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From The Constitution, Wednesday, May 17, 1865 (volume 28, number 1429)

War News.

A dispatch from Gen. Canby says that Dick Taylor surrendered on the 6th inst., with the forces under his command, on substantially the same terms as those accepted by Gen. Lee.

Says the Louisville Journal: “At almost every point along the river in Kentucky and Tennessee, and even in the interior towns, we learn that the rebels are coming in and taking the oath. They express themselves satisfied that the Confederacy is gone up, and are anxious to be considered as citizens of the United States.”

Gen. Thomas has issued an order to Gen. Rousseau to send a summons under a flag of truce to every body of armed men in his vicinity calling upon them to surrender, and if they refuse to treat them as outlaws.

Maj. Gen. Hancock has issued a general order, under date of March 8, announcing that all citizens employed in the Middle Military Division, who can be replaced by enlisted men without detriment to the interests of the service, will be discharged as soon as possible.

A dispatch from Washington says that Gen. Sherman is at present in Richmond. He rode at the head of the line of his troops on Wednesday, as the Fourteenth Army Corps passed through the streets of that city.

A dispatch from Des Moines, Iowa, says the guerrillas who robbed the passengers of the Great Western Stage Company have been captured, “and their bodies left in the woods.”


The arch traitor, who for many years has plotted treason against the best government on earth, has at last reached nearly the end of the rope. But a step more and it is accomplished. The news of his capture which came to us Sunday morning, was welcomed like the beautiful day itself. Davis the commander-in-chief of the late rebel army, the head and front of rebels and desperadoes, was captured in petticoats. What a picture for a comic publication. How pleasing the thought must be to his partizans in foreign countries. A dagger in one hand the other grasping his uncouth apparel, and his lips protesting against the “energy with which the government hunted down women and children.” It is refreshing to turn from such thoughts and bring to mind the words of our President, that “treason is a crime, and deserves the severest penalty.”


Anniversaries.—Last week was anniversary week in New York. The anti-slavery society which in former years attracted but little notice was in the ascendant. William Lloyd Garrison, the President, introduced resolutions for dissolving the society on the ground that the object for which it was formed was accomplished. The resolutions were rejected. Mr. Garrison thereupon tendered his resignation and dissolved all connection with it. Wendell Phillips was then chosen President. Speeches were made in favor of negro suffrage.


The Trial.—The military commission for the trial of the assassins commenced its session last week.

The Advancement of the Negro.

In the situation of the black man in this country a great change has been made during the last few years. The great social evil which formerly existed at the south was made the occasion for feuds and quarrels between the two sections. Evils real or imaginary were protested against. To such an extent was this warfare carried, at least on the part of the south, that they declared that the black man was made to be the slave of the white. Three things they boldly asserted: 1st, that what they did not know about the character of the black man was not worth knowing: 2d, that one southerner could whip three yankees; 3d, that they would call the roll of their slaves on Bunker Hill. The war which followed brought into existence a new order of things directly opposite to the pronunciations of the south. The proposition of the national government to arm the blacks was received by the south as the latest joke of the season. Make a good fighting soldier of a “n*****” when the mere sight of a whip handle would make his knees tremble and turn into a coward? The thing could not be done. They knew and their authority was good the world over. What they claimed as an impossibility, was accomplished, and the black men have shown before the cannon’s mouth that they can make as good soldiers as ever handled a gun stock. Thus much for assertion number one; the boastful character of the second has been brought low on many battle fields; the last, if ever fulfilled, will not be in our time. Thus the south has found, to its cost, that in some things they were greatly mistaken, and in nothing more than in the character of the negro. The war has brought out the character and abilities of the black race. It is now proposed to place the blacks of the south in a new position. Make them free men, or paid laborers. This plan, however, does not receive the favor of those who have heretofore asserted their knowledge of the ability of the race. In lieu of a better plan for conducting the plantations at the south, it is suggested that these croakers wait a little before they venture their opinion. The old system has been abolished, never to be restored. Good soldiers cannot be made slaves again. They have taken one important step in the right path, and it now remains with them to continue in the path now open to them.

Local News.

The Enrolment.—The Provost Marshal of this district has received an order from the War department to stop the work of taking the enrolment in this district. Consequently about forty agents engaged in the work have been discharged.


A meeting of the ex-officers of the 14th Reg’t, Conn. Volunteers, will be held at the Tremont House in New Haven on Saturday of this week, to take measures to welcome home the returning regiment and to organize an association of the officers.


City Matters.—The Common Council has instructed the Chief Engineer of the Fire Department to purchase two hose carriages for the use of the fire department.

The Common Council have also drawn up a petition and presented to the Legislature now in session, for a charter incorporating a company to bring pure water into the city. Estimates and surveys have been made, and it is thought that the cost will not exceed $125,000. It is thought that by uniting two or three streams in the north west part of the town, a sufficient amount of water can be procured.

An ordinance has been passed closing drinking saloons during each hour belonging to the Sabbath.


City and Town.—A special city meeting will be held on Saturday evening of this week at 8 o’clock, to consider the layout of public streets. An adj. town meeting will be held next Saturday afternoon at 2 o’clock. A special town meeting, to consider the expediency of issuing bonds to cover the floating debt of the town, will be held at 3 o’clock of the same day.


Business Change.—H. C. Ransom, the famous dry goods man, has disposed of his stock of Dry Goods in this city, to Mr. J. H. Bunce, for many years in his employ, and well known to the trading public of this vicinity. Mr. Bunce will continue the business at the old stand. He proposes to offer an unusual large assortment of goods in a week or two; meanwhile his present stock is being rushed off at remarkably low figures. Mr. Bunce is a gentleman of strict integrity, possessing good business qualities. Success attend him.


Approaching.—The warm sun reminds one of the hot days fast approaching. It also brings to mind the cool and refreshing luxuries, in the shape of ice cream, strawberries, soda water with any flavor desired, which are its accompanyments. One of the most quiet and pleasant places where the above luxuries may be found may be mentioned as No. 62 west Court street. Try it and see if we are mistaken.


Westward.—Mr. Benj. Keyes, of this city, and for nearly twenty years in the employ of W. & B. Douglas as engineer, left for the west on Monday morning.—His fellow workmen presented him with a handsome testimonial on the morning of his departure.


Commencement.—The appointments for commencement at the Wesleyan University, are as follows: valedictory, Wm. N. Rice, Springfield; salutatory, George L. Westgate, Fall River; philosophical oration, James Mudge, South Harwich; ancient classical oration, Wilbur O. Atwater, Vergennes, Vt.; metaphysical oration, W. H. H. Phillips, Loughboro, C. W.; modern classical orations, J. N. Perkins, Hartford, Vt., and C. W. Wilder, Lowell, Ms.


Murder in Guilford.—Mr. E. C. Eggleston, a store keeper in the town of Guilford, was shot on Monday evening, while standing in his store door, by a young man named Andrew Knowles. There had been some difficulty between them by Eggleston refusing to allow Knowles to pay attention to his sister. After committing the deed, Knowles made his escape going towards Saybrook. Latest accounts say that Eggleston is improving and will probably recover. Knowles is still at large. The affair has caused great excitement in the town of Guilford.


Jeff. Davis.—A little over four years ago, says the Lewiston Journal, Jeff. Davis took leave of the United States Senate in a most arrogant, insolent and defiant speech, in which he informed the North that if they opposed secession with war, their rich fields and populous cities would become the prey of the Confederate soldiers. Sunday evening week, as he sneaked out of his capital city, the most contemptible of fugitives, his mind must have recurred to this old threat with feelings of peculiar bitterness and humiliation.


Ice cream at Putnam's!


1865 Circus comes to town!blog 65 05 17cblog 65 05 17d

From The Constitution, Wednesday, April 26, 1865 (volume 28, number 1426)

War News.

The rumors which have been circulating for some days about negotiations between Sherman and Johnston have at length taken definite shape. A courier from Gen. Sherman arrived at Washington last Friday, with the intelligence that that General had assumed the responsibility of arranging terms of peace with Gen. Johnston, and had agreed upon a temporary suspension of hostilities. At a Cabinet meeting held Friday night, the action of Gen. Sherman was disapproved by the President, by the Secretary of War, by Gen. Grant, and by every member of the Cabinet, and he was ordered to resume hostilities immediately. Lieut.-Gen. Grant left immediately, by a special steamer, to take supervision in person. A dispatch from Fortress Monroe announces his arrival at that place on Saturday. It is to be apprehended that these operations have given Jeff. Davis time to make good his escape, with the plunder of the Richmond banks.

Maj.-Gen. Canby reports that there were over 150 pieces of artillery found in the works around Mobile, with large quantities of ammunition and War supplies. The prisoners taken number about 1,000, and the cotton secured is about 3,000 bales.

All of Mosby’s gang have surrendered except himself; he has fled, and some of his late soldiers are in search of him, prompted by the offer, by Gen. Hancock, of $2,000 reward for the great guerrilla.

The Funeral Ceremonies on Wednesday.

From the information received from all parts of the country, it is safe to say nothing that has occurred since the organization of the government, has so moved the hearts of all the people, as the death of President Lincoln. The day fixed upon for the funeral ceremonies was universally observed, and in no part of the land with more apparent sincerity and unanimity than in Middletown—be it said to the honor of the heads and hearts of all our citizens. On Wednesday morning the whole city appeared in the habiliments of woe, and we are not of those who insist that any displayed, through fear of public sentiment, the outward symbols of sorrow which had not touched their hearts. It is one of those mighty afflictions in the presence of which prejudice, bigotry, partizan malignity and sectarian hate are awed into silence, and the soul, assuming its true dignity, is moved by those kindly sentiments and feelings which tell of the real nobility of human nature.

The day was one of the fairest that the season brings. At 10 a. m., the stores and other places throughout the city were closed; the church bells tolled from 11 to 12. One hundred minute guns were fired by the Douglas and Alsop Batteries commencing at 12 m. One of the largest meetings we have ever attended in this city, was held at the North Cong. Church, beginning at noon and lasting three hours. The house was crowded in every part, and hundreds went away unable even to get within sight of the exercises. The order of exercise was as follows:

Voluntary on Organ, and Singing.—Solo and Chorus, “Almighty Lord, before thy throne.”

Invocation and Reading of the Scriptures, Rev. Jeremiah Taylor.

Reading of Hymn—Rev. John Pegg.—“Why do ye mourn.”

Prayer—Rev. J. H. Gilbert.

Music—Solo and Quartette.—“Bow down thine ear.”

Address—Rev. Joseph Cummings, D. D.

Address—Rev. J. E. Bruce.

Music—Solo and Quartette.—“Rest, Spirit, rest.”

Address—Prof. F. H. Newhall.

Address—Rev. J. L. Dudley.

Hymn.—“God moves in a mysterious way.”


His Honor Mayor Warner, in opening the exercises, said:

The event which calls us together to-day is more momentous than any since the formation of our government, or any in the progress in the last decade of centuries. The personal embodiment of our nationality; of its power, sovereignty and dignity, the chief executive of the will of this people; the constitutional guardian of their rights, liberties and destinies; and as such the living symbol of constitutional form of governments, of human progress, of social and political equality; of civil and religious liberty, and of the high hopes of struggling humanity throughout the world, in the discharge and exercise of these sublime and almost divine functions and characteristics is struck down and at this hour lies straightened for the grave.

We have come to contemplate our dead President in the light, and through the gory shades of his tragic martyrdom,–we are gathered to contemplate those elements of his character which in their purity, simplicity and greatness have already silenced the voice of partizan malignity and hate; which has palsied the tongue of his defamers, and which have alike defied the scarcely less malignant and deadly touch of the assassin’s bullet; elements of character which defy any vicissitudes of time or eternity—which to-day can look Jehovah face to face and live, and which for all coming time, will command and receive the benediction of his countrymen and all future generations of men.

We are here under the shadows of a great affliction whilst the heart of the nation throbs its unutterable anguish at the tomb of its twice chosen chieftain; and apprehension, doubt and despondency seem to shut out and encurtain the future. Here, under the sanctions of our religion, around the altar and before the God of our fathers, we seem to see their martyrdoms walking in the gloom of their conflict; and they point to us the cheering, God-trusting motto which they inscribed upon the banners and which still beams upon us. We are here for invocation to that God to again place His bow of promise and peace in our political skies, and to indicate to this people the paths they can safely tread.

