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From The Constitution, Wednesday, September 24, 1862 (volume 25, number 1291)


Death of General Mansfield

General Mansfield is dead. He fell at the battle of Sharpsburg, on Wednesday morning last, while fighting bravely at the head of his corps.

Connecticut has lost one of her noblest sons and Middletown one of her most honored citizens. We know of no one whose death would cause a wider or deeper sorrow than that of General Mansfield. It is not so much on account of his high standing in his profession and the honors which the country have heaped upon him, as on account of his pre-eminent social and domestic virtues that he commanded the confidence and love of this whole community. Munificent in his charities, ready to every good work, unsuspicious in his character, kind and sympathetic towards the humblest, he was a man whom hundreds in this place have blest for his goodness, and who in his death will feel that they have lost a friend and father. For very many years we have been intimately acquainted with General Mansfield, and have never ceased to admire him for his true nobility of character, which made him always forgetful of himself and aiming to do good to those around him. No man in Middletown has interested himself more than he in visiting the poor and personally attending to their wants. We hazard nothing in saying that no citizen of this place has contributed so much for the education of youth as he. Objects of charity abroad as well as at home always engaged his interest and received from him a liberal support. He was a consistent and valued member of the North Church, which has in him sustained an incalculable loss.

Of his eminence in his profession it is not necessary that we should here speak. We can add nothing to his high reputation. His name will hold a distinguished place in the history of the country, and will go down to future generations among those of prominent actors in the Mexican war and of the brave chieftains in this momentous struggle. Mansfield will henceforth have a place among the honored heroes of our land.

Intelligence that he was severely wounded reached here first by the newspapers on Thursday noon. In the course of the afternoon the report was confirmed by a telegraphic despatch. About five o’clock another despatch announced that he was dead. His wife and children are thus at once thrown into a state of the deepest affliction. His son, Lieut. Mansfield, had left for Washington the week previous.

The body of General Mansfield reached this city on Sunday morning having come to Meriden by the midnight train. It was in charge of Ex-Lieut. Gov. Douglas, nephew of the General, Lieut. Mansfield his son, and Capt. Dyer his Aid. The several railroad companies passed the body and all having charge of it free of expense. It was at first taken to his late residence, but soon after removed to the Town Hall where it remained during Sunday, the Home Guard having been detailed to guard the remains. The body had not been embalmed, and was not exposed to view. It was enclosed in a handsome metallic case. On Sunday evening it was removed to the North Church, and placed at the east end of the centre aisle. The church was draped in black, and the family pew was covered with black cloth. Around the body the National Flag hung in festoons. On the coffin were two beautiful bouquets of white flowers. In front of the church were hung two life-like pictures of the honored dead. One was taken within a year and the other some time previous to the war. Here the body has remained in state, until the present time just previous to the funeral. It is in charge of the Home Guard.

It appears that General Mansfield did not die immediately after he was wounded, but lived several hours. He was wounded early in the battle, and was taken to the rear, where he remained perfectly conscious until he died. At first he did not think his wound mortal ; and when finally told that he could not live long, he received the announcement with the utmost composure, saying—“It is God’s will.” Tidings were brought to him from time to time of the progress of the battle, in which he felt a great interest. He lived long enough to know that a victory had been gained by the national arms.

General Mansfield has spent nearly his whole life in the public service. He was a native of this city. His age was 58 years. He entered West Point Academy, having been appointed from this state, in October, 1817, and passed through the regular course of studies in that institution. He entered the service of the Government on the 1st of July, 1822, as a second lieutenant of engineers, and afterwards rose to higher position, as his merits became appreciated. In March, 1832, he was made first lieutenant, and in July, 1832, became captain. During the Mexican war (in 1846-7) he rose to the position of chief engineer of the army under General Taylor. He was brevetted major for gallant and distinguished services in defence of Fort Brown, May 9, 1846. In the storming of Monterey he received no less than seven wounds, several of which were most severe ; and for gallant and meritorious conduct in those conflicts he was honored with the rank of lieutenant colonel. His gallantry at Buena Vista won him his colonelcy.

In the war for the Union his services, however, have been equally conspicuous, and they are still so fresh in the public memory that it is needless to recount them here. On the 14th of May, 1861, he was commissioned a brigadier general in the regular army, in recognition of his distinguished worth, and his subsequent career, down to the day when he sacrificed his life to his zeal for the cause, is a noble testimony that the trust reposed in him by the Government was not misplaced. The death of General Mansfield is a serious loss not to his immediate command alone, but to the war bureau, and to the whole country.



Is attended this afternoon at half past two o’clock. Business in the city is suspended, and all unite in honoring the memory of the lamented dead. The military display exceeds anything ever before seen here. The following is the order of exercises.

The funeral exercises of the lamented Gen. Mansfield, will take place in this city, on Tuesday, Sept. 23d inst., by a prayer at the late residence of the deceased at 2 o’clock, P. M., after which the family and relatives will proceed to the North Church, where the principal exercises will take place. The procession will be formed in the following order :

Putnam Phalanx of Hartford, Maj. Stillman.

Governor’s Foot Guard of New Haven, Maj. Norton.

City Guard of Hartford, Capt. Prentiss.

Governor’s Horse Guard of New Haven, Maj. Ingersoll.

Governor’s Horse Guard of Hartford, Maj. Watrous.


The Hearse escorted by the Mansfield Guard.

Aids of General Mansfield.

Body Servant and Horse.

Family and Relatives in carriages.

Committee of Arrangements.

Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council.

Town Authorities.

Gov. Buckingham and Staff.

Maj. Gen. Russell and Staff.

Officers of the Army and Navy.

Military Officers off duty.

Mayors and Common Councils of the several cities.


Reverend Clergy.

Members of the Bar.

Medical Faculty.

Faculty and Students Wesleyan University.

Professors and Students Berkley Divinity School.

Board of Education.

Public Schools.

Private Schools.

Odd Fellows Society.

St. John’s Society.

Fire Department.

Citizens generally.

The military will be formed with the right resting up Main street, the left opposite the church. The Body will be received by the “Mansfield Guard,” acting as a Guard of honor and escorted up the line to the right and countermarched. The Military will then be broken into column, left in front, and move down Main street, the rear halting at the intersection of College street, when the family, relatives and remainder of the procession will be assigned their places as above stated. The several bells will be tolled and minute guns fired when the procession moves. The procession will pass around Union Park and up Main street to the Mortimer Cemetery. Three vollies will be fired over the grave after the concluding exercises. All stores are requested to be closed after 9 o’clock, A. M.

By order of the



Postscript—Wednesday morning.

We have delayed a part of our edition on account of the funeral. The military companies from abroad came in on a special train and reached here about one o’clock. All the companies mentioned in the programme above were present. The Mansfield Guard of this city, Capt. J. N. Camp, was on duty. The Military display was of the most magnificent kind, rank and file numbering not less than 500 men. After brief exercises at the late residence of the deceased, the friends proceeded in carriages to the North Church. Seats were arranged for them in the porch of the church, around the coffin. The metallic burial case had been enclosed in a handsome wood coffin, on the top of which were laid wreaths of flowers. The sword, sash, and the hat worn by the General in the battle were placed on the coffin. The services at the church consisted of music by the choir, and an address and prayer by the pastor, Rev. Mr. Taylor, after which short addresses were given commemorative of the virtues of the deceased by Hon. Ebenezer Jackson, Senator Dixon and Gov. Buckingham. The body was then placed in the hearse, the Mansfield Guard acting as a guard of honor. The procession was formed according to the published programme under the direction of Gen. Starr, and proceeded around Union Park up Main street to Mortimer Cemetery. It was very long, and reached from Mortimer Cemetery to William street. At the grave the services were brief. A few remarks were made and a prayer offered by the Rev. Mr. Dudley, when three vollies were fired over the grave, and the remains of the honored and lamented Mansfield were left to their last repose.

Besides Gov. Buckingham and Senator Dixon already mentioned, there were present from abroad Maj. Gen. Russell, the Mayor and Common Council of Hartford, and many other gentlemen of note in this and other states. The wife of Gen. McClellan was present at the funeral.

There was a dense crowd in Main street during the afternoon, and every available window fronting the street, and the tops of the houses were occupied by interested spectators. Flags were displayed at half mast. Many of the stores, the public buildings, and some private dwellings were appropriately draped for the occasion. The Young Ladies’ Seminary in Broad street, which was under the especial patronage of General Mansfield and was founded by his liberality, was dressed in the most beautiful and becoming manner.

During the passage of the procession the bells were tolled, and minute guns were fired. The funeral services at the grave were concluded at sundown.


Refreshment tables were spread in McDonough Hall for the accommodation of those from abroad. Three hundred could partake of refreshments at a time. Hundreds resorted to the hall during the afternoon. It is proof of the liberality of our citizens, and especially of the ladies, that at night large quantities of provisions yet remained untouched.

