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From The Constitution, Wednesday, April 5, 1865 (volume 28, number 1423)

War News.

All except two corps of the Army of the Potomac started early on Wednesday morning for a demonstration toward the Southside Railroad. Sheridan, with a heavy force of cavalry, took the advance, and early on that day was at Dinwiddie Court-house. Our advices represent no fighting of consequence up to Wednesday evening. The infantry crossed Hatcher’s Run without opposition and kept on until 3 in the afternoon, when the Fifth Corps had a pretty sharp encounter with the enemy on the Quaker Road, but lost in the affair less than 300 men, and drove the rebels nearly a mile, with loss to them, and captured a number of prisoners. At City Point, on Thursday, heavy cannonading was heard from 10 A. M. until 1 ½ P. M., but the reason thereof was unknown. It was guessed however, that the rebels were making an attempt to break our lines near Fort Steadman. Our last dispatches this morning brings a rumor of the evacuation of Petersburgh.

In a recent letter to his father at Covington, Ky., Gen. Grant says: “We are now having fine weather, and I think will be able to wind up matters about Richmond soon. I am anxious to have Lee hold on where he is a short time longer, so that I can get him into a position where he must lose a great portion of his army. The rebellion has lost its vitality, and if I am not mistaken, there will be no rebel army of any great dimensions a few weeks hence. Any great catastrophe to any of our armies would, of course, revive the enemy for a short time, but I expect no such thing to happen.”

The following dispatch is from President Lincoln, dated City Point, April 1st:

A dispatch has just been received, showing that Sheridan, aided by Warren, had, at 2 p. m., pushed the enemy so as to retake the five forks, and bring his own headquarters up to Fork Boysears. The five forks were barricaded by the enemy, and carried by Devlin’s division of cavalry. This portion of the rebel army seem to be now trying to work along the White Oak road, to join the main forces in front of Grant, while Sheridan and Warren are pressing them as closely as possible.

The annexed dispatches from President Lincoln are dated City Point 2d inst.:

Last night General Grant telegraphed that General Sheridan with his cavalry and the fifth corps had captured three brigades of infantry, a train of wagons, and several batteries, with prisoners amounting to several thousand. This morning General Grant having ordered an attack along the whole line telegraphed as follows: “Both Wright and Parke got through the enemy’s lines. The battle now rages furiously. General Sheridan with his cavalry, the fifth corps, and Miles’ division of the second corps, which was sent to him since one o’clock this morning, is now sweeping down from the west. All now looks highly favorable. General Ord is engaged, but I have not yet heard the result in his front.”

11 A. M. Dispatches are frequently coming in. All is going finely. Parke, Wright, and Ord, extending from the Appomattox to Hatcher’s Run, have all broken through the enemy’s entrenched lines, taken some forts and many prisoners. Sheridan, with his own cavalry, the 5th corps and a part of the 2d, is coming in from the west on the enemy’s flank and Wright is already tearing up the South Side railroad.

At 10.45 a. m., Gen. Grant telegraphs as follows: “Everything has been carried from the left of the ninth corps. The sixth corps alone captured more than three thousand prisoners. The 2d and 24th corps captured forts, guns and prisoners from the enemy, but cannot tell the number. We are now closing around the works of the line immediately enveloping Petersburg. All looks remarkably well. I have not yet heard from Sheridan. His headquarters have been moved up to Park’s house, near the Boydtown road, about three miles southwest of Petersburg.”

At 4.30 p. m., to day Gen. Grant telegraphs as follows: “We are now up and have a continuous line of troops, and in a few hours will be entrenched from the Appomattox below Petersburg to the river above. The whole captures since the army started out will not amount to less than twelve thousand men, and probably fifty pieces of artillery.—I do not know the number of men and guns accurately however. A portion of Foster’s division, twenty-fourth corps, made a most gallant charge this afternoon, and captured a very important fort from the enemy, with its entire garrison. All seems well with us, and everything is quiet just now.”

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The re-capture of fort Sumter is to be appropriately commemorated on the 14th inst., by the restoration of the identical flag which was lowered by Anderson and his brave garrison. Rev. Henry Ward Beecher Sunday morning announced to his congregation, that he had been invited to deliver the address on the occasion. He and numerous Government officials and guests of the government will take passage for Fort Sumter some time during the present week. Such of the public who wish to participate in the joyous event will find the opportunity on board private steamers, of which, several are to make an excursion trip to the scene of the festivity.

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Rebel News.—Some interesting facts about affairs in Richmond are given by a person who escaped from Castle Thunder a few days ago. He says that there were evident signs of evacuation; the assets of the banks had been sent off by the Danville railroad; the machinery of two percussion cap factories had gone in the same direction, and some of the machinery of the Tredgar iron-works had been packed up ready for shipment. There were not more than ten days’ supplies in the city for the army. The same person sold a gold dollar for one hundred in rebel currency. Tea was $100 per lb; coffee, $50; bacon, $18; beef, $15; and eggs rose in consequence of Sheridan’s raid from $12 to $35 per dozen. It was thought that Alex. H. Stevens had abandoned the cause of the confederacy. Several intelligent Georgians who visited the Philadelphia Inquirer office recently, say that the desertions from Lee’s army average over a hundred every day. In their estimation, the whole rebel force in front of Grant cannot exceed forty thousand men, and if it should be depleted at the rate mentioned, cannot long be available for evil. They say that Stevens left for the South immediately on his return from the late Peace conference, and refused to have anything more to do with the confederacy.

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Miss Clara Barton has kindly undertaken to furnish information by correspondence in regard to the condition of returned soldiers, especially those in the hospitals at Annapolis, and also as far as possible to learn the facts in reference to those that have died in prisons or elsewhere. All letters addressed to Miss Clara Barton, Annapolis, Md., will meet with prompt attention.

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The Platteville (Wisconsin) Witness notes the return home of a Miss Georgianna Peterman, who has been for two years a drummer in the Seventh Wisconsin Regiment. She lives in Ellenboro, is about twenty years old, wears soldier clothes and is quiet and reserved.

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The slave pens in Louisville, Ky., like those of Baltimore, Washington, and New Orleans, have been broken up. On the 4th Gen. Palmer ordered the release of all the slaves confined in Louisville.

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The rebel Legislature of Louisiana, which has been holding a three weeks’ session, in some unknown place, has just adjourned.—No account of their doings has been published; but it is fair to presume that two of the three weeks were devoted to the removal of the capital from place to place, as the miserable fugitives were stirred up by Union demonstration.

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The new State Government of Tennessee was organized at Nashville on Monday of this week. A much larger vote, was thrown for the State ticket than was expected, and in many counties there was an unanimous anti-slavery vote.

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George B. McClellan and lady are now travelling with August Belmont, chairman of the national democratic committee. Fernando Wood will soon join them, and it would not be surprising to hear that Jeff. Davis was following after Fernando. What a re-union of “old friends” will then occur.

 Election Results 1865!

GLORIOUS RESULT.

The result of the election in this State has been most decisive for the Union cause. The State ticket has been re-elected by overwhelming majorities, while Congressmen and Senators have swept clean. Such a vote has never been known before. Even in the lower House there will be hardly enough of the opposition for seed hereafter. In Old Middlesex where from time immemorial they have claimed a standing foothold they now have only three towns. If other towns in the State have made the same gains, Buckingham’s majority will be overwhelming. Connecticut takes her stand beside her sister States of New England and strikes a fatal blow at disloyalty. In their strength the people have arisen, and have trampled treason in the dust, and emphatically say that the “Union must and shall be preserved.”

MIDDLETOWN.

The Union men of this town have done nobly. They have carried three of the four districts. In the first district, where they had a majority last fall of over one hundred against them, they now have but 22. Middletown gives a Union majority on the State ticket of 127. Last fall the copperheads carried the town by 95. The slang and falsehoods of our opponents have not helped them. The people understand the issue thoroughly, and have given a glorious decision. Below is the vote of this town:

STATE OFFICERS.

Union Dis. 1st. 2d. 3d. 4th. Total
Buckingham, 254 407 94 75 830
Averill, 254 411 94 75 834
Trumbull, 254 411 94 75 834
Coite, 253 407 94 75 829
Cutler, 254 410 94 75 833
Democratic
Seymour, 276 321 58 48 703
Bond, 276 321 58 48 703
Hoyt, 276 321 58 48 703
Kidston, 276 322 58 48 704
Baldwin, 276 322 58 48 704

xxx

CONGRESS.

Warner, 254 406 92 75 827
Russell, 272 321 58 46 697

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SENATOR.

Russell, 241 404 94 75 814
Niles, 275 326 58 48 701

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 JUDGE OF PROBATE.

Elmer, 237 401 94 72 804
Starr, 280 323 58 48 709

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REPRESENTATIVES.

Douglas, 239 399 93 78 804
Barry, 241 404 93 71 809

Opposition.

Bacon, 273 316 55 45 688
Griffin, 269 306 55 43 673

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Local News.

The News from the Army was received in this city on Sunday with general satisfaction, and as it came better on Monday morning the difference between the faces of the Union and copper’s was in direct contrast. Upon the receipt of the occupation of Richmond, the “little quaker” was brought out. At noon the bells were rung.

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Political.—Thos. H. Gallagher of New Haven, addressed his copperhead brethren in this city on Saturday evening at the Town Hall. His style of argument, to use the expression of a respectable citizen, was “silly and disgusting.” Its effect was apparent on Monday, by the large increase of the Union vote. If Gallagher wishes to have the copperheads succeed here, he must either keep away or change his style of expression.

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In consequence of the storm on Friday evening, the social hop which was to have been given at McDonough Hall, by A. J. Spencer, was postponed to this (Tuesday) evening. It is the last of the season, therefore the friends of the manager will make a note of it. Colt’s quadrille band will be in attendance.

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The Army Moving !

It has been the earnest wish of the American people that the rebel capital should be taken by the soldiers of the Army of the Potomac. That wish is now gratified. During the past eight days movements have been in progress which have caused the evacuation of both Petersburgh and Richmond. A terrible battle lasting three days, in which the whole strength of both armies have been engaged has been fought, and the rebel leaders are driven from the field. It is the opinion of many that Grant found Lee endeavoring to get away, and therefore brought on the fight. Whether this is so or not we have the comforting assurance from the Secretary of War, that Richmond is now held by United States colored troops, under Gen. Weitzel, who says that the citizens received him with the most enthusiastic expressions of joy. What a transition from a state of despotism and tyranny, to the protection of the national flag, must it be to those of Union sentiment in that city. Unless he has already met retributive justice Jeff. Davis is now a fugitive in this country. All honor to the noble army who have accomplished that for which it was created. Disasters have not subdued or broken its spirit, but rather urged it on in heroic deeds. By their efforts and persistency the once proud army of the confederacy is now broken, and its opportunity for destruction entirely gone. The Waterloo of this country has been fought, and the old flag waves in triumph over the field. Our generals are closing around what remains of the rebel army, and it will soon cease to exist. Connecticut sends greeting to the brave soldiers. They have driven traitors from their strongholds, while she has driven their sympathizers to their holes !

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From The Constitution, Wednesday, March 29, 1865 (volume 28, number 1422)

1865 Connecticut state elections

War News.

Before daylight last Saturday morning three divisions of the enemy made a sudden and determined attack on Fort Steadman in front of Petersburg, overpowering the garrison and capturing the fort, where they temporarily established themselves and turned the guns upon our lines. Our troops on either flank maintained their ground. A determined attack on Fort Haskell was gallantly repulsed with great loss to the enemy.—After several attempts to retake the hill, a charge was made by the Second Brigade, aided by the troops of the Third Division on either flank, and the rebels were driven out of the Fort, with the loss of about 2,700 prisoners, and the whole line was re-occupied with the guns uninjured. The slaughter of the enemy at the point where they entered our lines, and in front of it, is estimated by Gen. Grant at not less than 3,000. Our own loss is estimated at 800, and may prove to be less.

Gen. Schofield reports to Gen. Grant, under date of Goldsboro, March 21, the occupation of that place, with but a slight opposition.—He states that Gen. Terry’s column, from Wilmington, would probably reach Goldsboro that night. Gen. Schofield had no apprehensions about Gen. Sherman, who, it is supposed, was gradually approaching Goldsboro.