It is not my purpose to point out the moral of this calamity, and my poor common words would be mockery should I attempt to give utterance to the nation’s grief. But I cannot and will not forego the reflection,–almost a religious one—which steals over me and which seems also to have possessed the mind of our people, that the clotted shroud of this our dead, yet more than a living Cæsar, will be more powerful in impressing his virtues, his spotless example of political integrity upon the nation’s mind, more grand in its operations and effect in human events, more significant in the cause of liberty and justice, more weighty in the scale of human destiny, and more potent in moving the car of human progress, than he could have been had he moved in the sphere and accomplished the work which the partiality and choice of our people had assigned him to do.

Rev. Jeremiah Taylor, read numerous selections of Scripture. Mr. Pegg and Mr. Gilbert being absent, the hymn was read by Prof. Newhall and a lengthy and earnest prayer was offered by Rev. J. Taylor.

A Solo and Quartette was then given by a choir consisting of Miss Condon, Miss Ingham, Mrs. P. M. Wright, Mrs. Dr. Baker, Prof. Harrington, Messrs. J. N. Camp, Charles Stearns, and M. C. Elliott, under the direction of M. B. Copeland, Esq., who presided at the organ.

Rev. Dr. Cummings spoke with evident emotion. He referred in a touching manner to the sufferings of our soldiers in Southern prisons, and at the close of his remarks there were few dry eyes in all the vast audience. Dr. Cummings is always heard with pleasure by our citizens, but never have we seen his audience more interested than on this occasion.

Rev. Mr. Bruce spoke of the assassin, whose name, he said, is Slavery. He gave a number of facts and arguments to prove the correctness of the statement.

The address of Prof. Newhall was in every sense an excellent one. In closing he called upon all to swear by the Eternal God that no traitor shall press the soil or breathe the air of this land of Liberty—the home of Abraham Lincoln. The words were so well spoken and the sentiment was so acceptable that the audience, almost involuntarily loudly applauded.

Rev. Mr. Dudley said he had thought that the Rebellion had never done anything worthy of itself; and he had often wondered what dark and damnable thing would yet be disclosed. He wondered no longer—the deed was done. Then there was joy in Hell, and in some hearts not yet there. He spoke for nearly half an hour and the address was characterized by great earnestness and force,–at times by great beauty of thought and expression. The closing hymn was sung by the Choir and the benediction pronounced by Dr. Cummings.

The buildings throughout the city were with few exceptions, draped in mourning. Among which we will mention the Custom House and Post Office, which was heavily decorated, a full-length portrait of the late President being displayed in the porch; the Middletown and the First National Bank; the buildings of the fire companies with their flags at half mast; the store and windows of S. Stearns & Son, G. N. Ward, Wm. H. Ford, J. B. Southmayd, Chas. W. Hills, Foster & Vinal, H. C. Ransom, J. Bacon, N. V. Fagan, the rooms of the “Eurodelphians,” Bradley & Treadwell, Levy & Mooney, F. Brewer, J. S. Fairchild, J. Dessauer, H. D. Hall, Geo. Prior, J. D. Neale, E. Rockwell, Strauss & Schwartz, Benham and Boardman, H. Woodward, Miss Spaulding, E. Ackley, Mrs. Brooks, Misses Greenfield, F. D. Marvin, A. R. Parshley, Wm. Southmayd & Son, A. Kelsey, Adams Express and Telegraph offices. Among the residences were those of Mrs. J. K. F. Mansfield, Benj. Douglas, Dr. J. Ellis Blake, Mrs. Dyson, Miss Alsop, D. H. Chase, E. H. Roberts, Curtiss Bacon, Mrs. Woodward, Rev. M. Smith, J. W. Baldwin, D. Glover, Edwin Stearns, Wm. S. Camp, Misses Robertson, Mrs. Tobey, C. C. Hubbard, E. Loveland, H. Rutty, H. Boardman, S. G. Hurlburt, C. F. Collins, Beach, C. A. Boardman, N. Smith, J. S. Bailey, H. Cooley, J. W. Hayes, C. E. Putnam, H. Stancliff, A. Putnam, Miss M. Payne, A. Newton, J. G. Baldwin, Wm. J. Trench, J. W. Douglas, H. Ward, E. & F. Chaffee, M. Culver, C. C. Tyler, Mrs. Tompkins, Elijah Hubbard, D. J. Neale, J. Danforth, Mrs. M. Bradley, W. W. Wilcox, F. Comstock, Prof. Huber, E. Penfield, J. H. Sumner, Wm. Woodward, Dr. Gilman, H. G. Hubbard, J. H. Watkinson, A. B. Calef, G. M. Smith and B. C. Bacon. The flag of the Russell Manf’g Co., was trimmed in black and displayed at half mast. Several private dwellings in South Farms were appropriately draped including the store of Messrs. G. & J. Hubbard.


Wes students' tribute to Lincoln 1865


The Granite State was crowded with passengers on Monday, anxious to attend the funeral ceremonies of the President in New York. The body arrived there Monday afternoon.


Returned From the War.—George Loveland, eldest son of Elijah Loveland, Esq., of this city, returned to his home in this city last week, with an honorable discharge from three years service, in company A. 1st Conn. Heavy Artillery. He enlisted with Joseph Tobey, whose death we recorded a few months ago, a short time after the regiment had been in the field, and has remained faithful to his duty, without as much as a furlough, until his time of service expired. We acknowledge the receipt of a late Richmond paper.


Gov. Buckingham has issued a proclamation, withdrawing the State bounty of $300 to volunteer, or any person who may be mustered in the service of the United States, after the 17th inst.


A. S. Hotchkiss, (formerly of this city,) local editor of the Courant, was elected last week, clerk of the Board of Common Council, in Hartford. Good for Albert.


Editor of the Constitution:

Sir: I notice in your last paper that Samuel Birdsey, who once lived here, but now a traitor and rebel soldier, had returned (having lost his property south,) to receive and enjoy an ample property here, which his friend and agent had carefully managed for him, while engaged with his two substitutes in a warfare against the government. This fellow, after the battle of Bull Run, came here to look after his property, boasted of the masses of the south, sneeringly alluding to our defeat. Finding all safe, and leaving his property with his friend, he again started for his post in the confederate army, to assist in his cherished object of destroying the government. The war now being about closed, having done all he could to destroy our country, losing every penny south, returns to his native place to receive, from his faithful friend and agent, the property committed to his trust. The question seems to arrive, shall this rebel and avowed enemy be allowed to remain in this community, an eye-sore to every loyal soul, and living curse among us! Very tender and kind-hearted, indeed to their enemies, are the citizens of Middletown, if they allow it.



Messrs. Newtons: I am sorry to trouble you again, and should not, had not the Sentinel man (!) repeated his falsehood respecting repairs on the Turnpike. His motto probably is, “That a lie well stuck to is as good as the Truth.” In answer to my last communication he says, “That he certainly saw them [that is the City repairers and teams] at work at the point named.”

Now this is a repetition of his barefaced, unmitigated falsehood! and he knows it to be such. If he wishes light on the subject let him go to the archives of the Town; he will find there a written contract between the Town of Middletown and the Turnpike Company, made soon after it was chartered, conditioned that the Town shall keep the Turnpike in repair from where the Catholic Church now stands to Sumner’s Creek, for the consideration of Twenty five dollars per annum, and that from that time to the present, the Turnpike Co., have yearly paid the amount into the Town Treasury. We repeat, that the city have never, since the contract was made, worked at the point where the sharp vision of the Sentinel blunderhead says he saw them. I do not propose to notice any more of his malicious slanders. If it is any enjoyment to him let him go on, it hurts no one.



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From The Constitution, Wednesday, March 1, 1865 (volume 28, number 1418)

War News.

Charleston was evacuated by the enemy on the night of the 18th, leaving the several fortifications uninjured, besides 200 guns which they spiked. The evacuation was first discovered at Fort Moultrie, in the morning at 10 a. m. Part of the troops stationed at James Island crossed over in boats and took possession of the city without opposition. Previous to the enemy evacuating they fired the upper part of the city, by which six thousand bales of cotton were burned and it is supposed that before they could subdue it, two thirds of the city will be destroyed. A fearful explosion occurred in the Wilmington depot, by which several hundred citizens lost their lives.—Cause unknown. The building was used for commissary purposes, and situated in the upper part of the city. Admiral Dahlgren was the first to run up to the city, where he arrived at about 2 o’clock p. m. Gen. Q. A. Gilmore followed soon after in the steamer W. W. Coit, and had an interview with Gen. Schimmelfinnig, he being the first general officer in the city, and for the present in command.

Our troops entered Wilmington on the morning of the 22d instant. After the evacuation of Fort Anderson Gen. Schofield directed Cox to follow its garrison towards Wilmington, while Terry followed Hoke on the east side of the river. The latter took up a new line, four miles from Wilmington, but was so closely pressed by Terry that he could send no troops to the west side. On that side the rebels made a stand behind Town Creek, but on the 20th Cox crossed his troops below them on a flatboat, attacked them in the rear and routed them, taking two guns and three hundred prisoners. On the 21st Cox pushed to the Brunswick river, opposite Wilmington, where the bridges were on fire, and on his arrival the rebels began burning the cotton and rosin in the city, and left it that night. Our captures, including Fort Anderson, amount to about seven hundred prisoners and thirty guns. Citizens state that the rebels burned one thousand bales of cotton and fifteen thousand barrels of rosin.

Admiral Porter sends to the Navy Department an account of the operations of the fleet in the Cape Fear River. Immediately after the evacuation of Fort Anderson, the fleet under his command pushed forward as rapidly as possible toward Wilmington. After sounding and buoying out the middle grounds at Big Island, he succeeded in getting two gunboats over, and opened fire on Fort Strong, the fort commanding the principal obstructions, where the rebels had also sunk a large steamer, the North Eastern. Our fire soon drove the rebels away from the fort. On the night of the 20th inst., the rebels sent down two hundred floating torpedoes, but the Admiral had a strong force of picket-boats out, and the torpedoes were sunk with musketry.

The 22d of February, 1865,

Will be a day to be remembered in the annals of American history. The mind while wandering back to the years in which the noble Washington and compeers fought for national independence, and the establishment of one country and one destiny on these western shores, can trace through intervening years, the hand of a kind Providence, which has guided and upheld, until in this, the year 1865, the hopes long wished for and cherished, are appearing within our reach. The drawback to our true prosperity has been rolled away. Its foster brother, treason, is being crushed and driven from the land. Victory upon victory over the enemies of our country has been won by our armies on many battlefields, and will continue to be won until the last foe is subdued. We now have an idea of what our forefathers endured in establishing this government, and shall their children refuse to retain what was bequeathed them? The 22d of February will now have a new charm—for on that day of the present year could have been summed up the conquest of the state which has breathed forth hatred to republican and democratic institutions, and the re-possession of those forts which first belched forth with fire, the bitter fruits of secession. Hereafter “Old Glory” will wave from their ramparts with majesty and power.

The Fourth of March, 1865.

On the Fourth of this month, Abraham Lincoln will be inaugurated in his second term of office, chief Magistrate of the United States. When he first took the oath of office the sky looked threatening, and a terrible civil war was coming steadily on. But he was the man for the hour. Buckling on his armor, he has met the rebel hordes at every point, and at the close of his first term can claim that he has done his duty. The states which then defied the national power, now lie at the mercy of our armies. Within the last two weeks, every seaboard town has passed from rebel hands. What a contrast to four years ago. Then with hardly a ship at her disposal, or an army at command, a united north has fought the greatest conflict of the age, and has come out, victorious. In strength and power, she is to-day, surpassed by no other nation. As Abraham Lincoln commences his new term, it will be as the President of a free and united people. May we hope that wisdom will still be given him, that he may guide this noble ship of state safely through every storm until she reaches a haven where peace, unity, and prosperity, shall be her portion.


An old scissors grinder in Manchester, N. H., died on the 16th, and was supposed to have been in destitute circumstances, but an examination of his effects disclosed a bank book, showing a credit of $3000.

Some villains tried to burn a saloon in Stamford the other night, by lighting a pile of papers upon which they had poured a quantity of whisky; but the whisky had so much water in it that they gave it up.

The celebration of Washington’s birthday was observed in New York with unusually imposing demonstrations. The fall of Charleston added to the enthusiasm. Several regiments paraded, and in the evening fireworks were exhibited in several parts of the city.

A case of juvenile depravity has just been developed in Louisville, Ky. Caroline Miller, a girl thirteen years old, deliberately poisoned her father with arsenic, after having made an unsuccessful attempt to kill him with rat poison. Her excuse was she thought she might have a better home and less work to do if her father was dead.

Kate Gorman, No. 104 Prince street, New York, an attractive female, who has been a pickpocket ever since her eleventh birthday, and realized $45,000 from her operations was arrested on Wednesday and committed.

The New York merchants have decided to celebrate the national successes, next Saturday, March 4th, by meeting in the open air on Union Square, a military review, processions, salutes and bell ringing, to close with fireworks in the evening.