Local News

Threatened Removal of Camp.—On Saturday a despatch was received by Gen. Starr ordering that Camp Mansfield be broken up and the men sent to New Haven on Monday. This order was entirely unexpected and made a blue day in the camp on Sunday. Two or three of our citizens went to Hartford to see what was the matter. Adjutant General Williams said the order was made at the request of General Russell. Gov. Buckingham, on being consulted, revoked the order and the camp remains for the present where it is. Much indignation has been shown here at the contemplated removal. Middletown itself has contributed to this war almost men enough for a regiment, and companies have been sent from here to Hartford, New Haven and Norwich. In this regiment are three companies from this town, and the others are from this vicinity. It is no more than just that the camp should remain where it is. Its removal would cause great dissatisfaction.


From the Connecticut Troops.—Very few particulars have reached us with regard to the Connecticut troops in the late battles. The 14th suffered severely. Five color bearers were shot. Capt. S. F. Willard, Co. G, of Madison, is killed. The regiment held their position for half an hour under a heavy cross fire, and finally fell back to a better position. In the 11th Connecticut, Sergeant George E. Bailey, Deep River, Co. K, is reported killed and also Wm. Lane of Deep River, Wm. Houghton, and Charles L. Drake of Haddam, of the same company. In the Hartford Press of last evening is the following list of killed and wounded in the Fourteenth.

Killed—Capt. Blinn, Co. F ; Capt. Willard, G ; M. Matigan, E ; Morton, E ; G. Babcock, K.

Wounded—George Bunyon, Co. E ; Serg. Pendleton, E ; –Smith, E ; Lieut J B Coit, Lieut Bush, Corp Webster, Corp Dobie, Nelson J. Bemal, S Fuller, H Brumard, W Carroll, Peter Denny, Lieut Sherman, all of Co. K ; W E Cruize, H E Bachelder, F K Curtis, E L Harrison, F Taylor, E Wilcox, E Hill, S D Skidmore, Joseph Ellett, all of Co. E ; A D Menad, H C Muller.

It is reported that in the late battle, company B of the 14th regiment, E. W. Gibbons, captain, one was killed and eleven were wounded. The former was Robert Hubbard, of this town.


Col. Kingsbury.—Among the officers injured in the battle on Wednesday is Colonel Kingsbury, 11th Conn., mortally wounded.

It is supposed that the 8th, 11th, and 14th Connecticut regiments were engaged in the battle of Wednesday.

The Battles of Last Week.

The last week was the bloodiest week of the war. The battle on Sunday, of which we gave an account in our last issue, takes the name of South Mountain from the locality in which it was fought. Gen. Hooker seems to have had the principal brunt of the battle, and fought with great gallantry. On Monday the rebels retired toward Sharpsburg, where our advance found them on Monday afternoon in large force, with a line of battle a mile and a half in length, posted on the hills. During the night the larger part of our army came up.

On Tuesday (16th,) the bulk of the rebel army in Virginia crossed into Maryland, and effected a junction with the force already in that State. A battle was fought between our army under Gen. McClellan and these combined forces, at Sharpsburgh, a few miles from the line of the Potomac. While the rebel army in Maryland was thus reinforced after the battle of Sunday at Hagerstown Heights, our army also received reinforcements. The rebel movement has been rapid and daring, but Gen. McClellan’s we believe was no less so.

Soldiers who were on the field during Tuesday, state that the fight consisted entirely of artillery on that day. It commenced early in the morning and continued until late at night, Gen. McClellan having at the close of the day driven the enemy about half a mile and obtained an elevated position from which he was operating on Wednesday.

On Wednesday morning the battle recommenced at 5 o’clock, near Gettysville. Jackson joined Lee’s forces at Antietam Creek, while our forces were reinforced by 30,000 men from Washington. Jackson’s reinforcements are reported to have amounted to 40,000. At the dawn of day the battle was renewed on the center and right, by Hooker and Sumner, who after a sharp conflict of two hours, drove the enemy about one mile. The rebels rallied shortly afterwards, and with terrible loss regained most of the ground. At this time the fearless and indomitable Hooker received a shot in the ankle, and was carried from the field. The command of his troops now devolved on Sumner. Gen. Richardson, commanding a division, was severely wounded at the same time. Gen. Sumner determined to retake the lost ground, and ordered the troops to advance, which they did with a will, driving the rebels before them with great slaughter. They not only retook the ground, but drove them a quarter of a mile beyond. In this action Gen. Mansfield was shot through the lungs, and died soon after. He fought with great bravery until he fell. During this time the troops under Burnside and Porter had not been idle. They drove the rebels from the line of Antietam creek, on the main road to Sharpsburg, built a bridge, the old one having been destroyed, and occupied the opposite bank. The loss here was considerable. Our troops now hold both banks of the creek.

To get possession of the ridges of hills on the right and left hand side of the road, from which the rebels were thundering away with artillery, was a task not easily accomplished. Sykes’ brigade with the assistance of Sumner, carried the ridge on the right side after considerable trouble and loss, the rebels running in all directions. It is now 5 o’clock, and all the enemy’s positions have been carried, except the one on the left hand side of the road. To do this Burnside was assigned. The artillery opened and the infantry advanced. The point was carried at a charge, but we were forced to retire before a superior force. Knowing that if they lost this ridge a complete rout of their army would be the result, they fought with great desperation. Darkness now overlooked the two armies, and hostilities ceased as though by mutual consent. The battle lasted from five o’clock in the morning till seven at night, without a moment’s cessation. The conduct of all the troops, without exception, was all that any general could wish. Several regiments of new troops, who were in action for the first time, behaved admirably. Hundreds of Marylanders were present to witness the battle, which could be seen from many of the surrounding hills. The sharp rattle of 50,000 muskets, and the thunder of a hundred pieces of artillery is not often heard. It is impossible at this writing to form any correct idea of our loss or that of the enemy. It is heavy on both sides. Ours will probably reach in killed and wounded, ten thousand. That of the enemy will not exceed it. The enemy’s dead, which nearly all fell into our hands, were thickly strewn over the fields, in many places lying in heaps. Our wounded were immediately carried from the field, and the best possible attention given them.

When Gen. Hooker fell, Gen. McClellan immediately proceeded to the right, where he was enthusiastically received, and by his presence added much to our success in recovering the ground lost. He was in the center and on the left as well, anxiously watching the progress of the battle, and giving directions as to the manner of attack. He is in his tent to-night for the first time since he left Frederick City. We took 1,500 prisoners during the day, while the enemy obtained but few. The following officers were among the killed and wounded : Gen. Hartsuff wounded, Gen. Duryea wounded, Gen. Sedgwick wounded in the shoulder, Lieut. Col. Parisen, 57th New York, killed, Capt. Andonreid, aid to Gen. Sumner, wounded, Major Sedgwick killed, Col. McNeil of the bucktails, and Lieut. Allen, were killed, Col. Polk 2d, United States sharpshooters, wounded, Maj. Burbank, 12th Mass., wounded. Several other prominent officers were reported killed and wounded but nothing positive is known concerning them.


General Mansfield, killed at Sharpsburg, dined with the Hon. Eli Thayer in Washington on Saturday last. He was in good spirits during the day, but just before taking leave seemed abstracted, and, after a few moments silence, said, “Mr. Thayer, I am going into battle. If I fall, have my body sent to my friends at Middletown, Conn.” He left immediately after making the request.


Oh Yes, O Yes, O Yes.—One morning last week there might have been seen a two-horse vehicle pursuing its way in a southerly direction through Main street. Said vehicle passed through Union and Sumner streets, over the creek bridge, and thence to the Haddam turnpike. The vehicle aforesaid was filled, crowded, occupied, stowed and otherwise, with legal gentlemen, that is to say, with gentlemen of the law, or lawyers. The said vehicle having been filled, crowded, occupied, stowed and otherwise as aforesaid, and having taken the Haddam turnpike as aforesaid, pursued its course until it reached the court house in Haddam. “These are the facts,” gentlemen, and from them you may naturally infer that in the said Haddam, then and there was held a session of the Superior Court, whose proceedings were to be enlivened, aided, assisted and helped by the legal gentlemen aforesaid.

From The Constitution, Wednesday, September 10, 1862 (volume 25, number 1289)



A Large Force on the Opposite Shore

Washington, Sept. 6.

Farmers from the upper part of Montgomery county, Maryland, arriving here early to-day, report that heavy firing was heard late yesterday evening in the direction of Noland’s Ferry.  They also confirm the rumor that the rebels crossed the river yesterday this side of the Point of Rocks.

They did not venture any considerable distance from the Potomac. The force consisted of a battalion of cavalry and four pieces of artillery.  After remaining a short time they recrossed. There is no doubt of the fact that the rebels in strong force are posted at several points on the opposite shore.

Large bodies of rebel infantry were plainly visible from this side during the day, and the camp fires at night indicated the presence of a larger force of rebels than at first supposed.


Frederic held by the Rebels !

On Friday last a large force of rebel cavalry made its appearance on the Virginia side of the Potomac, opposite Edwards’ Ferry, having reached the point by the road from Leesburgh. They endeavored to effect a landing, but were shelled by our troops stationed on the Maryland side and severely repulsed.

At 2 1/2 o’clock, Saturday morning, a second attempt was made to cross the river simultaneously at Edward’s, Conrad’s, Nolan’s and Smith’s ferries, and proved successful. The rebel force consisted of between two and three regiments of cavalry. As soon as Poolesville was invested, our pickets communicated with the troops in the rear, who, being numerically weak, retired. Some fifteen or twenty soldiers of the First Maryland Regiment are missing and supposed to have been captured.

