, and only failed because he once belonged to a Home Guard and knew, therefore, too much about military affairs.

‘Darn it! won’t you—‘

‘No, sir, we will not,’ cried the enraged parents. ‘A man that recommends my daughter to sleep with a major is not fit for decent society.’

‘But I didn’t mean it—‘ screamed the Yankee; but no attention was paid to his words.

‘She revives—she revives—the shock has not killed her,’ the doating mother said, bending over her child, and kissing her.

‘Only think,’ said the fair one, ‘that cousin should recommend a common major, when there are so many major generals without wives.’

‘It was a cruel blow; but you must bear up darling,’ whispered the mother.

‘Darnation! won’t somebody listen to me?’ cried the perplexed Vermonter; ‘I didn’t mean that Hen. should sleep with a real live major—one of them malicious officers. In course I didn’t. And I don’t want her to unless she is married; and then she may for all I care. I wanted her to do as our gals do cold nights. They heat brick and put them to their feet; and up in our parts the gals call them majors. That’s what I mean; and what’s the use of a fuss about it; that’s what I want to know.’

‘It seems that we are laboring under a mistake,’ said the head of the family; ‘but really, hereafter, where there are young ladies in the room, I don’t think I’d mention such things. The young ladies of this city are too delicate for such vulgar names.’

The Vermonter promised to be more careful in future, and the family are doing well.


Old Abe’s Choice.—A gentleman in conversation remarked to President Lincoln on Friday, that nothing could defeat him but Grant’s capture of Richmond, to be followed by his nomination at Chicago and acceptance. “Well,” said the President, “I feel very much like the man who said he didn’t want to die particularly, but if he had got to die, that was precisely the disease he would like to die of.”

N. Y. Times.


1864 performance!

From The Constitution, Wednesday, April 27, 1864 (volume 27, number 1374)

War News.

The Chicago Journal of Tuesday, publishes extracts from private letters from members of the Chicago Mercantile Battery, dated the 12th, to the effect that on the day after the recent disaster to the 13th army corps, Gen. A. J. Smith with the 19th army corps engaged the enemy and defeated them, capturing 2,000 prisoners and 20 cannon. Refugees from Plymouth, N. C., report that fighting commenced there on Sunday afternoon. The rebels in force attacked Fort Gray, which is about a mile from the town, on the Roanoke road. They planted a heavy battery on Polk’s Island, about half a mile distant, and kept up a continuous fire, during which they succeeded in cutting away the flagmast at the fort, This was replaced, and the stars and stripes again floated defiantly in the face of the foe. The rebels then advanced slowly up to within a short distance of the fort, when they made an impetuous charge. They were received with a galling fire, which thinned their ranks and caused them to fall back. Again and again they rallied to the charge, and endeavored to take the citadel, but to no purpose. Each time they were repulsed with fearful slaughter. They retired, with their artillery still keeping up a fire. Their iron ram and four gunboats had moved down the river to the obstructions, within six miles of the town, to co-operate with the land forces. The rebel force is from 10,000 to 15,000 strong. The rebel cavalry are under command of Gen. Ransom. Gen. Wessells is in command of the Union forces. He has Plymouth well fortified, and pronounces it impregnable. In front of the town are stationed several of our gunboats. They have done good service, and will continue to do more. The gunboats have had to stand already much of the brunt of the engagement. The fire of the rebel artillery has been directed on them, and it is said several have been killed and wounded on the Bombshell. All the citizens have left Plymouth, and the most of them are quartered on Roanoke Island, and several rebel shells have fallen on the town. During the engagement the rebels captured a member of the 2d N. C. loyal regiment, who formerly deserted, they allege, from the 7th N. C. regiment, and it is reported that he was hung on the spot—without even a form of trial. It is rumored that the rebels have also made a demonstration simultaneously with this in the vicinity of Newbern. The rebels have a great anxiety to redeem the state, as they see that it is fast receding from their grasp. Though they may use exertions almost superhuman, they will find that the Union arms can compete successfully with any force that they can bring. The following information was received concerning the recent disaster at Plymouth: A rebel ram came down the river about 3 o’clock Monday morning. She floated down with the current and was not discovered until close under the bows of the Miami. Lieut. Commander Flusser rushed forward, sighted and fired the bow gun, loaded with shell, which struck the ram, rebounded and instantly killed him, a piece of the shell penetrating his breast. The ram then attacked the Southfield, and she sank in three minutes. The Miami was somewhat injured. The ram passed the guns at Plymouth without being discovered. She is 150 feet long, draws about eight feet of water and has two guns. Private letters received here from soldiers in Gen. Smith’s army this morning, fully confirm newspaper accounts of our victory.—Gen. Banks has countermanded his order of retreat to Alexandria, and Gen. Lee’s cavalry had been put in pursuit of the enemy. It is believed, says a letter from a staff officer, that our forces will occupy Shreveport this week.

Captain Weatherbee of the 23d Massachusetts regiment has just arrived from Roanoke Island. He makes the following report : Gen. Wessels surrendered to the enemy on Wednesday, the 20th inst., when the rebels took possession of Plymouth, N. C., after four days hard fighting. Our loss is 150 killed and 2,500 captured. The rebel loss is 1,500 killed.


The Fort Pillow Massacre.—Recent reports from Fort Pillow fully corroborate the accounts of the inhuman barbarity of the rebels. The question now comes to us, what steps shall be taken to prevent their repetition. Having asked the blacks to fight our battles, we ought to extend to them the same protection as to the white troops, if they are subjected to the same perils and do the same work. They now form a large proportion of the men who garrison the forts on the Mississippi and the Atlantic coast, and our government must stand by them at all hazards. The emphatic declaration of the President in his speech at the opening of the Baltimore fair, that the massacre at Fort Pillow will not pass unnoticed by our government, will in some measure afford satisfaction to all loyal people. But let retribution, swift and sure, follow soon.


Information has been received at headquarters that the main body of Longstreet’s veterans have succeeded in effecting a junction with Lee. Longstreet carried to East Tennessee 18,000 men, but returned with less than 12,000 : scouts just returned from within the enemy’s lines report that troops from Joe Johnston’s army and Charleston are arriving at Gordonsville. Rebel conscripts are coming in at the rate of a thousand a day.


Dispatches from Washington give information of a wide spread conspiracy in the northwestern states to inaugurate armed resistance to the government. The object of this organization is to accomplish Vallandigham’s idea, and force the country into compromises with the southern rebellion. Crawford county, Ohio, has been placed under marshal law, and other counties in that state will probably soon be put in the same position. Ohio, Southern Indiana and Southern Illinois contain the principal portion of these incipient rebels, whose leaders only await a disaster to the national arms to give signal of revolt.


The Chicago Tribune gives the following parallel, based upon a local incident of some notoriety:

“When you hear a copperhead bewail the expense of this war, and assert that it must be stopped to save an enormous war debt, tell the lamentable story of old Green, the Chicago banker who, most of our Chicago readers will remember, was tried for his life, on the charge of wife murder. The most frightful feature of his situation was the invasion of his cherished hoards. A new trial was granted him on technical grounds. He forthwith called a council of war in his cell, in the Chicago jail, and gravely discussed with his attorneys the probable cost of going on with the case. Thoroughly alarmed at the financial exhibit, he hanged himself in the cell the same night to save the expense! The peace demagogues would bring this Union to the same fate on like grounds.”