Dates from Savannah and Charleston, by way of Port Royal, are to the 21st. There is little news. Our vessels in Charleston harbor are somewhat annoyed by torpedoes but no serious accident has occurred.

A troublesome guerrilla gang was broken up last Wednesday at a place near Paducah. Twenty of the villains, including the notorious Capt. McDougal, were killed.

Caving In!

It is generally conceded that the Southern confederacy is undergoing the process termed “caving in.” The men who a year or even six months ago, were willing to stand in the front of the battle, and offer their life to win southern independence, are now deserting by scores. They also bring with them, their arms, horses, and equipments. The stories they tell, if we but believe one half of them, represent affairs at the rebel capital in a bad state. Vice President Stephens is reported to have given up hope, also Senator Hunter of Virginia. Gen. Lee, even, is represented to have said that he cannot hold Richmond much longer. That the citizens and public officers are removing their valuables is known to be a fact. Gen. Sheridan has captured a portion of them, in his recent raid. All this has its effect. The rebel army will not fight with its accustomed valor, if they mistrust their leaders, and lose confidence in the success of their cause. A few more hard knocks, and the tottering fabric will fall to the ground. The Union men of Connecticut can give their aid in this work. Let them rally on Monday next, elect their State and Congressional candidates, and hold a two thirds majority in the Legislature. Such a result would cause despair to traitors, while it would give aid and encouragement to the brave boys in the field.

Are You Ready!

The contest is close at hand. On Monday next you have a chance to fight political aspirants. Let your votes tell for the Union and Constitution.

Split Tickets!

The Etonians will try all sorts of dodges on Monday next, as their case is a desperate one. Examine your votes and see that every name is the right one.

Beware of Them!

The copperhead organ is making a great ado about “buying up voters.” Its party having had their share of “government pap” in years past, has never been backward in using money to influence elections, and therefore is at its old game. Having been in the business so long, it is not expected that they will now give it up. The true Union man, cannot be influenced. But it is well enough to look out for the rascals.

The Issue

In the present political contest, is plain and incontrovertible. The Seymour democracy denounce the Government of the United States, for waging war against their “Southern brethren,” the rebels. The issue is directly upon the question whether or not an armed assault upon our institutions shall be met by an armed resistance. At this late hour, when a glorious victory is won by the Union armies, they would restore the old leaders in power, and aid to “fire the Southern heart,” in order to crush the National Government. They demand that the Government shall submit to rebels and traitors.

In five days more the issue will be met.—Freemen of Connecticut! are you ready for the question. If you are, stand by the old flag, and by your votes alone, put down treason and rebellion in the land.

Vote for Hon. Samuel L. Warner

The Union candidate for Congress, and you will never regret it. He is the friend of the working man, and therefore the people’s candidate. His opponent, Mr. Russell, stands upon the infamous sesech platform, which upholds principles antagonistic to the advancement of the worthy but poor man. In talent and ability the Union candidate is far preferable. By his own energy and industry he has won his present position. A vote for him is a vote for the advancement of true American principles. Therefore give your vote for Samuel L. Warner, the Union candidate for Congress.

Local News.

Much feeling is being aroused in this community on the great subject of our Railroad interests.

The Committee appointed at the public meeting last week, met on Monday evening at the Common Council room, being fully attendedfirm and decided action was taken in the matter of looking into the present position, of affairs in the Air Line interests, and measures instituted for the protection of the rights of our people in this great public enterprise. Our citizens have too much at stake in this matter to sit down quietly and abandon their rights, when it is apparent that by a suitable effort our interests may be saved to us, and this work carried forward to completion.

We understand, that the Committee are to have an adjourned meeting on Wednesday evening, April 5th, at the same place, to hear reports of sub-committees, &c. Let the work be followed up.

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Fast Day.—Governor Buckingham has appointed Friday, the 14th of April, a day of fasting and prayer.

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Navigation.—The New York boats are now running regularly. The “Granite State” commanded by Capt. Vail leaves this city for New York at 4 ½ o’clock on Monday, and alternate days. She has been thoroughly overhauled, new state rooms added, and will be found by the travelling public, a “first class boat.” Samuel Silloway, the popular clerk, can be found at his post. The “City of Hartford” is to be hauled off for a short time, to undergo repairs, and the steamer “Sunshine” will take her place.

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Poisoned.—One of the boarders at the Farmers’ & Mechanics’ Hotel, feeling unwell one day last week, took a few drops of medicine prescribed by another boarder, and retired to his room. The inmates of the house soon after found him suffering from the effects of poison. Dr. Blake was immediately summoned, and by prompt action, relieved the sufferer. There had been a mistake in the medicine taken, which proved to be poison.

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Fire.—There was another fire alarm on Monday evening, caused by the burning of the barn in the rear of the dwelling of Messrs. N. V. Fagan and Elijah Loveland on Broad street, and owned jointly by them. The fire had made good headway before it broke out, but by the well timed exertions of the firemen it was not allowed to spread, although in the center of a thickly settled square. There was no insurance on the building.

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A Sad and Fatal Accident.—An accident occurred on Friday, 17th inst., at the Factory of Messrs. Warners & Noble, in Cromwell, by which David Hulbert a lad nearly four years of age, son of Watrous and grandson of David H. Hulbert, lost his life under the following distressing circumstances. His clothes caught on a revolving shaft, whirling him around with great velocity and causing the top of his head to strike against the side of the building, tearing off a portion of his scalp and killing him instantly. One of his legs was completely severed below the knee and one arm was broken, but his face and body were not in the least disfigured. There was no person in the room at the time it happened, and it is supposed that he went into the room and endeavored to put a belt on the shaft, as it was found broken. He was a bright and active little fellow, but somewhat venturesome.

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Query. When is the pameacha bridge to be finished?

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Hartford, March 27, 1865.

Editor of the Constitution:

The intellectual and enterprising editor of the Sentinel and Witness in his last issue asserts that I have sold my stock of Dry Goods to Messrs. Weatherby & Co., and hopes by the change that people in that vicinity can hereafter supply themselves with napkins without riding to Hartford. From the editor’s personal appearance, one would judge that in his list of wants napkins were not included. For once he has aroused from his usual stupor and actually is ahead of time, as no such sale has been made; and I shall continue the business at the same place with my usual well assorted stock and such novelties as may from time to time appear in market. Had the item been confined to the paper in which it was born we should not have noticed it, as we are satisfied that the dozen copies of the Sentinel that are regularly issued at long intervals would be seen by too few of our customers to affect our sales, but as it has been copied into Hartford papers it may be drawn from its obscurity, and we therefore take this method of denying the statement.

If the editor of the Sentinel thinks by false statements of this kind to secure an advertisement for his sheet he has mistaken his customer.

H. C. Ransom.

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Ex-Governor Aiken of South Carolina has reported the names of all his slaves, 750 in number, to the commandant of South Carolina, and given each family a farm on one of the most fertile and productive islands on the coast, placed them on it, and all are well started in life.

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Time works wonders. John Brown’s daughter is now keeping a school for negro children in the old mansion of Henry A. Wise, in Virginia.

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1865 - new bakery cart in Middletown

From The Constitution, Wednesday, March 22, 1865 (volume 28, number 1421)

War News.

On the morning of the 11th inst., scouts from Gen. Sherman reached Wilmington, with the news that his army reached Fayetteville, N. C., and were encamped in its immediate vicinity. Another dispatch, dated Washington, says: “The Navy Department has received advices by the steamer Lehigh, at Fortress Monroe, that Gen. Schofield occupied Kingston, N. C., on the 15th inst., Gen. Bragg and his army retreating.” This is seeming corroberated by advices from Newbern to the 12th, at 4 P. M., which, after speaking of Bragg’s retreat to Kingston, says: “The enemy will not be able to remain in Kingston long, even if they decide to make another stand, of which there is much doubt.” The same dispatch reports that Sherman has opened communication with Wilmington, by way of Fayetteville, but does not say that he is in the latter place.

From the Potomac army we hear of Sheridan’s successes (already recorded) and learn that military officers, high in authority, claim this to be the most important raid of the war. Our batteries at Fort Morton shelled the enemy’s lines briskly on Monday afternoon, and were replied to, but without damage. Deserters continue to come into our lines. Several cavalry men arrived on Sunday, with their horses and equipments.

The N. Y. Tribune publishes a report from private sources, that Lee has advised Davis that it is impossible to make headway against the forces now before him.

The Situation.

In their last struggle the rebel leaders have abandoned all former theories, in the hope of saving themselves and their fortunes. The State Rights doctrine was the platform upon which their hopes were founded. The fact is established that the negro will fight. It has been established by northern perseverance, and the South, after throwing all the abuse possible upon the system, has now adopted it. The Richmond government is authorized to call upon each state for its quota in addition to those subject to military service under existing laws. It is nothing more nor less than the system which has been adopted by the national government. What answer has the so called democracy to give? The system which they have denounced the last four years, is that which every nation (not excepting the southern aristocracy) has adopted, and by which they are enabled to maintain their authority. This may be seen in the progress of the war since the grade of Lieut. General was established. An able general has had entire control of our armies. He has brought victory out of defeat, and established confidence among the people. His plan of the campaign, as now being developed, has claimed for him among English officers, to be the ablest general. The situation is a precarious one for the rebel army. Lee, to save himself must move soon. Sherman can now effect a junction with Schofield, which will place a hundred thousand men in the rear of Richmond. The gallant Sheridan has destroyed an immense amount of property, and cut off communication with Lynchburg. If Lee intends to leave Richmond, he will have but a few open roads. Grant’s army, being reinforced, is closely watching him. The old anaconda, of which so much was said three years ago, it now appears has coiled itself around the confederacy. The doctrine of State Rights as chimed forth by the copperheads the last four years will be crushed and forever extinct.

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The Richmond Sentinel of the 15th says that if the rebels are subjugated they will take to the bush and carry on a guerilla war. It is severe on the submissionists, who seem still to exist notwithstanding the recent firing of the southern heart.

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It is stated that 90,000 men have been mustered into service under the last call.

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On the 1st of November last the enrolment lists of the national forces contained the names of 2,784,226 men.

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The tunnel under the lake at Chicago is making very rapid progress. The estimate for the tunnel was fixed at the rate of three and a half feet a day, but they are actually making as much as twelve feet every twenty-four hours.

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One company in New York is seeking to obtain a charter for an underground railroad to run under Broadway, and another company wishes to build a road on a level with the second story of the buildings.

Local News.

18th Senatorial.—The Convention which met in this city last Wednesday chose as their Senatorial candidate, F. W. Russell, Esq., of Portland. The choice is a good one. Mr. Russell has remained a firm supporter of the National Government during the reign of treason and succession, and believes in striking hard and solid blows on what still remains. Let the Union voters rally in their strength, and elect him. What has been, can be again. Say you will, Union men, and the old 18th will be redeemed!

“Capital Should Own Labor.”

Such is the doctrine endorsed by the copperhead candidate for congressional honors in this district. Are the honest, hardworking men willing to acquiesce in it? If not, vote the Union ticket.

The Second District.

The election in New Hampshire leaves the Second District of Connecticut the only one of all New England upon which rests a stain of disloyalty. That stain it is our duty and our privilege to wipe out at the coming election.

It is not our purpose to say anything of the record of Mr. English. We might point to much in his Congressional career that he would now be glad to change—to many a vote that did not truly represent the loyal people of a loyal district. But we are glad that a task so ungracious, in view of his manly vote for the Constitutional Amendment, is not imposed upon us. That single act of sterling loyalty and enlightened patriotism was fatal to him, with a party to whom Slavery is more sacred than the Constitution, and a partizan success more precious than the national honor.

Every man knows why Mr. English was thrust aside. From the moment that the State Convention at Middletown adopted its resolutions denouncing the amendment for which Mr. English had voted, from the day that the Register declared that Democrats had not been so brought up as to approve such an act every one knew that Mr. English had been formally read out of the party. The reason, the sole reason, of his overthrow, was his vote against slavery. Nothing that smacks of loyalty to the nation could be tolerated by such a party as that which had supported him.—Every one knows, also, that the candidate nominated by that party for his seat in Congress, fully and fairly represents the Tory element to which Mr. English was so obnoxious.