Our force at Poolesville consisted of the infantry regiment named, the First Massachusetts Cavalry, and a detachment of the Twelfth Pennsylvania Cavalry.

The four ferries named on which the rebels crossed the Potomac are each but a few miles from Poolesville, and bear down upon it by direct roads.

From this point the Rebels proceeded to Darnestown—a small place on Seneca Creek, nine miles from Poolesville—in a south-easterly direction and directly communicating with the District of Columbia, Georgetown, Washington, etc. This point was reached at about 4 o’clock this morning ; and the cavalry entered pell-mell, almost taking our pickets by surprise. At this place a branch of the Military Telegraph had been established, communicating with the War Department. The operator was fortunately warned of his danger in time to tear the recording instrument from the table, cut the wire and escape. His rapid progress towards Darnestown, however, was interrupted by the appearance of some of our troops coming down the road.

The raid ceased at Darnestown, the rebels probably fearing an attack in force from our troops already moving to frustrate this audacious enterprise.

There seems to be little doubt that the rebels are crossing into Maryland in force at the point named and others higher up.

On Friday, also, the rebels fired and destroyed the funnel bridge across the Monocacy River, and inflicted great damage on the canal at that point, besides destroying several boats.

The rebel force in the neighborhood of Darnestown and Clarksburgh is estimated at 3,000, and is composed entirely of cavalry.

A body of the enemy, about 1,500 strong, crossed the river at White’s Ferry, and are supposed to be en route Frederic. Our forces hold the bridge across Seneca Creek, which was not injured by the rebels on their return from the recent dash on Darnestown. It has been ascertained that Jackson crossed the Potomac opposite the north mouth of the Monocacy, and passed along the bank of the stream to Frederick. A rebel picket, captured near Clarksburgh to-day, says Jackson’s force is 45,000 men.

War News

The news this week is anything but encouraging. Our armies are now employed in guarding Washington, while the rebels are invading Maryland. On Friday night and Saturday morning they crossed the Potomac at several points in the neighborhood of Point of Rocks, and on Saturday noon they were in possession of Frederick, the capital of the State. About 5000 occupied the city. Poolesville is also in their possession. Gen. Jackson was reported to have crossed below Point of Rocks.

Gen. Pope was on Friday, at his own request, relieved of his command, and at once prepared charges against Generals Porter, Franklin, and Griffin. It is stated that Gen. Pope has been assigned to the department of the Northwest.

Gen. Wallace was to leave Cincinnati and make his headquarters at Covington, Ky. Ohio is promptly sending forward large forces for military operations in Kentucky.

Gen. White, at Martensburg, Va., telegraphs to General Wool at Baltimore that 400 rebel cavalry attacked his position and were defeated with a loss of about 50 prisoners. Our loss was two killed and ten wounded.


The impression is strong throughout the country that there has been exceedingly bad management, and perhaps, something infinitely worse among those who occupy high military position. Something has been said about an investigation which is to be instituted. There should certainly be a strict examination into the conduct of some of our generals and public officers. Things have gone wrong, and the national cause has been greatly imperiled. It may be the result of pure incompetency or ignorance. Our generals should be held to a strict accountability for their conduct.


Major General O. M. Mitchell has been assigned to the command of the department of the South, in place of General Hunter. Gen. T. W. Sherman, formerly in command at Port Royal has gone out to supersede General Phelps at New Orleans.

General McClellan

The failure of the Peninsular expedition against Richmond has lessened very materially the popular estimate of General McClellan’s qualities as a great commander, and has drawn upon him grave accusations from sundry quarters. It was expected that he would not again be entrusted with an important command, and the public were prepared to hear as they did that a major part of his army had been assigned to other generals. But the President still has confidence in General McClellan, and has given him command of the fortifications of Washington and of all the troops for the defence of the capital. It appeared that the army itself desired that McClellan should be its leader, and it is remarkable that through all the suffering and the disasters of the Peninsular campaign, the army has constantly shown a most enthusiastic attachment to its General.

The President has probably acted with wisdom in placing General McClellan in command of the fortifications of Washington. Whatever may be his deficiencies in other respects, he is certainly a master in all defensive operations. The fortifications of Washington were constructed under his direction. He knows every inch of ground around the city, and the national capital may be deemed perfectly secure as long as it is defended by General McClellan.

P. S. General McClellan has been appointed to the chief command of the army. He has taken prompt steps to wage a sharp offensive warfare against the enemy. The best wishes and the hopes of the country attend him.

General Kearney

The country has lost one of its most gallant and accomplished defenders in General Kearney. He was killed in battle near Fairfax Court House on the 1st inst., while gallantly leading his men into action. General Kearney was one of those men who loved his profession, and had devoted himself to it with an ardor which is rarely witnessed. He endeavored not only to become master of the theories on which the profession of arms is based, but also to become practically acquainted with the work to which he had devoted his life. He served through the Mexican war with distinguished honor, and subsequently participated in several campaigns in Europe. Much had been anticipated from the valuable services of General Kearney in the present war, but he has thus early met a soldier’s death on the battle field. The loss of such a man is deeply felt at a time when we realize that we have already too few leaders of capacity in the field.

The Indian Massacres

It was hoped that later accounts from the west would show that the first statements with regard to the massacres were exaggerated. But it is not so. The first reports are fully confirmed. Gov. Ramsey of Minnesota telegraphed to the President that they could not defend themselves against the Indians and at the same time furnish the full quota to the Government. The President telegraphed back to him to take care of the Indians first, whether he could furnish the quota or not. The Third Minnesota Regiment, which was captured at Murfreesboro, and subsequently released on parole, has been ordered to the frontier. As they cannot fight the rebels, they are put to good use against the Indians.

Our Quota and the Draft.

Some complaint has been made that our quota in proportion to the number of voters seems large. It is not larger than that of many other towns where a fair enrollment has been made. The estimate of the number of men required of each town for the nine months service is based upon the number enrolled and upon the number which each town has furnished under the previous calls. Now Middletown was behind hand in furnishing her quota a year ago under the call for 500,000 men. Our quota was about 300, and we furnished only 150, or about half the requisite number. Under the late call for 300,000 for three years we raised 179. The deficiency of last year increases by so much the estimate of the number required from this town for the 600,000 called for this year. If we had raised our proportion a year ago, the quota of Middletown would have been not far from 300. As it is, it is 463. Counting out 179 raised this summer for three years service, there remained 284 to be raised for nine months. On Saturday afternoon about 100 had enlisted for nine months, and not far from 184 were then wanting.

Strenuous efforts have been made. Three recruiting offices have been in full operation and liberal bounties are offered. The town gives a bounty of $150 to each volunteer.


But half a day now remains for volunteering. Our quota is not yet made up. About eighty men must be raised either by volunteering or by A DRAFT. It is certain that there will be a draft to-morrow (Wednesday) unless the men are raised to-day. Remember that to-day you can secure bounties ; to-morrow there are none. Now is your time.


Death of a Soldier.—A returned soldier belonging in Durham, named Luther B. White, died on Sunday soon after his return home, and was buried the same day. He was a son of Mr. Leander White, and belonged to the 10th regiment. He was aged 17 years.


Camp Mansfield.—The camp of nine months men in this city is called “Camp Mansfield,” after our distinguished fellow citizen General Mansfield.

Capt. Allison of Cromwell has been appointed Adjutant, and G. W. Dart of this city acting Quartermaster.


Generals Mansfield, Casey and Cadwallader, and Judge-Advocate Holt compose the Court-martial for the trial of Generals Porter, Franklin and Griffin against whom Gen. Pope has prepared charges. Gen. Mansfield was expected in Washington on Sunday from Fortress Monroe.


In Portland last week when the citizens of that place were enjoying a collation on the occasion of the visit home of their company from New Haven, some secessionists expressed their opinions a little too freely. After the collation, one man who had made himself conspicuous by talking against the government was visited by a party of loyal men who gave him the choice of retracting all he had said or taking a ride free gratis on a contrivance commonly called a rail. It was a clear case that he must either ride or retract. He concluded to retract, made an apology, said he was sorry, and would do so no more. The rail was immediately withdrawn.

Another secessionist who said he hoped the whole company would be shot, had his windows broken in the next night, an act of violence which, although committed under great provocation, was decidedly wrong.


The Comet, which has a long time been visible in the heavens, was estimated on the 30th ult. to be thirty-two and a half millions of miles distant. On the 5th inst., it passed the celestial equator, and about the 10th or 12th inst. it was calculated it would disappear in the southern latitudes.

From The Constitution, Wednesday, June 18, 1862 (volume 25, number 1277)

Latest News

Gen. McClellan’s army is now in such close proximity to the rebels that a battle is expected from day to day. On Saturday important movements were observed in the enemy’s lines. Large bodies of troops were being moved down towards the late battle field. Everything indicates that we are on the eve of a great and decisive battle.

Beauregard is still retreating. Gen. Pope had reached Okolona in pursuit of the main body of the rebels.

It is believed the rebels are evacuating their fortifications at Cumberland Gap.