Local News.

Wendell Phillips.—This Prince of orators lectured last Friday evening before the Young Men’s Literary Union. He had a large audience and held them listening over an hour with easy interest. His subject was “Reconstruction, or The Pathway to Peace.” He said we had ended one stage of this war having proved which side was the stronger, and now there remained a second stage to find our way out of it. The times when this war would be over, and the struggle close, would be different periods. The struggle was between two civilizations—an oligarchy and a democracy. One must supersede the other before there would be union. The structure of his lecture was entire, distinctly composed. It was most suggestive of thought, often lighted up with striking illustrations. Mr. Phillips is the most single of radical thinkers. He led a few adherents, unpopular, to where the people meet him in a new phase of politics.


The Superior Court, held at Haddam, adjourned Friday to Monday, the 16th day of May next, at two P. M., the adjourned term to be held in Middletown. The following cases were disposed of:

Amos S. Harvey vs. William Kelsey, resulted in a verdict by the jury for the plaintiff, to recover one hundred and twenty-four dollars. L. L. Phelps and S. Clark for pltf., Tyler and Culver for deft. L. L. Dickinson vs. Martha S. Hayes and others, after being partially tried to the jury, cases withdrawn and compromised, the defendents surrendering the premises to the pltf. Chadwick and Vinal for pltf., Tyler, Culver and Warner for defts.

Henry Potter vs. Maynehan and others. Verdict of jury for pltf., to recover $36 and costs of John Smith, one of the defts. The other defendents were discharged. Chadwick and Smith for pltfs., Tyler and Fowler for defts.

Charles G. Arnold vs. Edward Dennis resulted in verdict for pltf., to recover one hundred dollars and his costs. Tyler and Warner for pltf., Bacon for deft. Maria Habersham was divorced from Joseph Habersham; A. Hall for pet’r. Rosetta Stearns was divorced from Jonathan D. Stearns; Vinal and J. T. Clarke for pet’r. Maria Sterrett was divorced from Charles N. Sterrett; Tyler for pet’r. David Lyman vs. Middletown and Durham was argued to the Court on the remonstrance of Roswell Lee. The Court intimated the opinion that the proceedings were correct but held the case under advisement. Tyler, Warner and Vinal for pltf., Culver and Bacon for remonstrant. Wm. Dennison vs. Ira Twiss and wife, tried to the Court. No decision at present. L. L. Phelps and Warner for pltf., Culver and Vinal for defts.


For the Constitution.

The vicissitudes of human life are sadly exemplified in the instance of an aged respectable French lady lately deceased in this town; whose latter years have been consoled by the charities of those of her own sex, to whom she owed even a grave. In youth, she moved in the first circles of society of her native island, Martinique, where she has danced in the same sett with Josephine de la Pageria, afterwards Empress of France.


Theft.—The house of Richard Bailey, in Middlefield, was entered on Sunday last, and a sum of money taken. Suspicion was fixed on one Charles Curtiss. He was accordingly arrested, and is now awaiting trial.


Accident by Fire.—A daughter of Charles Sage, living in the south part of the town, was badly burnt on Friday, by her clothes catching from a bonfire, near which she was standing.


Almost a Fire.—A few days ago one of our citizens, while working in his garden, was attracted by the movements of a couple of children, who were under the barn in the rear of the Mansion House. The rear of the barn stands upon sleepers and around one of these the children were placing wood and light material. He watched them closely, and thought he saw one of them draw a match. He shouted, but in an instant a bright flame appeared. On his way to the barn he passed by a barrel of water near which was a pail, which he filled, and with it was enabled to extinguish the fire which was rapidly creeping up under the barn. It was a narrow escape from a large fire. The children on realizing the injury which they had inadvertently committed were greatly frightened, and we hope it will be a lesson to them not to handle edged tools.


The Weather.—Last week nearly every morning the sun rose behind clouds and soon cleared them away by his brightness. There was much need of rain, for the dust in the streets was stifling. Saturday morning early a little rain fell. Monday it settled for the day. The weather is warm. Average temperature of the week at 6 a. m., 42 degrees.


For the Constitution.

Mr. Editor:–It is well known to many of your readers, that I volunteered my services last winter to spend some time in Alexandria, Va., at the “Soldiers Rest,” and in the Hospitals, to labor for the spiritual interest of our brave soldiers. Connected with my labors, I initiated at the “Solders Rest,” (which is capable of holding 4000 soldiers,) the plan of collecting what money I could from the “boys,” and transmit it, by Adams Express, to their families. (Our soldiers stop at the “Rest,” in transit for the Army of the Potomac in front.) I am much gratified in being able to state that the amount collected and forwarded from Nov. 1863, to April 1, 1864, is $117,300, thus saving a large sum from being gambled away and squandered.

Being fully persuaded of the importance of having an “Army Missionary,” stationary at the “Soldiers Rest,” arrangements were made with the Rev. Morris Briggs, of N. Y., (who voluntary labored with me before I left.)—Having volunteered my services to collect a salary to sustain an “Army Missionary” at the said “Rest,” I desire to express my thanks to the several Ladies and Gentlemen of Middletown and elsewhere who have so cheerfully contributed to said object, also, to Messrs. Taylor, Russell, Duffield and Alsop fo the “Harmonie’s Minstrel Troupe,” for the sum of $50—being the proceeds of the Exhibition given March 29th, 1864, by said “Troupe” to be applied towards to support of said Missionary.

N. B. I can truly say from personal experience, that all funds contributed for the said object aforesaid is well appropriated and I shall be gratified by receiving further contributions.     Jeremiah H. Taylor.

Portland, April 23d, 1864.


Mrs. Stephen A. Douglas denies, in the most explicit and emphatic manner, the reports that have been going the rounds of the newspapers, that she is employed as a clerk in one of the Departments of Washington.


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blog 64 04 27 2


From The Constitution, Wednesday, April 20, 1864 (volume 27, number 1373)

War News.