The very men who caused this war, by abject submission to Southern demands, and by shameless lies about Northern sentiment, who have constantly declared that the South could not be beaten, that the Union was lawfully dissolved by the acts of secession, and that coercion was wicked, inhuman, and illegal—these are the men who have thrown aside Mr. English, and nominated Mr. Russell. They are the men who have never failed to welcome every rebel success with joyful faces, to magnify and extol it, and to predict others more decisive. They are the men who have never failed to belittle and decry every Union victory and to receive it with doubts, cavils, and long faces, and to chill our joy over the triumphs of the nation with groans about the terrible butchery caused by the administration. These are the men who clamored for propositions of peace to rebels in arms, and who sought the election of a man whose treachery as a commander had almost made the war a failure, and whose success as a Presidential candidate would have blotted the United States from the roll of nations. These are the men who boldly proclaim even now the very heresy by which the rebels justify their crime. They are the men who say that slavery, the cause of the rebellion, shall not be touched to save the life of the nation.—And it is these men who nominate Mr. Russell and ask from a New England district a majority for their candidate and their tenets.

Every man knows that the success of that party would cast a ray of sunshine into the gloom that darkens around the conclave of traitors at Richmond, that it would discourage every soldier that is fighting to day for the stars and stripes, and that it would be known all over the world as a victory of the sworn allies of rebels. It would be a shame to stand alone, of all the New England districts, in hostility to a cause which is pre-eminently New England’s own. It would be a shame to have the vote of this constituency given in Congress against the prosecution of the war.

The election of Mr. Warner ought to be put beyond the possibility of a doubt. We know that he can be elected. We believe that he will be, but we believe it because we have faith that his supporters will not prove recreant to the great cause to which they are devoted, that they will not forget that a Copperhead here is worse than a traitor at Richmond, and that they will spare no effort until they have accomplished the election of Mr. Warner by a handsome majority. Let us see it done! – New Haven Journal.

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The River.—The river commenced rising last Thursday. Saturday noon it had averaged five inches an hour, when it stood 24 feet above low water mark, lacking five feet of the flood of 1854. Communication with Cromwell by the river road, has been stopped, also with South Farms, except by boats, the owners of which have derived a small income the past few days, without being called upon by “Uncle Sam’s” assessors. The ferry boat, driven from her dock, has made regular trips, carrying most of the time only foot passengers. Beyond a general wet time “along shore” we have heard of no extensive damage in this vicinity. The new factory near Fort Hill, was just on a line with the water, coming up to the first floor. This Tuesday morning the water had fallen two feet.

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The New York Boats.—The “City of Hartford” arrived at her dock about 8 o’clock Saturday morning having on board a large freight. There was considerable floating ice in the river, which damaged her wheel somewhat.—Owing to the illness of Capt. Simpson, she is commanded by Capt. Mills. U. T. Smith the popular clerk still remains at his post.

The “Granite State” came up on Sunday.

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Fires.—A barn belonging to Asa Boardman of Westfield, was destroyed by fire on Friday night last, with two cows, and a large quantity of hay. The work of an incendiary. No insurance.

On Monday evening, the fire bells of this city was rung, caused by the burning of the barn in South Farms, belonging to the estate of the late Timothy Loomis. One horse, with buggy, sulky and other valuables, were consumed. No insurance, and supposed to be the work of an incendiary.

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Gymnastics.—Miss Hallett’s class in gymnastics gave a reception at the close of the course, on Friday evening, at McDonough Hall. They went through a number of beautiful exercises with wands, rings and dumbbells. That with rings was beautiful, in particular. The movements upon the feet and toes were performed lightly and well. The wand exercise was not performed so well as the others; there were a few good specimens of the “charge” an attitude required full self-possession, to which the observation of visitors was unfavorable. That with dumbbells was quite pretty. The march was attractive, too. When the lines joined and came down the center in a light double quick both backward and forward, the step was very pretty. It was no fault that the performance was not perfect; the course of instruction imparted the science, and pupils must continue long to practice before they have perfect physical culture.

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Surprised.—The rain came down in torrents and the wind blew in fitful gusts, on Wednesday evening last. Who would think of going out on such a night for pleasure. Even the hotel keepers would not be disappointed were no arrivals announced. And thus thinking, seated before their pleasant parlor fire, could be seen the family of “mine host” of the McDonough House, Mr. Baker. But a rap is heard at the door, and the next moment enter a crowd of friends, young and old, until the room is filled, and yet they come. It reminds the “surprised ones” of the “Coffeepot Club,” but that has had its day. What does it all mean? It is not until they are gathered in the public parlor that the secret is told. In a few and well expressed words Waldo P. Vinal, Esq., presents to Mr. Baker and lady and handsome tea service, as a token of respect and esteem from their friends. The scene at that moment was a happy one. Mr. Baker responded, thanking his friends in particular and the public in general for the support given him during his sojourn at the “McDonough.” Immediately after this the dining room was cleared of the tables, which were placed in the parlors and loaded with a bountiful supply of “substantials.” Albert then made his bow to the company, and mid “mirth and music” the company kept together until the small hours.

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Time for gardening! 1865

From The Constitution, Wednesday, November 30, 1864 (volume 28, number 1405)

A New Volume.—This number of “The Constitution” commences the 28th volume. We have endeavored to pursue a consistent course advocating right principles, and by all proper means advance the local interests of this community. The favor the paper has received is evidence that the people endorse its position. It is more than forty-seven years since we were connected with the editorial chair. We have no reason to complain of the art and profession chosen in youth.

War News.

The Richmond Enquirer of the 23d says Sherman is marching into the heart of Georgia. As yet his movements have met with but little resistance, a fact explained by the necessity for drawing him as far as possible from the only point he could look for success.

It is not improbable that he may capture the capital of the state and perhaps move thence to Savannah or Agusta with an ultimate eye on Charleston.

It was rumored yesterday that he had Milledgeville already in his possession, and though not officially confirmed it is not unlikely. In case of the occupation of Milledgeville, Savannah and Charleston will be evidently the objective points of the expedition, both or either. Combinations being in progress to foil his purpose, we may expect to hear in a few days some definite account of them.

The dispatch of the 23d says a body of cavalry under Wheeler attacked Sherman’s cavalry at Gordon on Sunday, with what result it does not know.

The Agusta (Ga.) Chronicle of the 19th contains the following appeal to Georgians by Senator Hill, dated Richmond Nov. 18th:

To the People of Georgia—You have now the best opportunity ever yet presented to you to destroy the enemy. Put everything at the disposal of our Generals. Remove all provisions from the path of the invaders and put all the obstruction you can in his way.

Every citizen with gun and every negro with his spade and axe can do the work of soldiers. You can destroy the enemy by retarding his march. Georgians be firm, act promptly, and fear not.

Passengers by the Georgia railroad, last night, report that about 100 Yankee cavalry made their appearance at School Circle, on Thursday, and burned the railroad platform. He did not believe they have come down any farther than the Circle. Their infantry encamped at or near Old Sheffield on Wednesday night. It is also reported the Yankees burned Monticello and Hillsboro, which if true, clearly indicated they design of stopping the Central Railroad at Gordon or some other point. The passenger trains on the Georgia Central R. R. yesterday only came from Union Point.

The New York Times’ correspondent at Nashville, the 18th sends the particulars of the late defeat of Gen. Gillem, in East Tennessee. His force consisted of but three regiments of cavalry and one battery of artillery. With this small brigade, only 2,400 men, he resisted the enemy in successful retreat for forty-two miles, until at a point named Panther’s Creek, where the rebels got on both flanks and managed to stampede one of his regiments, which was mounted on new unmanageable horses.—This threw the other regiments into confusion, and caused the loss of the battery of artillery and about two hundred men in killed, wounded and missing. The stampede was checked at Strawberry Plains, beyond which the rebels did not pursue.—The rebel force was commanded by Gen. Breckinridge and consisted of three brigades of cavalry and mounted infantry.

Gen. Gillem in his dispatch to the Government states that the stampede was the most frightful exhibition of panic-stricken he had ever seen. Twenty-four hundred cavalry, a battery of artillery wagon trains, and a number of hundred head of cattle and mules were one inextricable mass, with the enemy pouring down on all sides.

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An exchange of prisoners is now in process on Savannah river. One thousand two hundred and fifty arrived at Fortress Monroe Thursday morning, truly, a day of Thanksgiving to them. The accounts of sufferings and cruelty which some of them have undergone, are heartrending.

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Gen. Marmaduke was captured by a boy belonging to one of the Kansas regiments, and brought to Gen. Curtis’ headquarters. Gen. Curtis asked the boy how long he had to serve. The reply was, “eight months.” The General immediately wrote a furlough for that time, and presented him with the horse, revolvers, belt and sabre of the rebel General.

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New York Hotel Fired.—An attempt was made (probably by southern employees) on Friday night of last week, to fire the principal hotels in New York city, also Barnum’s Museum. The following are some of the hotels fired: St. James, Metropolitan, St. Nicholas, Lafarge, Belmont, Tammany and Lovejoys. Phosphorous was used in all the buildings. Prompt and vigorous action saved the city from a terrible conflagration.

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An order has been recently issued from the head quarters of the army of the Potomac, prohibiting entirely all communication with the enemy.

A Captain Howard died of intemperance in England lately, who had life insurance policies amounting to $500,000, and some of the London offices are well nigh broken in consequence. The policies were all held by creditors. …

The recent Presidential vote is largely in excess of the popular vote of 1860, notwithstanding the numbers absent in and lost by the war.

A verdict of $4000 was given Tuesday in the Supreme Court against the New York Consolidated Stage Company, for injuries received by John Weiber, who was knocked down while crossing the street by one of the company’s omnibuses. …

The San Jose Mercury says the wife of Jose Castro of Monterey has given birth to thirty-six children, all of whom are living together in that county. The first twenty are twins, each pair representatives of either sex. Of the remaining children, eleven only were single born. …

Hartford Town Election went copper by about 200 majority, on Monday.

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It is said that upwards of nine hundred women are going out to India to be employed on various telegraphic lines of communication.

Local News.

Thanksgiving.—Religious services were held in most of the churches in this city on the day of the late anniversary thanksgiving. Appropriate sermons were given. In the North Cong. the sermon by the pastor was peculiarly adapted to the occasion from the first verse of the 97th Psalm. The music was excellent, by Professor Harrington, Charles W. Stearns, Mrs. Putnam, and Miss Ingham; Miss Baldwin at the organ. The day was pleasant.

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Brought Home.–The body of Wm. W. Miller, of Co. D, 14th Regt. C. V., (killed at Deep Bottom, Va.) reached this city last Friday, and the funeral was attended at the lecture room of the South Cong. Church, Saturday afternoon.

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Substitutes and Volunteers.—We understand that on Friday last about sixty men were accepted at the office of the Provost Marshal in New Haven, to apply on the quotas of various towns in this Cong. District. Seven or eight were credited to Middletown. Now is the time to procure substitutes. Ruling price $300.

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Stopped Running.—The steamer Sunshine made her last trip down the river, this (Tuesday) morning, stopping at Goodspeed’s, where she will remain for the winter.

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Late rebel papers, among them Macon, Montgomery, Agusta and Charleston journals, are filled with articles illustrating the bitterness of different factions of the chivalry toward one another, and their intestine divisions, denouncing Jeff Davis, the rebel congress, and the whole “mushroom” government at Richmond.

The wholesale conscription has stirred up a storm of indignation. Davis is accused of a design to make himself an unrestrained dictator, and it is prophesied he will ere long reap the whirlwind.

At the session of Georgia legislature at Milledgeville on the 17th, the public funds were ordered to be removed to a place of safety, and measures were taken for a speedy adjournment. On the 19th there was a general stampede of members, and most of them had gone home or were wandering about studying out the problem of how to get there.

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blog 64 11 30

From The Constitution, Wednesday, November 9, 1864 (volume 27, number 1402)

War News.

The destruction of the rebel ram Albemarle by Lieut. Cushing, proves to be one of the most daring and romantic naval feats of history.