Gen. Benham is in command of the expedition which is approaching Charleston by way of Stone. He is not expected to advance upon the city until he receives reinforcements. His command is at James Island, well protected by the gunboats, which are in plain sight of Fort Sumter.

Affairs in Norfolk are rapidly improving. Trade is reviving, and cordiality of feeling towards the Union is increasing.

At the Port Republic fight, a week ago last Monday, between Fremont’s troops and the enemy, the number of the enemy’s killed is estimated over 600 besides officers who were carried away. Our entire loss in killed, wounded, and missing did not exceed 1000, of which number 156 were killed.

General Butler

No military leader has been more prominent in the war than General Butler. It was he who won the first signal victory over the rebels. It was he who struck the first blow at slavery, and showed the country how the slaves were made free by our advancing armies. Without waiting to settle the law points of the question, he cut the knot with a single stroke of good sense, and the system which he adopted has been accepted by the country. Gen. Butler now occupies the proud position of having rescued New Orleans from the power of the confederacy. His name will be one of the great names of the war, and will have a place in history by the side of those of McClellan and Halleck.

Gen. Butler is a fine specimen of a New England patriot. He is a Yankee all over, by birth and by disposition. The peculiar energy of the New England character is manifested in all that he does. A resolute determination which stops at nothing, which conquers everything, which is cool and calculating and strikes just at the right moment, has been shown in all his military course by the present Dictator of New Orleans. He is not a man to stop for a legal quibble, or to hesitate long over a constitutional question at a moment when the constitution is in danger.

Gen. Butler’s course presents a noble example of patriotism and loyalty. Politically he was a Breckinridge democrat. He was the leader in Massachusetts of a party which hated the republicans, and particularly detested Abraham Lincoln. But no sooner did the schemes of the rebels culminate in open rebellion, no sooner had Sumter fallen and the call to arms issued from Washington, than Butler instantly cast aside all party considerations, and was ready for the war like Putnam after the battle of Lexington. Forsaking old associations and prejudices, he has given himself to the service of his country with a whole hearted devotion. There is no half way work about this matter with him. No consideration of a private or a public nature, no old ties of party, are permitted to weigh a feather’s weight in the scale against the paramount claims of his country. We point therefore to Gen. Butler as a noble representative of the loyal men of New England. His public life since the war commenced has been a bright example for others.

Female Rebels

The New York Times very properly says that the female demonstrations in favor of secession in some of the southern cities have been treated with too much regard by our northern soldiers. Nothing was ever gained any where by contending with women. The game is not worth the powder, and any man who enters the lists against them is sure to belittle himself in his own estimation, and is apt to have his motives misconstrued by others. There have been times during the war when women have acted as spies, and have rendered aid to the enemy. In such cases it has been necessary to place them under restraint. But the cases to which we allude are of a different character. Their petty exhibitions of spite against the Union cause, their feminine methods of showing their dislike of our soldiers by making faces at them, turning their backs on them and other ways they have of showing their preferences can do no harm to anybody and are not worth minding. The best way to crush out these female rebel demonstrations is not to notice them, for a woman knows she is powerless the moment she ceases to attract attention.


The defeat of Jackson by Gen. Fremont on Sunday before last was a very severe one. Not less than five hundred of the enemy’s dead were found on the field the night after the battle.


Emancipation.—A colony of one hundred and fifty colored persons, mostly from Washington and vicinity, have embarked on a vessel at Alexandria direst for Hayti. This movement is quite encouraging to the agents of Hayti now in Washington.


General Carey’s division received severe condemnation from General McClellan immediately after the battle of Fair Oaks. McClellan has since changed his opinion on account of statements made to him by Generals Casey and Nayler. He says that portions of the division behaved well.


Utah.—Measures will shortly be taken to urge the admission of Utah as a state into the Union.


Sale of Negroes.—On Monday last, at Richmond, Madison county, Maj. Barry sold at auction two negro men—one, aged fifty-five, at $440, the other, aged forty-five, at $475, both carpenters.—Louisville Journal.


Another stabbing case took place in the state prison at Wethersfield last week. Mr. Buck, an officer in the prison, was stabbed in the abdomen by one of the convicts named Jones. The wound is a dangerous one, but it is thought he will recover. No cause is assigned for the act.


Died at Middletown, on the 6th instant, Hon. Thomas Dyer, aged 57. The subject of this notice was a native of this State, and up to 1836 resided here. Since that period he resided in Chicago, Illinois, and has been prominently associated with the commercial interests of that city and State, and has acted a prominent part in the politics of the country.

During the administration of Mr. Polk, Mr. Dyer was the Receiver of Public Monies in the Chicago Land District, and general depository of the Government monies for the Northwest, and during his term of office he administered its affairs with marked ability and the most strict faithfulness and integrity.

Since that period he has occupied positions of trust in his adopted city and State, having been a member of the Legislature and Mayor of the city, and acquitted himself in each position with honor and distinction.

Mr. Dyer was a warm personal friend of the late Stephen A. Douglas, and devoted much time and labor in promoting the political advancement of that distinguished statesman ; and having his confidence he was able to influence, to some extent, the patriotic course which so marked the latter days of that remarkable man.

When the rebellion broke out it found Mr. Dyer at the seat of government, and with the true spirit of a patriot he promptly rallied to the support of the Government and the Administration. He was one of the first to enlist under Cassius M. Clay for the defense of the Capital ; and when the dark days which hung over that city had passed away, he and his associates received an honorable discharge from a position which, for more than 89 days, imposed upon them the most arduous and dangerous service. He thus secured the confidence and special notice of President Lincoln and some of his Cabinet, and gained for himself the name of a true patriot and lover of his country.

He has passed away from life in the midst of his strength and usefulness, leaving a memory untarnished and cherished by many friends who have been associates in commercial and political relations, and who bear witness to the many noble and generous traits of his character.—Courant.

Hartford, June 9th, 1862.

Local News

Fire at Douglas Factory.—On Saturday morning, about eight o’clock, a fire broke out in the blacking shop of Douglas factory. One of the workmen dipped a piece of hot iron into a huge kettle of blacking which is composed of very inflammable materials, and the whole mass took fire, and the flames spread with great rapidity over the room. In a few seconds the whole of the inside of the structure appeared to be on fire. An alarm was given, and the fire engine belonging to the factory was instantly manned, and at once checked the progress of the flames. The city fire engines were also on hand. One was stationed at the reservoir near the Baptist church, and the other at the reservoir near the Methodist church, and with their hose sent two powerful streams over the burning building. Water has always been known to conquer a fire when there has been enough of it directed to the right spot, and that was just this case. The inside of the building was completely charred, but the outside was hardly touched by the fire. Two or more barrels of this blacking material were in the room and were rolled out while they were actually burning. The contents is said to be almost as combustible as gunpowder. All the patterns of the establishment are kept in a fire proof building adjoining the fire. They were of course untouched, but altogether too near to be agreeable. The loss sustained is not great, probably not over two or three hundred dollars.


Samuel Mansfield, son of Gen. Mansfield, was in town last week on a short visit home. He was a member of the class which graduated at West Point a few days ago, and occupied a high position in his class. He will at once enter upon active service in the army.


“Mike, my boy, tell me, will ye, why is Washington Park like an owl ?”

“An owl is it, an’ sure I donno unless because of them that fathered it.”

“Och, what a scandal ! and ye didn’t guess it neither. It is like an owl because it looks best in the dark !”


The contraband, William Thornton, gave his lecture, as advertised, on Thursday evening, at McDonough Hall. The audience was quite large. The lecture consisted of a narrative of passages in his life, with observations original and otherwise on the system of slavery. He is a fair speaker, and brings out some things with a food deal of humor and wit. He stated among other things, that he was the slave of his own father, an illustrative fact on slavery which needs no comment. Mr. Coan was present, and made some remarks. A collection was taken when the speaking was over, which resulted in a goodly number of three cent pieces and some other coins.


Eclipse.—Among the “local” intelligence of the week we notice the total eclipse of the moon which came off according to appointment on Wednesday night. Those who saw it say it happened precisely as the astronomers said it would, which shows the great punctuality of our satellite. It is reported also that there were several lunar eclipses that night all but one of which were caused by the clouds.


Flag-Day.—Saturday last was “flag-day,” the 85th anniversary of the adoption of the national flag. The day was observed by the display of the stars and strips [sic] from the numerous flag-staffs in the city.


Hospital.—It is reported that the buildings at the silver mines, near Butler’s creek, are to be used as a hospital for sick and wounded soldiers. We know not whether the report is true.

For the Constitution.

We learn that Mr. William J. Coite, son of Hon. G. W. Coite, State Treasurer, has been appointed acting assistant paymaster in the Navy.

Secretary Welles has made a very judicious selection from the many friends of the administration in this neighborhood for this responsible post. Mr. Coite is a young gentleman every way qualified and worthy of this honor. He is beloved by all who know him for his kindness of heart, manly integrity and many good qualities.

Mr. Coite has been performing the duties of Paymaster’s Clerk on board the U.S. gun boat Uncas & Sachem, until lately.

May success attend him in this his new position, and further promotion be his reward, confident are we that he will richly deserve it. He leaves home and friends to serve his country and our best wishes attend him.    A.