During a sudden and violent temperance spasm at Natick, Mass., Monday, a grand simultaneous movement was made by constables on all the rum shops and $400 worth of liquor seized. Half of it was stolen a night or two after, from a place where it had been stored.


The Pittsburgh Chronicle decides that petroleum oil will be exhausted when the ocean is and not before.

Local News.

February 22nd.—The students of Wesleyan University observed Washington’s Birthday with the usual firing of cannon in the day, and in the evening by a literary and musical entertainment at the Methodist church. Our only public hall that is desirable for such uses was secured for another celebration, and the ideas of reverence to the place some had, prevented them from decorating any further than to hang up one large flag. Every kind has a duplicate that there may be no loss; so the tribute, esthetic, combined our colors, red and white and blue, displayed by the genius of its graceful and spontaneous artists, music and oratory. The choir who sang were selected from the choirs of different churches.

The exercises began with singing “The Nation’s Prayer,” then followed prayer by Dr. Cummings, then “Ship of State,” a duet with male voices. A. F. Nightingale read the “Farewell Address” in a fine manner, the choir sang a “National Hymn,” and then came an oration delivered by S. K. Smith. Its subject was Washington, as character; that by whole truthfulness, love of just freedom, and wisdom that worships Deity, he was “Father of his Country;” that the greatness of his mind, benevolent, prophetic, has since been and will remain always the genius of the American people. The oration was altogether a pleasant one. “Our Native Land” was sung to “Auld Lang Syne,” Elder Pillsbury pronounced a benediction, after which we accomplished the squeezing out. May Wesleyan ever flourish!


The 22d of February was duly observed in this city, aside from its observance by the students of Wesleyan University. The good news of the possession of Charleston by the federal forces, added to the enthusiasm. Flags and streamers were flying in every part of the city, and citizen met citizen with a smiling countenance and joyous heart, (we refer to the loyal portion.)


The Alerts.—The members of the Alert Club of this city, have secured the services of Miss Anna Dickinson, for the evening of March 21st. Her subject will be “A Glance at the Future.” Further particulars will be announced hereafter.


For Liberia.—Mr. William Smith, who has spent some years in Liberia, is now in this city, and will receive any contributions in aid of the missionary cause in that country, which the citizens may contribute. His recommendations are satisfactory.


The ferry company are cutting out the ice and will have the boat running in a day or two. We understand that at East Haddam landing the ferry boat is running.


The River.—The crossing on the river for the past day or two has been exceedingly difficult even for foot passengers, and some have received a cold bath. The warm weather and rain raised the river and weakened the ice.


Sojourner Truth, a notable negro woman was admitted to see the President. She delivered to him her thanks for what he had done for her people saying at the same time that he was the only one who done anything for them. Lincoln rejoined, “And the only one who ever had such opportunity. Had our friends of the South behaved themselves, I could have done nothing whatever.”


Card of appreciation, 1865

From The Constitution, Wednesday, October 12, 1864 (volume 27, number 1398)

War News.

The rebels have disappeared from Altoona. Our victory there on the 4th was complete. Rebel surgeons surrendered their hospitals into our hands with from 400 to 600 wounded. An entire division attacked Altoona under Gen. French. Lieut. Amster 10th Wisconsin Battery lost a leg. Gen. Bradly telegraphed from Bridgeport, that the gunboat Gen. Thomas had arrived from Decatur, Ala., with news that Forrest’s train had been captured, and our forces are between him and the shoals, and that he was falling back towards the river.

In a recent dispatch it was mentioned that Gen. Sherman was taking means to protect his communications from the rebel forces operating against them. Dispatches received last night show the fulfillment of this expectation. Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas was sent to Louisville to organize the troops in his district and drive Forrest from our lines, while the attention of Gen. Sherman was directed to the movement of the main rebel army in the vicinity of Atlanta. On the 4th of October the rebels had captured Big Shanty, and were followed closely up by Sherman. On the 6th a severe engagement was fought by our forces under Gen. French, in which the rebels were driven from the field with heavy loss, leaving their dead and wounded in our hands. Gen. Smith, who left here the 5th, telegraphs that the enemy retreated last evening from Altoona, moving in the direction of Dallas, leaving his dead and from 400 to 600 wounded in our hands. Our loss is about 100 killed and 200 wounded. The railroad bridge near Ringgold was washed away yesterday.

Satisfactory reports of the operations in progress before Richmond and Petersburg have been received, but details are not at present proper for publication.

A dispatch from Gen. Stevenson reports an officer of Sheridan’s staff just arrived. Gen. Sheridan was still at Harrisburg. His supply trains were going on all right, occasionally intercepted by guerrilla parties, the only rebel force on the road.

A dispatch from Secretary Stanton gives the particulars of a rebel assault, on Friday, upon Gen. Butler’s lines, the repulse of the enemy after a severe engagement, by the Tenth Corps, under Gen. Birney. It appears that the rebels, about 7 o’clock, Friday morning, made an unexpected and vigorous attack on the cavalry of Gen. Kautz, and drove them, inflicting a small loss of men, but capturing his artillery, consisting of eight guns. The enemy then swept down the intrenchments upon Gen. Birney, by whom they were repulsed with heavy loss. At 3 p.m., Gen. Butler assumed the offensive, sending Gen. Birney, with two Divisions, up the Darbytown road. The enemy retreated, and Gen. Birney occupied the ground from which Kautz had been driven in the morning.


The rebel guerrillas have an ugly machine for throwing trains off the track. It is something like the frog used in getting cars on to the track. When placed on a rail it can scarcely be distinguished from the rail itself, and no engine can pass over even at the lowest rate of speed, without being thrown off. Six engines were thrown from the track this side of Atlanta before the cause was discovered.


Three of the Lake Erie pirates, officers in the rebel service, have been arrested in Sullivan county, Indiana, and taken to Indianapolis. They had receipts for making Greek fire and the chemicals for preparing it in their possession.


The Provost Marshal of Louisville and all his assistants have been arrested for kidnapping negroes and selling them as substitutes. The rules of the War Department prohibits most emphatically Provost Marshals or any of their attaches from being directly or indirectly engaged in the procuration of substitutes.

Some Things Worth Knowing.

In McClellan’s letter of acceptance he says: “All the arts of diplomacy must be exhausted in the attempt to procure a reconciliation between the rebels and the government.” There are some things connected with the result of the approaching election which it becomes moneyed men and all who have the best interests of the government at heart to consider. Would McClellan, if he should be elected, be the proper person in whose hands interests of such vast importance might safely be placed? Is he a statesman and diplomatist? Important questions would arise if the adjustment of the difficulties by diplomacy was attempted. The present administration has been called by the adherents of McClellan weak and vacillating. How is McClellan on those points? The New York Evening Post gives the opinion of one who knew McClellan well in early life, and has watched his course in subsequent years:

“The great danger which will attend his elevation to the Presidency will arise from the pliancy of his temperament. He always was and is now, by the constitution of his mind, a mere receptacle of the thoughts and purposes of other men. He never had an original idea or an independent volition. He was always a satellite of some stronger will, and acted only as he was impelled and guided by others. In his academic life he was the follower of such men as G. W. Smith and Fitz John Porter; in military life he has been guided by men of the same class; in domestic life he is ruled by the women about him, and in political life he will be blindly led by the counsels of Wood and Vallandigham.”

At the ratification meeting in New York Fernando Wood said that McClellan, if elected, “would entertain the views and execute the principles of the great party he represents. He is our agent, the creature of our voice, and as such cannot if he would, and would not if he could, do otherwise.” This is the opinion of all the leaders of that party. If McClellan should be elected it would virtually be giving power into their hands. What would be the result? They from the first have opposed the war, the issuing of paper currency, the funding of the national debt; in fact every thing connected with the progress of the war. If in power would they pursue a different course? They have claimed that the debt of the South would be paid. Would they not give their aid to such an event, even at the expense of the north? Capitalists and all others who have interests connected with the credit of the government should consider these questions.


A traveler’s Insurance Company has been started in Hartford. Capital, $250,000. You wish to go on a journey, you insure yourself in this company, and if the train goes off the track, and cuts you into splinters, it is a thousand dollars cash in your pocket.

Local News.

Town Meeting.—At the adjourned annual town meeting, held Saturday afternoon, Dr. Chas. Woodward, chairman, the following business was transacted. Two dollars per day and expenses were allowed the selectmen.—Town clerk’s salary raised $75 with an addition of $40 for office expenses. Treasurer’s salary raised from $50 to $150. Board of Relief, $2 per day. Col. John Wyse, just elected treasurer, after the reading of his report, tendered his resignation to the selectmen, giving as one reason, that while the duties of the treasurer were as arduous as that of either one of the selectmen, the remuneration ($150) was too small in comparison with that which one of the selectmen was receiving (between $500 and $600). The annual reports were read and placed on file. The indebtedness of the town is $123,000. A tax of 10 mills on a dollar was laid. A highway tax of ¾ of a mill and a school tax of 3 cts. on $100.


Gen. Geo. B. McClellan came in town Thursday morning. He is the guest of Joseph W. Alsop, Esq. On Friday evening he was serenaded, Colt’s Armory Band of Hartford and the several drum bands in this vicinity being engaged for the occasion. The General appeared, thanked the crowd and retired.


Wesleyan University.—Isaac Rich, of Boston, has offered to put up a library building to cost not less than $25,000, for the use of the Wesleyan University in this city, if the library fund now amounting to $11,000, be increased to $25,000. Efforts are being made to secure the requisite sum.


For Mt. Holyoke.—The senior class of Wesleyan University intend taking in a few days, a trip to Mt. Holyoke and Mt. Tom.


Mr. Geo. W. Garrison wishes to return thanks to the citizens for their liberal donations to the Freedmen at the south. $4125 in money was collected, together with three barrels of clothing.


The Annual Fair of the Middlesex County Agricultural Society was held in McDonough Hall on the 5th and 6th inst.

Although a County Fair, there was scarcely a contribution to the Hall from any other place than Middletown. For this reason, as well as for want of interest on the part of our citizens, the display was not large. So far as the products of nature were concerned, the Apples, Pears, Quinces, Grapes; the Potatoes, Turnips, Cabbages, Carrots, &c. were fully equal in quality to anything we have ever seen. Of manufactures and other evidences of domestic industry and taste, the contributions were few, but deserving of mention.—Conspicuous on the east side of the Hall, was the contribution of the Savage Fire Arms Company, a board with all the hundred single pieces that go to make up the Government Musket, in burnished detail, and a specimen of the complete weapon on each side, the whole surmounted with a fine portrait of Gen. Grant, and draped with the Stars and Stripes.

A case of several hundred insects, essentially of domestic culture, as many of them were raised from the chrysalis by the exhibitor, C. Barnes.

A pencil Drawing by Miss Lilly Pelton which deserves praise. The young artist may well feel encouraged with her early success. She bids fair to make a mark in this department. This was the only specimen of pencil work we noticed.

James H. Taylor exhibited a very handsome wreath of shells mingled with mosses.

A wreath of flowers very carefully pressed by Miss Helen Chapman.

Two mono-chromatic drawings by I. C. Eaton.

On the south side of the Hall, were three handsome bedquilts in piece-work exhibited by Mrs. Winslow, Miss F. D. Hubbard and Mrs. W. Miller.

There were two ottomans, one of hair cloth and worsted by Mrs. C. Skinner, the other, the more elaborate of the two, worked in raised worsted and beads by Mrs. S. W. Russell; an afghan by Mrs. Jane Merwin; two neat blankets by Mrs. S. W. Russell; with cassimere and articles of clothing from the store of Benham and Boardman.

Mr. F. A. Hart exhibited a stand of Hoop Skirts, suspenders, braces and supporters. It is a pity human nature should need any such things, and if it conducted itself as it ought, the latter could be dispensed with.

A luxurious looking sofa cushion by Miss Annette Hall; a large breakfast cape by Mrs. I. C. Eaton, very pretty, also a tidy by the same lady; another handsome worsted tidy by Mrs. Virginia Miller; two cake tidies, a worsted lamp-mat and tidy, both of the same pattern by Miss Maria Ward; a lamp mat by Miss Ida Miller; a pair of comfortable mittens, a pair of woolen hose, a pair of cotton hose very firmly knit, by Miss Hannah Crowell; a pair of worsted hose by Miss Harriet Crowell; two pair mixed woolen hose and woolen yarn by Mrs. F. W. Steuben; white woolen yarn by Mrs. Charles Hubbard; mixed woolen and while woolen yarn, with thirteen yards of linen, by Mrs. E. Boardman; one pair of woolen hose and one of cotton by S. G. Ely, and in striking contrast with these, by Mrs. E. J. Crawford, a pair of the smallest of small socks for some dear little feet that never ran to wickedness, but will perhaps—alas!