A fight (locality not stated) is reported to have occurred recently between a portion of Forrest’s command and the Union force under Cols. Hatch and Shelley, in which the rebels were routed with the loss of their arms, ammunition and baggage. Strong reinforcements have arrived at Paducah, which, it is believed, has induced Forrest to change his plan of operations. It is not believed that he will make an attack on Johnsonville.

The Tallahassee is at her old tricks again. She has captured and destroyed the schooner Goodspeed, of Boston, seven miles south of Block Island, and her crew boasted that they had already destroyed three other vessels. The gunboat Marblehead left Newport last evening in pursuit of [the pirate].

The Secretary of War has sent a dispatch to the Mayor of Buffalo, conveying the information that intelligence has been received from the British Provinces of a rebel conspiracy to burn the Northern cities on the day of the Presidential election. Active measure are in progress to thwart the execution of this design.

A dispatch received at headquarters in Nashville on Friday, from Decatur, says: “The enemy, under cover of darkness last night, with a heavy column, drove in our pickets, and established a line of riflepits five hundred yards from our front. An hour since we drove them out of their pits with a much inferior force, captured one hundred and twenty men, killed and wounded a great number. They belonged to Cheatham’s division.

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Maryland Free.—On Tuesday last, Maryland became a free State. The flags in this city, on that day were thrown to the breeze in honor of the occasion.

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VOTE EARLY—the polls will be open at 9 o’clock.

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VOTE EARLY.

Voters, make no business engagements that shall prevent you from devoting the whole of Tuesday, if necessary to the preeminent duty of getting Union men to the polls. Get the Union vote early, for a full and early vote will indicate a Union victory!

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A Question to be Answered.

If McClellan is the great General represented, why are the peace howlers so enthusiastic for him?

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The Issues.

Never in any presidential campaign have the issues been so clear as in the present. Never has it been more easy to draw the dividing line. All the arguments may be stated as follows: For Disunion, vote for George B. McClellan. For Union and Liberty, vote for Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson.

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WILL THEY DO IT?

Slavery challenged the United States of America to mortal combat. In the deadly struggle it has been impaled upon the bayonets of the Union armies, and writhes and struggles in its last death throes. The copperheads put on crape and mourn in deep sorrow for their old ally, and cry out, Stop the war! stop it!! stop it!!! Whether we shall accede to their demand or not, is to be decided on Tuesday. Freemen, are you ready to answer?

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WHAT ANDREW JOHNSON SAYS.

In a recent speech Andrew Johnson stated the issue to be:–“Shall the institution of slavery control the Government of the United States, or shall the Government control it? Shall the Government control its institutions, or shall they control it?” There it is in a few plain words. As regards compromises he said: “all the talk of them and their Northern coadjutors, then and since, about compromise, has been sheer hypocrisy—a mere pretence to delude the people.

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THE DIFFERENCE.

Union Doctrine.—“If any man hauls down the American flag, shoot him on the spot.”

Copperhead Doctrine.—“If any man hauls down the American flag, exhaust all the resources to induce him to put it up again, but dont shoot.”

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A VOTE FOR LINCOLN

Will be a declaration that the rebellion must be put down, and the unity of the republic preserved; a vote for McClellan will mean disintegration, and interminable wars.

A VOTE FOR LINCOLN

Will be a vote to keep able and successful leaders at the head of our armies; a vote for McClellan will be a vote to reinstate the cast-off generals who have been weighed in the balance and found wanting.

A VOTE FOR LINCOLN

Will be a vote for law, order and permanent institutions; a vote for McClellan will be a vote for anarchy, confusion, slavery and interminable wars.

A VOTE FOR LINCOLN

Will put the seal of national endorsement upon the gallant deeds of Grant, Sherman and Sheridan; a vote for McClellan will reiterate the slander of the Chicago platform that the war for the Union is a “failure.”

A VOTE FOR LINCOLN

Will be a vote in favor of the government and of the rights guaranteed by the Constitution; a vote for McClellan will be to declare for the rebellion and to endanger our liberties forever.

A VOTE FOR LINCOLN

Will be a vote to insure the permanent purity of the ballot box and to secure the right of the majority to govern; a vote for McClellan will be a vote to bring men into power who forge the names of dead soldiers to defraud the people.

A VOTE FOR LINCOLN

Will carry joy to loyal homes and to the friends of humanity everywhere; a vote for McClellan will carry sorrow to the loyal and prolongation of misery to the slave.

A VOTE FOR LINCOLN

Will be a vote for the speedy suppression of the rebellion, the return of peace, and an indefinite career of national unity and happiness; a vote for McClellan will be a vote in favor of an armistice, the resuscitation of rebel strength, and a renewal of the contest when the country is least inclined to resume the work.

VOTE FOR LINCOLN AND JOHNSON

If you wish happiness, peace and prosperity, once more.

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THE CANVASS ENDED

The Presidential Canvass for 1864 has now about closed. After nine weeks of discussion of the platforms and candidates, it is expected that every voter, who reasons at all, has made up his mind for whom he will cast his vote. There probably has never been a time when the issues have been more plain or the dividing line between the two parties more distinct than the one which we have passed through. The reasons for this are obvious. Abraham Lincoln has been at the head of the government during one of its greatest struggles for national life. His course of action has been thoroughly watched and criticized, and the people well know to what end he is aiming—that of preserving the national government entire, without the loss of one state. The objects of his opponents are also well understood. Their aim is Disunion, secession and anarchy. This is the question to be decided. National Unity, or Disunion! For the result the Union men have no fears. In spite of the diabolical fraud on the votes of the soldiers who are fighting for their country; the threats of assassination, robbery and pillage of our cities; they have confidence of an overwhelming majority in favor of their cause, and the suppression of traitors throughout the land. To secure this majority it is necessary that every Union man vote on Tuesday, the 8th inst.

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LOOK OUT FOR THEM!

The copperheads will invent all sorts of rebel schemes to prevent a full vote for Lincoln and Johnson. They will “bull” gold in the New York market. They will start reports of military disasters. They have been busily engaged in the attempt to prove that nothing has been accomplished during the war. And in all this, Jeff. Davis and his emissaries give their assistance. Unionists! we have but one duty in these circumstances. It is to go straight forward, incited to new activity by the machinations of copperheads and of rebels and secure such a majority for Lincoln as shall stagger them.

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RALLY ONCE MORE!

The Union Men are requested to meet at Eagle Hall this Monday evening. Speeches will be made by Hon. John M. Douglas and others. Rally once more.

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The Young Men’s Wide Awake Club of this city, paraded our streets last Saturday evening, with torches and banners. They numbered nearly 200, and made a fine appearance. After the parade they adj. to Eagle Hall, where a collation had been prepared for them by the ladies.

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Messrs. Editors:

I was much surprised last evening to hear Mr. Culver give as a reason for his abandonment of the Union party that the administration had adopted the emancipation policy. Mr. Culver and myself addressed a war meeting at Deep River in October, 1861. He there took strong grounds in favor of crushing out this rebellion by force of arms, and was in favor of using all means necessary to that end. He spoke particularly in favor of confiscating the property of rebels and freeing the negroes, arguing very conclusively that under the war power the President had a right to do this, and blaming him for not exercising that power. He closed this part of his speech as near as I can recollect by declaring that “rebels had no rights which the government were bound to respect except the right to be hung up by the neck until they were dead.”  Middletown, Nov. 4, 1864.

A. B. Calef.

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Isaac Toucey, Buchanan’s Secretary of the Navy, who scattered our ships just before the rebellion, is emerging from the obscurity in which he has been glad to conceal himself from the contempt of an outraged people, in order to say a word for McClellan, Pendleton, and the Chicago platform.

It is natural that he, who disarmed the nation that the blows of the rebels might tell, four years ago, should now advocate the platform which his rebel friends made at Niagara. It is appropriate that he should support the party which declares the war a failure and asks for a cessation of hostilities. It is consistent that he should now come to the help of Jeff Davis, whom he encouraged to rush into the trouble in which the rebel President now finds himself. But what say the people of Connecticut and Rhode Island to candidates whom Isaac Toucey wants?—Prov. Jour.

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Item.—Toucey spoke to the unterrified at Touro Hall last evening. From what we heard of his remarks, we judge he doesn’t approve of the emancipation proclamation or the confiscation bill, and will not vote for Abraham Lincoln on Tuesday next.—Fortunately his vote is not needed to elect Mr. Lincoln.—Courant.

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The soldier who, when asked if he was going to vote the democratic ticket, replied, “Why, I’ve been shooting democrats for the last three years,” exactly hit the mark. This democratic party which is in rebellion it is now proposed to restore to power, by elevation of a man to the Presidency who was restrained by a fellow feeling from making vigorous war on the “democrats” when he was in command. The friends of the democrats our boys shoot at, we don’t vote for.

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Commerce 1864

From The Constitution, Wednesday, October 26, 1864 (volume 27, number 1400)

War News.

A great battle was fought and a splendid victory won by Sheridan against Longstreet on the 19th at Cedar Creek. Forty-three pieces of artillery were captured, and many prisoners, among whom was the rebel Gen. Ramseur. On our side, Gens. Wright and Ricketts were wounded, and Gen. Bidwell killed.

Later intelligence from Gen. Sheridan says: “I have the honor to report that my army at Cedar Creek was attacked this morning before daylight, and my left was turned and driven in confusion. In fact most of the line was driven in confusion with the loss of twenty pieces of artillery. I hastened from Winchester, where I was on my return from Washington, and found the armies between Middletown and Newtown, having been driven back about four miles. I here took the affair in hand and quickly united the corps, formed a compact line of battle just in time to repulse the attack of the enemy, which was handsomely done at about 1 P. M.

At 3 P. M., after some changes of the cavalry from the left to the right flank, I attacked with great vigor, driving and routing the enemy, capturing, according to the last report, forty-three pieces of artillery and very many prisoners. I do not know yet the number of my casualties or the losses of the enemy. Wagons, trains, ambulances and caissons in large numbers are in our possession. They also burned some of their trains. Gen. Ramseur is a prisoner in our hands, severely and perhaps mortally wounded. I have to regret the loss of Gen. Bidwell, killed, and Gens. Wright, Grover and Ricketts, wounded.

Affairs at times looked badly, but by the gallantry of our brave officers and men the disaster has been converted into a splendid victory. Darkness again intervenes to shut off greater results. I now occupy Strasburg. As soon as obtained I will send you further particulars.

The St. Louis Democrat of Saturday has a special from Jefferson City, which says that Gen. Curtis has been fighting Price’s advance all day on the Little Blue river, ten miles from Independence. Curtis holds a good position, and will stand for a regular engagement if Price will continue the conflict. Rosecrans will be near, or at Lexington. Lamine bridge will be repaired and trains running to Warrensburg in two or three days. Everything is working finely. Reinforcements will be at the right place at the proper time. Gen. Sanborn is reported skirmishing with Shelby to-day between Boonesville and Waverly.

Gen. Butler has carried his point in respect to the use of colored Union prisoners of war in the rebel trenches. Gen. Butler, it will be remembered, put an equal number of rebel prisoners at work in the Dutch Gap Canal. On Friday Gen. Lee officially notified Gen. Butler that these negro soldiers had been taken from the works and sent back to Richmond to be treated properly as prisoners of war. Gen. Butler at once relieved the rebel prisoners from further labor upon the canal. The oath of allegiance was then offered to them, when one-fourth of their number took it.

Twelve of the St. Alban’s raiders, including the leader, have been arrested in Canada. The leader claims to be a Confederate officer, and claims that the neutrality of British soil, was violated by his capture.

The Votes of Soldiers.

The name of every soldier qualified to vote should be registered fourteen days before the day of election, or at least before Wednesday of the week next preceding the election. Let every one who has a friend or relative in the army see that his name is registered. Soldiers in hospital in the State or members of the Veteran Revenue Corps, must return to their respective homes, or their votes cannot be secured. The names of all such should be forwarded to the State Central Committee. Those at home on furloughs which expire on the day before election, should report at once to the Central Committee.

Maryland.