Wm. H. Bell, of this town, Westfield Society, died last week. He was one of three who were tried in the remarkable murder trial many years ago, when Hall was convicted, and Bell and Roberts were acquitted.



The subscribers hereby tender their acknowledgements to the FIRE DEPARTMENT and Citizens of Middletown generally for the PROMPT and most EFFICIENT aid in extinguishing the Fire on a portion of their premises on Saturday morning last.

This renewed testimony of kindness and good will, shall be gratefully remembered.


Middletown, June 16, 1862.

From The Constitution, Wednesday, May 14, 1862 (volume 25, number 1272)


Norfolk, Portsmouth, and the Navy Yard in Our Possession !

The Merrimac Blown Up.

Washington, Sunday, May 11.—The Secretary of War telegraphs that we are in full possession of Norfolk, of the Navy Yard, and of Portsmouth.

Norfolk surrendered to General Wool, who was at the head of 5,000 men, without a battle.

Baltimore, May 11.—The Old Point boat has arrived. Our troops crossed to the Virginia shore during Friday night whilst the Rip Raps battery shelled the rebel works at Sewell’s Point. A landing was soon effected at Willoughby’s Point, at a spot selected the previous day by President Lincoln himself, who was among the first who stepped ashore. The rebels fled like sheep as our victorious troops advanced.

At 5 o’clock in the afternoon our forces were within a short distance of Norfolk, and were met by a delegation of citizens.

The city was formally surrendered and our troops were marched in, and now have possession. Gen. Viele is in command, as military Governor.

The city and Navy Yard were not burned. The fires which have been seen for some hours proved to be woods on fire. General Wool, with Secretary Chase, returned about 11 o’clock to night. General Huger withdrew his forces without a battle.

The Merrimac Destroyed !

Fortress Monroe, May 11.—To Hon. J. H. Watson, Assistant Secretary of War—The Merrimac was blown up by the Rebels at two minutes before 5 o’clock this morning.

She was set fire to about three o’clock. The explosion took place at the time stated, and is said to have been a grand sight by those who saw it. The Monitor, Stevens and Naugatuck, and the gunboats have gone up towards Norfolk.

Some Particulars of the Advance on Norfolk.

Fortress Monroe, May 9th, Evening.—Old Point, this eve, presents a most stirring spectacle. About a dozen transports are loading troops. They will land on the shore opposite the Rip Raps and march on Norfolk. The Rip Raps are pouring shot and shell into Sewell’s Point. President Lincoln, as commander-in-chief of the army and navy, is superintending the expedition himself. About 6 o’clock he went across to the place selected for the landing. It is said he was the first to step on shore, and, after examining for himself the facilities for landing, returned to the Point, where he was received with enthusiastic cheering by the troops who were embarking.

Willoughby Point, Saturday Morning, May 10.—The troops left during the night, and at daylight could be seen from the wharf, landing at Willoughby Point, 8 miles from Norfolk. The first regiment landed was the New York 20th, known as Max Webber’s, which pushed on immediately under command of Gen. Webber, and at 8 A. M. were within 5 miles of Norfolk. The 1st Delaware was pushed forward at 9 o’clock, accompanied by Gen. Mansfield and Viele and their staffs. They were soon followed by the 16th Mass.

Gen. Wool and staff remained to superintend the landing of the balance of the force, all of whom were off before noon.

The President accompanied by Secretary Stanton, Gen. Wool and staff, went to the wharf, took a tug and proceeded to the Minnesota where he was received with a national salute. It is generally admitted that the President and Secretary Stanton have enforced new vigor into both the naval and military operations here, and that the country will have no cause for further complaint as to the insulting course of the rebels in this quarter.

Washington, May 12.—The War Department has received the official report of the capture of Norfolk. It confirms the previous reports. He visited the Navy Yard and found all the workshops and storehouses and other buildings in ruins. The dry dock was also partially blown up.


Particulars of the Capture of New Orleans

By the arrival of the Steamship Columbia we have some highly important details of the capture of New Orleans, brought to Havana, by the U. S. Mortar boat, which left the scene of action on Saturday the 26th inst.

Twenty-one mortar boats and three gunboats had been engaged in the attack upon the Forts (St. Phillip and Jackson), and succeeded on Friday, the 25th instant, in silencing the fortifications, and securing the safe passage up the river of fourteen war steamers, for New Orleans, eighty miles above. The bombardment lasted six days. The chain which was placed across the Mississippi River was broken by two of the gunboats. The Hartford was set on fire by coming in contact with one of the fire ships, but the fire was extinguished before much damage was done. The Federal forces have destroyed 11 Confederate gunboats. The Federal gunboat Varuna, and the Confederate steamer Webster had an engagement, and the Webster, run into the Varuna, injuring her so badly—the Varuna—that she was in a sinking condition ; the Varuna while in this desperate state, discharged eight guns into the Webster with such destructive and crushing effect, that they both went down together. The Federal gunboat Maria S. Carlton was sunk by the guns of the forts. Gen. Butler had succeeded in landing 4,000 men above the forts. On the 25th a flag of truce was sent on board to Commodore Porter, asking what terms would be demanded in the surrender. The reply of the Commodore was “unconditional,” and the arrangements for the surrender were to be made on the 27th.

It is said that the contest was a very hard one, many of the men on the mortar boats falling at their posts of fatigue, so incessantly had they been kept at work. The floating battery Manassas was sunk by the steamship Mississippi. Fire ships were sent down the river every night by the Confederates, but a force was detailed with small boats for the purpose of towing them off where they would do no harm to the Union forces.

The loss on the part of the Union army is said to be 114, while that of the Confederates is not known. Four hundred Confederate prisoners have been taken.

Great Battle at West Point

Fortress Monroe, May 8.—I learn by steamer from Yorktown that Gen. McClellan had advanced 12 miles beyond Williamsburg, and has had several skirmishes with the enemy, routing them with heavy loss.

The embarkation of troops for West Point was progressing with great rapidity, and a heavy battle had taken place on Wednesday afternoon, between the troops under Gens. Franklin and Sedgwick and the rebels under Lee, who endeavored to make their way to Richmond.

It is said to have been the severest battle on the peninsular [sic], and the rebels were defeated and flanked, being driven back towards the forces under Gen. Johnson on the Chickahominy.

The whole number of federals killed and wounded was three hundred. The enemy were driven back by our gunboats with great slaughter. They had not less than 30,000 men, whilst our whole force was not over 20,000 on land. Had it not been for the gunboats, they would have been defeated.

The crew of the steam-tug which deserted from the enemy reports there is great excitement at Norfolk this noon ; that Gen. Burnside with a large force is within a few miles of Weldon, and that the rebel troops are evacuating the city with all possible speed. Sewell’s and Pig Point, they say, are already abandoned, and preparations were making to destroy the navy yard and other public property.

Williamsburg, May 9, 12 M. – To the War Department :–I heard a few minutes ago that the Galena was aground off Hog Island ; I judge not badly, for the reason that Capt. Rogers does not throw overboard his coal. I have sent him all the assistance he asks.

My troops are in motion, and in magnificent spirits. They have all the air and feelings of veterans. It will do you good to see them.

I have effected a junction with Gen. Franklin.

Instructions have been given so that the Navy will receive prompt support whenever required.

Geo. B. McClellan,

Maj.-Gen. Com’dg.


The rebel tug, the J. B. White, on Thursday, ran from Norfolk over to Newport News and surrendered to Gen. Mansfield.


A Fearful Disease

The Jonesboro (Tenn.) Express learns that a fearful disease has made its appearance in Carter county, Tenn. The symptoms of the disease are similar to those of congestive fever or cold plague. In a few hours its victim is dead. Last Monday morning there were four corpses in one house. In the last ten days twenty or thirty have fallen before it, and it was still on the increase.


The annual report of Adjutant General Williams has been received. It was prepared with a great deal of labor, and shows in a most complete manner what Connecticut has done in contributing men and means for this war. The number of commissioned officers from Middlesex County is 18, and the number of privates 534. Middletown has contributed to the public service 12 commissioned officers and 209 privates.


The colored people of this city held a meeting at their church on Friday for the purpose of giving some expression in regard to emancipation in the District of Columbia. They passed a series of resolutions the last two of which are as follows :

Resolved, That as the federal government has abolished slavery in the capital, therefore we will be zealous in doing all that lies in our power to improve our condition and that of our brethren in this our native land.”

“That the thanks of the meeting be returned to every friend who vindicates our cause and interest, and particularly to those who, in the Providence of God, were instrumental in the passage of the district emancipation bill, and that they be requested to use their influence against expatriation.”


Gerard Toole, the murderer of Mr. Webster, was found guilty by the jury on Wednesday, and sentenced by Judge Hinman on Thursday. Previous to passing the sentence he was asked if he had anything to say. He made a few remarks to the effect that the warden had used him with great severity, required him to do more work that he was able to do, and then because he could not perform his task “brought the horrid cat to bear upon the back of an unfortunate man.” He was sentenced to be executed on the 19th of September.

The Small Pox

Two or three cases of the small pox have occurred in Moodus. It is stated that one case occurred in Portland some three weeks since which terminated fatally.