Under the head of embroidery ware—an infant dress, handsomely worked by Miss Ellen Shey; another very pretty, by Mrs. G. H. Prior; a tatting collar by Mrs. E. J. Crawford, a linen thread collar of fine quality, and worked handkerchief by Miss Almira Ward; a pair of neatly worked pillow cases by Miss Ann D. Hall; a robe de nuit, embroidered in a pretty pattern, by Miss F. D. Hubbard; a set of handsome toilet mats made of cord, by Miss E. Ward; Mrs. Susannah Lee, a lady of eighty-one years, displayed as an evidence of unimpaired facilities, a pair of tow silk hose, and one of flax, spun and knit by herself; Miss Alda A. Holloway, a little girl four years, exhibited pieces of patchwork, which though not as handsome as other specimens of needle work, deserve special mention, inasmuch as they were done by such little inexperienced fingers. Skill and taste were manifested in the beautiful articles turned from wood by Henry W. Skinner; a miniature rustic chair and picture frame made of twigs, by Miss Mary G. Brewer; a wreath of hair work by Miss Rhoda Savage; a vase of beautiful wax flowers true to life, by Miss Mary E. Hall; a handsome shell basket and cross by Miss Mary Miller; a glittering bead basket by Miss Hattie Woodward; hair flowers by Henry C. Beebe; a very large hair wreath in hair of every tint by Mrs. H. N. Rutty; a novel picture frame ornamented with putty by Miss Sarah Ward.

Mrs. E. J. Crawford exhibited a beautiful bouquet of worsted flowers which were very pleasing. A case of confectionery of almost every variety was exhibited by W. R. Arnold. It was impossible to test the quality of the candies, though many little hands made fruitless efforts, and many eyes looked longingly upon them. By Master William Newton, a case of curious coins about two hundred in number. A well-wrought miniature coffin by Charles Hills, happily too small for any practical purpose. E. Rockwell exhibited articles of Fancy Stationery and samples of book binding. The culinary department was represented by contributions of pies, cakes, bread and biscuit, which were nearly all tasted away.

It is to be regretted that so little interest is shown by the people of this County on our annual exhibitions. If each would do what he could, and all come with a disposition to co-operate in promoting the praiseworthy objects for which the society was instituted, general improvement and individual satisfaction and enjoyment would be the result.


The following is an extract from a letter written by Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson of New York, in answer to an invitation to attend a Union meeting:

“Believing General McClellan entitled to fair treatment, I am quite inclined to censure those who are proposing to distort his comely proportions by placing one foot in the sliding slippery surrender structure of Chicago, and the other on a vigorous prosecution of a patriotic war ‘on conservative principles!’ It requires too much tension of muscle, and is entirely unjustified at the present price of ready-made clothing. The Colossus of Rhodes though made of brass nearly equal to that of Chicago, fell in attempting to stand astride a much narrower gulf than separates these points, and as the general is well read in history as well as classic fable, he will have no apology for attempting an exploit of such unusual daring. Hoping for the success of the Union cause, and believing that our good land is to be rescued from the grasp of the despoiler, I am sincerely yours.”


1864 grocery ad

1864 Autumnal Festival

From The Constitution, Wednesday, September 21, 1864 (volume 27, number 1395)

War News.

Passengers by the mail boat report that Friday a large body of rebel cavalry made a raid on our reserved cattle herd, opposite Harrison’s Landing, and succeeded in carrying off the entire number, about 2500 herd. The guard taking care of these cattle was the 13 Pa. cavalry about 200 men, and of course could not make much resistance against such a heavy body of the enemy. The attack was made just before daylight yesterday morning. Our men attempted to open the fence and stampede the cattle so as to get them near our troops, but they were shot at while making this effort. Capt. Richardson, commissary of subsistence had charge of the herd which was the main supply for the army in front of Richmond. He had scarcely time to save his papers, and it is said our men lost their entire effects. Our cavalry started in pursuit, and it was believed that before night the entire lot would be caught and the rebels taught a severe lesson.

During the past two days 15th and 16th, both sides have been engaged in a continuous struggle of sharp shooting and artillery firing, particularly in the centre of the line. Over twenty ambulances were seen to come towards the place this morning where the struggle occurred, and to go back loaded, evidencing that the rebels paid dearly for their bad faith. It was thought several nights ago that this annoying practice would cease in front of the second corps as an agreement had been made both sides to that effect, but it is reported that the same night, as our pickets were on duty, they were fired upon and several killed. The pickets said they would have revenge when they had an opportunity, and when the rebels had a large number exposed, blazed away with terrible effect. The enemy have been busy for several days constructing a second line of works a short distance behind the first, and making it as strong as the other.

McClellan’s Letter.

Since the advent of McClellan’s letter of acceptance not a note of thanks has been expressed by the copperheads. Their only chance of success was that he would accept the platform with the nomination. The old war horses, convened at Chicago, had mixed the water and oil together and McClellan was to take the dose as prepared. But for some reason it was too much for the “Young Napoleon,” and his letter of acceptance can be viewed as embracing a platform of his own. The New York News, a thorough partizan copperhead sheet, declares that McClellan by his letter has declined the nomination at Chicago, and has placed himself before the public as an independent candidate. This want of harmony among the “unterrified” betokens either bad management, or a want of confidence among themselves. The resolutions which they claim express the views of the party have not a word of condemnation against rebels in arms, who have caused the sacrifice of thousands of lives and millions of treasure; to our soldiers who have bravely fought and suffered, no word of encouragement is offered; to the maimed and helpless, no protection is held out; to the widowed and fatherless not a word of sympathy, or a token of benevolence. All is reserved for their southern friends. How is it to be expected that a man who has attained notoriety by his connection with the army; who claims to have the good will of the soldiers; who refers with pride to his “past record,” which is wholly a military record—how can they consistently be brought together. If McClellan was true to his profession and to the principles which he utters in his letter, he would at once withdraw all connection with the party which assembled at Chicago, preferring to remain as a private citizen of the United States, than chosen its ruler thro’ fraud so brazen!


Mexico.—The Emperor of France is withdrawing his troops before Maximilian can well dispense with their aid. The communications between the capital and coast are threatened by Juarez, and the church is calling for the restoration of the property which had been confiscated. Maximilian finds his path a hard one.


There was considerable excitement in New London last week on account of the occurrence there of several cases of yellow fever, two or three of which have proved fatal. The disease was brought there by a vessel from Key West.

The Superior Court in session at New Haven has granted divorces for seven couples. Keep on and the divorces will out-number the marriages!

Gen. Cutler happily described the democratic platform when he said it had one end in Chicago and the other in Canada.

An intoxicated soldier, named Charles H. Mozier of the 18th Mass., was instantly killed, Monday, by jumping from the express train when it was at full speed, between Southport and Westport. His skull was broken and his body terribly mangled. It was said that he had made a bet that he could jump from the train while it was going at its highest speed.

Nathan Harrison of North Branford went to New Haven, Saturday. On returning, his hired man, George Wright, stole his ox team and drove off with it. It is supposed to have gone into beef.

There is a child in Seymour, says a Hartford paper, whose father, grandfather, great grandfather and great great grandfather are all living.

Eight fatal cases of diphtheria have recently occurred in East Killingly and vicinity, three in one family.

Rev. Mr. Van Meter’s Mission school in New York, opened two weeks ago, after the summer vacation, and 432 children have since been enrolled. On Friday he left to seek homes for several in New England.

Two or three weeks ago a man in Nashua, N. H., so poor that he was unable to pay the rent of a house and it being very warm weather, he and his family camped out in the open air. Last week he enlisted in the heavy artillery and was [able?] to purchase a farm in which to invest his $1200 bounty.

Gov. Johnson, of Tennessee, has obtained the requisite authority and is raising twenty thousand men for the purpose of clearing Tennessee of predatory rebel hands and guerillas.

On board the steamer Plymouth Rock, of the Stonington line, on Monday, the passengers were treated to a novel and interesting spectacle. No less than four couples were united in marriage in the main saloon.

The McClellan men are electing their candidates in the railroad cars, and as they report only the favorable results, they seem to be having it all their own way. The most unanimous for McClellan, lately reported, was that given by the bounty jumpers and deserters at the rendezvous in New Haven.—“Straws show which way the wind blows.”

The New York News says that the Peace Democracy are taking steps to call a national convention to nominate candidates for President and Vice President. The Ohio Statesman, the copperhead organ published at Columbus, announces the withdrawal of Vallandigham from the support of McClellan.


A large number of men, women and children collected on Saturday last in the woods down east of this city to hear the Moguls of a particular stripe on the affairs of the nation. It is supposed there were five thousand persons present. A large representation was there from the Union party from curiosity; and to know for themselves how far the democrats would disgrace the North in avowing the cause of the South in their open violence in marshalling with arms to destroy the best government in the world. This gathering went under the name of the “Copperhead Clam-bake.” C. C. Hubbard, Esq., of this city presided. Prof. Fowler, of Durham, was first on the speaker’s stand. He is a gentleman of pleasing address, of cultivated taste, and a scholar. It is to be regretted that he makes himself conspicuous by giving countenance to southern rebellion.

Mr. C. C. Burr followed Prof. Fowler. He is a disciple of Vallandigham. His talk was bold in defiance of conscription, provost marshals, &c., &c.

Mr. W. J. Hammersley, of Hartford, took the stand. He said what was equivalent to “them’s his [Burr’s] sentiments.” The report of the Courant gives him credit in his earnestness of “upsetting a stand turning the contents of a pitcher of ice water down the back of a rural apostle of peace.”

Mr. Alfred Hall of Portland, closed the speaking. His speech was short. It might here be remarked that the success of the federal arms knocks the copperhead logic into a cocked hat.

We give the following poetic effusion by a friend in this place:

The McClellan Clam Bake.

The feast of clams! the feast of clams!

xxxOn broken planks of peace was spread,

To speak against our guns and rams,

xxxThat soon will strike rebellion dead.

With words of wrath in this bright hour,

xxxThey made their fires and baked their clams,

And with a hissing, sickening power

xxxThey feasted on Chicago’s Rams.

They held a feast at this bright hour,

xxxTo stop the war in awful shame,

As victory beams on ship and tower,

xxxAnd crowns with pride our country’s name.

With traitor shouts they praise the rag,

xxxWhich basely hangs where traitors stand

And throw their clam shells at the flag,

xxxWhich floats to save our struggling land.

How vain their wrath; they might as soon

xxxWith clam shells stop the mighty stream

So near their camp of smoking doom,

xxxAnd banquet o’er their awful dream.

Who wants as chief, a man whose pen

xxxIs a white feather to our foe—

But plunging sword against the men,

xxxWhose loyal hearts no treason know.

Shame to this man who like the clam,

xxxThat creeping, slow, and striped shell,

Opens both ways—an awkward sham,

xxxBoth to the war and peace of hell.

O party weak with clam shell mouth,

xxxOn broken hinge in two sides split,

You curse the North and praise the South,

xxxBut down you’ll go into the pit.

Throw burning shells till treason yields,

xxxAnd freedom makes the land all one;

Throw lightning votes, with thunder peals,

xxxWhen grand November’s fight shall come.


Local News.

A handsome Lincoln and Johnson flag was thrown to the breeze this morning, in front of the headquarters of the Union party.


From Washington.—We have received the following from a subscriber in Washington, D. C.:

We fired 100 guns here at the Navy Yard with a good will. We regret that they could not be armed and shotted at the rebel capital. But where are the McClellan men? They are scarce here, I tell you. I am coming home in November just to give my vote for Abraham Lincoln—the first vote I ever cast.  H. M. B.


A regular Meeting of the Middletown Club of the RED, WHITE AND BLUE, will be held at their room, EAGLE HALL, Thursday Evening, Sept. 22d, at 8 o’clock.

Every Union man is requested to be present,

Per order.

Wesleyan University.

Killed, in battle before Petersburgh, June 16th 1864, Eli Weston Parkman, Captain in Baker’s Cavalry, a member of the class of 1866.

The class adopted at a special meeting the following resolutions.

Whereas, we are called upon to mourn a fallen comrade who has attested by death his devotion to principle,

Resolved, That we honor the heroic patriotism that led our brother to a glorious death and remember with saddened affection the christian virtues, the noble qualities of heart and brain that gave bright promise of a successful life,

Resolved, That we rejoice in the assurance that his spirit passed form the turmoil of conflict to the endless repose of Heaven,

Resolved, That we sympathize sincerely with the relatives and friends of the departed,

Resolved, That in token of our sorrow we wear a badge of mourning for thirty days,

Resolved, That copies of these resolutions be transmitted to the family of the deceased, and for publication in the Constitution and the Zion’s Herald.