The recent election in this state, has resulted in the adoption, by a small majority, of a new constitution which embraces the overthrow of slavery. This is an important result. The many evils resulting from the establishment of slavery which have kept that state from advancing in prosperity and wealth are now removed. Maryland is free, and with the new life and vitality which will soon be manifested in all her arts and interests, will take her place in true stability and national independence, among the free states. But this is not all. Another important point has been gained. The present rebellion in the southern states originated from the fact that new guarantees for the extension and protection of slavery was claimed by them. Maryland was then a slave state, and all her sympathies and interests were supposed to be with the south. But after nearly four years of war, she has by independent action, abolished slavery, and proclaimed in favor of a national government established by free institutions and free principles. It is a proud achievement. It conclusively proves that the evils which the aristocratic southerners wished to inflict upon the nation are falling upon themselves, and sooner or later, their boasted strength and power will dwindle away, and vanish like mist before the rising sun.

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Samuel Chittenden, brakeman, injured by the shore line railroad accident, died in New London, Monday night.

On Saturday afternoon, the body of Miss Amelia Hayes, who had been missing since the evening of the 8th, was found floating in the water near one of the docks in New Haven. She was the daughter of Samuel G. Hayes, 26 years of age.

At a railway station in England recently, a traveler stopped for refreshments, and very voraciously drank off a hasty plate of soup, in which was a nail. He suffered in great pain and soon died.

The adherents of McClellan in the West, are called “little mackerels,” particularly since the recent elections in Ohio and Indiana.

A French chemist has discovered that a depressing effect upon the action of the heart is caused by smoking.

The Russian government encourages marriage among its soldiers, provides the couple with a house, supports them, rears their children, but takes away all the boys at a tender age and sends them to military garrisons, there to be trained for the army. There are 800,000 of this kind of soldiers now in the Russian army.

The harp is being introduced into the church of England choirs.

The Messager du Midi states that Baron de Rothschild possesses the most voluminous collection of begging letters that any financier ever received. They form a complete series. Among the number is one lately addressed to the Baron, containing the very tempting proposition that for the bagatelle of 50,000f, the writer would engage to show how he could prolong his life to the age of one hundred and fifty years. The following is the Baron’s reply: “Sir—It has frequently happened to me to be threatened with death if I did not give a sum of money. You are certainly the first that has ever asked for it in proposing to prolong my life. Your proposition is, without doubt, far better and more humane. But my religion teaches me that we are all under the hand of God, and I will not do anything to withdraw myself from His decrees. My refusal, however, does not in any way attack your discovery, from which you will not fail, I hope, to profit yourself. Regretting that I cannot accede to your proposal, I sincerely congratulate you on the one hundred and fifty years which you are called on to live in this world. Accept, &c., J. de Rothschild.”

1864 election rally!

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McDonough Hall was crowded to overflowing on Thursday evening last, to listen to the address of Miss Anna E. Dickenson, which was a fine production. Wm. T. Elmer Esq., presided. The Alert Club, under whose auspices the speaker was procured are entitled to great credit. The sum of $330 was secured, over expenses.

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The copperheads of this vicinity, propose celebrating, on Wednesday evening, with torch light procession and speaking at McDonough Hall, their coming defeat in November next. They think it will look better before, than after the 8th proximo.

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Fish-y.—Mr. Cary Stocking of Cromwell, showed us, last week, a fine pickerel, weighing nearly a pound, which was caught by him while fishing in the river for dace, with a fine hook and dough. Fishermen have luck.

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Portland.—Mr. George White of Portland, was attacked by a bull last Thursday, and severely injured.

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For the Constitution.

Mr. Editor:–Why is it that Middletown cannot retain some of its enterprising young men at home? Why is it no inducements are offered them, to give their talents and energies to the improvement and advantage of their own city?

It is because of the narrow minded policy that originated many years ago among the old residents and capitalists of the place, and which has unhappily continued to the present day, of denying young men every opportunity of making themselves either a name or fortune at home and driving them, as it were, by force, to seek among strangers those opportunities which every ambitious young man will find somewhere. How much farther advanced would your city have been, had a different policy been pursued. I trust when the ‘Air Line’ shall have become a matter of fact, (which I learn is not far distant,) with the rapid increase of manufacturing which the demands of the country require, and which your city offers so many favorable opportunities for, and which must of necessity be improved, whether encouraged by your citizens or not, that the young men will arise in their might, put their shoulders to the wheel and force stupid old Middletown to take her place in the ranks with her rivals on either side of her. Until she does, her inhabitants can neither ask or demand the people of the state to recognize the right which her location in the centre of the state ought and does give her to demand, the removal of the capital to where it would otherwise naturally and justly belong, and which would be followed by other desirable advantages. Although the people do not seem to try to help themselves, nature is working hard for them in closing the channel of the river above, which will soon make Middletown the head of navigation. The numerous mineral resources which abound in the vicinity, together with the location which affords unusual facilities for a market, either by mail or water, and which are far superior to many towns that have rushed by her in progress and enterprise, render it certain that with a little energy on the part of its inhabitants, it might increase rapidly in wealth, population and resources. Her educational advantages are superior, and there is no reason why she should not shake off the lethargy under which she has so long suffered, and take a proud stand among the sister cities of her state.

The way to do it is plain. Encourage your young men to remain at home by furnishing them facilities for business, or any new enterprise in which they take an interest, even if it does sometimes seem visionary to old fogy eyes. Was there any great project ever started that was not at first thought visionary or impracticable? Keep your young men at home. One enterprising young firm like that which graces the banks of your river, and whose works give the only appearance of life and activity to the stranger approaching the city by water, is worth a regiment of some of your rich but antiquated old fogies who can see nothing through their selfish and parsimonious eyes but the almighty dollar in their own pockets.

Away with such a policy as drove the Hartford and New Haven Railroad through Meriden, when by a little effort, its route could have been changed, and the business of Middletown been more than doubled—that refused a location for Colt’s factory, hoping to obtain a few dollars more for the site—that closed the only respectable hotel at the time in the place, rather than let its inmates take a drink, openly, at its bar, instead of sneakingly and meanly behind the door—that will allow its people to take hundreds of dollars to Hartford to enjoy a celebration of the fourth of July, rather than appropriate fifty dollars for a celebration, at home, and in a hundred petty ways, keep down every effort in the shape of enterprise or public spirit, which would indirectly but surely bring thousands into the place.

I have been led to express these ideas, from noticing how many prominent men Middletown has furnished to the world—mercantile, manufacturing, financial, and rail-road interests are all prominently represented by Middletown boys—what a pity for the place, that some of them could not have been kept at home, but like the stereotype expression so often used in resolutions of a mortuary nature “what is your loss is their gain.”

Feeling a natural pride in the success of the place, my early days having been spent there, I cannot but hope that the rising generation will see the errors of their grandfathers and by a liberal and enlightened policy make Middletown, what she might have been years ago, an active, thriving and prosperous city.     –F.

Miscellaneous.

At a tea-party the conversation turned upon intemperance. The lady of the house expressed her abhorrence of the habit, and was very proud to say that her husband had never been under the influence of liquor.

The lady’s son, a little four-year-old, sitting at the foot of the table, upon hearing this assertion and wishing to refresh his mother’s memory, called out, “Oh! ma! don’t you remember when pa came home drunk, and you wouldn’t sleep with him?”

The effect may be imagined. Thirteen-inch shells were tame in comparison.

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1864 - Register your dog--or else

From The Constitution, Wednesday, September 21, 1864 (volume 27, number 1395)

War News.

Passengers by the mail boat report that Friday a large body of rebel cavalry made a raid on our reserved cattle herd, opposite Harrison’s Landing, and succeeded in carrying off the entire number, about 2500 herd. The guard taking care of these cattle was the 13 Pa. cavalry about 200 men, and of course could not make much resistance against such a heavy body of the enemy. The attack was made just before daylight yesterday morning. Our men attempted to open the fence and stampede the cattle so as to get them near our troops, but they were shot at while making this effort. Capt. Richardson, commissary of subsistence had charge of the herd which was the main supply for the army in front of Richmond. He had scarcely time to save his papers, and it is said our men lost their entire effects. Our cavalry started in pursuit, and it was believed that before night the entire lot would be caught and the rebels taught a severe lesson.

During the past two days 15th and 16th, both sides have been engaged in a continuous struggle of sharp shooting and artillery firing, particularly in the centre of the line. Over twenty ambulances were seen to come towards the place this morning where the struggle occurred, and to go back loaded, evidencing that the rebels paid dearly for their bad faith. It was thought several nights ago that this annoying practice would cease in front of the second corps as an agreement had been made both sides to that effect, but it is reported that the same night, as our pickets were on duty, they were fired upon and several killed. The pickets said they would have revenge when they had an opportunity, and when the rebels had a large number exposed, blazed away with terrible effect. The enemy have been busy for several days constructing a second line of works a short distance behind the first, and making it as strong as the other.

McClellan’s Letter.

Since the advent of McClellan’s letter of acceptance not a note of thanks has been expressed by the copperheads. Their only chance of success was that he would accept the platform with the nomination. The old war horses, convened at Chicago, had mixed the water and oil together and McClellan was to take the dose as prepared. But for some reason it was too much for the “Young Napoleon,” and his letter of acceptance can be viewed as embracing a platform of his own. The New York News, a thorough partizan copperhead sheet, declares that McClellan by his letter has declined the nomination at Chicago, and has placed himself before the public as an independent candidate. This want of harmony among the “unterrified” betokens either bad management, or a want of confidence among themselves. The resolutions which they claim express the views of the party have not a word of condemnation against rebels in arms, who have caused the sacrifice of thousands of lives and millions of treasure; to our soldiers who have bravely fought and suffered, no word of encouragement is offered; to the maimed and helpless, no protection is held out; to the widowed and fatherless not a word of sympathy, or a token of benevolence. All is reserved for their southern friends. How is it to be expected that a man who has attained notoriety by his connection with the army; who claims to have the good will of the soldiers; who refers with pride to his “past record,” which is wholly a military record—how can they consistently be brought together. If McClellan was true to his profession and to the principles which he utters in his letter, he would at once withdraw all connection with the party which assembled at Chicago, preferring to remain as a private citizen of the United States, than chosen its ruler thro’ fraud so brazen!

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Mexico.—The Emperor of France is withdrawing his troops before Maximilian can well dispense with their aid. The communications between the capital and coast are threatened by Juarez, and the church is calling for the restoration of the property which had been confiscated. Maximilian finds his path a hard one.

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There was considerable excitement in New London last week on account of the occurrence there of several cases of yellow fever, two or three of which have proved fatal. The disease was brought there by a vessel from Key West.

The Superior Court in session at New Haven has granted divorces for seven couples. Keep on and the divorces will out-number the marriages!

Gen. Cutler happily described the democratic platform when he said it had one end in Chicago and the other in Canada.

An intoxicated soldier, named Charles H. Mozier of the 18th Mass., was instantly killed, Monday, by jumping from the express train when it was at full speed, between Southport and Westport. His skull was broken and his body terribly mangled. It was said that he had made a bet that he could jump from the train while it was going at its highest speed.

Nathan Harrison of North Branford went to New Haven, Saturday. On returning, his hired man, George Wright, stole his ox team and drove off with it. It is supposed to have gone into beef.

There is a child in Seymour, says a Hartford paper, whose father, grandfather, great grandfather and great great grandfather are all living.

Eight fatal cases of diphtheria have recently occurred in East Killingly and vicinity, three in one family.

Rev. Mr. Van Meter’s Mission school in New York, opened two weeks ago, after the summer vacation, and 432 children have since been enrolled. On Friday he left to seek homes for several in New England.

Two or three weeks ago a man in Nashua, N. H., so poor that he was unable to pay the rent of a house and it being very warm weather, he and his family camped out in the open air. Last week he enlisted in the heavy artillery and was [able?] to purchase a farm in which to invest his $1200 bounty.

Gov. Johnson, of Tennessee, has obtained the requisite authority and is raising twenty thousand men for the purpose of clearing Tennessee of predatory rebel hands and guerillas.

On board the steamer Plymouth Rock, of the Stonington line, on Monday, the passengers were treated to a novel and interesting spectacle. No less than four couples were united in marriage in the main saloon.

The McClellan men are electing their candidates in the railroad cars, and as they report only the favorable results, they seem to be having it all their own way. The most unanimous for McClellan, lately reported, was that given by the bounty jumpers and deserters at the rendezvous in New Haven.—“Straws show which way the wind blows.”