The funeral of Samuel Russell, Esq., was attended at his late residence on High street on Thursday afternoon. The services were by Rev. Dr. Goodwin, of the Episcopal church, and Rev. Mr. Taylor, of the North Congregational church. A large number were present. The remains were taken to Indian Hill Cemetery.

Wind and Dust

On Saturday the wind blew a gale from the north, and raised such clouds of dust on Main street as drove every body indoors who was not compelled to be out. It will soon be necessary to water the streets, for a few such days as Saturday must do great damage to our merchants, as well as produce much inconvenience to all who have to be about town.


The river has fallen so that the docks are uncovered, and things are beginning to look natural along Water street. The rise now is about four feet above low water mark.


The Hippopotamus, a veritable specimen of Behemoth, a native of the White Nile in Egypt, which cost $120,000, will visit Middletown on Monday next in royal state, that is to say in his tank, politely called an aquarium, drawn by a team of trained elephants. Here will be afforded an opportunity of seeing a very rare and one of the most remarkable animals in the world.



Monday, May 19th



Will make its grand entrée into this place on MONDAY, the 19th day of May, 1862, at 9 1/2 A. M., headed by the wonderful


or River Horse, from the White Nile, Egypt, 2,000 miles above Cairo.


of which Job says, Chaps. 40 and 41,

“Upon the earth there is not his like,”

He is, beyond all question,

The Greatest Wonder in the World.

Imported from Cairo to London by H. B. Majesty’s Consul, John Potherick, Esq., at a cost of


and is the only animal of the kind which was or ever will be exhibited in the United States. His


will be drawn by a Team of


and followed by the


composed of the most talented

Equestrians and Equestriennes,

Athletes and Acrobats,

Equilibrists and Tumblers,

Dancers and Wrestlers,

which have ever been attached to any establishment either in Europe or America. Among these are


From “La Cirque Imperials,” Paris, the most beautiful, graceful, daring and dashing Equestrienne in the world, and who will appear in her great act, entitled “La Rienne des Fees.”

Mr. ROBERT STICKNEY, the great Sensation Rider.

Mons. ROCHELLE, in “Le Saut en Orel,” the most daring feat ever attempted.




WILLIAM KENNEDY, the great ‘Droll of the Ring,’ the Funniest and Wittiest clown in American, will appear in all the principal acts, and in his wonderful “Monologue of Momus.”

In addition to these


The Fascinating Equestrienne, the Child of the Arena

MR. HERNANDEZ,                MR. B. FORREST,

MR. J. RENSHAW,                   MR. JAMES PAULDING,

SIG. ADOLPH GONZALES, the Chilian Wonder.

Masters Robert, Willie, Charles Stickney, Sands and a host of selected Auxiliaries. The Beautiful Trained Imported Arabian Horse,


The Hippopotamus will be exhibited to the public in his Aquarium and also in the Ring, attended by his Captor and Keeper Ali, the Egyptian, a lineal descendent from the Ptolemies of Egypt. After which


Albert and Victoria and Antony and Cleopatra,

will go through their wonderful performances, in which they show ALMOST HUMAN SAGACITY.

The Grand Opera Band,

Led by Charles Boswold, will accompany the Hippozoonomadon. Notwithstanding the Innumerable Variety of Attractions, and the unprecedented expense of these unparalleled combinations, the PRICE OF ADMISSION will be placed at the


Twenty-Five Cents.

Two Performances at 2 1/2 and 7 1/2, P. M.

From The Constitution, Wednesday, April 16, 1862 (volume 25, number 1268)

Latest News

Gen. Banks, in a dispatch to Secretary Stanton, on Sunday, says he has received a report direct from rebel sources that Beauregard is dead. If it is true he must have been killed in the second day’s fight.

An important advantage has been gained in the southwest. Gen. Mitchell has occupied Huntsville, Ala., 10 miles south of the Tennessee, and taken possession of fifteen locomotives and a large amount of the rolling stock of the Memphis and Charleston railroad, a road which the rebels have mainly depended on for the transportation of troops and supplies.

On Saturday afternoon, Gen. Wool telegraphed that the Merrimac had remained stationary near Sewall’s Point all day, in plain sight and was believed to be aground. She has made no further hostile demonstration up to Sunday night.

The latest news from Yorktown indicates no particular change in the relative positions of the two armies. The rebels have been greatly reinforced. On Friday they made a sortie from their works, but were repulsed, leaving behind a number of dead and wounded.

In Gen. Fremont’s department, Gen. Milroy repulsed 1000 of the enemy near Monterey, on Saturday. They suffered considerable loss. On our side the loss was trifling.

Nothing especial from Port Royal. The bombardment of Fort Pulaski had not yet commenced.

Jeff. Davis has announced his intention of taking the field in person.

The President has approved the bill passed by Congress affording aid to such states as may desire the gradual abolition of slavery.

The Victory in the Southwest

Details of the great battle near Pittsburg landing, Tenn., are received slowly. The attack was made about four o’clock on Sunday morning, and the brigades of Prentiss and Sherman, which were in the advance, were driven back to the river. Here the enemy were held in check by the fire from our gunboats. In this assault General Prentiss and two regiments were taken prisoners. General Grant then came up with the troops from Savannah, when the contest waged with vigor all day. General Buell, with General Nelson’s division, arrived about four o’clock and aided the nearly exhausted troops of General Grant to keep the field. Polk and Beauregard, who were in the advance, suspended the attack at six o’clock, and the contestants slept upon their arms.

During the night the remainder of General Buell’s force and General Lew. Wallace’s division of General Grant’s column, reinforced, and the next morning the contest was resumed.

The Union troops fought vigorously, drove the enemy back, and occupied the position held by them on the morning of Sunday. The rebels were routed and followed by a large body of cavalry, who, it is reported, have occupied the rebel position at Corinth. Our loss is severe, and variously estimated at from six hundred to one thousand killed, and from three thousand to four thousand wounded. The rebel loss much greatly exceeds that number.

During the fight of Sunday we lost thirty-six field pieces, but the next morning we retook our camp and lost batteries, together with about forty of the enemy’s guns. Six of our batteries were taken and re-taken six times.

Among the casualties are the following :

Gen. U. S. Grant, wounded in the ankle, slightly.

Gen. C. F. Smith, severely wounded.

Col. Hall, 16th Illinois, killed.

Col. Logan, 32d Illinois, wounded severely.

Col. Davis, 51st Illinois, wounded severely.

Major Hunter, 32d Illinois, killed.

Col. Peabody, 25th Illinois, severely wounded.

Beauregard gave orders not to destroy any of the camp equipage taken on Sunday, as he expected a complete victory the next day.

Cincinnati, Friday, April 11.

The latest and most authentic intelligence received from Pittsburgh Landing estimates our loss at seven thousand, including two thousand men who were taken prisoners by the enemy.

It is still reported that our forces have captured Corinth, Mississippi, and that immense supplies of provisions and munitions of war have been taken ; but this news lacks confirmation.

The tidings direct from Pittsburgh Landing are no later than Monday night. The correspondent of the Gazette, who left at that time, reports that it would be impossible for the rebels to make a stand, their retreat having culminated in a headlong flight.

There is no longer any reason to doubt that the enemy sustained a terrible and disastrous defeat. They staked the fortune of their army upon the issue of the battle, and, after their failure to surprise our forces, fought with desperation, but the sustained bravery of our troops won the day gloriously.

The flying rebels are represented as having been broken and dispirited to the last degree. Their defeat was overwhelming.

There is as yet no contradiction of the reported death of Gen. Sidney Johnston, nor of the wounding of Beauregard.

The loss of the rebels is not known, but must have been heavier than ours, for our troops poured in a close and deadly fire.


Steamer Benton, off Island No. 10,

April 7, 1862.—8:25 A. M.

To the Hon. Gideon Welles :

Two officers of their Navy have this instant boarded us from Island No. 10, stating that, by order of their commanding officers, they were ordered to surrender Island No. 10.

As these officers knew nothing of the batteries on the Tennessee shore, I have sent Capt. Phelps to ascertain something definite on the subject. Gen. Pope is now advancing from New Madrid in strong force to attack the rear. I am with gunboats and mortars ready to attack in front. Buford is ready to co-operate, but it seems as if the place is to be surrendered without further defense.

A. H. Foote, Com. Officer.

Two More Iron-Clad Steamers

The work upon the second iron-plated steamer, at Greenpoint, is pushed with the utmost speed, day and night, and it is hoped that she will be ready for sea during the present month. The vessel will be much larger than the Monitor, will carry eighteen guns of the largest caliber, and will be practically invulnerable. It is confidently believed that she will be the fastest of this slow species of war vessels ever constructed. The third iron-clad steamer provided for in the original appropriation is in process of construction at Philadelphia. The news of what the Confederates are doing in the same line of business will doubtless lead to the hurrying of the work upon this steamer, so as to ensure her completion as soon as possible.—Ib. [Courant]

Abolition of Slavery in the District

The bill abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia has passed both Houses of Congress. It needs only the President’s signature to become a law. Some profess to believe he will veto the bill. But he will not veto it. A Presidential veto to a measure of this kind would not be like Abraham Lincoln.


By His Excellency,

William A. Buckingham,

Governor of the State of Connecticut.

A Proclamation.