H. T. EDDY, Committee.


The Burlington Vt. Free Press says that nine tenths of the soldiers in that city voted the Union ticket at the recent election. As one of them, wounded in one of the recent battles, came limping up the steps of the Town Hall, a democratic ticket vender thrust the democratic state ticket into his hand. He took the vote, looked at it very deliberately, and then with a dry emphasis which added greatly to the effect of his words, said: “What a fool I should be to go down and fight rebels for three years with my musket, and then come here to stab myself in the back with a piece of paper like that! No,” throwing the vote for Redfield & Co. from him, and drawing his forefinger across his throat, with a slow, resolute action—“I’d cut my throat before I’d vote that ticket.”


The cranberry culture is voted a failure on Cape Cod, the crop being too uncertain to make cultivation profitable. Many who have laid out thousands of dollars on bogs, have abandoned them altogether, they yielding no return for the outlay. The crop this season has suffered severely from the “fire-fly” and the drouth, and hence the yield will be small.


Fishing supplies, 1864

From The Constitution, Wednesday, September 7, 1864 (volume 27, number 1393)

War News.

Official dispatches from Admiral Farragut announce the surrender of Fort Morgan, Aug. 23d. After the surrender, the rebel general Page, disobeying all rules of honor and manliness, destroyed several wagons and threw away their weapons. A large number of prisoners fell into our hands. In the official Farragut says, “congratulate the general commanding upon the great success which attended his first efforts in this department. Nothing could have been more unanimous than our combined efforts. We had no ambition to excel each other but in the destruction of the enemy’s work, which was effectively done by both army and navy.”

Advices of Sept. 1st say that a rebel force, estimated at 10,000, with 12 pieces of artillery were within 17 miles of Nashville, Tenn., on the Murfreesboro pike. Gen. Rosseau with cavalry and infantry had gone to meet them, and at latest accounts had driven them three miles.

Affairs with the Army of the Potomac to Sept. 2d were progressing quietly. A monster 15 inch mortar mounted on a railroad car had been run up the road opposite Petersburgh and a few shells thrown into the city. Rebel deserters report Atlanta in our possession, with a large number of prisoners and that Richmond papers contain accounts of a battle on the 31st. That our troops were at first repulsed, but finally drove the enemy back with heavy loss, including three generals viz., Anderson, Patton, and Hardee. Rebel deserters further state that their loss in the fight with the 2d corps on the Weldon road was very severe but that they took a large number of prisoners. Gen. Lew Wallace, in company with Grant, visited Warren at the front yesterday. Rumor gives him an important command in that department.

Gen. Sherman’s official report of the capture of Atlanta has been received. It is dated 26 miles south of Atlanta, and says:

“As already reported, the army withdrew from about Atlanta, and on the 30th had made a break of the West Point road, and reached a good position, from which to strike the Macon road—the right (Howard) near Jonesboro; the left (Scofield) near Rough and Ready; and the centre (Thomas) at Couch’s. Howard found the enemy in force at Jonesboro, and entrenched his troops, the [illegible] about half a mile of the railroad. The enemy attacked him at 3 P. M. but was easily repulsed, leaving his dead and wounded.

Finding strong opposition on the road, advanced the left and centre rapidly to the railroad, made a good lodgment, and broke it all the way from Rough and Ready down to Howard’s left, near Jonesboro; and by the same movement I interposed my whole army between Atlanta and the part of the enemy intrenched in and around Jonesboro. We made a general attack on the enemy at Jonesboro, on the first of September, the Fourteenth Corps, Gen. Jeff. C. Davis, carrying the works handsomely, with ten guns and about a thousand prisoners. In the night the enemy retreated south, and we have followed him to another of his hastily constructed lines near Lovejoy’s Station. Hood, at Atlanta, finding me on his road, the only one that could supply him, and between him and a considerable part of his army, blew up his magazines in Atlanta, and left in the nighttime, when the Twentieth Corps, Gen. Slocum, took possession of the place. So Atlanta is ours, and fairly won. Since the 5th of May, we have been in one constant battle or skirmish, and need rest. Our losses will not exceed 1,200, and we have possession of over 200 rebel dead, 250 wounded, and over 1,500 well.”


The news which came over the telegraphic wires on Saturday last was most encouraging. Atlanta, the rebel stronghold, which it had been proclaimed over and over again by traitors, could not be taken, had fallen, and was in possession of the federal army. Gen. Sherman finding his forces insufficient to effect a complete investment of the city, effected another of his masterly stratagems, and threw a large force in the rear of Atlanta, taking possession of the railroad, and completely cutting off rebel supplies. Gen. Hood, therefore, blew up his magazines, destroyed his supplies, and decamped in the night, when the twentieth corps entered Atlanta. Thus ends a four months’ campaign, embracing constant marches over a distance of two hundred miles, ten pitched battles, and constant skirmishes.—The loss of Atlanta to the rebels is a heavy one. The fortifications were of immense strength, and it was their belief that it could be held. But, before the genius of SHERMAN their strength has been as naught, and the army hurled back with a crushing blow. The vast mountain ranges, which offered many a natural defence, have been passed, and now from Atlanta to the coast presents a nearly level country. Let loyal hearts rejoice. The success of our arms in the campaign of 1864 argues well. No backward step has been taken, and now, with high hopes and new vigor, will the cause progress until the close of the year shall witness a complete triumph over every enemy to our national government.


Soldiers’ Voting.—The majority in Connecticut in favor of the soldiers voting amendment is 10,043. Let the soldiers bear in mind that not a man who supports the Chicago platform voted in favor of the amendment.

Will They Do It.

One remarkable feature of the copperhead platform is, that throughout the whole of it, there is not the least rebuke of the rebels. Another is, that no word of encouragement is offered to the soldier who has sacrificed all for his country. To the men whom they claim will vote for their candidate, they offer no sympathy. By their silence on these subjects, only one conclusion can be arrived at, and that is, if they are successful and McClellan is elected, the Southern confederacy will be acknowledged and the claims of the soldiers repudiated. With a dismembered government they will ride rough-shod over right and justice, and sacrifice everything for the sake of gaining the friendship of the rebels. What think the soldiers of this? Are they ready to allow it? Only by voting for the Baltimore nominee can it be avoided. Say nothing against “traitors or treason, but stop the war at all hazards,” is the cry of the copperheads. The only “cessation of hostilities” which the brave soldier will allow, will be one which shall not strengthen rebel armies or lead to the recognition of southern independence.

Local News.


This question has been uppermost in the minds of the residents of this town. They have assembled together time and time again to devise ways and means to procure the necessary number of men. At a recent meeting, a vote was passed appropriating a certain amount of money to those who volunteered or procured substitutes, which it was thought would accomplish the object, and the selectmen were authorized to procure the money. Prominent members of the Union party stood ready to pledge themselves for half the amount required. But no money could be procured through the selectmen. At a subsequent meeting, legally called, the former vote was sustained and a committee appointed to act with the selectmen. But the selectmen took no notice of the action of the meeting, or even notified the committee as we are informed. That the money could have easily been raised, there is not a doubt, as one of the committee privately informed us that he had easily procured his proportion of indorsers; but he was not called upon by the selectmen; neither, at a subsequent meeting, called to hear the report of the selectmen and committee, could a selectmen be found in the room; the meeting therefore after approving the doings of former meetings adjourned sine die. Many of our citizens were therefore surprised on finding another meeting called to appropriate money to fill the quota and relieving “drafted men.” Without going into particulars regarding the real objects of those who issued the call, we will give the action of the meeting, which was well attended and expressed but one sentiment:

Voted, That the selectmen and committee be instructed to raise the money as voted at previous meeting, for the purpose of filling the quota of this town.

Voted, That in case the selectmen and committee cannot raise the money by guaranty or otherwise, that the selectmen be authorized and instructed to draw orders on the treasury.

Voted, to add to committee S. L. Warner.

The selectmen have peremptorily refused to draw a single order. On Friday last, a person was presented before the board who would volunteer and apply on the quota of the town provided they would give the order of $300. It was refused, and the man enlisted on the quota of Durham. Voters of Middletown, remember, if a draft takes place in this town, it will be increased in severity by the action of the present board of selectmen. We are now about 60 deficient, but the number could have been nearly if not wholly raised by proper efforts. Mark the action of the board and contrast it with the oft repeated expression of the people, whose agents they are.


The Draft.—Monday, Sept. 5th, was the day set for the draft, but it has been postponed till the 15th, and all the bounties will be paid to that date. Let Middletown meantime, fill her quota, as that is the only way of escaping the draft. Hartford, New Haven, Meriden, Portland and many other towns in the state have already filled their quota. Cannot Middletown stand by their side?


The news of the fall of Atlanta created quite an excitement in this city on Saturday. Loyal men rejoiced. In the evening, Eagle Hall was opened, without notice or invitation the citizens assembled in large numbers. A meeting was organized, Hon. Benj. Douglas, chairman. Speeches were made by Hon. S. L. Warner, Bartlet Bent, Esq., and others. Cheers were given for the heroes of Mobile and Atlanta not omitting the Lieut. General now in the field. The meeting adjourned at a late hour, on giving three rousing cheers for the nominee of the Baltimore convention.


The Sentinel says that one hundred guns were fired by the young men of Middletown on the receipt of the news of the nomination of McClellan. We beg leave to say that the “report” of the guns has not yet reached this city.


Wesleyan University.—The fall term of Wesleyan University commenced on Thursday last. The Freshmen class numbers nearly 40.


Attacked.—A little son of Mr. Fisher, living in the lower part of Main street, while passing down Union street one day last week was attacked by a cow, which was in the street, and narrowly escaped serious injury. The cow threw him some six or eight feet, and was proceeding to further demonstrations when the boy was rescued by passers by. We understand that this is not the first instance of the kind that has been made by the animal.


Sad Accident.—Mr. Nelson Skinner, of Higganum, while engaged on the 24th ult. in digging a well, when in the act of lowering a tub of stone, was struck by the windlass and precipitated head first into the well. He was taken out alive, but was unable to speak, and died in a few minutes. He was a worthy and respectable farmer, beloved by all who were acquainted with him.


Queen Victoria has received an offer of marriage. The eccentric Emperor of Abyssinia says a Paris paper, is the aspirant to the hand of the Royal lady. We are told that he made his offer through Mr. Cameron, the English consul, and had that gentleman put in chains when some time had passed without the arrival of a reply to his suit. When her Majesty heard of Mr. Cameron’s imprisonment, it is stated that she wrote to the King by post, politely declining his offer, and begging that her representatives might be released.


Medicinal beer, 1864

From The Constitution, Wednesday, August 17, 1864 (volume 27, number 1390)

War News.

The government has official dispatches from Dauphins Island, saying that everything is going on favorably at Mobile, and there is every prospect of a speedy and brilliant success. From Sherman’s department, too, the news is encouraging. Sheridan is doing excellent service and will soon be heard from at an important point. The Richmond Examiner of the 9th says that Admiral Buchanan’s wound is doing well. He with other prisoners and federal wounded are at Pensacola. Fort Morgan holds out yet. Fort Gaines is occupied by the federals.

Gen. Farragut lost one monitor vessel and one gunboat in the action. The rebel iron clad Morgan lies at Mobile wharf but slightly injured. While the steamer Reliance of the Revenue service was in great Wicomic river, Northumberland County, Aug. 13th, for the purpose of taking off a family of refugees who were represented as being in a starving condition, one of her boats was attacked by a large party of guerrillas on shore armed with rifles. The Reliance opened upon them with shell and small arms, in the hope of driving them from the woods, but after a few rounds had been fired, gallant Capt. Dungan fell and died in an hour. The captain of the pivot gun, Thomas Roberts, was also severely wounded. The firing was kept up by the Reliance until the fire of the rebels was silenced, but not having sufficient force on board to land she was compelled to turn down the river with the loss of her boats and crew, coxswain Ayers, and four colored men. The body of Capt. Dungan arrived here this morning.

Farragut’s Account of the Fight.

At an early hour on Friday, our fleet, lashed two and two, sailed into the Pass close up under the guns of Fort Morgan, pouring in broadside after broadside of grape and canister—thus driving the gunners of the fort from their pieces and leaving our vessels exposed only to the fire of Forts Gaines and Powell, which were, of course, less effective on account of the distance. At the same time Gen. Granger’s land batteries enfiladed Gaines and caused the evacuation and blowing up of Powell. In passing the forts the Oneida received a shot which temporarily disabled her machinery, but she was safely towed through the fire by her consort.