The New York News says that the Peace Democracy are taking steps to call a national convention to nominate candidates for President and Vice President. The Ohio Statesman, the copperhead organ published at Columbus, announces the withdrawal of Vallandigham from the support of McClellan.

NORTHERN DOUGH-FACES.

A large number of men, women and children collected on Saturday last in the woods down east of this city to hear the Moguls of a particular stripe on the affairs of the nation. It is supposed there were five thousand persons present. A large representation was there from the Union party from curiosity; and to know for themselves how far the democrats would disgrace the North in avowing the cause of the South in their open violence in marshalling with arms to destroy the best government in the world. This gathering went under the name of the “Copperhead Clam-bake.” C. C. Hubbard, Esq., of this city presided. Prof. Fowler, of Durham, was first on the speaker’s stand. He is a gentleman of pleasing address, of cultivated taste, and a scholar. It is to be regretted that he makes himself conspicuous by giving countenance to southern rebellion.

Mr. C. C. Burr followed Prof. Fowler. He is a disciple of Vallandigham. His talk was bold in defiance of conscription, provost marshals, &c., &c.

Mr. W. J. Hammersley, of Hartford, took the stand. He said what was equivalent to “them’s his [Burr’s] sentiments.” The report of the Courant gives him credit in his earnestness of “upsetting a stand turning the contents of a pitcher of ice water down the back of a rural apostle of peace.”

Mr. Alfred Hall of Portland, closed the speaking. His speech was short. It might here be remarked that the success of the federal arms knocks the copperhead logic into a cocked hat.

We give the following poetic effusion by a friend in this place:

The McClellan Clam Bake.

The feast of clams! the feast of clams!

xxxOn broken planks of peace was spread,

To speak against our guns and rams,

xxxThat soon will strike rebellion dead.

With words of wrath in this bright hour,

xxxThey made their fires and baked their clams,

And with a hissing, sickening power

xxxThey feasted on Chicago’s Rams.

They held a feast at this bright hour,

xxxTo stop the war in awful shame,

As victory beams on ship and tower,

xxxAnd crowns with pride our country’s name.

With traitor shouts they praise the rag,

xxxWhich basely hangs where traitors stand

And throw their clam shells at the flag,

xxxWhich floats to save our struggling land.

How vain their wrath; they might as soon

xxxWith clam shells stop the mighty stream

So near their camp of smoking doom,

xxxAnd banquet o’er their awful dream.

Who wants as chief, a man whose pen

xxxIs a white feather to our foe—

But plunging sword against the men,

xxxWhose loyal hearts no treason know.

Shame to this man who like the clam,

xxxThat creeping, slow, and striped shell,

Opens both ways—an awkward sham,

xxxBoth to the war and peace of hell.

O party weak with clam shell mouth,

xxxOn broken hinge in two sides split,

You curse the North and praise the South,

xxxBut down you’ll go into the pit.

Throw burning shells till treason yields,

xxxAnd freedom makes the land all one;

Throw lightning votes, with thunder peals,

xxxWhen grand November’s fight shall come.

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Local News.

A handsome Lincoln and Johnson flag was thrown to the breeze this morning, in front of the headquarters of the Union party.

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From Washington.—We have received the following from a subscriber in Washington, D. C.:

We fired 100 guns here at the Navy Yard with a good will. We regret that they could not be armed and shotted at the rebel capital. But where are the McClellan men? They are scarce here, I tell you. I am coming home in November just to give my vote for Abraham Lincoln—the first vote I ever cast.  H. M. B.

FOR LINCOLN AND JOHNSON.

A regular Meeting of the Middletown Club of the RED, WHITE AND BLUE, will be held at their room, EAGLE HALL, Thursday Evening, Sept. 22d, at 8 o’clock.

Every Union man is requested to be present,

Per order.

Wesleyan University.

Killed, in battle before Petersburgh, June 16th 1864, Eli Weston Parkman, Captain in Baker’s Cavalry, a member of the class of 1866.

The class adopted at a special meeting the following resolutions.

Whereas, we are called upon to mourn a fallen comrade who has attested by death his devotion to principle,

Resolved, That we honor the heroic patriotism that led our brother to a glorious death and remember with saddened affection the christian virtues, the noble qualities of heart and brain that gave bright promise of a successful life,

Resolved, That we rejoice in the assurance that his spirit passed form the turmoil of conflict to the endless repose of Heaven,

Resolved, That we sympathize sincerely with the relatives and friends of the departed,

Resolved, That in token of our sorrow we wear a badge of mourning for thirty days,

Resolved, That copies of these resolutions be transmitted to the family of the deceased, and for publication in the Constitution and the Zion’s Herald.

S. H. OLIN,

L. R. ABBOTT,

H. T. EDDY, Committee.

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The Burlington Vt. Free Press says that nine tenths of the soldiers in that city voted the Union ticket at the recent election. As one of them, wounded in one of the recent battles, came limping up the steps of the Town Hall, a democratic ticket vender thrust the democratic state ticket into his hand. He took the vote, looked at it very deliberately, and then with a dry emphasis which added greatly to the effect of his words, said: “What a fool I should be to go down and fight rebels for three years with my musket, and then come here to stab myself in the back with a piece of paper like that! No,” throwing the vote for Redfield & Co. from him, and drawing his forefinger across his throat, with a slow, resolute action—“I’d cut my throat before I’d vote that ticket.”

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The cranberry culture is voted a failure on Cape Cod, the crop being too uncertain to make cultivation profitable. Many who have laid out thousands of dollars on bogs, have abandoned them altogether, they yielding no return for the outlay. The crop this season has suffered severely from the “fire-fly” and the drouth, and hence the yield will be small.

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Fishing supplies, 1864

From The Constitution, Wednesday, September 14, 1864 (volume 27, number 1394)

War News.

The latest intelligence from the army of the Potomac is that on Friday the batteries on the right and centre of our lines kept up a lively fire at intervals through the day. The enemy attracted by the noise made by the cars as they passed toward the front, endeavored without success to interrupt the operations of the road. The rebel picket line just west of the Jerusalem plank road was attacked on Friday night by the Second Division and nearly the whole line captured. The movement was a complete surprise to the rebels, who made vigorous but unsuccessful efforts to regain the lost ground. Fifteen hundred will cover, it is reported, our losses from all causes during last week.

Gen. Rousseau is concentrating his forces in Tennessee. It is reported that the rebel Gen. Dick Taylor has crossed the Mississippi with the intention of joining Wheeler. Tennessee is said to be filled with straggling rebels who plunder indiscriminately.

General Averill under date of the 10th says, Early retreated this morning toward Winchester, I am on his heels. I have whipped Vaughn’s cavalry and captured all his train, which was not burned, and taken two battle flags. He has no artillery. I have cut off Imboden.

Capt. Green communicates to the Navy department the particulars of several successful boat expeditions from the barque J. L. Davis, Griswold commanding on the station at Tampa Bay.

Firing was kept up all day on the 10th on the centre and right. The rebels seem excited by the surprise of last night and appear determined to annoy our pickets as much as they can. It was the 20th Indiana and 99th Penn. cavalry that made the charge and took the rebel line of pickets.

Lieut. Col. Mickel, of 29th Indiana, was shot through the hips and died on the field.

The prisoners captured say they were asleep at the time and our men were on them before they had time to resist.

JOHN MORGAN.

John H. Morgan, the noted rebel guerilla, whose death has recently been announced, was born near Lexington, Kentucky, in the year 1826. He was the eldest of seven children. Their father was engaged in the manufacture of Kentucky jeans, which he conducted profitably, and on his death his sons continued the business. John Morgan engaged in land speculation at Superior City, and lived the life of a southern man of fortune. From his youth up he was noted for his daring, reckless riding, and skill in all athletic exercises. When he joined the rebellion it was as captain of a mounted company, and soon made himself conspicuous as a guerilla. He was promoted to Brig. General. In stature he was large, well proportioned, full six feet high, with light auburn hair and heavy moustache and beard. He had been twice married, and leaves several children.

TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN.

President Lincoln, in his celebrated proclamation, beginning with these words, made a mistake that ought not to have escaped the pen of an experienced politician. He is willing, he there says, to negotiate for peace upon the basis of a restoration of the whole Union, and an abandonment of slavery. The first point, a restoration of the Union, nearly all agree is very well, but many ask, by what right does he impose the other condition, an abandonment of slavery?

True, the whole thing is plain enough, but “none so blind, as those who will not see.” Suppose he had said that he was ready to treat for peace on the basis of a restoration of the Union, and the enforcement of his proclamation of January 1, 1863, commonly called his emancipation proclamation! This would have meant the same thing, and would have been much better. The emancipation proclamation was issued in good faith, as a war measure, and very many bondmen have availed themselves of the offer there made, and the promise must be kept. As a war measure, that proclamation has had a momentous influence on the character of the dreadful struggle, and probably was the measure, more than any other thing, which has turned events in favor of the loyal cause. Can he now ignore it? Can a man occupying so exalted a position as that of President of the United States of America issue a solemn proclamation of such momentous import, January 1, 1863, and then take it back in August, 1864? Can the Commander in Chief of the army and navy of the greatest nation on earth thus trifle with those whom he had appointed to rule? Common sense says No! Truth and justice emphatically says No!

Plainly then this is the foundation of his right to use the language he did, in regard to slavery. Indeed there was no real necessity of his referring to this subject, particularly, more than to many others. The emancipation proclamation was issued, as is claimed, by competent authority, and cannot be recalled. It was perfectly competent for the commander in chief of the Federal forces to use this war measure against the foe, but having availed himself of it, and secured the advantages intended, he cannot now undertake to avoid the consequences, even though by so doing he might the more readily secure peace, which all so much desire.

As a matter of course, there is an important legal question yet to be decided, which may at any time come before some of the state courts, but the ultimate decision will be with the Supreme Court of the United States. This question has reference to the validity of the celebrated Emancipation Proclamation; and it is a question of such gigantic proportions as few earthly courts ever had before them, and from the decision of which consequences may be expected to result which no human mind can foresee or fully estimate!

President Lincoln then has nothing more to do with the subject by any third action; and some time ago he intimated as much, in saying that the matter was with the courts.

Will the Supreme Court of the United States show itself equal to the mighty occasion? Let us be hopeful!

LOOK OUT FOR IT!

The old game is to be tried once more.—The copperheads in full sympathy with the southern traitors, are about to enter the campaign under false colors. In order to gloss over the peace platform of the Chicago convention, the Albany Argus explains the meaning as follows: “The Union armies are not called upon to make one step backward. The blockade will be maintained, Atlanta will be held; if Mobile is in our hands by the 4th of March next, it too will be held. The Weldon Road will remain in our possession, and the approaches to Richmond, which we command will be retained and guarded by us.” Does the editor of the Argus intend to say that the men who persistently denounced the war, boldly advocated the doctrines of the South and who framed the resolutions on which the candidate of the Chicago convention stands, are ready to take the war into their own hands, and hold by force of arms, as they would have to be held, the advantages which our armies now hold. Does the editor imagine that sensible people can be deceived into the idea that the south would negotiate with their copperhead friends under such circumstances? No. Instead of asserting the truth they are playing their old tricks. Years ago, in order to carry Pennsylvania, the democrats paraded on their banners, “Polk, Dallas, and the Tariff of ’43,” while at the south it was “Polk, Dallas and Free Trade.” As might be expected, when the election was carried Pennsylvania found herself cheated out of her tariff. So it will be now if the copperheads should by any possible means carry the coming election. The South would demand their independence, and the northern copperhead doughfaces would give it them. Our armies would be ignominiously withdrawn, our successes ridiculed, and the power and strength of the government paralized. Deny it was they will, this is their intention.

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New York, Sept. 12

The gold market is unusually excited and a fierce contest is raging between the bulls and bears. The price opened at 226 1/2, and declined to 214 1/4, but recovered to 215 with a weak feeling.

The Commercial’s Washington special says; Contractors are clamoring for pay, but the treasurer is withholding all other payments in order to pay soldiers.

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Success has attended the movement in this country for the establishment of a college in Syria. The sum of one hundred and three thousand dollars has been secured.

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Hull Colburn, of Clinton, was so severely scalded by falling into a tank of boiling oil about a week ago, that he died of his injuries Monday morning. His age was 24 years.