On Tuesday morning, April 12th, the rebel Gen. Forrest attacked Fort Pillow. Soon after the attack Forrest sent a flag of truce demanding the surrender of the fort and garrison, meanwhile disposing of his force so as to gain the advantage. Our forces were under command of Major Booth, of the Thirteenth Tennessee (U. S.) Heavy Artillery, formerly of the First Alabama Cavalry. The flag of truce was refused, and fighting resumed. Afterward a second flag came in, which was also refused. Both flags gave the rebels advantage of gaining new positions. The battle was kept up untill 3 P. M., when Major Booth was killed, and Major Bradford took command. The rebels now came in swarms over our troops, compelling them to surrender. Immediately upon the surrender ensued a scene which utterly baffles description. Up to that time, comparatively few of our men had been killed; but, insatiate as fiends, bloodthirsty as devils incarnate, the Confederates commenced an indiscriminate butchery of the whites and blacks, including those of both colors who had been previously wounded. The black soldiers, becoming demoralized, rushed to the rear, the white officers having thrown down their arms. Both white and black were bayoneted, shot or sabred; even dead bodies were horribly mutilated, and children of seven and eight years and several negro women killed in cold blood. Soldiers unable to speak from wounds were shot dead, and their bodies rolled down the banks into the river. The dead and wounded negroes were piled in heaps and burned, and several citizens who had joined our forces for protection were killed or wounded. Out of the garrison of six hundred, only two hundred remained alive. Among our dead officers are Capt. Bradford, Lieuts. Barr, Ackersstrom, Wilson, Revel and Major Booth, all of the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry. Capt. Poston and Lieut. Lyon, Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, and Capt. Young, Twenty-fourth Missouri, Acting-Provost-Marshal, were taken prisoners.  Maj. Bradford was also captured, but is said to have escaped; it is feared, however, that he has been killed. Among our wounded officers of colored troops are Capt. Porter, Lieut. Libberts and Adjt. Lemming. Six guns were captured by the rebels, and carried off, including two ten-pound Parrotts and two twelve-pound howitzers. A large amount of stores was destroyed or carried away. The intention of the rebels seemed to be to evacuate the place, and more on toward Memphis. Many of our wounded were shot in the hospital. The remainder were driven out, and the hospital was burned. On the morning after the battle the rebels went over the field, and shot the negroes who had not died from their wounds. Gen. Lee arrived and assumed command at the beginning of the battle. Previous to which Gen. Chalmers directed the movements. Forrest, with the main force, retired after the fight to Brownsville, taking with him the captured funds. While the steamer Platte Valley lay under flag of truce, taking on board our wounded, some of the rebel officers, and among them Gen. Chalmers, went on board, and some of our officers showed them great deference, drinking with them, and showing them other marks of courtesy. Many of those who had escaped from the works and hospital, who desired to be treated as prisoners of war, as the rebels said, were ordered to fall into line, and when they had formed, were inhumanly shot down. Of 350 colored troops not more than 56 escaped the massacre, and not one officer that commanded them survives. Only four officers of the Thirteenth Tennessee escaped death. The loss of the Thirteenth Tennessee is 800 killed. The remainder were wounded and captured.

Three other negroes were buried alive by the rebels at Fort Pillow, making five in all. All were wounded but one. He was forced to help dig the pits, and was then thrown in and covered up. The gunboats are constantly “patrolling,” and taking every precaution to prevent the rebels from crossing the river here, by destroying all the skiffs and sinking all other craft that could be used for that purpose. There is not much said, but there is a general gritting of teeth among officers at Memphis when the massacre of the brave garrison at Fort Pillow is alluded to. Several officers have been heard to say that unless the Government takes retributive steps, they will consider it their duty to shoot every man of Forrest’s command they meet, and take no prisoners. The soldiers threaten to shoot Forrest’s men now in Irvin Prison, if they can get a chance. This is the general feeling. The main body of the rebels left Fort Pillow on Friday morning, and their rear guard in the afternoon, after destroying all the ammunition and everything else destructible. Late advices from Duvall’s Bluff report the country infested with guerrillas, who constantly robbing the people and committing all manner of depredations. Mr. Nixon, State Representative from Franklin County, has been murdered, and the Representative from Arkansas County kidnapped, as nothing had been heard from him. On the 11th 400 Texan cavalry attempted to surprise a camp of 240 Federals at Roseville, on the Arkansas River, but were repulsed with the loss of 12 killed and a large number wounded. Our loss was 5 killed.


The exciting discussions which have taken place in the House of Representatives respecting the language of Mr. Long and Harris, have had the effect of drawing the dividing line between the two wings of Democracy in Congress. Fernando said that there was no such thing as a War Democrat, and although there was a good deal of wriggling, the dose was swallowed by nearly all. The indications daily strengthen that the two factions of Democracy will find it almost impossible to work together in the coming Presidential campaign.


The Tax Bill.—The Ways and Means committee have completed the tax bill. It is to be printed before reported. They have adopted a proposition to impose a tax upon all brokers sale of stocks, bonds, merchandize, &c. The tax imposed upon distilled spirits is $1.25, on tobacco 30 cents per pound with graduating scale. The committee estimate that the bill will raise three hundred millions of revenue.


Confederate cotton is found at Rouen to be packed with iron and shot, to make it weigh heavier. The French dealers in the article complain loudly of the cheating of the blockade runners. No honor among thieves!


The omnibus fare in New York has been raised to ten cents, which makes some grumbling among the patrons of that institution.


Railroad Accident.—The evening express train from New York, due here about eight o’clock, did not arrive here Saturday night till after eleven o’clock, owing to an accident on the New York road. The freight train on the Naugatuck railroad coming north at about five o’clock, ran into the draw of the bridge at Bridgeport, which had been left open for a vessel to pass. The track-master stood upon the bridge and gave such warning to the approaching train as he could, but it was not heeded. The locomotive and three cars were precipitated into the river, one car went partly over the draw and hung by a coupling, and another was thrown from the track on the bridge. There were but four men on the cars which went over, and they escaped uninjured by jumping into the river.


The 30th regt. C. V., colored, has been ordered off by the war department, probably for Annapolis. The regiment numbers 356 enlisted men and 14 line officers.

The longshoremen of New London are on a strike. They demand 30 cents per hour for work.

Gold in New York on Saturday, sold at 176 3/4.


Gov. Buckingham has given Yale College the sum of $20,000.

Local News.

Newport News, Va., April 11th 1864.

Editor Constitution: Nothing of an exciting character has transpired at this post of late, until a few nights since a circumstance happened, in the account of which the readers of your paper may find interest in reading.

About two o’clock on the morning of the 9th, a boat from Rebeldom succeeded in passing our picket boats, and getting in the vicinity of the U. S. Frigate Minesota, and the explosion of a torpedo soon after, disclosed the fact that the object was the destruction of this noble vessel. Luckily, however, it was not near enough to greatly damage the frigate.—The alarm was immediately given, and several shots were fired at the unknown craft, but owing to the darkness of the night, she succeeded in making her escape. It was a daring attempt on the part of the rebels, and had the night not been so very dark, she no doubt would have been captured, as our navy are vigilant, and constantly on the watch for blockade runners.

Preparations are seeming to be made in this department as well as others, for an active spring campaign, and the result of the election in Conn., shows that the people will support the government, and are in favor of a vigorous prosecution of the war.

Very Respectfully,     W. E. C.


The Draft.—Our Quota.—The draft which was ordered on the 15th of this month, has been postponed. By an official statement of the number of volunteers received in this congressional district up to March 1st, it is shown that Middletown was deficient at that time some 83 men. The selectmen inform us, that since then they have furnished the number of men required, and that by the books at the Provost Marshal’s office, Middletown’s account is square under all calls.


Wendell Phillips will deliver his lecture on “Reconstruction” before the “Young Men’s Literary Union” on Friday evening. Many in an audience will listen with keen pleasure to his oratory who will not approve the sentiments in it. He is a bold and sincere advocate of one great right, but a singular politician.