Our monitor Tecumseh was one of the foremost. A torpedo, exploding beneath her bottom, she sunk almost instantaneously, carrying down all her officers, only ten of her crew escaping. She was commanded by Capt. Lewis Craven. Our loss on this vessel was about one hundred. The gunboats having passed the forts, and being out of their reach, were pursued by the formidable ram Tennessee, and three iron clad gunboats—the Selma, Gaines and Morgan. Our vessels immediately attacked the ram, and battered him so effectually that he surrendered in a few minutes by hanging out the white flag. Admiral Buchanan, the Commander, lost a leg, and with all his crew, are prisoners in our hands.—There were only 3 killed on the Tennessee. She was but slightly damaged, and it is probable that Farragut has her fit for action by this time. We also captured the Selma, of which Capt. Murphy was the commander.—Lieut. Prentiss, of the Monongahela, lost both legs. He is a gallant officer, and has a young wife in this city. Capt. Malaney, of the Oneida, lost an arm. All the wounded will be sent to Pensacola. Our loss is two hundred and forty killed and wounded. The two remaining rebel gunboats fled under the guns of Fort Morgan for protection; one of them is aground, and the Admiral is confident that he can destroy them to-day. He has not the slightest doubt of his ability to reduce the forts. But their capture will not give us command of the city, which is extensively fortified at Dog River and elsewhere.

The Hartford, Farragut’s flagship, was heavily engaged, losing one officer, Higgenbottom, Secretary to the Fleet Captain, killed, together with 20 of her crew, and 26 wounded. All our vessels were wooden except three.

Recruiting in Europe.

A new system of foreign enlistments seems to have been established by the enterprising people of Boston which will aid them materially in raising their quota. The British steamer Bellona has recently brought some hundred recruits from abroad. The men were of different nationalities, but were collected in Belgium under the direction of Julean Allen, formerly colonel of a well known organization called the “Polish Legion,” recruited in New York city, in the early part of the war. It is said that it was not difficult to collect them, six hundred being gathered in three weeks. As soon as it was known that men would be transported to this country, they came in from all directions, and many of them, elated at their prospects, marched about the streets of Antwerp in procession, carrying rags to represent banners. It is said that the Belgian government would not permit the embarkation of the emigrants without a careful examination, and the signing of a contract by each person, which was to be a certificate that he went by his own desire, a copy of which was to be left with the custom house officers, else the necessary clearance papers for the vessel could not be obtained. When at sea regular drills constituted a part of the daily exercises. The facts are known in Europe, but no efforts have been made as yet to put a stop to it. Whether it will be a complete success remains to be seen. It is said that another vessel has loaded and will be in Boston harbor in a few days.


From Europe.—The steamer Persia from Liverpool arrived at New York on Friday the 12th inst. The news is not important. The Liverpool Mercury says that Capt. Semmes with a number of officers, belonging to the southern service, had departed, but their destination was only known to their private friends. In the House of Commons, Lord Palmerston made some explanations as to the Danish question, and stated that the negotiations at Vienna would be carried on solely between the belligerents, the English government having no intentions of interfering further. Parliament was prorogued on the 29th ult., the Queen’s speech delivered by the Lord Chancellor, in which she regretted that the endeavors to bring about a reconciliation between the German Powers and the King of Denmark had not been successful. As regards American affairs, she deeply laments that the civil war has not been brought to a close. She will, however, continue to observe a strict neutrality between the belligerents, and would rejoice at a friendly reconciliation between the contending parties.

McClellan Demonstration.

A large McClellan meeting was held in the city of New York on Wednesday evening. In numbers it was entitled to all the importance that can be attached to it by the opposition press, but that is all that can be said in its favor. No prominent speaker was present, nor were the addresses listened to with any interest by the immense mass of people who had gathered together, influenced by wary politicians who wished to make a demonstration in favor of their petted candidate. Without doubt, McClellan stands at the front with the democracy of the city of New York. With the means at their command, such large demonstrations are not to be wondered at. What turn matters will take at the peace meeting to be held at Syracuse this week, at which it is said Vallandigham will be present, remains to be seen.


An exchange calls attention to the copperhead sense of the fitness of things as evinced by the change in the time of holding their national convention from the 4th of July, the birthday of American Independence, to the 29th of August, the birthday of Benedict Arnold.


The people of Colorado will vote in a few days upon the question of accepting a State Government, in pursuance of the enabling act passed by Congress at its last session. A letter from the territory, intimates that the constitution will be rejected by a large majority. The population of Colorado is estimated at 25,000. The aggregate cast for members of the Constitutional Convention was less than 800. It is thought that two thousand votes cannot be obtained for a State Government.


Dr. Livingstone, the African explorer, is on his way home. He reached Bomday on the 13th of June, after a voyage of forty-two days from Zanzibar in his own steamer, the Lady Nyassa, and is expected to reach England in time for the meeting of the British Association in September.

Local News.

The Election on Monday on the amendment to the State Constitution allowing soldiers in the field the right to vote passed off in this city quietly. The result is most satisfactory. A majority of 333 was given for the amendment. The following is the vote:

Yes. No.
1st District, 160 54
2d   “ 284 139
3d   “ 63 27
4th  “ 57 11

Cromwell gave 86 yeas, 55 nays—majority 31.


Police Court.—Before Justice Putnam.—State vs. John Donovan, assault and breach of peace, fined $2 and costs.

State vs. Matilda, Elizabeth and Mrs. Elizur Spencer, assault and battery. Matilda and Elizabeth discharged, and Mrs. Elizur fined 50 cts. and costs.

State vs. John Baldwin, vicious and idleness, sent to State Reform School for two years.

State vs. Henry Kresing, assault and battery, sent to State Reform School for four years.

State vs. Alexander Langdon, stealing, found guilty and fined $7 and costs, and imprisonment in Haddam jail, 30 days. While confined in the watch house awaiting transportation to Haddam some friend kindly unlocked the door, and Mr. Langdon immediately took [leg batl ? illegible] for parts unknown.

State vs. Hannah Mackintosh, for prostitution, fined $5 with costs, and imprisonment in Haddam jail 90 days.


Obituary Record of Alumni of the Wesleyan University, Middletown, for the Academic year ending July, 1863 and July, 1864:

Thomas Hicks Mudge, class of 1840, died at Baldwin City, Kansas, July 24th, 1864; Eben Tracy Whittlesey, class of 1843, killed in battle August 30th, 1862; Zebina Thomas Dean, class of ’46, at Milan, Ohio, Dec. 25, 1862; Rev. John Hall Newton, class of ’47, at Middletown, Aug. 18, ’63; Wilbur Fisk Loomis, class of ’51, at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 7, ’64; Samuel Rogers Adams, class of ’51, at Springfield, Ohio, Dec. 14, ’62, from disease contracted in the service of his country; Oronando Nelson Brooks, class of ’51, frozen to death in Trinity Mountain, California, in ’61; Franklin Aannahs, class of ’52, in camp Aug. 8, ’62, while Captain in the 81st N. Y., regiment; Denison Gage, Jr., class of ’55, at Mt. Vernon, Iowa, July 25, ’63; John Wheaton Smith, class of ’57, at his home in Rhode Island, in 1863; John Henry Moore, class of ’59, at Augusta, Me., Aug. 25, ’63; Seymour Augustus Smith, at Washington, Oct. 28, ’62, from injuries received by a railroad accident while on his way, as a member of the 152d N. Y. regiment, to the front.


The Richmond Whig of the 9th congratulates the city that it is about to be relieved of the superabundance of old women; authorities will give passports north to all old women who desire it.


Sewing machine ad, 1864

From The Constitution, Wednesday, August 10, 1864 (volume 27, number 1389)

War News.

The Nashville Union says of the battle before Atlanta on the 28th ult., that the rebels made several assaults on our fortifications in solid columns, but were each time completely repulsed, losing heavily. The greater portion of their dead and wounded fell into our hands. Three of their generals, S. D. Lee, Stewart and Loring, were severely wounded. Lee’s presence shows that the rebel troops lately in Mississippi have been called to Hood’s assistance.

Stoneman sent a force of cavalry consisting of Longs and LaGranges brigades, 3,200 strong, on the 26th, under Gen. E. L. McCook, to destroy the Macon and Western road. They succeeded in destroying 18 miles of the road and started to capture a rebel train of 500 wagons which were going from Atlanta to Macon or Columbus. McCook captured the train with near 509 men, including 127 officers. The wagons were laden with valuable stores, including liquors, and the private papers of Hood. After possessing themselves of what they wanted our men burned the wagons.

Gen. McCook then started to return with his prisoners and three hundred mules, but was overtaken by the rebels in force under Ransom. This force was so large as to completely surround our forces. A desperate engagement ensued, in which many of our men escaped and found their way to Marietta. The number of federals captured is supposed to be 2,000. This disaster is attributed to partaking too freely of the liquors found in the captured rebel train.

A letter dated one mile from Atlanta, 31st of July, from a prominent officer there, to another here, says: “Fires are now burning in Atlanta. They indicate that Hood is destroying a large amount of property but whether with the view to the evacuation of the place or not is unknown.”

A witty rebel soldier at Atlanta explained the quietness which reigned in Sherman’s army for a few days by saying that since Johnston had retreated, the confederacy had become so narrow that Sherman was afraid to fire lest he should hit the Union soldiers on the coast.

Information was received at the headquarters department of the gulf on Thursday, that Admiral Farragut had passed Forts Morgan and Gaines, which had been supposed to command the entrance to Mobile Bay. He is therefore, if the information is correct, with a part of his fleet, between the forts and the city, and the former must speedily surrender.

A rebel battery on the north side of the James river had become very annoying. Quite an engagement took place this morning between it and our gunboats, and it was finally forced to limber up and leave.

The weather continues very warm and considerable sickness prevails among the troops, who suffer principally from diarrhœa.

St. George Court House was wantonly set on fire and destroyed this morning by some soldiers. A letter from the Army of the Potomac, dated Saturday morning, says the rebels blew up a mine yesterday evening before dark, in front of the 5th corps, but as they had not dug to within forty yards of our works no damage was done. They also attempted to make a charge, cheering loudly, but must have been considerably chagrined at finding themselves so far from our lines. Considerable firing was kept up for an hour. The enemy’s loss was heavy, ours very light. All quiet this morning.

Early has been moving up the valley toward Winchester with his heaviest trains during all the last week, scouring the country for conscripts and grain, consequently making but slow progress. Information received a week ago that the rebels would make a feint movement on Maryland merely to cover his return trains has been verified to the fullest extent, and they are now all moving off toward Staunton. Later intelligence informs us that the rebels have retreated homeward. They have again eluded the preparations made for their capture. It is thought that under the new commander the rebel inroads into our state will cease.


The Richmond Sentinel of Aug. 5th, announces that seventeen federal vessels 94 ships and 8 iron clads) passed Fort Morgan this morning. The Tremench, a monitor, was sunk at Fort Morgan. The Tennessee surrendered after a desperate engagement with the enemy’s fleet. Admiral Buchanan lost a leg and is a prisoner. The Selma was captured. The Gaines was beached near the hospital.—The Morgan is safe, and will try to run up tonight. The enemy’s fleet have approached the city. A monitor has been engaging Fort Powell all day.

How Can It Be Done?

The question how can peace be established while the rebels demand a separate government, has been open for discussion since the commencement of the war, but has never been satisfactorily answered by the peace negotiators. The war has been a protracted one, full of hardship and suffering. Not one word would be said against quiet times again, but what we long for, is not a delusive and transient tranquility, but a substantial, genuine, durable peace. This can never be obtained as long as the south demand separation. Numerous questions and vexations would arise which would furnish subjects for controversy, and inevitably produce war. The public debt, our boundary line, the navigation of the Mississippi and public lands would be difficult problems to solve. The question of to-day whether there shall be separation or not, can be settled at far less cost now, although the war shall be of long duration. A cessation of hostilities at the present time would afford the south a chance to recuperate, to obtain a navy, import supplies and munitions, and renew the contest again, more formidable than she is at present. Such an opportunity should not be afforded. Unless the peace agitators can satisfactorily solve the problem, it is far better to fight it out. Now is the time to strike at the heart of the rebellion. Never were we so strong or the south so weak. We are gaining control of rebel territory, and augmenting the privations of the south. While no proposition from the rebels, asking for peace on proper grounds should be rejected, it is our plain duty to prosecute the war until the desired end is accomplished. With a hundred thousand more men in the field without delay, it can be accomplished before the closing of the present campaign.

The Right of Soldiers to Vote.