Extensive and powerful combinations for the subversion of our government still exist, civil war continues to exhaust and desolate the land, and citizens of our common country rush to meet in deadly conflict.

The struggle to maintain our national union and preserve our free institutions, is taxing our resources, and costing the lives of our purest, most noble, and patriotic sons.

In our anxiety and distress, it becomes us, as a people, to recognize the power and authority of Him, who “taketh up the isles as a very little thing,” and before whom “the nations are counted as the small dust of the balance ;” to acknowledge His righteous judgments, and seek His favorable interposition ; to confess our sins and learn those lessons of humility and reverence, of justice and loyalty, which He would teach us by His Providences.

I do therefore appoint Friday, the 18th day of April next, to be observed throughout this Commonwealth as a day of Humiliation, Fasting and Prayer ; and earnestly recommend our citizens to devote the day to such acts of public religious service and private devotion as will be acceptable to God, and tend to bring their lives into closer conformity with the requirements of the divine law :–

Also ; that they pray God to give His Spirit to this whole people, and lead them to cherish the graces of penitence, faith and charity ; that He will watch with paternal care over those, who at the call of duty have gone to the camp and the battlefield, and give consolation to the friends of those who have already fallen : that in manifesting His just displeasure against our national sins, He will in mercy remember the innocent, and the loyal : that He will not suffer the jealousy or cupidity of Monarchical Governments to interfere with the advancement of civil liberty through republican institutions : that He will lead all who are in authority, to rely upon Him for direction, and especially, that He will give the President of the United States divine wisdom, as well as power, to preserve the unity, and uphold the dignity and authority of the government, so that permanent peace may soon be restored to our troubled country ; “for who knoweth whether he has come to the kingdom for such a time as this ?”

{ L. S.} Given under my hand and the Seal of the State, at the City of Norwich, this the twenty-eighth day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, and of the Independence of the United States the eighty-sixth.


By His Excellency’s command,

J. Hammond Trumbull, Secretary of State.



The following is the aggregate of the vote for Governor, as shown by the returns, including every town but Sherman, in the State. The showing must be satisfactory to all hearty supporters of the administration in its prosecution of the war :



Hartford County,



New Haven County,



New London County,



Fairfield County,



Windham County,



Litchfield County,



Tolland County,



Middlesex County,





Buckingham ahead, 9073.

One town (Sherman) to hear from.


Gen. Mansfield

This officer, whenever he has been allowed to act, has always been successful. At Fort Brown, Monterey, Buena Vista, in the Mexican War he stands preeminent. At Washington City he was successful in all he was allowed to manage. He planned and executed the taking of Alexandria and the crowning the Heights of Arlington without the loss of a man except Colonel Ellsworth. At the late fight at Newport News he wrested from the enemy the Congress after she had surrendered. We give below General Wool’s telegram of thanks to him.

Fort Monroe, March 15, 1862.

To Gen. Mansfield : General—The Major General commanding desires me to say that he thanks you for your efficiency, and congratulates you on your success in completing the Ericsson Redoubt so soon.

Very respectfully,  E. B. Carling,

Aid de Camp.

An Interesting Letter

The following intensely interesting letter from one who not only participated, but was severely wounded, in the battle of Fort Donelson gives a graphic view of the brilliant charge which finally carried the Fort. It is from Sergeant H. B. Doolittle, of the 2d Iowa, to his uncle in this town, who has permitted us to give it to the public.

A. Doolittle, Esq., Middletown, Ct.

Dear respected uncle ; Thank God, I am once more able to take my pen and drop you a few lines. I suppose you have heard of the 2d Iowa’s charge at “Fort Donelson,” I received three bullets in that charge. The left wing of our regiment led the charge. The colors advanced with the left wing. When we got within 60 feet of the rebel breast works they opened fire on us ; in the first volley I received a ball square in front two inches below the navel. I felt the ball tearing in and I gave myself up as good as dead ; but I said I would plant the colors on the rebel works if I lived long enough, so I kept on advancing. I got within 20 feet of the works when a ball struck my right leg below the knee and my right shoulder at the same time. I was in the act of stepping and the ball struck the top of the calf of my leg, and went clear down to the bottom where it lodged, and had to be cut out. I felt myself falling so I gave the colors to Corporal Page and told him to take the flag in, I was shot. I heard him say “Sergeant, you ain’t shot are you?” As I was falling I turned to answer, when I thought I saw the colors falling. As I struck the ground I rolled over and there Page lay by my side with a bullet through his right temple. I picked his head up and asked him if he knew me. He was gasping his last. I jumped up, picked up a gun and looked toward the rebel works. Our flag was just going in. I tried to shout but I had lost my voice for the moment. I walked up and over the works. The rebels were flying. I helped them along with the minnie ball in my musket, then I shot again and took dead aim at a chap that had stopped to load his gun. He dropped his gun and threw up his arms and fell stiff. I then felt as though I had done my duty, so the excitement commenced to leave me and I commenced to get weak. I started out the works for our surgeon. With the assistance of one of my Corporals I walked ½ a mile to the field surgeon. The bullet in my bowels did not go through. Lint was put on my wounds and a bandage, then I was put in an ambulance and taken to an old building 4 miles off. O! how I suffered no pen can tell. I laid twenty-four hours expecting every moment to die. I was calm and resigned to my fate. I felt willing to die for my country. The next morning at day break for rebels surrendered. Our surgeon probed my wound about 12 and told me I was safe. But what agony I suffered for ten days! I was taken to the hospital at Mound City, there they gave me the erysipelas in my wounded leg. They thought it would spread up my thigh to the wound in my bowels; then no mortal power could save me. When my friends from Davenport, Iowa, called on me the hospital surgeons told them I only had 12 hours to live. My friend Dr. Maxwell had me moved to the Mound City hotel and three Iowa doctors were with me that evening, and most of the night, they saved me in spite of what the army surgeons said. So I owe my life to the care of my friends blessed by an all seeing One above. My brother, Amos, came down as soon as he heard of it, and I was removed to Cincinnati. The wound on my shoulder is well, the wound in my bowels is healing rapidly, and my limb is in a fair way. I would willingly give my life to win such victories as we won there. I hope to soon be able to go again. I was shot the evening of the 15th of Feb. four weeks and five days ago.

I remain your sorely tried but affectionate nephew.

H. B. Doolittle

Cincinnati, Ohio, March 20th, 1862.


In this town, April 5th, Miss Sophia Smith, Æ 71 and on the 5th, Miss Rhoda Smith, Æ 78 years—sisters, and both of Rocky Hill.

In this city, April 10th, Mrs. Frances Ranney, wife of Mr. Samuel R. Ranney, aged 29 years.

In this city, April 1st, Thomas P., son of Patrick Meegan, aged 14 months.

In this city, April 6th, Miss Mary Ann, daughter of the late George and Rachel Penney, aged 48 years.

In this city, April 14th, Patrick, son of Wm. Ashton, aged 11 days.

In Portland, March 31st, suddenly, Robert, son of John C. and Jesse Murray of this town, South Farms, aged 18 years, 7 months. Interment in the Mortimer Cemetery, April 2d.

In Cromwell, April 1st, Miss Sarah Maria, youngest daughter of Buckley Edwards, Esq., aged 18 years, 5 months.

In Portland, April 4th, Agnes, daughter of Mr. Wm. Lawrence, aged 6 years, 8 months.

In Durham, April 6th, Mr. Thomas W. Lyman, son of the late George Lyman, Esq., aged 52 years.

In Berlin, April 3d, Mr. Joseph North, aged 66 years.

In East Windsor, April 5th, Mr. James Hasnet, aged 42 years. His remains were brought to this city and interred in St. John Cemetery.

In New Haven, April 6th, Carrie A., aged 20 years, wife of Henry E. Nichols ; April 5th, Mrs. Caroline A. Bean, aged 16 years, wide of Geo. W. Bean.

In Hartford, April 8, Mr. John G. Mellein, aged 47.

In Hartford, March 29, Mrs. Lucy Fitch, aged 92.

One Year Ago

Just one year ago to-day April 15, Fort Sumter was evacuated by the U. States troops. Just one year ago, President Lincoln issued his proclamation for 75,000 volunteers.

From The Constitution, Wednesday, March 5, 1862 (volume 25, number 1262)

Latest News

General Buell telegraphed to Gen. McClellan on Saturday night that Murfreesborough had been abandoned by the rebels, who were retreating along the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, tearing up the rails as they went along. It is probable they are concentrating in Chattanooga, Tenn., near the Georgia line.

There is a great change in public sentiment in Tennessee, and the Government is about to raise volunteers in that state.

The Tennessee and Cumberland rivers will be opened this week to free and unrestrained commerce.

Gen. Banks’ army occupied Harper’s Ferry on Wednesday, and on Thursday pushed on a reconnoisance to Charlestown. The troops took over all the necessaries for a permanent stay. One object of the movement is probably to cover the reconstruction of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad.

The death of Brig. Gen. Lander was announced yesterday. He died in camp at Pau Pau, Western Virginia, on Sunday afternoon. He is succeeded by Gen. Shields.

Col. Corcoran is said to be on his way to Richmond to be exchanged.