Sad Accident.—A sad accident occurred on Monday afternoon, near G. W. Guy’s store in Southfarms. A pair of horses belonging to Alfred Brainard, attached to a wagon loaded with Felspar from the quarries in Haddam, while left standing in the road for a few moments, became frightened, and starting on a run, overtook the factory team of the Russell Man’fg. Company, containing two men and Charles Singleton, a son of Samuel Singleton, aged 10 years. The concussion was so great that the men were thrown from their seat, and the lad falling under the horses, received injuries, which will probably prove fatal. The back of his head was broken and large pieces of his skull were taken out. He was attended immediately by Dr. Blake, and everything was done to alleviate his sufferings. The men escaped without injury, but the factory team was considerably damaged.


For Idaho.—We understand that some twenty persons in this vicinity, intend to start for Idaho soon. A party of six leave on Monday to join others who are making the necessary preparations on the frontier. May success attend their new enterprise.


The first shad of the season was caught at the mouth of the river some two weeks since. About time their descendents made their appearance in this vicinity.


Trout.—A couple of young men of this city went trouting Monday, with fair success, catching eight good-sized trout, one of which weighed a pound and a quarter. Not bad.


The Weather last week continued chilly though mostly pleasant. The sunshine is warm and mellow, but cold winds are about. Yet it is glad Spring. Many weeks ago those little apostles of faith, the birds, in their tree galleries with full orchestra, invoked her favors; now she has called to her court wild flowers, tree blossoms, and new springing grass. The temperature throughout last week did not vary much. Its average at sunrise was 35 degrees.


1864 remedy

From The Constitution, Wednesday, March 23, 1864 (volume 27, number 1369)


For Governor,


For Lieut. Governor,

ROGER AVERILL, of Danbury.

For Secretary,


For Treasurer,

GABRIEL W. COITE, of Hartford.

For Comptroller,

LEMAN W. CUTLER, of Watertown.

For Senator,

Dist. No. 18—HIRAM VEASEY, of Chatham.

For Judge of Probate,

Middletown Dist.—WM. T. ELMER, of Midd’n.


War News.

The Herald’s New Orleans letter of the 12th, says that Col. Tevis, with the 3d Maryland cavalry, arrived yesterday from Madisonville. They had scouted from Madisonville nearly all the country between the Targipaho and Pearl rivers.

The 9th and 10th battalions of Louisiana rebel cavalry, were driven from the Chappapela river. A number of them were captured, as well as some bloodhounds with which they had been hunting conscripts.

Thirty negroes captured by the rebels from a plantation near Fort Pike, were retaken on the 9th of March.

A number of rebel soldiers paroled at Vicksburg and Port Hudson, were in New Orleans, endeavoring to avoid the conscription.

Large quantities of cotton were discovered in the country through which our forces traveled, but it could not be moved for lack of transportation.

A portion of the 3d Maryland cavalry consists of four hundred formerly rebel soldiers, from Fort Delaware, who took the oath of allegiance and enlisted. There have been no desertions from it in the face of the enemy.

The Times’ Washington special says the excitement about the threatened raid of Stuart has subsided. Detachments of the enemy crossed the Rappahannock at Fredericksburg Wednesday night, and the following day Col. Byan, of the 18th Penn. cavalry, captured 20 of them. Friday morning a detachment of rebels crossed at Morton’s Ford and drove in our pickets, but were subsequently repulsed and forced to recross the river. The second corps discharged all their pieces Saturday forenoon. Perhaps this may account for the report of firing heard at Dumfries. There are other indications of rebel demonstrations not proper to write at this time. Stuart is massing cavalry at Charlottsville, where he has three brigades, and at Fredericksburg, where he has two. The report that the enemy had effected a crossing at Raccoon Ford is not correct.

Another Call.

The President has made another call for two hundred thousand men, and ordered a draft in such districts as shall not have filled their quotas on the 15th of April. The President names as a reason for issuing the call, the “necessities of the naval service, and the need of an adequate reserve force for all contingencies.” It is stated that Connecticut has a surplus which will be credited on this call, thereby reducing the number to be furnished. By prompt action the whole quota can be raised. Shall it not be done? There are many reasons to be given urging enlistments and inducing volunteers to come forward. We need men for the navy, and the army should have a “reserve force.” The appointment of Gen. Grant to command in the field is the presage of success, promising vigorous and decisive action against the rebels. In view of the situation the people gain courage. They are willing to make the sacrifice necessary to close the war and secure peace to a free and united people.


Gen. Grant on Thursday last, issued at Nashville an official order, assuming command of the armies of the United States. He announces that head quarters will be in the field, and for the present, with the army of the Potomac, for which place he left Nashville on Saturday. Gen. Sherman has command of the military division of Mississippi.

Colored Regiments.

These are indeed progressive times in which we live. For the first time since the Declaration of Independence, the right of the colored man to bear arms, and his title to equality has been recognized. Although the negro has been called upon in times of peril to fight, as in the Revolution and the war with Great Britain, when Andrew Jackson, that stern old democratic warrior, issued an appeal to them, we now see the first general recognition of them as soldiers, and hence their change into free men. The world has moved within the past two years. The bloody ordeal before Wagner, the woful massacre at Port Hudson, the steady endurance of black troops on many a well fought battle-field, have conspired to give a fresh impulse to the growing sentiment of the day. The colonial policy of England and France is accepted and improved upon, and the fact established that the colored man makes a good soldier. There are many who feel that the liberated negro owes a duty to the country; that if he is to be fitted for the freedom which this war is bringing to his race, he must give some proof of his right to participate in the great boon by lending his strong arm to the accomplishment of the result. The people will feel stronger in seeing the cause of the Union defended and sustained by those who have been the pariahs of our civilization. The phantasies of negro quality and fraternal miscegenation will be dispelled before the advance of the era which brings just such right and honor to the black man as he may show himself able to appreciate.


Five Parsee firms in London have contributed five hundred pounds sterling for the relief of the emancipated negroes in the United States. The Parsees are the descendants in the East Indies of the free worshippers, driven out from Persia on account of their religion. They still preserve their ancient religion, with increased purity of morals.


The copperheads have overcome their disgust at the idea of a woman’s talking politics in public, and have put a Miss Emma Webb on the track to outrival Miss Dickinson.


An explosion occurred in Springfield on Thursday in C. D. Leet & Co.’s cartridge factory. Five persons were fatally injured. Several others suffered severely. Some forty persons were employed.


Mrs. Frederick Buckley, says the Courant, living on the meadow road in East Hartford, rose from her bed Monday night and struck a light, dropping the match upon the floor, which ignited her clothing, and soon enveloped her person in flames. Before her husband could subdue the fire she was shockingly burned, the flesh in various parts of her body being rolled up in lumps of crisped flesh. She lived in terrible agony till Tuesday evening when death came. She said when she rose to strike a light she felt much bewildered, and knew but little what she was doing.

Local News.


The Selectmen meet at the Town Clerk’s office on Thursday of this week, for the purpose of admitting voters. This is the last chance.


See to it that your name is on the Registry List. Now is the time to attend to it, before it is too late.


VOTES printed at this office.


Business About Middletown.—As Spring opens, there are many indications that business in this vicinity will be increased. Edward Manning, of Cromwell, has leased the factory formerly used by the Baldwin Tool Company, in Middlefield, and will carry on the business of manufacturing Britiannia Ware. He has recently made an improvement on Tea Pots for which he has received a patent.

Messrs. W. & B. Douglas in order to meet the increased demand for their goods, will erect this spring another large foundry, besides making additions and improvements to those already erected.