On Monday next the electors may vote on the proposed amendment to the constitution of this State giving the soldiers in the field the right to vote. The question is an important one. It has heretofore been considered that no citizen taking up arms in the military service, either at the call of the President or Governor, lost the rights of franchise. During the war with Mexico the soldiers from Pennsylvania voted on the Presidential question. Their votes were recorded unchallenged. It is a right which the citizen does not forfeit by entering the military service. It was only for the friends of the rebellion to make an argument like this. It is only necessary to bring it before the people to have it decided in the affirmative. To those who have absent sons or brothers in the army, it is hardly necessary to ask, would you have them disfranchised. Go then to the polls on Monday next, and see that your friends go also. Should the amendment be lost, it will but incite the opposition to further and stronger measures, until the elective franchise will be destroyed altogether. We know that it is the will of this State that all who are willing to die for her, should have the privilege of voting and taking part in her legislation and the execution of her laws. Their sufferings will make them prize more dearly her institutions and laws, and thus remembering them when absent, encourage them in their brave endeavors to subdue the rebelling. Voters of Connecticut, do your duty on Monday next and no hard or bitter thought will trouble our brave boys now in the army. Remember, the polls are open from 9 a.m., until 4 p. m.


Rev. Daniel Waldo died at Syracuse on Saturday the 30th ult., aged 102 years. He was born in Connecticut in September, 1762. He graduated at Yale College in 1796, and soon after entered the ministry in the Congregational church. In 1850 he was elected Chaplain in the House of Representatives. He had been remarkably strong and active, having frequently preached two sermons in one Sunday within the past year. By his death the number of revolutionary pensioners is reduced to eleven.

Local News.

Substitutes.—Messrs. Parker and Campbell have furnished substitutes for the following persons, during the past week: Moses W. Terrill, Samuel L. Warner, William Robinson, Patrick Dolan, Alva B. Coe, Walter P. Hall, Chas. G. R. Vinal.

Lieut. John G. Crosby has entered during the week substitutes for Elmore Penfield, Thomas Walsh, John Leonard, John R. Henshaw and E. R. Savage.

Frank Coe, Osian Atkins, Chas. R. Miller, J. Neale and one or two others, procured substitutes through other channels.

There is no better investment than for those liable to the draft, to enter their names for a substitute and be exempted for three years. Are there not a few among our wealthy class, although not liable, but from patriotism and the desire to end the war successfully, would furnish a substitute and be represented in the army? It is only by earnest efforts that we shall fill our quota.


Drafted.—Prof. F. H. Newall, of the Wesleyan University has been drafted in Boston, where he had been enrolled previous to his removal to this city. It is a question whether the draft in Massachusetts can hold him.


We have before us a copy of the “Financial Exhibit” of the condition of this Institution, prepared for the use of the Joint Board at its late meeting; and from it we have selected the following items of information that will be interesting to many of our readers.

The whole property of the University is valued at $255,488.47, the buildings used by the University, and other real estate being estimated at $61,150.00. The value of the Library, Apparatus, and Cabinet of Natural History (including the Frankfort Cabinet of minerals) is put at $12,808.77. The rest of the property, amounting to more than $150,000 is in the form of “Bank Stocks,” “Bonds and Mortgages,” “Bills Receivable, &c.” Besides this the New York Conference holds in trust for the University nearly $18,000, the income of which is annually received by the Institution. On this there is an indebtedness of nearly $28,000.

Turning now to the Income and Expenditures for the past year, we find the following results, viz: Received of students during the year as Tuition, Room Rent, &c., $2,721.05, or a little more than $20 for each, on an average, taking the average number as 130, though the Catalogue contains the names of 132.

The income from funds variously invested, was $17,389.24, making the total income for the year, including a small balance on hand at the beginning of the year, a little more than $20,000.

The Expenditures for year were $18,347.45, but this includes $2,541.66, which really belonged to the preceding year; so that the full expenses of the College for the year were only $15,805.79.

The old friends of the Institution here and elsewhere, who in former years have watched its progress with interest, will be not a little gratified to know that its pecuniary condition has become so much improved, and will indulge the hope that in the future a still higher degree of prosperity awaits it.


Police Court.—Before Justice Putnam. State vs. Lewis Nerus, for stealing various sums amounting to nearly $100 from the Farmer’s & Mechanic’s Hotel. The proprietor, Capt. John Dickenson, upon discovering the theft, after taking all but five dollars from the boy, allowed him to leave town. It was afterwards discovered that he was an old rogue, and that he had managed after being dismissed by the captain, to appropriate nearly $70, part of it in gold, belonging to the hostler, Michael Myrtle. He was arrested in New York by officer Wilcox, and bound over for trial, to the Superior court.

State vs. John Cranney, assault and battery of his wife, found guilty and fined $3 and costs, paid up.

State vs. John and Harriet Grumley, vagrancy; sent to Haddam jail for thirty days.

State vs. Edward Nichols and James Canfield, for stealing fruit from the garden of E. F. Sheldon; fined fifty cents and costs, paid up.

State vs. Patrick Cummerford, resistance to officers; bound over to Superior court in $200 bonds. Also for breach of peace, fined $1 and costs.

Before Justice Willard. State vs. Capt. Simmons, an old Boston pilot, for taking $100 from the schr. B. F. Brainard, all except $3 being found on his person. In defence the Capt., said that he was not guilty and it was very strange how the money came in his possession; bound over to Superior Court.


The other day a ragged newsboy was moving his bare feet at a lively rate over the pavements of Providence yelling out—“Washington ‘tirely ‘srounded!” “What!” said a gentleman, who, however, did not seem inclined to buy a paper—“What’s Washington surrounded by?” “Forts,” answered the youth as he dashed away.


One way the New Yorkers have of impressing people with their greatness is keeping in Broadway their policemen, who are six feet or more in height. No one under six feet is allowed in the Broadway squad.  Prov. Jour.


Palm reading, 1864


From The Constitution, Wednesday, July 13, 1864 (volume 27, number 1385)

War News.

The cashier of the Chambersburg Bank telegraphs to the cashier of the Harrisburg Bank that the campaign is ended in that locality; the rebels have retreated from Hagerstown, and requesting him to send back the tellers with the money and the securities of the bank. The road is all right from a point ten miles westward of Martinsburg and from Harper’s Ferry east to Baltimore. The rebels have so far only operated on some 25 miles of the road, on which they have only destroyed the more important buildings, which can be rebuilt in two or three months. Possibly Hunter has already struck a blow at the rebels in their rear. No excitement here. Our people are as cool as the weather will permit. A dispatch from Harper’s Ferry this morning confirms the evacuation of that place by the rebels, and say our troops again hold it. The old flag floats once more over it.

The news from the Upper Potomac can barely be said to have taken a more definite shape than heretofore—although we have a statement that on the 8th, the raiders appeared in considerable force five miles from Frederick City, that our forces discovering the rebel strength, retired, and were followed by the enemy to within one mile of the town. At this point, however, their progress seems to have been arrested by Gen. Wallace, who was in a position effectually to foil the rebel plans. From Georgia and the advance of Sherman we learn that there has been no fighting since the 27th ult. The rebels under Johnston are reported to have crossed the Chattahoochee, on their to Atlanta, but accounts on this point are not positive. The mail steamer Keyport brings news that at the hour she left City Point, heavy firing was heard in the direction of Petersburgh—whether it amounted to anything more than an artillery duel was not known. The hospitals at City Point have been cleared of nearly all the sick and wounded and many members of the Christian and Sanitary Commissions are on their way home.

A fearful accident occurred on Wednesday, 6th inst., on the Chattanooga railroad, near the tunnel. Three hospital trains were coming up, loaded with sick and wounded soldiers. Two of the trains which were some distance ahead of the other, stopped this side of the tunnel. The rear train by the extraordinary negligence, or something worse, of the engineer, ran into the train of seven cars before it, containing three hundred soldiers, and pitched them down an embankment about forty feet high, making a total wreck of three cars—killing three persons outright, and mortally injuring four others. The enraged soldiers would have murdered the guilty engineer, but he fled into the woods and escaped.

Important From Maryland.

An official report from Maj. Gen. Wallace, just received, state that a battle took place between the forces under his command and the rebel forces, at Monocacy, on Saturday 9th inst., commencing at 9 o’clock a. m., and continuing until 5 p. m.; that our forces were at length overpowered by the superior numbers of the enemy, and were forced to retreat in disorder. He reports that Col. Seward, of the New York Heavy Artillery, was wounded and taken prisoner, and that Brig. Gen. Tyler was also taken prisoner; that the enemy’s forces number at least 20,000 and that our troops behaved well, but suffered severe loss. He is retreating to Baltimore. The troops engaged in the fight at Monocacy Bridge yesterday, the 10th, formed in line of battle on the left of the railroad, and on this side of the river, on our right. Our skirmishers were attacked by cavalry from the Hagerstown pike, when they fell back across the river in good order and with slight loss, fighting all the way. After crossing they succeeded in checking the advance of the enemy, and held him here a long time. About 10 a. m., a desperate attack was made by dismounted cavalry, which was repulsed, and notwithstanding they repeatedly tried to dislodge our men from their position but they did not succeed. Their loss here was very heavy. About 3 p. m., heavy bodies of the enemy were discovered to be moving upon our left, having crossed the river some distance below, and our troops had to abandon their position and fall back. Our loss in the action is said to be about 1,000 killed, wounded and missing. Gen. Tyler was in command of some hundred days men, and how he was captured is not known. The enemy levied a tax on Middletown, Md., of $20,000. Women were reported to have been assaulted their clothes stolen, and numerous outrages were committed. The rebels are supposed to be Ewell’s corps. They are reported to be now marching on Washington.—They set fire to Frederick depot and the barn adjacent. The enemy are now reported at Elliot’s Mills. Gen. Wallace is falling back toward Baltimore. The telegraph, however, is still working to Martinsville, which is beyond Elliot’s Mills, so that the report of rebels being there is premature. Their scouts, however, are believed to be within fifteen miles of the city. We are still not without good hopes of being able to prevent the entrance of the rebels into the city. Secessionists who have property and stocks of goods on hand, are by no means pleased at the prospect of exchanging them for rebel money, much preferring greenbacks.

The rebel cavalry burned the residence of Gov. Bradford on the morning of the 11th. It is only four miles out from Baltimore, on the Charles street road. A squad of ten rebels set it on fire. They ordered out the governor’s family, permitting them to take only a few valuables, and then set it on fire. The furniture and everything in it was destroyed. The governor was in the city at the time and therefore was not captured. The rebels are now operating on the Philadelphia railroad.

A passenger train was captured at Magnolia at 8 o’clock on the morning of the 11th, bound from Baltimore to Philadelphia. Magnolia Station was then burned. Fears are entertained that the train from Philadelphia to Baltimore has also been captured.

The Pirate Alabama.

 The news which came from across the Atlantic on the first of last week, was of such a nature as to send a thrill of joy through every loyal heart. The pirate Alabama, which during her career, has destroyed nearly seventy American vessels, has at length met her fate and now lies at the bottom of the English channel. The Alabama had put into Cherbourgh for repairs, after a long cruise in the Chinese seas. Through the exertions of our minister at Paris, Mr. Dayton, she was ordered off by the French authorities, and to save his reputation, Capt. Semmes sent a challenge to Capt. [sic] Wilson of the U. S. screw steamer, Kearsage, which was lying off the port. The vessels were about equally matched, the chances, if any being in favor of the Alabama. Accordingly, on Sunday, the 19th of June, the rebel pirate left Cherbourgh, and steamed out into the English Channel. Capt. Winslow, had, through Mr. Dayton, been thoroughly posted on international law, and upon the approach of the pirate, although some five miles from land, steamed further out to prevent any questions or doubts arising. The fight commenced at 11.10 A. M., and lasted an hour and a half, when the Alabama, completely disabled, attempted to make for land, but was sunk by the guns of the Kearsage. Capt. Semmes and many of his officers were picked up by the English steam yacht Deerhound, which claimed to act as a tender to the Alabama, and made its way into an English port. If its motives had been understood by the Captain of the Kearsage, a stray shot would doubtless have ended its career, and no tears for its fate would have been shed on this side of the Atlantic. To the captain, officers and crew of the Kearsage the thanks of the nation are due. In a fair open fight they have destroyed the pest of our commerce and the pride of the rebels. Although she is now gone, one thing however, will not be forgotten. In an English port she was built, manned and supported by English seamen and money, and after having struck her flag and surrendered, an English vessel carried off her officers and crew. Certainly, nothing could be more English, although sailing under a confederate rag.


General Robert Toombs, formerly Senator in Congress from Georgia, and then general in the rebel army, is now a private in a Georgia regiment.

A woman in Ithaca, New York, has been arrested for poisoning her two daughters—beautiful young ladies—by giving them arsenic.