Local News.

Drowned.—John Andrews aged 11 years, son of Capt. Gideon Andrews of Portland, was drowned in the river opposite this city on Friday last.

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Accident.—James C. Cooke, employed at the Cartridge Shop, was severely injured on Monday. He was engaged in repairing a machine for the manufacture of metallic cartridges, and was carelessly using his knife in forcing through a cartridge, when it struck fire. An explosion took place, scattering in every direction some forty bullets, also chisels and implements of every kind. Mr. Cooke had the fore finger on his left hand taken off, and the second split open, besides receiving severe injuries on his face and body from the flying articles. It was strange that he escaped with his life.

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Improving.—Union Park is undergoing repairs. The walks are being raised, trees trimmed and replaced where needed, and fences repaired. With a little care and attention it can be made an attractive spot.

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Correction.—In our police report of last week the name of Michael Conran was used in a case of assault and battery. It should have read Michael Conden. Mr. Conran is a law abiding citizen, and the error should not have occurred.

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There are 7,000 more women than men in New Hampshire.

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Crinoline at the Opera.—The Paris correspondent of the London Star writes:

The director of the Opera has just set his face against crinoline and thus caused a shortlived mutiny among the ladies who sing there in the choruses. When these sat down in the places appropriated by the stage manager very often an exposure of boots and stockings took place, not always of a kind to harmonize with a court or the boudoia of some princess. Most frequently the stockings of the coryphées were the worse for wear and boots and shoes in the same condition. The first time the decree went forth prohibiting crinoline, none of them would obey it. During the first act of the opera in which these hoop-loving ladies were to appear, they insisted on wearing their “cages.” After they retired the scene which ensued behind the scenes surpassed the drama that went on before. The manager stormed, and threatened fines and dismissal. All but one ceded to this very cogent way of reasoning. After shedding floods of tears and before the third act was announced, this unit was prevailed on to submit. The principal actresses, however, still persist in wearing crinolines; but as the manager has made up his mind to exclude these garments from the opera the Leonoras and Valentines must soon learn to do without them.

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Insurance 1864

From The Constitution, Wednesday, March 9, 1864 (volume 27, number 1367)

War News.

Richmond papers of the 2d admit that Kilpatrick penetrated within three miles of the city, and relate how narrowly Gen. Lee escaped capture. Gen. Wise also had a narrow escape, being at the residence of the rebel Secretary of War, from whence he reached the city.

Four hundred more of our prisoners were shipped February 29th for Americus, Ga.—Nearly three thousand thus far have been sent. There are accommodations for 6,000.

Forty-six miles of the Mobile and Ohio railroad were destroyed by Sherman. The Southern road was destroyed from Meridian to Jackson. Eight hundred negroes were carried off.

The rebel account of the battle of Olustee, Florida, shows that their force consisted of eleven regiments of infantry, four battalions of cavalry, and three batteries of artillery.—Their loss was 800 killed and wounded.

Sherman was at Vicksburg on the 24th ult., and that he would soon start on another expedition is a mistake. None of his forces had reached Jackson on the 24th, and Vicksburg advices of the 27th make no mention of his arrival there or of any contemplated new movement. McPherson’s corps which reached Jackson since the 24th, will probably remain there some time, but another expedition is not likely to be made very soon. Parties from Gen. Grant’s front say it is not probable that any fight will take place there for some time.

The 23 soldiers hung recently in Kinston by the enemy, whose names were published in the Richmond papers, were all members of Col. Foster’s regiment—the 2d North Carolina. At this unheard-of barbarity, our native troops are exasperated beyond all bounds—They have resolved to take no more prisoners, the difficulties experienced heretofore by their officers to restrain them is by this barbarous butchery, made impossible.

Florida.

The recent reverse which our arms have experienced in Florida, is but another repetition of the many defeats which we have experienced, resulting from our troops meeting with largely superior numbers. The Florida expedition has seemed to have been, from the outset, too small in numbers to accomplish a purpose so extensive as that undertaken by it. Much reliance, probably, had been placed by government upon the expectation of meeting with little resistance in a region so remote from the more formidable operations of the rebel armies. But where resistance was least expected, there it was found. It would seem as if this reverse would lead to increased vigilance and care, and show the necessity of making such demonstrations in force. Our whole loss will be about one thousand. The battle occurred on the 20th ult., near Lake City, Florida, and fifty-five miles west of Jacksonville. The country thereabouts is low and wooded, affording many opportunities of ambushing and surprising an advancing party. Our forces under General Seymour were small. Six regiments, probably not numbering more than three hundred and fifty men each, are reported as having been engaged. The rebels surrounded our forces, who after a severe fight, retreated, leaving in the hands of the enemy the killed, wounded, and one field battery, with horses, equipments, &c. By orders of Gen. Gillmore, all accounts of the battle were kept from the public, even to the retention of private letters. This hardly seems justifiable. It tends to increase exaggerated accounts, and magnifies a small reverse into a serious disaster.

The 7th Conn. regiment was engaged in the fight, and added new laurels to their name. A correspondent of the New York Herald says:

“Great praise is awarded by all to the Seventh Connecticut, Colonel Hawley, for their superb conduct in the advance, throughout the fight, as skirmishers. They did not falter or waver, but employed their Spencer rifles so accurately and effectively that the enemy will long have occasion to remember their presence on the field. They lost quite heavily.”

Mexico.

Advices from Mexico to the 15th and from Vera Cruz to the 20th indicate no active military movements. Tacatecas, which previous news stated was on the point of being occupied by the French, was still in possession of the Juarists. Juarez was at Saltillo on the 9th ult., where he was honored with a public reception. A large fire occurred at Vera Cruz on the night of the 9th ult., which destroyed a large quantity of French quartermaster’s and commissary supplies. The people of Vera Cruz [] had celebrated for the second time, the acceptance by Maximilian to the throne of the Mexican empire.

The Spring Campaign.

The spring campaign has now fairly opened. The nominees of both parties are before the people, and upon them will devolve the task of deciding how the state shall stand in relation to the National Government. The opposition, copperhead or southern principle party, or whatever you may choose to call it, have nominated for their leader Origen S. Seymour, a man who has not since the war given aid or encouragement to the federal government, in maintaining our free institutions and sustaining our flag. The platform of his party, though from necessity milder than last year, is opposed to every measure pursued to subdue the rebellion. If they can prevent it the rebellion will never be subdued until the north is made to accept terms which would degrade any nation on the face of the earth. So much for the opposition. They have not honor enough left to give the soldiers the right of the elective franchise, but would deprive him of his vote that they may assume the power. So much for the copperheads. On the other hand, the man who heads the ticket nominated by the party who stand squarely and firmly in support of the government, is too well known to have a word of praise. The principles which he represents are those founded on truth and justice, and only by the maintenance of which can our country be guided safely through the storm. It is therefore necessary that every loyal man should go earnestly to work and ensure certain success for the Union Ticket this spring. We may perhaps feel certain of the election of our ticket, but we want such a majority as will put copperheadism forever out of sight. No time should be lost in effecting a complete organization. Let Union men work together in this contest with the rebellion in this State. Our opponents are unscrupulous, and will use every means to defeat us. When persuasions and honest conviction fail to procure them votes, money will not be wanting, and threats and falsehoods will be used when they will serve their purpose. Let the loyal men of Connecticut stand firm, and in a straightforward, manly way, defeat every insidious advance of the enemy. To do this a complete and immediate organization should be made. This is necessary in every town. To old Middlesex county especially, we made this appeal. Let her be true in the hour of trial. No time should be lost in getting into working order. Every town should be thoroughly canvassed and papers of the right stamp should be liberally circulated. Good speakers should also be sent out. The truth should come out. A full and intelligent vote by the people will be the death knell of all the hopes of the copperheads and friends of secession in this state. Shall it not be done?

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The Legislature of Nebraska have unanimously nominated Mr. Lincoln for President and Andrew Johnson for Vice President. Nine tenths of the men in Grant’s army are in favor of the re-election of Mr. Lincoln.

Fugitive Slave Bill.

Senator Sumner presented last week a bill to the Senate recommending the repeal of all legislation in regard to the return of fugitive slaves, accompanied by an able report in which it is claimed that the constitutional compact does not require the free states to return escaped slaves to their masters. The report takes the ground that, granting the validity of the clause in the constitution which the acts of 1773 and 1850 pretend to interpret, Congress does not profess the right to legislate for the return of slaves. It also avers the unconstitutionality of the fugitive slave acts by their denial of the rights of trial by jury, and the grant of judicial powers by them to commissioners who are not judges. The arguments of the report are based upon principles sustained by precedents of the highest legal authority. The copperheads may assert that it is unconstitutional to repeal these acts. It may be added, that if the matter was constitutionally voted in 1850, it can with equal justice be acted on in 1864; that if Congress had the right to adopt them, it must also have the right to repeal them. The fugitive slave law has practically been dead for years, but its skeleton has been exposed to public view. Its defenders have disappeared from our congressional halls, and the task of giving it a burial devolves upon the man who has so long and earnestly fought against it.

Local News.

Military.—Capt. John Broatch of the 14th Conn., now home on recruiting service, was the recipient this week, of a sword, sash, belt and shoulder straps, presented by some of our citizens. The note accompanying the presents was written by Hon. Ebenezer Jackson.

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Our Quota.—Forty-nine men were received at the office of the Provost Marshal in New Haven last week, and credited to the quota of this town. About thirty more are required.

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Moodus.—The ladies of Moodus connected with the Soldiers Aid Society, will give a sociable on Wednesday evening, the 9th inst., at Machimoodus Hall. Among the novelties will be the representation of an “old fashioned kitchen.” Tickets 25 cents, refreshments included.

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National Bank.—A few citizens were invited to the office of Messrs. W. & B. Douglas Thursday evening last, to adopt measures to establish a National Bank in this city. Documents on the subject from Washington were examined, when it was voted to open a subscription for the above purpose with a capital of $100,000. The gentlemen present gave it a start by affixing to their names a sum amounting in the aggregate to about $30,000. On Saturday following the full amount was taken and a meeting held on Monday evening for organization.

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Identified.—The body which we mentioned last week, as having been found in the river, has been identified as that of Samuel Chalker, of Westbrook. He had been summoned here as a witness on a case in court, in December, since which time nothing has been heard of him. The body was taken to Westbrook on Wednesday, by his son.

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Police Court.—The following cases were tried before Justice Clark, on Saturday, the 5th inst. Abraham Crosley, Ruth Crosley and Patrick Ross, for resisting Sheriff Camp while in the performance of his duty, found guilty and fined with costs, amounting to $25, 54, which they paid up. On Monday, before the same, State vs Alexander Leroy—drunkenness; fined $1 and costs; for want of funds, sent to workhouse.

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Gilmore’s Band.—Remember the concert this (Tuesday) evening, by Gilmore’s Band of Boston, under the auspices of the Junior Class of Wesleyan University. It will be one of the best with which our citizens have been favored this season.

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Masquerade Ball.—The masquerade ball, given under the auspices of the E. O. E. R. W. R. Club, will take place on Friday evening.—Count Fulloffunsir, Prince Sorotogosoquick and other foreign gentlemen act as floor managers. The music will be by Colt’s band, A. J. Spencer prompter. Tickets $1. Spectators 50 cents. A good time may be expected.

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The River is now free from ice from Saybrook up, and navigation will soon commence. The New York boat will leave for Hartford Wednesday afternoon.

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From the Sandwich Islands.—We have our Sandwich Island files to January 7. There appears to be considerable dissatisfaction with the new Ministerial appointments.

‘The Ministerial appointments,’ says the Honolulu Advertiser, ‘are made and announced, and surprise, if not indignation, is pictured on every countenance. The people hoped for a liberal, able, and thoroughly Hawaiianized Ministry, instead of which public interests have been set aside and sacrificed, promising a four years’ rule in which partizan strifes, personal animosities, jealousies and hate will be fomented, where peace and amity might have been nurtured to bring forth its fruits.

Warren Goodale, Esq., has tendered his resignation of the office of Collector-General, to take effect whenever a successor may be appointed.

James Hunnewell, Esq., of Boston, has made the generous donation of five thousand dollars toward the endowment of Oahu College.