Henry G. Hubbard, Esq., has bought the Starr property, in Staddle Hill, and will undoubtedly soon put the wheels of machinery once more in motion in that vicinity.

The Russell Manufacturing Co., have extended the time of working, closing at nine p.m. At the annual meeting of the company, recently held, H. G. Hubbard was chosen president, and Julius Hotchkiss agent and treasurer.

In the vicinity of Fort Hill, great improvements have been made during the past winter. D. C. Sage has erected no less than four buildings, put in a steam engine, and gone to work in earnest. We understand that Mr. Sage has received an offer for his buildings, from parties in New York. If accepted they will take possession in August next, which will give time for the erection of other buildings.


New Bakery.—Wm. H. Ford has opened a new Bakery at the corner of Main and Washington sts.


A Rare Chance.—A rare opportunity is offered to any enterprizing man with a capital of from $100 to $600, by Mr. Hummel, who sells the county and town rights of Hamilton’s patent atmospheric churn dash. This dash is fixed to any up and down churn, and he claims to produce butter from new milk or cream in from three to ten minutes, the butter being of a better quality and larger quantity than that produced by any other known process. The dash is very simple and very cheap. Every farmer will buy it, as it will pay for itself in one week, by the labor saved and above all, the larger quantity and better quality of the butter obtained from it. Men have made from $20 to $50 per day by purchasing a county and enter into the manufacturing and selling of this dash, which can be seen by calling on Jas. H. Hummel at the Farmers & Mechanics Hotel, Middletown, where he will convince the most sceptical of the perfect workings of the dash. Two hundred and fifty counties have been sold in the last two months to the most prudent of business men. Call and examine for yourself.


Fire.—On the night of the 14th inst., the barn with sheds, of James E. Bailey, of Durham, was destroyed by fire, together with 6 oxen, 1 cow, 2 horses, 25 sheep, 27 lambs, a large lot of poultry, 1 carriage, farming tools, about 12 tons of hay, all his grain and meal. The amount destroyed cannot be less than 1800 dollars. Mr. Bailey has been very unfortunate, having lost, in his youth, his right arm by accident. The loss falls heavily upon him and he deserves the sympathy of the community, having by this sad calamity lost nearly all his property except land. No insurance. Supposed to be the work of an incendiary.


An Appeal for Aid.—A circular has been issued by the members of the A. M. E. Church of this city, soliciting aid from the benevolent and christian public of this vicinity, in sustaining their society. Necessary repairs on the church are estimated at $800. The salary of the pastor is $339, of which $125 has already been paid. The society feel that a little aid from the public at this time, will encourage them. Mr. D. R. Benham, will see that all funds are faithfully applied to the objects stated.


In view of the coming election, the copperheads have opened a school, for the purpose of teaching the ignorant (of their party) the meaning of a few sentences of the English language. One of their scholars, when before the board of selectmen last week, exhibited his skill by reciting a passage which was not to be found in the book which he held in his hand. Deputy Marshal Putnam kindly pointed out to him his mistake, and asked him to read a sentence correctly, but Pat’s vision had suddenly failed him, the types were too small, and he couldn’t see at all at all. The board appreciated the joke, and advised Pat to learn his lesson better, if he wanted to become a voter.


Absent Minded.—Have a heavy note to pay at the bank, draw a check for the amount, put it into your vest pocket, and go home to dinner; lose the check in the street, and think nothing of the note until reminded the next day that it has been protested. The check falling into good hands no serious trouble arose by the above occurrence.


… There exists is some parts of Germany a law to prevent drinking during divine service. It runs thus: ‘Any person drinking in an ale-house during divine service on Sunday or other holiday, may legally depart without paying.’ …

It is recorded as a singular fact that the Superior Court in Windham county, Conn., refused to grant a petition of divorce the other day.

If you do not succeed in one thing try another. You certainly came into the world for something.

A machine has been invented which is to be driven by the force of circumstances. …

Here’s a hit at tobacco smokers. It is from the pen of a poetess who seems to have more reverence for the inspiration she draws from Helicon than that imported from Havana, or obtained through a meerschaum.—She thus pitches into the patrons of the ‘weed’:

‘May never lady press his lips, his profered love returning,

Who makes a furnace of his mouth and keeps its chimney burning;

May each true woman shun his sight, for fear the fumes might choke her,

And none but those who smoke themselves, have kisses for a smoker.’


Big sale!

From The Constitution, Wednesday, January 27, 1864 (volume 27, number 1361)

War News.

The news from Chattanooga is encouraging. Trains are now running regularly between that place and Nashville. The arrival of supplies is large and full rations are again issued to the troops. A large number of recruits are constantly arriving, sufficient to balance the number of veterans going home. The desertions from the rebel army are very numerous—150 deserting at one time on Monday last.—The rebel army at Dalton is reported to be 30,000 strong, and so reduced in supplies that they are killing their best mules for supplies of meat. Gen. Grant has arrived at Chattanooga.

The statement published that Longstreet had been heavily re-inforced from the armies of Johnston and Lee, seems to be corroborated. The Cincinnati Dispatch says, upon the authority of Capt. Ekin, a staff officer, who left Knoxville on the 14th inst., that not only had Longstreet been reinforced, but he was advancing upon the city, pushing Granger’s forces before him, and it was believed that our army would be compelled to fall back to its entrenched lines. The same authority says that a rumor was current that John Morgan with 5,000 cavalry was threatening our communications between Chattanooga and Knoxville.

Washington dispatches say that the order assigning Gen. Rosecrans to the command of the Department of the Missouri, and Gen. Schofield of the army under Grant, has been made out.

The U. S. Hospital Transport Cosmopolitan, from Port Royal on the evening of the 21st, with 222 sick and wounded soldiers from Gen. Gillmore’s Department, arrived at New York on Sunday. The bombardment of Charleston is steadily continued, with the effect of causing frequent fires and the gradual crumbling away of the houses within range of our guns. There is little firing on the part of the rebels, who seem averse to expending their ammunition. The work of raising the sunken monitors Keokuk and Weehawken was in progress, but not with rapid results. The sale of confiscated lands for the payment of direct taxes had commenced at Port Royal, and the bidding was spirited. The contrabands were foremost in the purchases.

A despatch from Cairo says that re-enlistments were taking place rapidly among the Western armies. Twenty thousand of the Seventeenth Army Corps have already re-enlisted, and it is reported that nearly all of the Sixteenth intend to remain in service.

Letters received from Port Hudson under date of Jan. 12 and 13, pronounces false all reports to the effect that captured officers from Gen. Ullman’s division of colored troops had been shot. The fate of one only is unknown. The rest are either in Libby Prison, or at a rebel rendezvous in Texas. The rebels in the vicinity of Port Hudson and Baton Rouge are becoming quite bold, and their picket lines are close to ours. An expedition was sent out by Gens. Ullman and Cooke, to endeavor to cut off a force of 2,000 rebels, who were making a stand about fifteen miles east of Port Hudson.

Re-Enlistment of Veterans.