A man advertises in the new Rochelle Pioneer, that whereas a certain girl had agreed to marry him, but now keeps out of his sight and avoids him; therefore, if she does not come to his cabin within four days, he shall consider the bargain “broke,” and hold her for all damages.

In the year 1830 there were only seventy souls all told, in what was then known as Chicago. In 1835 Chicago was incorporated into a city, and then its onward and extraordinary progress commenced. In 1840 the population had increased to 4,853. It now numbers not far from 170,000.

The Detroit Advertiser has an account of the elopement of Wm. H. Perry, President of the First National Bank of Pontiac, with a dashing widow, Mrs. James Wilson, of Medina, N. Y., who had lately been a guest in Mr. Perry’s house. It is supposed Mr. Perry is also a defaulter, as the Bank safe cannot be opened, he having the combination key with him. Perry and his paramour have fled to Canada, he leaving an interesting wife at Pontiac.

The school committee of Worcester have adopted a regulation that no child under five years of age shall be admitted to the public schools of that city.

Gen. Kilpatrick is so nearly recovered from his wound that he has fixed upon the 10th inst. to start on his return to Sherman’s army.

A noted guerilla known as Parson Johnston, and four of his men, were killed on the 1st inst., near Huntsville, Ala. The remainder of his band were driven into a cave, and besieged there.

Local News.

Wesleyan University Commencement.

Marshal’s Notice. The Procession will be formed on the College Campus at 9 A. M., Thursday, the 12th inst., in the following order, viz:

President of University and Governor of State.

President of the Joint Board and President of Trustees.

Members of Joint Board.

Faculty of University and Ex Members.

Officers of other Colleges.

Alumni of University in the order of Classes.

Alumni of other Colleges.

Graduating Class.

Mayor and other City Officers.

Selectmen and other Town Officers.

Members of Patronizing Conference.

President and other Clergymen.

Teachers of Public and Private Schools.

Officers of Literary Association.

Undergraduates in the order of Classes.

Citizens generally.

Per order of Marshal.

Wesleyan University.

Killed in battle before Petersburg, June 23d, 1864, Merrit Hoag Sherman, of the Class of 1865, Lieut. in the 11th Vt. Vols.

At a special meeting of the Class, the following resolutions were unanimously adopted:

Whereas, We are again called to mourn the loss of a brother fallen in the strife; therefore,

Resolved, That we recall with melancholy interest the faithful scholarship, the manly social virtues, and the sterling Christian life of a classmate who in his brief association with us, won our esteem and affection.

Resolved, That we seek to profit by the admonition given us, while we learn a lesson from the unfailing patriotism and devotion with which our companion has given himself a ready offering on the altar of his country.

Resolved, That we sincerely sympathize with the afflicted relatives and friends of the deceased in this their sore bereavement.

Resolved, That, in token of our regard for the memory of our departed classmate, we wear an appropriate badge of mourning for the remainder of the term.

Resolved, That copies of these resolutions be transmitted to the relatives of the deceased, and for publication in the Rutland Herald, the Christian Advocate and Journal, the Zion’s Herald, and the Constitution.

Middletown, Conn., July 7th, 1864.





Prize Declamation.—The annual prize declamation between the Junior and Sophomore classes of the Wesleyan University, takes place at McDonough Hall on Friday evening of this week.


Concert.—The concert of the Mendelssohn Quintette Club, of Boston, comes off Wednesday evening of next week, at the M. E. Church, under the auspices of the Graduating class. Tickets 50 cents.


Circus.—River’s and Derious’ Circus will arrive in town on Wednesday of this week. Connected with it are the celebrated Bedouin Arab troupe, said to be the best performers in the country.


Hot.—The atmosphere on Monday was oppressive. Thermometer varying anywhere between 90 and 100 in the shade.


Good fabric cheap! 1864

From The Constitution, Wednesday, July 6, 1864 (volume 27, number 1384)

War News.

The news from the armies is very meagre. No important operations are reported, either from Virginia or Georgia. Some details of Gen. Wilson’s cavalry expedition are given. It was quite as successful as has been reported. The Danville road was reached, and twenty miles of track, bridges, &c., destroyed. The road was laid with strap rail, and by burning the sleepers the iron was thoroughly destroyed.  Gen. Wilson met with little resistance until he reached the crossing of the Weldon Railroad at Ream’s Station, on his return. Here all the rebel cavalry had concentrated to cut off his retreat, and as he could not pass by them, he engaged them in battle, sending word of his situation in the meantime, to Gen. Meade, who at once dispatched the Sixth Corps to his relief.

In the attempt of Beauregard to retake the position lost on the 15th, the rebel Gen. Elliot was killed.

The latest news from Wilson’s cavalry expedition is exceedingly satisfactory, and puts altogether a new complexion upon the reports which reached us on Saturday night. First of all Gen. Wilson has rejoined the main army around Petersburgh, having got within the Union lines on Friday night. Instead of attempting to force his way through the strong column of rebel infantry posted at Reams’ Station, Gen. Wilson determined to make his way back by a long detour—passing by a point twenty-five miles south of Reams’, where he crossed the Blackwater. The total loss during the entire raid—including the casualties in Kautz’s division—being from 750 to 1,000 men. Sixty miles of railroad were thoroughly destroyed during the expedition—so destroyed that it would take at least forty days to repair them. Wilson brought back with him about 400 negroes and a large number of the horses he had captured.

On the 16th, the rebels opened a heavy fire from their guns on James and Sullivan’s Islands, directing it against Cumming’s Point batteries. No serious damage resulted.

Charlston City is still under the fire of Cumming’s Point, notwithstanding the announcement of Union officers having been placed under fire.


A Maine regiment en route home from the army of the Potomac, report that they captured recently out of a large rebel force about one hundred, every one of whom was either seventy years old, or thereabout, or boys of fifteen.


Since the 1st of May, 2558 deaths of soldiers have occurred in the hospitals at Washington.

The Secretary of War has discharged all colored messengers in the War Department, and has ordered the employment of disabled soldiers in their stead.


The Sanitary Fair at Philadelphia closed last Tuesday, having been opened three weeks. Nearly one million of dollars was obtained. The army sword was voted to Gen. Meade, who had 3,442 votes; Gen. Hancock received 1,506, McClellan 297.


Resignation of Secretary Chase.—The resignation of Secretary Chase was sent to the Senate on Thursday. The reasons for this act are not known, but it is supposed to be caused by differences with the President.—Wm. Pitt-Fessenden, of Maine, has been appointed to fill the vacancy. He is a man of great intellect and large ability, and having occupied the position of chairman of the finance committee, is well acquainted with the laws that govern that subject.

The Danish Question.

The Danish question, and the prospect of a general war in Europe, is probably before this settled without much aid from the Conference held in London. The strength of Denmark lies in her navy, and the hope of the German Confederation was to despoil her of this, by obtaining the seaport of Kiel which lies in a part of Holstein. The people of North Schleswig protested vehemently against being metamorphosed into Germans, and large meetings were held, at which the territorial division of Schleswig was severely denounced. The Czar of Russia has now come forward and taken the matter in hand. The country in dispute lies in a part of Holstein, while the Emperor as Chief of the family of Holstein Gottorp claims certain “eventual rights,” which rights he has just ceded to his kinsman, the Grand Duke of Oldenburg, at the same time notifying the German Governments that if the protest against the partition of Denmark is disregarded, it will be the duty of Russia to take possession of Kiel and the adjacent countries, in the name of the “rights” transferred to the Grand Duke. This notification has produced a sensation throughout Europe. When Russia speaks of asserting claims, those claims are very likely to be asserted. This new aspect of affairs is auspicious for the ultimate and substantial triumph of Denmark over her aggressive neighbors.


Promoted.—Wm. J. Broatch of this city is promoted to a captaincy in the 14th Regulars. He first enlisted as a private in the 8th C. V., where through hard service, he won his way to a lieutenancy. While stationed at Fort Trumbull on recruiting service, he resigned his commission, and enlisted in the regular service as a private. He has been rewarded by receiving a captain’s commission.


Mr. Andrew D. Euson, of Hartford, died on Wednesday of injuries received in the railroad accident at Berlin.

Local News.

Attention ! Draft! –The Board of enrollment at New Haven, gives public notice that any person enrolled may appear before the board and claim to have their names stricken off the list if he can show to the satisfaction of the board that he is not properly enrolled on account of 1st, alienage; 2d, non-residence; 3d, unsuitableness of age; 4th, manifest permanent physical disability, of such degree as to render the person not a proper subject for enrollment under the law and regulations. Civil officers, clergymen and other prominent citizens are invited to appear at all times before the board, to give such information in their possession as may aid in the correction and revision thereof. Sessions of board, for examination of these cases, from 3 to 5, p. m., each day except Saturday.


Fourth of July.—The fourth in this city passed off very quietly, there being no public celebration during the day. Each one was allowed to celebrate in their own way and “on their own hook.” In the morning at sunrise a salute was fired, the bells rung, and various minor demonstrations were made with swivels and small guns to remind one that the 4th of July, 1864, had begun. Most of the stores with the banks and public offices were closed during the day, and business generally suspended. The steamer Charles Benton left the wharf at eight o’clock, with a large party on board, for an excursion to New London, returning in the evening. As to the weather, no better could have been desired; the air clear and bracing, neither too warm or cold, and every one appearing in good spirits, added a charm to the occasion. At sunset a salute was fired, the bells run, and the citizens soon began to assemble in crowds on Main street, to witness the exhibition of fireworks under the management of Messrs. J. C. Ferree and Charles E. Putnam, aided by the liberality of our citizens. The exhibition lasted until nearly ten, when the crowd went home well satisfied. No accident, of a serious nature, has come to our knowledge, as happening during the day.

A general display of the stars and stripes throughout the city, and streamers from the vessels in the river was made during the day. From the Cartridge Factory of D. C. Sage at Fort Hill, a flagstaff had been erected, and the flag given to the breeze early in the day.


Seizure.—The propeller, Charles Benton, on its excursion to New London on Monday, was boarded by the revenue officers of that port, who after a short examination allowed the vessel to proceed to the dock. In about half an hour, however, an officer came on board, and took possession of the vessel. The reason given was, that the boat had no papers allowing her to carry passengers. She was released after a detention of an hour or two, upon bonds being given. There was no little feeling expressed by the excursionists against the person who informed the government officers, in order to pocket the $50 reward.


Afflictive Death.—Mr. Isaac Hentze, of Illinois, while on a visit to his brother in this town, Maromas, died on Wednesday under the following circumstances. Before leaving home, he had assisted in skinning a cow, which he learned afterwards had been bitten by a mad dog. After arriving here he complained of being unwell, and of severe pain in the throat and body, which increased at intervals. He exhibited every symptom of hydrophobia, and expired in great agony on the 29th ult.


Rebuilding.—Workmen have commenced to clear away the rubbish at the Starr factory in Staddle Hill, which was burnt a few years since. The property has recently changed hands, and we understand that a large factory will soon be erected.


Justices of the peace must see to it that the certificates of their oath of office have a 5 cent government stamp on them, properly cancelled, or the Clerk of the Courts cannot receive them.


Commencement Exercises.—Sunday morning, Baccalaureate Sermon by Rev. J. Cummings.

Sunday evening, Address before the Missionary Lyceum by Rev. R. L. Dashiell.

Monday evening, before the United Literary Societies, a Poem, by W. S. Studley.

Tuesday evening, Address before the Phi Beta Kappa Society, by George Thompson, Esq., the English Orator.

Wednesday evening, Concert by the Mendelssohn Quintette Club, of Boston.


Concert.—Mendelssohn Quintette Club.—The Middletown public have again an opportunity afforded them, by the efforts and under the auspices of the graduating class of Wesleyan University, to listen to the soft notes and delicious strains of music produced by the Mendelssohn Quintette Club of Boston, which has no superior in this country. It has for many years taken the lead of all other associations of this kind, and its services are constantly in dement at a high price. On one or two former occasions it has visited this city, and met with genuine success. The concert given here two years since to a crowded house, will be remembered by many with pleasure. They will appear again on Wednesday evening, the 20th inst., at the M. E. Church in this city. Tickets 50 cents.


The bark, Monticello sailed from New London last Tuesday, for the Artic regions, taking out Mr. Hall and his two Esquimaux friends. Mr. Hall expects to be absent about two years, and is in hopes of learning more about Sir John Franklin’s expedition.


‘You want a flogging, that’s what you do,’ said a parent to an unruly son. ‘I know it dad; but I’ll try to get along without it,’ was the reply.


Performances 1864


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Wordle: Middlesex County Historical Society - Civil War in Middletown, CT
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