The election for Representatives passed off on the 6th ultimo without any unusual occurrence.

A new paper, the Kuokoa, of the same size as the Commercial and the Polynesian, appeared on the 2d of January at Hawaii.

_________________________

Lady Clerks.—In regard to the employment by Secretary Chase of ladies as clerks in the Treasury Department, a correspondent of the Washington Republican says:–While half-crazed enthusiasts are talking about woman’s rights, Governor Chase has shown his desire to introduce the gentler sex into new spheres of usefulness, by appointing ladies as clerks in his department. Excellent clerks they make, too, actually talking less and writing more than some of their gentlemen associates. Some forty years ago, (so the old clerks tell me,) when William H. Crawford was Secretary of the Treasury, and a candidate for the Presidential chair, his amanuensis and confidential clerk was his daughter Caroline, afterwards Mrs. Dudley. She not only wrote his private letters, but, during a year that he was in bad health, signed his name to the many papers requiring his signature. There is said to have been a striking resemblance between Miss Crawford’s handwriting and that of her father, and the clerks in the department could not detect the difference in the signatures. Governor Chase may not be equally fortunate in having a private secretary, but he deserves high honor for giving employment to capable and deserving young ladies at this time, when able-bodied men are needed in the field. Let the Head of other Departments follow his example.

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From The Constitution, Wednesday, September 30, 1863 (volume 26, number 1344)

War News.

The Army of the Potomac is in motion.—Transports are loading with great activity at Alexandria, and it is expected that a considerable body of forces will embark with as little delay as possible. Their destination can only be conjectured.

Meanwhile there is equal activity shown in the forwarding of troops in another direction. The government has taken possession of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, and no more travel for civil purposes is allowed upon it. Some important movement is contemplated on the line of this great thoroughfare.

A special dispatch from Washington 27th inst., says that dispatches have been received from Gen. Rosecrans’ headquarters, dated yesterday forenoon, which state that he is all right, in a stronghold, from which he cannot be driven; also, that the enemy has made no attack.

The Battle in Georgia.

Washington, Sept. 22.—According to official dispatches received here, dated as late as 5 o’clock yesterday afternoon, Gen. Rosecrans had information that Longstreet’s corps had reinforced Bragg before the battle of Sunday, and it was subsequently stated by deserters from the rebel army, that Ewell’s corps had also come to his assistance.

A telegram was received here to day, from an officer commanding at Chattanooga, which speaks in most encouraging terms of the general result of the actions of Saturday and Sunday, in which, according to his representations, the Union army achieved a substantial success, the enemy losing the most in killed, wounded, &c.

A prisoner taken from Bragg’s army says that Mobile has been stripped of troops for Bragg’s army, and that some troops have been sent to him from Charleston; also that troops from Lee’s army were in the late fight. In fact that the whole confederacy seemed concentrated there for that attack on Rosecrans.

A rebel dispatch has been intercepted on the extreme front of the army of the Potomac, wherein the rebel commander of the army of North Virginia is informed from Richmond, that Bragg engaged Rosecrans on Saturday and Sunday, capturing twenty pieces of artillery and 500 prisoners.

The Star and National Republican, in their late editions this afternoon, have accounts evidently derived from official sources. The longer one from the Evening Star is as follows: ‘On Saturday, the 19th, a demonstration was made by the rebels in strong force, which appears to have been repelled by the forces under Gen. Thomas with the advantage on the federal side. On Sunday an engagement commenced late in the morning. The first gun was fired at 9 a. m., but no considerable firing occurred until 10, when Gen. Rosecrans rode the whole length of our line. Soon after the battle commenced, Gen. Thomas, who held the left, began to call for reinforcements.—About 12 o’clock word came that he had been forced to retire the second time. Reinforcements were then sent to him, and McCook’s whole corps, which was on the right and as a reserve in the centre, was sent to his assistance. General Wood of Crittenden’s corps, and Van Cleve who held the front centre, were also ordered to the left, where the fury of the cannonade showed that the enemy’s force was massed.—Their places were filled by Davis and Sheridan of Gen. McCook’s corps, but hardly had these divisions taken their places in the line, when the rebel fire, which had slackened, burst out in immense vollies upon the centre. This lasted about twenty minutes, and then Van Cleve, on Thomas’s right, was seen to give way, but in tolerable order, soon after which the lines of Sheridan and Davis broke in disorder, borne down by the enemy’s columns which are said to have consisted of Polk’s corps.

These two divisions were the only divisions which were thrown into much disorder. Those of Negley and Van Cleve were thrown into confusion, but soon rallied and held their places, the first on the left, and the second on the right of Thomas’ corps. Davis and Sheridan, late in the day, succeeded in rallying about 8,000 of their forces and joined Gen. Thomas.

General Thomas finding himself cut off from the right, brought his divisions into position for independent fighting, his line assuming the form of a horse shoe along the crest of a wooded ravine. He was joined by Granger from Rossville, with a division of Gen. McCook, and Gen. Steadman’s division, and with these forces firmly maintained the fight till after dark.

Our troops were as immovable as the rocks they stood on. The enemy repeatedly hurled against them the dense columns which had routed Davis and Sheridan in the morning, but every onset was repulsed with dreadful slaughter. Falling first on one, and then on the other points of our lines, the rebels for hours vainly sought to break them.

General Granger, his hat riddled with bullets, rode like a lion wherever the combat was thickest.

Every division commander bore himself gloriously, and among them, Generals Trenchen, Hazen and Parker especially distinguished themselves.

Turren charged through the rebel lines with the bayonet, and being surrounded forced his way back against Porter, who had two horses shot under him on Saturday. Moving his men in one line he made them lie down till the enemy was close upon them, when suddenly they rose and delivered their fire with deadly effect. When night fell this body of heroes stood on the same ground occupied by them in the morning their ranks being unshaken. Their losses are not yet estimated.

Gen. Thomas telegraphs, Monday, that the troops are in high spirits. He brought off all his wounded. Of rebel prisoners, we have sent 1,300 to Nashville. Most of our losses in artillery were occasioned by the killing of all the horses. Gen. Thomas retired to Rossville the night after the battle closed. Gen. Rosecrans had issued orders for all his troops to be concentrated.

In the last two assaults our troops fought with bayonets, their ammunition being exhausted. The latest information that has reached this city, is from Chattanooga last evening, and was to the effect that Gen. Rosecrans would concentrate in Chattanooga. It was questionable whether General Thomas would be able to reach Chattanooga last night.

There were indications that the enemy contemplated a demonstration on another part of our line last evening.

_________________________

A gentleman who has travelled through Ohio, informs that “copperheadism is more completely dead than ever was a political heresy in any state, before actual election had consigned it to sepulture. War democrats are declaring themselves by thousands. Shrewd men who have hopes of future life, do not think it safe to show the white feather in time of war.”  He says that Brough will be elected by an overwhelming majority.

Arrival of the 24th Regiment.

The 24th Regiment, Col. Mansfield, arrived in this city on Thursday morning. Notice was received Tuesday evening, that they had arrived in New York on the steamer Continental, and would start the next day on the Granite State for this city. Accordingly arrangements were made for their reception. At half-past five, on Thursday morning the cannon announced their coming, and while the bells were ringing, the military and firemen formed in procession and marched to the wharf, where a large majority of our citizens had assembled to welcome the heroes of Port Hudson. Many and hearty were the greetings with the loved ones brought back from the dangers of the camp, the bronzed features of the veterans expressing but faintly the dangers to which they had been exposed. The regiment was received by the military and firemen. The line of march was then formed as follows:

Marshal, A. G. Pease.

Colt’s Band.

Mansfield Guard.

Chief Engineer, and Assistants.

Russell Hook and Ladder Co.

Waterbury Brass Band.

Mattabessett Fire Engine Co.

Canfield Hose Co.

U. S. 3d Artillery Brass Band.

Pacific Fire Engine Co.

Pacific Hose Co.

24th Regiment.

and proceeded up Washington street through Broad around the Park, up Main to the McDonough Hall, where a bountiful collation had been prepared by the ladies.

The regiment was then dismissed until Friday of this week, when it is expected that they will receive their pay, and be mustered out of service.

The regiment numbered when it left New York for New Orleans, 698 men; they returned with 386 men, 57 having been killed or wounded, the remainder have either died, been discharged, of been sent home sick and disabled. Their colors have inscribed on them “Port Hudson,” being the only one, we believe, thus honored. Their national colors have received thirty seven bullet holes through them. Color Sergt. John Bohan, has borne them all through their term of service. We know of no regiment which has earned a better name, or borne itself with more credit for the time they have been in service, than the Brave 24th Regiment.

Several dwellings along the line of march were handsomely decorated, among the most prominent was the residence of Wm. S. Camp Esq., the porch and windows of which was festooned with the red, white and blue, and boquets of flowers, and over the street was a banner inscribed with “Welcome brave soldiers of the 24th. God bless you.”

A detachment of the 24th C. V. under Major Maher, left at 2 o’clock for New Haven, where they had been recruited. They were received by the Mayor, members of the Common Council and the Emmet Guard. After marching about the city, they were escorted to the Fremont House, and partook of a bountiful collation.

_________________________

Fannie Virginia Casseopia Lawrence, the white complexioned flaxen haired slave child of whom we heard in New York at Cooper Institute, and whom Rev. Ward Beecher baptized, was presented to several in several of our churches last Sabbath. This little exposition of slavery is doing much to settle our consciences in regard to that matter. Childhood is irresistible, truth is potent, and the sight of young fair innocence blighted forever by an institution of man’s brutishness, brings to our hearts a feeling of shame that we who abhor it, have answered to its deeds in the nation’s name. A circumstance of war cast the child upon military protection. The United States authorities gave her into the care of Miss Lawrence, nursing in our soldiers’ hospitals. She is traveling north for health, and solicits contributions towards the education of her charge. Subscriptions are taken at the bookstores, and any one making a contribution will receive a photograph of the subject.

_________________________

Mr. Editor : The enclosed circulars have doubtless by mistake been put into my hands, and as I happen not to be among the doubtful voters at this election, I have concluded to place them in your possession, that you may show to your readers what infamous lies are sent around, secretly to influence our fellow citizens. Perhaps nothing better could be expected from a set of politicians who, having lost all sense of decency and self-respect, are content to be led by a man who, Judas-like, holding the bag and appropriating its contents, is now crying out about “ability,” “economy,” “the poor soldiers,” and the squandering of the peoples money.

[We have room for but one, the most respectable, and charge nothing for the insertion.]

An Expensive Experiment.

Voters of Middletown:–The abolition republicans have had the control of the government of this country for more than two years, and what is the result ?

A loss of three hundred thousand lives !

Two hundred thousand men made cripples for life !

Ninety thousand widows asking for pensions !

Half a million children made orphans !

And a legacy for the people to pay of

TWO THOUSAND MILLIONS OF DOLLARS.

And what it is all for ?

That the negroes of other States may be set at liberty, and be sent into the Northern states …

Freemen of Middletown, is this not the result ?

Is it for this, that our poor soldiers are called out to suffer such privations, and to fight on poor food—and shin plaster wages. Nay more, to die, often in the ditches uncared for ? How long, in mercy,–how long is this state of things to last ? But still the abolition cry goes up.

More men ! More money ! More votes ! More power !

Democrats !—These are times that try men’s souls, as well as their peace and their pockets ! While our soldiers in anguish of heart, are yearning for their homes and for an adjustment of war difficulties, is it not your interest, nay your duty to sustain the Democratic Party, which is truly the only “ark of our safety,” the only Union party extant ?

Freemen of Middletown !—It is your duty, and your interest to stand by the Democratic Party, which is the only organization capable of adjusting our troubles, and closing this sanguinary strife.

Let every man then vote at the coming election as his own conscience would dictate regardless of checker back tickets, or any man’s diction. God and liberty !

Election, MONDAY, 5th day of October, 9 to 2 o’clock.

Per order of the

Young Men’s Democratic Association.

Middletown, Sept. 23d, 1863.

_________________________

The Weather last week was unusually bright and clear. The average temperature at sunrise was lower than any previous week this month, forty degrees. There were two rainy half days. Friday afternoon the showers fell heavily.

_________________________

Union Caucus


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