The re-enlistment of regiment after regiment of our veteran volunteers is worthy of record. Those who manfully responded to the call for troops when the first alarm was given, who have endured hardships, facing death in many fierce contests; now, when their time of service is about to expire, declare themselves willing and ready to stand by the flag another three years. It is truly a sublime spectacle. From whatever state they come, in whatever fields they are now serving, whatever hardships they may have endured, they are determined, not by tens or scores, but by whole regiments, to stand by the colors for which they have so long and so bravely fought, until its supremacy over every rood of her soil is fully established. The regiments who have returned to this state are all re-enlisted men, and embrace, with but few exceptions, all who could pass an examination. When first they enlisted no bounties were paid, and they have fought through the hardest of the war with no remuneration except thirteen dollars a month. They know what a soldier’s life is, and yet, at the first opportunity they go in again, determined to see the contest through. They are entitled to the large bounties which they will receive.

But what a contrast there is in the willingness of our soldiers to re-enter the service, to the enforcement necessary to be used to keep the old soldiers in the rebel armies. Let the doubting ones read the acts under discussion in the rebel Congress, which are thought necessary in order to keep up their armies, and then contrast them with the doings of the soldiers at the north. A man with half an eye can see which side of the fence the golden egg lies.


The Conscription Bill at the south makes some trouble. The Raleigh Standard in bold and defiant language, threatens immediate rebellion on the port of North Carolina, as the result of the sweeping conscription, and declares that when North Carolina falls from the arch of rebel states, the whole structure must come down. The rebels have evidently reached the limit of human endurance. To venture beyond would be to lose all.


There are indications that the rebels are getting tired of employing guerrillas. A bill has been introduced into the rebel congress repealing the act authorizing “partizan rangers.” There is plenty of evidence to prove that the rebel rangers have plundered their friends about as often as their foes, and they have come to the sage conclusion that the thing don’t pay.


New Orleans.—The news from New Orleans is important. Gen. Banks has issued an order for a state election to be held on the 22d of February. He says he is fully assured that more than one-tenth of the population desire the earliest possible restoration of Louisiana to the Union, and declares so much of the constitution and laws of the State as recognize, regulate and relate to slavery, being inconsistent with the present condition of affairs, and inapplicable to any class of persons now existing within its limits, inoperative and void. He has appointed a convention for the revision of the constitution, to be held on the first Monday in May, 1864. Our forces have captured and garrisoned the town of Madisonville, La., on the other side of Lake Pontchartrain.


Mexico.—A battle is reported to have been fought on the 17th ult., at Morelia, in which the Franco-Mexicans took eleven pieces of artillery, and the principal chiefs of the Liberal party were slain. After the fight Juarez is reported to have fled from San Luis Potosi without any escort, probably for Monterey.


From Europe.—The steamship Etna, from Liverpool on the 8th and Queenstown on the 7th of January, arrived in New York on Sunday. The journals contain nothing striking concerning American affairs, with the exception of the London Times, which, in a characteristic article, endeavors to show that the Federal successes have been no successes at all, and consequently the war is apparently as little near the ending as ever. The Schleswig-Holstein question continued to be exciting, and there were increased apprehensions of an outbreak. On the afternoon of the day the steamer left Queenstown, however, the telegrams from Germany were less unfavorable, and a report had gained currency not only that proposals for conference had been agreed by France and England, but there is reason to believe they will be accepted by the German Powers. The unpopularity of the Mexican expedition is attested by the report of the Supplementary Credits Committee, which unanimously expresses the hope that an end should be put to the matter as soon as the honor and interest of the country will permit.


The class of medical students just graduated at New Haven numbers 15.

The underground railroad depot at New Haven is said to be flooded by the recent rains, and canal boats are seriously talked of to render the building of any use.

New Haven is preparing to hold a great Fair for soldier’s orphans, commencing on the 22d of February.

By the new Conscription Bill drafted clergymen who are opposed to bearing arms are detailed to hospitals as non-combatants.

John Morgan has established his headquarters at Richmond, and earnest efforts are making to raise him a new command.

The Boston Traveller publishes the following: Lieut. Geo. W. Caleff’s wife presented him with a boy on the 7th instant, weighing about ten pounds. It was born with teeth.’

The Richmond Examiner of the 11th inst. says: “Orders will be issued in a day or two to proceed to the immediate conscription of persons who have furnished substitutes. They will be put in the camp of instruction within ten days.”

There were four hundred and ten births, one hundred and eighty-four marriages, and four hundred and eight deaths, in Norwich in 1863.

The parties at work on the wreck of the Golden Gate, have recovered $654,000 of the treasure sunk with her.

The entire number of applications for pensions to 1st January is eighty-one thousand two hundred and eighty six.

Eleven hundred citizens of Newbern, N. C. have availed themselves of the President’s Amnesty Proclamation, taken the oath and given the parole required by it.

Gough, the temperance lecturer, has been lecturing acceptably in the camps. On one of these occasions, some eighty-nine soldiers came forward and signed the pledge.

Local News.

Recruiting,–Five volunteers, to apply on the quota of this town, have been recruited by Capt. T. R. Parker, who has an office in the Custom House. Capt. J. G. Crosby, opposite the McDonough House, has recruited three or four more. This since the 5th of January. It is the opinion of those who are good judges in the matter, that forty men more would fill up our quota. A gentleman in our office the other day, who thus far in life has always sustained his assertions, said that he would procure the requisite number of men if the town would pay him forty dollars a man.—Whether this is too much or too little, we are not the ones to decide, but it certainly is much less than many towns have been paying. It would also take but a part of the three thousand dollars which the town appropriated for this purpose. We mention these facts for the benefit of those whose business is to attend to it. Let’s have our quota filled, and as soon as possible.


Various Matters.—The “Middletown Gas Light Company,” will hold their annual meeting on the 2d of February. …

Daniel B. Hubbard has started a daily stage line between this city and Higganum.

The fine large brick house in Court street, below Main, is offered for sale. …

S. Gildersleeve & Son, of Portland, give notice that all accounts contracted after date, must not extend beyond six months. A good plan. Short credit makes firm friends.


Mr. Lyman’s Road.—Last summer David Lyman and others petitioned to our selectmen for a new road running directly through Durham swamps from Mr. Lyman’s new house. Our Board of Selectmen, of whom Mr. Southmayd was chairman, very wisely refused to lay out the road. A petition has since been brought to the Superior Court for the lay out of this road, and referred to a committee composed of Mr. Clark of Old Saybrook, Mr. Day of East Haddam and Sheriff Snow of Deep River. Testimony was heard before them last week in Durham. Why it was heard there, when if the road is built, Middletown will have to pay about six thousand dollars, and Durham about one hundred dollars, no one knows. The present road from Mr. Lyman’s house to Durham is one of the best in this town, and it seems the merest folly for us to squander in Durham swamps about six thousand dollars, when we have now a debt upon our shoulders of about ninety thousand dollars.—Com.

Mayor’s Annual Report.

Fellow Citizens: I am required at this time to present to you a report of the income and disbursements of our city during the year just terminated, the present condition of the several departments of its government; with suggestions as to their proper management during the coming year.

Treasurer’s Report.