The news this (Tuesday) morning is not of special interest. The election at Nashville on Saturday for municipal officers passed off quietly. Twenty-five negroes seized in the vicinity of Bowling Green have been recaptured at Nashville and sent back. There was a fight on the Tennessee, 8 miles above Savannah, between two national gunboats and a shore battery, when the latter was silenced. A strong Union feeling exists in that vicinity. The rebel Generals, Buckner and Tilghman, arrived in Boston yesterday afternoon.

Inauguration of Jeff. Davis

The 22d of February witnessed in Richmond the senseless and barren ceremony of the inauguration of Jeff. Davis as President of the so-called confederate states for six years. Spectators of the affair say it was a heartless proceeding, no cheers could be raised, and nobody felt the least enthusiasm. In his inaugural, Davis talks as if he actually expected to escape his doom for six years to come, and reign in Richmond all that time. He treats the splendid national victories of the west, as comparatively trifling affairs, which can have no effect whatever towards weakening his confederacy. He predicts that Maryland will soon unite her destiny with the South, and says the time is near at hand when the North must sink under the load of debt which they have incurred. In speaking of the grievances of the South and various political matters, there is noticeable a singular agreement between the opinions of Jeff. Davis and those of the ultra democrats of this state.

Nashville Taken

There is no longer a doubt that Nashville is in our possession—both National and Rebel reports agree as to that point. The evacuation by the rebels appears to have been attended by their usual excesses. A dispatch from Clarksville states that the rebel soldiers plundered many dwellings and business houses, and excited great alarm among the people. Several rebels were shot by citizens whom they were in the act of robbing. Gov. Harris, it is asserted, was actually driven away by the Union men. Before he left, he made a speech recommending citizens to burn their private property, and calling upon Tennesseeans to rally and meet him at Memphis, but no one paid any heed to him. Much indignation existed against Floyd, who destroyed the railroad bridge against the protest of the citizens. Gen. Nelson is reported to be in command at Nashville, Gen. Buell being still on the north side of the Cumberland. The Union sentiment in the city is very strong.


War Department, Washington, Feb. 25.

Ordered—First, from and after the 26th day of February inst., the President, by virtue of the act of Congress, takes military possession of all the telegraph lines in the United States.

Second, all telegraphic communications in regard to military operations, not expressly authorized by the war department, the general commanding, or the generals commanding the armies in the field in the several departments, are absolutely forbidden.

Third, all newspapers publishing the military news, however obtained, and by whatever medium received, not authorized by the official authority mentioned in the preceding paragraph, will be excluded thereafter from receiving information by telegraph, or from transmitting their papers by railroad.

Fourth, Edward S. Sanford, is made military supervisor of telegraphic messages throughout the United States, and Anson Stager is made military superintendent of all telegraph lines and offices in the United States.

Fifth, this possession and control of the telegraph lines is not intended to interfere in any respect with the ordinary affairs of the companies.

By order of the President,

Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War.

A State of Suspense

The embargo laid upon the telegraph and the press leaves the community for a time in great suspense. Of course, the suddenness and peremptoriness of the order lead most people to the conclusion that important movements have commenced, which it is desirable to keep as secret as possible at least for a few days. What the movements are, no one outside the War Department or army can be presumed to know, and yet every one is anxious to learn. One thing, however, is truly gratifying, viz : the universal confidence expressed that General McClellan’s plans have so far been carried out that his own time for action has come, and that he will embrace it as promptly and turn it to as good an account as any of his brave and victorious subordinates have done. All we can do is to wait and to wait hopefully. No doubt so soon as it is safe or prudent to communicate the doings of whatever new division of the army is now set in motion, at least a brief official announcement thereof will be furnished to the Associated Press for publication. But whether this will be to-day or to-morrow or next week this deponent saith not.—Commercial Advertiser, Feb. 28.

The Treasury Note Bill

On Wednesday, the President affixed his signature to the Loan and Treasury Bill, which had been perfected by Congress the day before, and it is now the law of the land. It creates a national currency of U. States notes of five dollars and upwards, made lawful money and a legal tender for all debts. The total amount authorized to be issued is not to exceed $150,000,000, including the $60,000 of U. States notes issued under the act of July 17. The loan authorized by this act is limited to $500,000,000. It is in the form of a twenty years six per cent. stock redeemable at the pleasure of the government at any time after five years at the par value thereof. As soon as this bill was passed by Congress there was quite a flurry in Wall street. The six per cents went up at once to a higher notch, and the demand notes were actually held by the banks for a premium.


San Francisco, Feb. 27.—The weather throughout the northern coast has been very cold. Many persons on the way from Portland to the mines have been frozen to death.

Thousands who left California for the New El Dorado are detained at Portland until the spring opens.

The whale-ship Joseph Grinnell has arrived from Palta, Peru, with 1,500 bbls of sperm oil.

Also arrived ship Charger, forty-nine days from Hong Kong.

Gen. Mansfield on Contrabands

A commission having been appointed to inquire into the condition of the numerous contrabands at Fortress Monroe, who are now held by the government under partial control, Gen. Mansfield wrote a letter to the commission, stating his views on the subject. He divides the negroes into four classes, comprising those abandoned by their owners ; those who have run away from their masters to obtain freedom ; those who have been put at work on rebel entrenchments and made their escape ; and free negroes seeking employment. He then argues the point whether the United States is bound to hold them as slaves, on which he says :

“It is clear they are not prisoners of war, for they have never been found in arms, and have made their escape to avoid taking part against the United States, or have been abandoned to the United States, as the rebels have abandoned lands, houses, cattle, &c., and are human beings cast on the world with nothing but their hands to obtain a livelihood. Some of them having worked on rebel fortifications, &c., are released (under the 4th section of the act of Congress of the 6th August, 1861, to confiscate property) from further service to their masters—and in such cases what is their position? Why, simply that of any person in the country released by law from the payment of an obligation—a free person.”

After stating that if the claim of the rebels to the negroes as property be valid, they are therefore confiscated, he says :

“But they are not property, but persons held to labor under the constitution in certain states, and nowhere else ; and are not bound or held to labor for the United States, consequently they are not slaves to the United States. It is clear the condition of slaves with them was coexistent with the obligations of the confederate slave states to the constitution and laws of the United States, against which they are in open armed rebellion.

Now what are these negroes ? Are they not freemen by this state of rebellion ? By the act of secession, the confederate states have voluntarily broken the constitution and laws of the Union, and have taken up arms against that constitution and those laws, and the United States are thereby absolved from the enforcement of the fugitive slave law, even if so absurd a claim were put forth. If this statement be true, they are entitled as laborers, to all the wages they can earn, and to go where they please, and I would recommend that all their earnings be paid to them while in the United States employ, and that all officers and others who employ them in this department be required to pay them a just compensation, and that they be allowed to improve their condition if opportunity should admit.”


The funeral of Lieut. Henry M. Stillman was attended at Old Saybrook on Saturday the 22d. There was no military display, but the inhabitants of the place appeared to have nearly all come forth to do honor to the deceased. Flags were flying at half mast, and evidences of mournful sympathy were visible along the entire route of the procession. The services were performed by Rev. Mr. McCall. At the entrance to the grave yard an arch was raised, festooned with the American flag. Lieut. Stillman was killed while gallantly urging his men across a wide ditch immediately in front of the enemy’s entrenchments. He fell pierced by a ball through the lungs, and only lived long enough to murmur a prayer for his wife and children.


Several officers of the 1st Regiment Connecticut Artillery are now recruiting for their Regiment in this state. Lieut. John M. Twiss is recruiting in this city, and Lieut. Roswell S. Douglas has been assigned to Middlesex County. Lieut. George D. Sargeant performs the same duties in Litchfield county. The two latter were members of the Wesleyan University previous to their enlistment. Any who may desire to enlist have now an opportunity to join one of the best regiments in the United States service.


A fire broke out, Wednesday morning, in the old brewery at Norwalk. It burnt out some dozen stores ; among them three groceries, one bookstore, one shoe store, one dry goods store, and one hat store. Four or five buildings were burnt to the ground. The fire was put out by the help of Westport and Stamford engines. Loss about $75,000. The business portion of Main street was destroyed. There were 9 stores, 1 saloon, 2 millinery shops, and a number of families burnt out.


We have a communication from Portland with reference to the statement made in this paper a week or two since that Mr. Williams, a school teacher, has been fined $7 and cost for punishing one of his scholars. Our correspondent says the decision was as stated, but that the defendant has appealed the case to the Superior Court and is to be tried in Haddam in April. He acquits the teacher of all blame, and thinks he used such means as were necessary to maintain order in his school. He states that a meeting of the school visitors, held on the 15th, refused an application to annul his certificate, having on examination seen nothing by which he has rendered himself disqualified for his position.

Artemas in Town

The greatest lecture of this season, and perhaps of any other season, was given on Thursday evening by Artemas Ward (Charles Brown,) the man who exhibits wax images, and writes for the papers. The hall was crammed full, although the night was none of the pleasantest. The lecture was a series of jokes, stories and oddities. People said it did not amount to anything, but they enjoyed it amazingly. It is pretty certain that for the space of one hour, every one in the hall forgot his troubles and was on good terms with the whole world and the rest of mankind.


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Wordle: Middlesex County Historical Society - Civil War in Middletown, CT
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