The receipts of the treasurer during the year past were

From taxes, $3878.33

Town of Middletown for highways, 1300.00

grass on Union Park sold, 6.00

balance cash from last year, 139.50 $5423.83


Paid orders and upon city debt, $5018.97
Balance in treasury, 404.86 $5423.83
The amount of outstanding taxes unpaid is, $2575.00
The amount of outstanding orders, 2173.19
Excess of outstanding taxes, $401.81

The amount of orders drawn upon the city treasury during the year ending January 18th, 1864 is $5216.02

The items of said expenditure are for

Mayor’s salary, $200.00
Salary of Clerk and Treasurer, 205.00
Assessor’s compensation, 100.00
Salary of Street Commissioner, 150.00
City Attorney’s fees, 50.00
Police, 387.45
Repairs of streets and walks, 1167.19
Watering streets, 261.30
Cleaning d[itt]o 89.75
Public grounds, 5.48
Compensation to Fire Department, 629.59
Repairs for Fire Department, 325.19
Gas for street lamps, 843.34
Repairs for “  “ 65.10
Printing and advertising, 91.25
Contingent expenses, 216.24
Interest, 185.79
Miscellaneous expenses, 243.44 $5216.02

There is now due from the city

Note to Orrin Gilbert, $1100.00
Note to Savings Bank, 1000.00 $2100.00
Balance in the treasury, $404.86
Excess in taxes over orders, 401.81 $806.67
City debt at the present time over assets, $1293.33

It is believed that the above balance represents the exact state of your city finances as nearly as they can be ascertained.

There is scarcely any department of the city government, the expenses of which, owing to the present inflation of prices, has not been and properly should not be increased at least twenty-five per cent. over former years. Indeed the expenses of the street department ought to be increased more than that amount. Yet as I do not approve of taxation to defray anticipated indebtedness, and as your city is nearly free from debt, I recommend that your tax to defray the expenses of your city for the coming year be two mills per cent., which is the same as last year. …


Middletown, January 18th, 1864.


The Weather.—During last week we experienced the January thaw. It has cleared the ice from the side walks and roads, and made very uncomfortable promenading—but it has not warmed the heart of the ice-king yet. Monday morning the mercury was at 31 degrees; Sunday at 37 degrees. Average temperature of the week at sunrise was 28.


Children’s Arms and Legs.—A distinguished physician, who died some years since in Paris, declared: “I believe that during the twenty-six years that I have practiced my profession in this city, twenty thousand children have been carried to the cemeteries a sacrifice to the absurd custom of exposing their arms naked.” On this the editor of the Philadelphia Medical and Surgical Reporter remarks: “Put the bulb of a thermometer in a baby’s mouth, the mercury rises to 90 degrees. Now carry the same to its little hand; if the arm be bare and the evening cool, the mercury will sink to 40 degrees. Of course all the blood that flows through those arms must fall from 20 to 40 degrees below the temperature of the heart. Need I say, when these currents of blood flow back into the chest the child’s vitality must be more or less compromised? And need I add that we ought not to be surprised at its frequent recurring affection of the tongue, throat or stomach. I have seen more than one child with habitual cough and hoarseness, choking with mucus, entirely and permanently relieved by simply keeping the hands and arms warm. Every observing and progressive physician has daily opportunities of witnessing the same cure.”



From The Constitution, Wednesday, January 13, 1864 (volume 27, number 1359)

Exchanging Prisoners.

Our government has given Gen. Butler full power in regard to the exchange of prisoners notwithstanding the refusal of the rebel commissioner to treat with him. It will be a bitter pill to the rebels, but as we hold a large balance of prisoners they will have to swallow it. There are good reasons for giving the whole matter of exchange of prisoners to Gen. Butler. He has shown himself equal to any of them. Jeff. Davis knows that Butler is not to be thwarted by Ould’s falsehoods and tricks; and that he will deal with them as they deserve. By no sort of hook or crook will they be able, through him, to exchange the twelve thousand of our men whom they hold, in return for the forty thousand rebels whom we hold. The Richmond Whig, speaking of exchanging prisoners through the agency of Gen. Butler says:

“Upon the whole, and in view of the accomplishment of so desirable an end as the liberation of so many of our noble fellows, now the tenants of Yankee prisons, we hope the President may not find it incompatible with the dignity and duty of the government to waive the outlawry and receive the Beast. It will be necessary for Col. Ould though to be awake when they get to arranging the terms of exchange, for this cross-eyed Yankee has in him the cunning of the Evil One.”


From Rebeldom.—Robert Gilbert, son of the late Dr. Joseph Gilbert, was in this city last week, direct from the south. He has been in the rebel army, ever since the war broke out. He was in the command of Stonewall Jackson up to the time of his death. For the past year he has watched his chance for coming north, which he has recently effected. He says the rebels have 300,000 men in the field, and can raise 200,000 more, and that the rebel confederacy will hold out a year or two more, and then “cave in.”


Death of the King of the Sandwich Islands.—Kamehameha IV., the king of the Sandwich Islands, who has recently died, was born February 9, 1834. He was well educated by missionaries from this country, and travelled in Europe. He was married in 1856, to Miss Emma Hooker, daughter of an English physician. A son was born in 1858, but lived only a short time. In 1859, the king attempted, in a fit of jealousy, to murder his Secretary. He then proposed to abdicate, but was persuaded to retain his place. He has ever been kind and courteous to our missionaries. It is thought that during the last few years he has been more under the influence of the English clergymen. His uncle in 1839 abolished idolatry in the islands and introduced Christianity. The name of the sovereign just deceased was Alexander Liholiho. His brother succeeds to the throne, and it is announced that no change of policy will take place.

The native population of the Islands is rapidly wasting away. The race has not vitality enough to save itself from an early extinction, and it will soon become a question of importance to determine into whose hands the Islands shall fall. They ought by right to come to us when the time arrives for them to give up their independence.


Durham.—The quota of Durham has been filled, independent of those re-enlisting in old regiments. Wallingford will probably come next, having up to last accounts, only two more to raise.


Colored Regiments.—The recruiting for the colored regiments in this State is going on well. Twenty-nine stout, stalwart fellows passed the Examining Board at New Haven on Thursday last. …


The Town of Chatham has filled its quota by enlistment of negroes.


The Great Storm and Severe Frost at the West.—The Chicago Tribune of Monday devotes seven columns to an account of the blocking snow storm and intensely cold weather which have been experienced in all the Western States. The railroads were blocked in every direction, many trains being stopped midway of their journey, and the passengers exposed to great suffering from cold. A train on the Michigan Central road got stuck thirteen miles from Chicago, and the Cleveland Herald gives the following account of the sufferings of the passengers:

“The cars on that road are provided with patent stoves, which will burn only when the cars are in motion, and consequently when the cars stopped the fires went out. The weather was intensely cold, the thermometer being thirty-two degrees below zero, and the sufferings of the passengers became intense, particularly those of the women and children. No fire could be started for a sufficient length of time to do any good. The top of the pipe would become red-hot, and set fire to the top of the car several times, which was only put out by cutting away the wood-work.

“There were five passenger cars in the train, well filled—about one hundred and fifty in all, a large number of whom were women and children. What added to the dreariness of the scene, as the night wore on, was, that the lights as well as the fire gave out, the cold increased in intensity, and the snow became four or five feet in depth, in huge drifts. By this time all the passengers became completely chilled through. The women and children were elevated on the top of the seats, where the air was warmer, and everything done for their comfort that could be; but without fire, lights or food, out on a bleak prairie, their suffering was terrible.

“They lay there from Thursday afternoon till Friday morning, when a train on the Michigan Southern road arrived, which also became blockaded and could proceed no further. Preparations were immediately made to remove the passengers to the Michigan Southern cars, where warmth could be procured. A perfect stampede occurred, passengers fearing they would be left.—Many of the women and children were unable to help themselves, and had to be carried from one car to the other. They remained on the Michigan Southern cars till Saturday night, suffering from the cold and want of food. They were finally taken off by sleighs and carried to Chicago.”

A dispatch to the Chicago Tribune from St. Louis, states that on the North Missouri railroad, 10,000 hogs have frozen to death, and an immense number of cattle have frozen all along the railroads. In many places at the West, the thermometer was from thirty to thirty-nine degrees below zero.—A number of persons froze to death, and a larger number will be maimed for life. In some places the snow drifted to a depth of twelve feet.

Local News.

CITY ELECTION –The annual City Election will be held on Monday next, the 18th inst. It is important at the present time that Union men should be placed at the head of our city affairs. Our city thus far has proclaimed for the Union, and the cause which we are fighting to maintain. Let every Union man vote on Monday next, and she will continue to do so. Then vote, vote early, and vote the Union ticket, checkerbacks or no checkerbacks.


The Sentinel last week contained an article reflecting seriously upon the character of Col. Pardee of the 29th Regt. C. V. Where Col. Pardee is known, such attacks would pass for just what they are worth (ie) nothing.

The Sentinel bases its article upon the statement of a gentleman from a neighboring town, it don’t say the town of Chatham, nor does it tell its readers whether he is a Strong man, or otherwise. This does not matter. We simply wish to say that there is not the least truth in the statements made either by the person in question or the Sentinel and Witness. If there had been we rather think the Register of New Haven would have posted up the public long ago.

We have good reason for saying that instead of Col. Pardee’s making $50,000 as asserted; he will in the end be out of pocket. He has raised one full regiment and commenced upon another, but in order to do it, he has had to fight like a tiger, with New York roughs, Jersey City policemen, Connecticut copperhead selectmen, New Haven philanthropists and all the blacklegs of the Eastern and Middle States.

Col. P. has also had to pay $800 per week for the protection of all men in New York who brought colored recruits to Connecticut, whether they passed through his hands or not. He has raised 1000 men, 700 of them at least from out of the State, to count on our quota, or the quota of Connecticut, and we venture to say no other man could or would have gone through what he has to accomplish it. Instead of false and reckless statements, he should receive the thanks of all.

There is no braver, truer-hearted, energetic man than Col. P. He is noble and generous to a fault, and union to the last man.

Wesleyan University – Class of 1866.

Died. At Indian Orchard, Wayne Co., Penn., January 3rd, 1864, Stephen K. Jones.

Our band has been broken; a Classmate and brother has departed and we are painfully conscious that true hearts perish when we most need them.

Resolved, That in his death, the Class has lost a member of the purest character, and one of rare abilities,

Resolved, That we tender to the relatives, our sincere sympathy and pray our Heavenly Father to comfort them with His Holy Spirit,

Resolved, That, in token of Brother esteem, for our deceased Christian, we wear an appropriate badge of mourning thirty days,

Resolved, That a copy of these resolution[s] be transmitted for publication in the Christian Advocate and Journall Methodist, Constitution, and papers of his native town.

Granville Yager,

Charles W. Millard,      } Committee.

Alex H. Tuttle.

Middletown, Jan. 9th, 1864.

The New Britain and Middletown Railroad.

Mr. Editor :–Perhaps some of your readers may be interested to know what progress is being made in the matter of this railroad. The first meeting of the stockholders for the choice of officers was holden in New Britain on Thursday last, when it was found that there were $200 subscribed over the amount of the capital stock required, which amount was apportioned and the meeting then proceeded to the choice of officers. The following gentlemen were chosen directors: Messrs. H. E. Russell, T. W. Stanley and G. M. Landers, New Britain; Henry G. Hubbard and G. T. Hubbard, Middletown. The best of feeling prevailed, and much enthusiasm was expressed for the immediate completion of the road. The first meeting of the directors takes place to-day, (Monday, 11th), and the road will undoubtedly be immediately put under contract and finished early in the summer. Thus this important link in the railroad connections which are calculated to help our trade and enterprise, may be considered as fairly started and under the most favorable auspices, and thereby let us take courage and cast about for the next step in the right direction. In a recent number of your paper you give rather too much credit in this matter to Hubbard Brothers, for while for our own benefit and that of our town, we have done what we could, the enterprise has had the superior aid of many liberal citizens, and the largest individual subscriptions are those of Messrs. H. G. Hubbard, $3000; S. W. Russell, $3000; and Asa Hubbard, $2500. II.

At the meeting held on Monday, Henry E. Russell, of the firm of Irwin, Russell & Co., was chosen President and Treasurer, and T. W. Stanley, Secretary. It is probable that the road will be under contract this week.


Tobacco Culture.—Abner Roberts, of this town, raised last summer, tobacco on one acre of ground which has sold for $700. Not bad that.


Shocking Accident.—A shocking accident occurred at the Russell Manufacturing Company, in South Farms, on Thursday of last week. Miss Susan Mitchell while cleaning her loom, which was running at the time, when reaching underneath, was caught by the hair on a shaft, which revolved nearly a hundred evolutions a minute. The hair with part of the scalp was taken completely off. One finger was also badly mutilated. She retained her consciousness throughout, and is now in a fair way to recover. It is a wonder that she was not instantly killed. The engineer, Mr. Phelps, the same day, lost two fingers, by having them in contact with the machinery.


Pameacha Pond has been the centre of attraction for the past month. Before the snow came it was famous for its skating qualities, where old and young congregated to enjoy themselves. Since the snow has put a stop to that enjoyment, Messrs. Ferree & Hubbard have employed a large gang of work men and are now filling their ice houses. The ice at the present time is from fifteen to eighteen inches thick. The water where the ice has been cut during the day, has formed a thick coating during the night, but not strong enough to bear a horse with a boy on his back, which got on to such a place on Thursday last, and the consequence was they went through. The boy was fished out immediately, and the horse after some trouble, was brought to the top of the water, and with a yoke of oxen was hauled out on the ice. Samuel Babcock, Esq., who was helping at the time of the occurrence, in going to their assistance, had taken off his gloves and thrown them on a thin piece of ice, which, when he went to pick them up, broke and he received a thorough immersion. He was immediately taken out, and thus ended the excitement for the day.


The Weather for a week past has been pretty severe. We have had a light covering of snow, just enough in addition to make fine sleighing. The sun has been bright, the air clear and bracing, just the weather to enjoy, if well protected from jack frost. Yesterday morning at 7 1/2 a. m., the mercury stood at ten degrees below zero, rather too cold to be agreeable. Average temperature of the week at sunrise was 4 degrees.


A middle-aged married lady created quite a sensation in Willimantic the other day, by appearing to the inhabitants in bloomer costume. That’s nothing; there are lots of married women who wear the breeches.


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